Zero & First Conditional Sentences in English | Learn Grammar Online

{“en”:”Conditional sentences! if you can just learn how to use these four conditional sentences, your English will sound so much better! conditional sentences, also called if clauses, are used in English to predict the result of something. something that might happen now, in the future, or might have happened in the past, but didn’t! some examples. zero conditional: if you read out loud, you improve your speaking and pronunciation.

First conditional: if you read out loud, you will improve your speaking and pronunciation. second conditional: if you studied smarter in the past, you would speak much better today. third conditional: if you had studied smarter in the past, you would have improved your English much faster. today we will be focusing on the zero conditional and the first conditional. Big thanks to my patrons for supporting For Your English, and making all of this possible. for my patrons there will be an extra review video for the zero and first conditional with more detailed explanations, some more practice, and of course, lots more examples. the zero conditional! the zero conditional describes something that always happens.

And is not specific to a particular time or event. it’s very general and is always applied. it never changes, it is a fact! for example, if you review, you remember more information. this is a general fact. and the result always happens. that is, reviewing helps you remember information! it’s just a smart study strategy. looking at our example, we form the zero conditional this way: if + present simple with a comma, + present simple again, in the next clause.

For any conditional you can also turn the sentence around, you can change the order of the clauses. so you can also say, you remember more information if you review. and for the zero conditional, you can replace “if” with “when”: when you review, you remember more information. pause the video, because if you write examples, you remember more easily! first conditional! if you learn the first conditional, you will be able to talk about the future a lot easier. we use the first conditional to talk about things that will likely, probably happen in the future. we’re pretty certain they will happen, but not 100% because in the future there is always a degree, some small amount of uncertainty. also the first conditional is less general. it’s more specific and personal. now we’re talking about particular moments, specific people and events in time. we’re no longer talking about general facts. with the zero conditional you can say, if you don’t wear boots, your feet get wet.

This is the general idea that boots are perfect for preventing your feet from getting wet. it’s a fact. we’re not talking about a specific day, or time of year. but with the first conditional, we can say, if you don’t wear boots, your feet will get wet. now we’re talking about a particular situation. and we’re predicting what will happen, like if a person, our friend, Sandra, doesn’t wear boots tonight when it’s supposed to rain, her feet will get wet! there’s a very good chance. a high probability. it’s very certain. looking at this example, we form the first conditional this way: if + present simple with a comma, + will followed by the infinitive form of the verb. that means unconjugated. the base form, unchanged. like the zero conditional, you can also change the order of the clauses.

So our example could also be said as, your feet will get wet if you don’t wear boots. now pause the video again and write your examples, because if you write examples now, you will remember the first conditional so much easier! time to review! the zero conditional is very general and not specific. we form it by using if or when + the simple present and in the other clause again the simple present. the first conditional is more specific and personal, and is predicting something that will probably, very likely happen in the future! we form it by using if + the present simple, and then in our next clause, will followed by the infinitive form of the main verb.

and for the 0 conditional and the first conditional we can change the order of the clauses. all right so that’s it! write your examples, it’s going to help you so so much! I will see you in the next video for conditionals 2 and 3! and don’t forget to check patreon to get your review video to remember this all so much easier. “}

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