Windows 10 – Beginners Guide [Tutorial]

{“en”:”This tutorial provides an overview of Microsoft Windows 10, and itu2019s new features. This tutorial covers using Windows 10 with a keyboard and mouse. When finished I will link to a tutorial showing how to use Windows 10 on a touch device like the Microsoft Surface. u201cStart Menuu201d. The Start Menu is back. The Start Menu has been part of Windows from Windows 95 all the way up to Windows 7. When Windows 8 was introduced it removed the u201cStart Menuu201d completely. It replaced the u201cStart Menuu201d with the u201cStart Screenu201d. Users complained so much that Microsoft returned the u201cStart Buttonu201d but not the functionality.

Microsoft has learned its lesson and with Windows 10 the u201cStart Menuu201d is back. The Windows 10 u201cStart Menuu201d is a hybrid of the Windows 7 Start Menu and the Windows 8 Start Screen. On the left we have a Windows 7 style u201cStart Menuu201d. The middle section shows the u201cMost usedu201d and any u201cRecently installedu201d apps. To show all the apps installed on the system select the u201cAll appsu201d button. All installed apps show in the list in alphabetical order. There is a scroll bar on the right of the list to scroll through the apps. If we scroll down under the u201cWu2019su201d we will see some of the entries have down arrows to their right. There are folders that contain additional apps that will expand when selected like the u201cWindows Accessoriesu201d. To return to the default start menu, weu2019ll select the u201cBacku201d button.

We can select u201cFile Exploreru201d to open the app to browse through the files and folders on this computer. If we select the right arrow we will see the u201cFile Exploreru201d callout menu. Here we have some u201cPinnedu201d file folder shortcuts for the u201cDesktopu201d, u201cDownloadsu201d, u201cDocumentsu201d, and u201cPicturesu201d. We can add or remove whatever folders we want from this jumplist. To remove one of the items from the list select the u201cunpin from this listu201d button to the right of each item. At the bottom of the jumplist we have u201cFrequentu201d folders such as u201cMusicu201d, and u201cVideosu201d. This list will dynamically change showing the folders you most commonly open. Selecting any of the folders in the list will open u201cFile Exploreru201d directly to this folder. u201cSettingsu201d. The u201cSettingsu201d app is a more simplified easy to use version of the old Windows u201cControl Panelu201d. Microsoft is gradually moving as many settings as possible to the new interface so there is a single user experience across Desktops, Laptops, Tablets, and phones. If you prefer to use the old u201cControl Panelu201d, or need a feature not available in the new u201cSettingsu201d app, it is still available through the Quick Access Menu.

Right-click on the u201cStart buttonu201d, and select u201cControl Panelu201d. Letu2019s close out of the control panel. From here we can make changes to the u201cNetwork & Internetu201d connections, personalize the background image and colors with u201cPersonalizationu201d, setup bluetooth devices, printers, and mice with u201cDevicesu201d, and make changes to the user accounts with u201cAccountsu201d. We will cover the various functions of the u201cSettingsu201d app in later tutorials in more detail and link to them here. Close out of the u201cSettingsu201d app. u201cPoweru201d. Selecting u201cPoweru201d will open a callout showing the available power options. From here we can u201cShut downu201d the computer, or u201cRestartu201d it. Some devices may have other options like u201cSleepu201d and u201cHibernateu201d. At the top is the name of the currently logged in account. If we right-click on the account name we will get a menu with several options. At the bottom we can select u201cSign outu201d to logout of the current account and log in using a different account. In the center we can select u201cLocku201d to lock the computer with this user logged in. Nobody would be able to use the computer without putting in the password for this account, or another account on this computer.

At the top we can select u201cChange account settingsu201d. This opens the u201cSettingsu201d app on the u201cAccountsu201d screen. From here we can manage our account, connect to work or school network resources, and manage sync settings. Letu2019s close out of the u201cChange account settingsu201d window and open back up the start menu. The right side of the u201cStart Menuu201d has a Windows 8 style u201cStart Screenu201d with dynamic tiles. Tiles are representations of Apps, like we saw in the u201cAll Appsu201d section of the left side of the keyboard. All app tiles on the right side of the Start Menu also show up on the left side under u201cAll appsu201d. Unlike the icons for apps on the left side of the keyboard, these are u201cLive Tilesu201d that dynamically change the information they show.

Apps that are set up to use u201cLive Tilesu201d can show us app information without having to open the app. The apps that can use u201cLive tilesu201d are called Windows 10 Universal Apps. We will cover these in depth more later. The u201cNewsu201d app is showing a slideshow of the latest current news stories and the u201cWeatheru201d app is showing the current weather conditions. Some of the tiles currently just show the name of the app like calendar and mail. After these apps are set up and used, they will begin showing new constantly updating information. These tiles can be rearranged by selecting and holding on the tile and dragging around the menu. As we add or resize dynamic tiles it will increase the size of the u201cStart Menuu201d dynamically. The tiles come in 4 available size options. As we can see on the start menu the four available options are Small, Medium, Wide, and Large. Letu2019s right-click on the u201cNewsu201d app tile to review this and other options.

u201cResizeu201d. Selecting u201cResizeu201d from the menu will open a fly-out menu to select the size u201cUnpin from Startu201d. Selecting this option will remove the live tile from the Start Menu. It can be added back again by selecting u201cAll appsu201d, finding the app in the list, and then drag and drop it back. u201cTurn live tile offu201d. Selecting this option will turn off the real time updating of information in the tile. u201cPin to taskbaru201d. Selecting this option would attach the u201cNewsu201d app to the taskbar for quick access like the u201cEdgeu201d browser and Microsoft u201cStoreu201d. u201cUninstallu201d. Selecting u201cUninstallu201d will allow us to completely remove the app from this computer. Any apps you uninstall can be reinstalled in the Windows u201cStoreu201d. If you do uninstall a built in app like u201cNewsu201d you can get a complete list of the preinstalled apps by searching for u201cMicrosoft Corporationu201d. Selecting in any of the blank space on the u201cStartu201d menu will exit the menu without making any changes.

We have the option to change the size of the u201cStart Menuu201d. If we hover the mouse over the top edge of the u201cStart Menuu201d the mouse icon will change to a double sided vertical arrow. Click and hold and drag up and down to change the size. It can be increased to this size as the maximum and this size as the minimum. If you are someone who fell in love with the u201cStart Screenu201d that replaced the u201cStart Menuu201d in Windows 8, it can be turned back on through the Taskbar properties. u201cWindows 10 Universal Appsu201d. u201cWindows 10 Universal Appsu201d is the new name for what Microsoft previously referred to as u201cMetro Appsu201d, u201dModern Appsu201d, u201cWindows Store Appsu201d, and u201cWindows 8 Appsu201d among others. Unlike traditional Windows applications that only run on the Windows desktop, u201cWindows 10 Universal Appsu201d will run on all Windows 10 devices including Windows Desktop/Laptop, Windows Phone/Tablet, and the XBox One.

With traditional u201cWindowsu201d applications we would typically go to a webpage and download an application and then install it. To simplify things with universal apps we would install and uninstall through the u201cMicrosoft Storeu201d. Letu2019s open a Universal app like u201cCalculatoru201d by selecting the u201cStart Buttonu201d, u201cAll Appsu201d, u201cCalculatoru201d . It opens full screen by default in a window. Unlike the universal apps in Windows 8, u201cWindows 10 Universal Appsu201d have controls in the top right just like traditional Windows applications. u201cCloseu201d. The u201cXu201d in the top right of the Window will close the app. u201cMinimizeu201d. The left button will minimize the app to the taskbar. The app will still be running and can be restored to the previous state by selecting it from the taskbar. u201cRestoreu201d. The middle button is used to restore the app to a size that does not take up the entire screen. Select the u201cRestoreu201d button. We can see the calculator app has reduced itu2019s size to a small window that is easier to work with. We can now work with u201cWindows 10 Universal Appsu201d just like traditional applications, and best of all u201cCalculatoru201d doesnu2019t need to be fullscreen.

Most u201dWindows 10 Universal Appsu201d have a menu of available options located in the top left of the screen. Letu2019s select the u201cXu201d in the top right of the window to exit the app. u201cTaskbaru201d. Letu2019s review the Windows 10 Taskbar. The taskbar runs along the bottom of the Windows desktop, and includes everything from the u201cStart Buttonu201d on the left to the u201cClocku201d on the right. u201cCortanau201d. Just to the right of the Start Menu is u201cCortanau201d. Cortana is an intelligent digital assistant. Cortana is Microsoft’s answer to Google Now and Siri. Cortana gets its name from the Microsoft XBox video game franchise Halo that contains a female artificially intelligent character by the same name. Cortana is able to recognize natural spoken language and provide assistance. Cortana can search the web, search your computer, help with calling and texting, calendars and reminders, note taking, alarms, maps and directions, local business questions, weather and flight information, weights and measures and currency conversions, stock and finance, and much much more.

Cortana monitors what you do and over time as she learns she will provide more useful advice and assistance. We can access Cortana using our voice if we have a microphone attached to the computer. To use voice search with Cortana select the u201cMicrophoneu201d button to the right of the text entry field or say u201cHey Cortanau201d. To use the keyboard to interact with Cortana select inside the text entry field where it says u201cAsk me anythingu201d. The default screen will fill with informational cards containing things like news and weather information. The cards that show up in the feed can be modified on the u201cNotebooku201d tab.

Selecting the down arrow at the bottom of a card, like the weather card here, will expand the size of the card to show more detailed information like the weather for the next five days. The top right of each tile has a menu button represented by three dots. Letu2019s ask u201cCortanau201d some questions to get a feel for her capabilities. Select inside the entry field again where it say u201cAsk me anythingu201d. u201cCortanau201d can provide information about local businesses. u201cShow me Chinese restaurants nearbyu201d. Some questions like this will be answered by searching the web with the new u201cMicrosoft Edgeu201d browser. With u201cWindows 10u201d Microsoft has replaced the default web browser included with u201cWindowsu201d. Previously the default web browser since u201cWindows 95u201d was u201cInternet Exploreru201d.

After 20 years u201cInternet Exploreru201d was growing a little long in the tooth. u201cMicrosoftu201d developed the u201cEdgeu201d browser with speed and modern technologies in mind. As we can see in this example u201cCortanau201d searches Bing and provides detailed reviews from Yelp and a local map showing each location. Hovering over any of the restaurants listed in the reviews will highlight their location on the map. u201cCortanau201d can provide reminders based upon time, date and location. We could enter commands like u201cRemind me to buy gas when I leave worku201d, u201cRemind me to put out the trash when I get homeu201d, or u201cThe next time Iu2019m at the grocery store, remind me to buy milku201d. As an example letu2019s enter the command u201cRemind me at 6pm to watch the local newsu201d. This will open the reminder settings window.

We can customize the reminder text, the date, the time and the frequency for the reminder to occur. . If everything is entered correctly select u201cRemindu201d. To review the Reminder we just created select u201cRemindersu201d from the u201cCortanau201d menu in the top left of the app. By default it shows u201cAllu201d of the reminders. We can also show the reminders sorted by u201cTimeu201d, u201cPlaceu201d or u201cPersonu201d. To return back to the default u201cCortanau201d screen select Home from the menu. Some questions will be answered directly within u201cCortanau201d, like math problems and weight and measure conversions. Letu2019s enter u201c365 x 24 x 60u201d to calculate how many minutes in a year. To enter another search term we can either close the u201cCortanau201d app and reopen it or select the text and delete. Letu2019s enter u201cHow many kilometers in a mileu201d. At launch there are hundreds of useful commands available with new ones being included continuously by Microsoft. For a more complete list of u201cCortanau201d commands we can search Bing for u201cCortana commandsu201d. Currently the best list is the first search result at techranker.net. u201cTask Viewu201d Virtual Desktops. Task view is a new feature in Windows 10 that is like virtual desktops that are available in other operating systems.

Previously all applications you opened would open on the same desktop. If you are working and playing on the same computer things can get cluttered. Task view allows you to create multiple virtual desktops, each with their own open applications. You could have one virtual desktop running your business applications like Word and Excel, and have another virtual desktop running Facebook and Twitter. This makes it easier to separate the two types of use for the computer, while allowing you to pick right back where you left off. The u201cTask viewu201d button is located on the Taskbar just to the right of u201cCortanau201d. So that we are able to see the difference in desktops, letu2019s make sure that several apps are open. . We can tell that the apps are open by the blue line underneath them.

The u201cFile exploreru201d app is pinned to the taskbar, but it is not running. Select the u201cTask viewu201d button. The two open apps are displayed side by side to easily determine what is happening on this desktop. We currently only have the single desktop open, so we only have the option of u201cNew Desktopu201d. Select the u201cNew Desktopu201d button. We now have the original desktop tile open on the left, the new 2nd desktop tile in the center, and a tile to add a u201cNew Desktopu201d. Letu2019s open the new desktop by selecting u201cDesktop 2u201d. For comparison purposes letu2019s select and open the u201cCalculatoru201d app from the u201cStart Menuu201d. Select the u201cTask Viewu201d button again to review the virtual desktops. We can see the currently selected desktop is highlighted with a preview of the content above. There is a small preview of the desktop content in the tile. If we hover the mouse over either of the virtual desktops, we will see a preview of all the open apps running on that virtual desktop. To move between the two desktops select the u201cTask viewu201d button and then the virtual desktop. This is a great feature to increase productivity and separate tasks.

We can close any of the open virtual desktops by selecting the u201cXu201d in the top right of the desktop preview tile. We currently have 2 apps open in the 1st desktop and 1 in the 2nd desktop. If we close out of the 2nd desktop it does not just close out of the apps you had on that desktop. It will move them to the 1st desktop. We can now see that we have all 3 of our apps open on u201cDesktop 1u201d. Select any of the apps to bring it to the foreground to work on it. Close the u201cCalculatoru201d by clicking on the u201cXu201d in the top right corner of the window. u201cFile Exploreru201d. u201cFile Exploreru201d is a file management application for Microsoft Windows. u201cFile Exploreru201d provides a way to browse and interact with your files. Select the u201cFile Exploreru201d item on the u201cTaskbaru201d. u201cFile Exploreru201d opens to a new layout. The default view has u201cQuick accessu201d selected on the left, which shows the u201cFrequent foldersu201d and u201cRecent filesu201d on the right. The u201cQuick accessu201d items include links to the u201cDesktopu201d, u201cDownloadsu201d, u201cDocumentsu201d, u201cPicturesu201d, u201cMusicu201d, and u201cVideosu201d. Some of the items in the u201cQuick accessu201d list will always show in the list because they are pinned.

Pinned items have a gray pushpin icon next to them. We can see that currently u201cDesktopu201d, u201cDownloadsu201d, u201cDocumentsu201d, and u201cPicturesu201d are pinned to the Quick access list. The unpinned folders will change as you use Windows to show the folders you most commonly access. Currently it just shows the defaults for u201cMusicu201d and u201cVideosu201d. Letu2019s pin a new folder to the u201cQuick accessu201d menu.. For testing we will expand u201cThis PCu201d, and select u201cLocal Disk (C:)u201d. Letu2019s say we wanted to add the u201cUsersu201d folder. Right-click and select u201cPin to Quick accessu201d. Letu2019s move back to the default screen by selecting the u201cQuick accessu201d menu. We can now see our new folder u201cUsersu201d listed in the u201cQuick accessu201d menu. To remove an item from the u201cQuick accessu201d we need to right-click and select u201cUnpin from Quick accessu201d.

u201cOneDriveu201d. OneDrive is free online storage from Microsoft that comes as part of every Microsoft Account. Microsoft says it is like an extra hard drive that is available from every device and is safer than using USB flash drives. u201cOneDriveu201d is integrated directly into Windows 10. u201cOneDriveu201d comes with 15GB of online storage for free accounts. OneDrive shows in u201cFile Exploreru201d for quick access to files stored in the cloud. Copy your important files here, and they will be available on all your Windows devices. u201cThis PCu201d. Expanding u201cThis PCu201d shows the quick access folders at the top and expandable links to the hard drive and CD/DVD Drive. u201cNetworku201d. Selecting u201cNetworku201d will show computers connected to the same network as this computer. u201cFile Exploreru201d now has builtin u201cShareu201d capabilities. Scroll up on the left and select u201cDocumentsu201d in the u201cQuick accessu201d list.

For testing I will use this u201cTestTextDocument.txtu201d file that I created by selecting it so it is highlighted in blue. More than one file can be shared at a time by selecting multiple files. Selecting the u201cShareu201d link on the menu will open the detailed u201cShareu201d ribbon menu. We have options here to u201cEmailu201d the file, u201cZipu201d the file to compress it and make it smaller to save space, as well as u201cBurn to disc like a recordable DVD, or u201cPrintu201d or u201cFaxu201d to an installed device. Windows 10 has a u201cShareu201d button on the left of the u201cShareu201d ribbon menu. This u201cShareu201d button allows you to share a selected item using compatible Windows 10 Universal Apps.

Selecting the share button will open a panel on the right of the screen showing the item to be shared and the compatible Apps. This is the same as the u201cShareu201d functionality in Windows 8 with the u201cCharmsu201d bar. The only App we have that is supported and setup is the u201cMailu201d app. If we had other compatible apps capable of sharing we would see those listed below like Facebook or Twitter. Select u201cMailu201d, or another sharing option of your choosing. The u201cMailu201d app will open in the right side panel. The u201cMailu201d app has been greatly improved since Windows 8. Select in the body under the attachment. There is a new ribbon interface at the top with u201cFormatu201d settings like u201cboldingu201d, u201cunderliningu201d, and other u201cFont Formattingu201d as well as u201cParagraph formattingu201d options. The u201cInsertu201d tab allows us to u201cAttachu201d additional files, as well as insert u201cTablesu201d, u201cPicturesu201d, and u201cLinksu201d. If we decide we didnu2019t want to send one of these u201cAttachmentsu201d, they can be removed individually by selecting the u201cXu201d at the top right of the attachment. Enter a recipient for the email, and select the u201cSendu201d button.

If we decide that we really donu2019t want to share the file, we can select the u201cDiscardu201d button to exit without sending. u201cNotification Areau201d. The u201cNotification Areau201d is located on the right side of the u201cWindows Taskbaru201d. The u201cNotification Areau201d contains app icons that provide notification and status information. The u201cNotification Areau201d is also known as the u201cSystem Trayu201d. Left clicking an icon will open the notification window for the app, right clicking will open a menu with additional options. The u201cNotification Areau201d includes things like u201cVolumeu201d, Network Settings, and battery power level. If there are too many icons to fit in the u201cNotification Areau201d, select the up arrow to u201cShow hidden iconsu201d. Some apps appear in the system tray to show that they are running in the background and are not completely closed. u201cAction Centeru201d. At the far right side of the u201cNotification Areau201d is the u201cAction Centeru201d. Select the icon to open the u201cAction Centeru201d. The top of the u201cAction Centeru201d contains notifications from Windows and installed apps.

Some notifications will include updates being installed or new mail. Selecting a notification will open the corresponding app or system window. Selecting this new mail notification will open the u201cMailu201d app to review the new message. Selecting the u201cXu201d on the right side of a notification will remove it from the action center. The bottom of the u201cAction Centeru201d contains quick launch icons. Some launch new windows like u201cVPNu201d and u201cAll Settingsu201d. Others are enabled by touching them, which turns them blue to enable them, like u201cLocationu201d, u201cQuiet hoursu201d, and u201cAirplane modeu201d. Just to the right of the u201cNotification Areau201d is the u201cClocku201d. Select the u201cClocku201d to open the window. The Clock shows the current date and time at the top, with a calendar of the current month at the bottom. This calendar is for reference, like to check the day of the week a particular date falls on. If you want to change the date or time you would select u201cDate and time settingsu201d. We can change the month by selecting the up and down arrows to the right of the month.

Selecting outside the u201cClocku201d app will close it. u201cShow Desktopu201d. To test this option make sure there are some apps open. To the right of the u201cClocku201d there is a small space on the taskbar. Selecting this will temporarily minimize all open windows at the same time. This is useful to be able to quickly find items on the desktop, and then return back to what you were working on. Selecting the far right of the taskbar again will restore all the windows to their previous locations. u201cSnap Assistu201d. u201cSnap Assistu201d helps snap windows to the screen for easier multitasking. If we want to be able to see all three of our windows at the same time we could move each window around manually. u201cSnap Assistu201d allows us to snap up to 4 windows on the screen quickly and easily. To start, select and hold the title bar down on one of the Windows, then drag the window to the middle of either the left or right side of the screen.

When the window touches the side of the screen you will see a gray outline where the window will snap when we release the mouse. Touching the middle like we have here will result in the window snapping to the left half of the screen. We can also touch the window to the corners instead to snap the window to u00bc of the screen. Letu2019s move it back to the middle to snap it to the left side of the screen. Upon releasing the window it will snap to the side of the screen and show the remaining windows on the other side. Here we can see the two remaining apps we had open. Selecting either one of these windows will snap it to fill the space. Windows 8 allowed us to have 2 windows snapped like this. Windows 10 adds the ability to have up to 4 windows open. If we want to have two apps open on the right side of the screen we need to select and hold the title bar.

Dragging the window to the top right of the screen we can see a gray outline showing where the window will snap. We can take the remaining window and snap it to the bottom right by selecting it. Some apps might not be able to operate in u00bc screen mode. We can have one of the windows take up the entire screen by selecting the u201cMaximizeu201d button as we are used to, or we can drag the window to the top of the window and release to snap to full screen.

Thanks to the great new leadership of Satya Nadella Microsoft definitely seems to be moving in the right direction with Windows 10. Thank you for joining me on this tutorial. If you like the content please support me by subscribing to JAGTutorials.. “}

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