Learn English: The 2 ways to pronounce ‘THE’

{“en”:”Hello. I’m Gill from engVid, and today’s lesson is about the little word “the”, and how to say it, how to pronounce it. You might think: “What? I know how to pronounce that word”, but there are two different ways of pronouncing it, and this lesson is designed to show you how to work out which way to say it. Okay. So, the simple rule is: Before a consonant you say “thuh”, but before a vowel sound you say “thee”. So it’s either “thuh” or “thee”.

So, let me just go through some examples to show you how that works. So, before a consonant sound: “thuh”. “The banana”, “the dog”, but then we get our first exception, which is confusing because this word begins with an E which is a vowel letter, but the way it’s pronounced, it has a “ya” at the beginning: “Ya. European. European”, so we say: “Thuh European”, okay? So that’s a slight confusion to be aware of. Continuing on: “The flowers”, “the house”, “the man”, “the people”.

Another exception again because this word begins with a U, which is a vowel letter, but the actual sound when you say this sound is a “ya”, “university”, “university”. It’s not: “university”, it’s “university”. So: “thUH university”, okay? And finally: “The woman, the woman”. So that’s “the” before a consonant sound. So, let’s have a look at the other column. Before the vowel sound we say “thee”, so: “The apple”, “the elephant”, “the ice cream”, “the orange”, “the umbrella”. You can see here “umbrella” also begins with a U, just like “university”, but it’s not pronounced: “yumbrella”, it’s pronounced: “umbrella”, so: “thee umbrella, the umbrella”. Okay. And finally, here’s another funny one, it begins with an H, so you might think: “Well, that’s a consonant”, but it is actually a vowel sound because we don’t pronounce the H in this word.

You may know the word “heir”, which we had in another lesson about using “a” and “an”. The heir is usually, well, male, and the heiress, female; but often the word “heir” is used for female as well nowadays for reasons of equality. So, but: “the heiress”, “e”, so it’s an “e”, “heiress”, so that’s a vowel sound, so: “the heiress”. Okay? So that’s another one to remember, along with the “ya” sound here. So, it’s purely the way you say it which decides whether it’s “thuh” or “thee”. Okay? So now we’ll move on to a second screen, and we’ll do some sentences for you to work out how to pronounce each time the word “the” or “the” appears, so… Okay, so what I should have said at the end of the last section was the word “heir” and “heiress”, I didn’t explain what they meant. So, if you hadn’t seen the other lesson you wouldn’t… You might not know that, so “an heir” or “an heiress” is someone who inherits something, often money or property, something like that. So, okay. Right, so here is the test for you of how to pronounce the word “t-h-e”: “thuh” or “thee”, and as you can see, we have some sentences here.

And every time the word appears I’ve underlined it in red just to help you to see it. So, first sentence: “The ferry crossed the Irish Sea.” So, how would you pronounce the word there? Okay. So: “thuh” goes before a consonant sound, so “f” is a consonant, so: “Thuh fairy. The fairy crossed”, and what about this one? “I” is a vowel sound, so it’s “thee Irish Sea, the Irish Sea”. So: “The fairy crossed the Irish Sea.” Okay? Next one: “The right way is the only way.” Okay, so how would you pronounce those two? So, “r” is a consonant, so: “Thuh right way. The right way is”, “only”, that begins with an “o”, which is a vowel, “only”.

So: “thee only way. The right way is the only way.” Okay? Next one, we have three examples in this sentence, so: “The answer is at the back of the book.” So, what would you do there? “The answer, the back, the book”, so “answer” begins with “a”, which is a vowel, so it’s: “Thee answer. The answer is at”. “Back” and “book” begin with “b”, which is a consonant, so: “Thuh back of thuh book.” Okay. Next one: “The fire hasn’t reached the upper floor”. “Upper” means at the top of the building, up at the top. Okay, so: “fire” begins with an “f”, so that’s a consonant, so: “thuh fire. The fire hasn’t reached”, “upper” begins with “u” which is a vowel sound, so it’s: “thee upper floor. The fire hasn’t reached the upper floor.” Okay. Right. Next one: “The girl felt at home in the empty house.” So if you feel at home, you feel comfortable, you like your surroundings.

Okay. So: “girl” begins with “g” which is a consonant, so: “thuh girl. The girl felt at home in”, “empty” begins with “e” which is a vowel, so: “thee empty house. The girl felt at home in the empty house.” Okay. Next one: “I will join the union in the morning.” So, “union” is a… To do with your profession, for your employment rights and so on, and you pay a subscription to join. So: “I will join”, “union” begins with a “u” which is a vowel sound, so…

Ah, no, hang on. This is one of those exceptions. “Yunion”, so… I nearly caught myself out there. It’s a “ya” sound, so: “thuh union”. It’s not “thee” onion, because “onion” is a different word altogether, with an “o”, an onion is a vegetable, so this is the union. Okay, so: “I will join thuh union in”, “m” consonant, “thuh morning, the morning”. Okay. So that’s a funny little exception, there. Next one, say you’re in a big department store with lots of floors and they have escalators going up and down, and you can’t decide which department to go to first, so you’re with a friend, you might say: “Shall we take the up escalator or the down escalator?” Okay, so which one would you use? “Thuh” or “thee”? So, before “up”, “up”, letter “u” is a vowel sound, “up”, so it’s: “thee up, the up”.

“Shall we take the up escalator or”, then before “down”, “d” is a consonant, so: “thuh, the down escalator”. Okay? And then finally, here’s another one, a little exception because there’s an “h” here, which is not pronounced. So the word “honour”, “honourable”, it sounds like an “o”, we don’t pronounce the “h”, so: “It’s the honourable thing to do.” Which? Which would you use there? Okay, so: “It’s thee honourable”, this one. “…the honourable thing to do”. Okay, so I’m sure you got those all right, and we also have a quiz for you to test that a little bit further on the website, www.engvid.com, so do go to that and try that, see how many points you can get. And see you again soon. Okay. Bye for now.. “}

As found on Youtube

Hypnotherapy in Brighton

8 Tips for British English Pronunciation

{“en”:”Hi, everyone. I’m Jade. What we’re talking about today is some pronunciation tips for British English. Some of them are tips; some of them are observations that you might be interested to know. We’ve got eight of them, so let’s get started. Pronunciation of-ed word endings. This is not specifically a British English issue. If your preference — I don’t know why I can’t speak suddenly in an English pronunciation video, but that’s how it is. If your preference is American English, this also applies to American English. So what I hear a lot at, sort of, around intermediate level — sometimes upper intermediate level if you haven’t had someone to correct you — -ed word endings sound like this.

I can’t even do it because it’s so unnatural for me. “Excite-ed shout-ed, remind-ed.” It’s so unnatural for me. But in fact, it’s not like that. It doesn’t sound like an -ed. It might sound like an /id/; it might sound like a /t/; or it might sound like a /d/. So I’ve got some examples here. This word, even though it’s spelled -ed, makes an /id/ sound. It becomes “excited”. “I’m really excited.” “Shouted.” “He shouted at me.” “Reminded.” “I reminded you to do your homework; didn’t I?” And — yeah.

So now, we can talk about the ones that finish with a t sound. “Finished. Dripped. Laughed.” They don’t have the-ed sound. So that’s an important thing to know about pronunciation. Even if it’s spelled-ed, it doesn’t mean it sounds like that. And what about the ones that end with a d sound, a “duh” sound. “Remembered.” “I remembered what you said to me.” “Called.” “I called you. Didn’t you hear your phone?” “Imagined.” “I imagined a better future for everyone.” So with those, it’s a D sound. How do you know for each one? Go with what feels most natural when you’re saying the word.

The main thing is don’t force the -ed sound at the end of the word because it’s that that gives you an unnatural rhythm when you’re speaking English. So moving on to — this one’s an observation, really. British English pronunciation. We have so many different accents in England. But one of the biggest divisions in our accents is — it’s between the north of the country and the south, and it’s our pronunciation of these words: “bath” and “laugh”, as I say them. I say them in the southern pronunciation. But if I were from the north — if I were from the north of the country, I’d say “bath” and “laugh” because they have a different accent up there. Well, they’ve got loads of different accents, but they don’t speak in the same way as me. So let’s break it down into the actual sound. So if you’re from the North, you say, “a”. But we, in the South, say “au”. So you say “bath”, we say “bauth”. And you say “laf”; we say “laugh”. And you can also hear it in these two words. It doesn’t have to be the first or only a vowel in the word.

In the southern pronunciation, this is “commaund”. But in the northern pronunciation, it’s “command”. And the southern pronunciation of this word is “caust”. The northern pronunciation is “cast”. The cast of Brookside came to London.” “Brookside” was an old soap that’s not on TV anymore, and it was people from Liverpool. And I was just doing the accent. Probably that’s really irrelevant to you.

You will never see that show, but anyway. You know, now. Next tip. I don’t hear this that often, but when I do, it sounds really, really, really wrong. And I think this tip generally — generally a good example of how — just because we write something one way doesn’t mean we say it that way. So in English — American English, too — W sounding words are the same as the “wh” sound in words for spelling. It actually sounds the same. So we’ve got two words here, “wine” and “whine”.

One is spelled with WH, and one is just spelled with I. “Whine” is a kind of moan or a kind of cry. Sometimes, young children whine. Sometimes, women who are upset about something are said to be “whiny”. So we don’t really say that men whine. That’s probably a bit sexist. But, yeah. The point is they sound the same but are spelled differently. So I’ve sometimes heard people try to make the “wh” sound like “hwhine” or something like that or in these words, “which” and “witch” are the same. Some people might say “hwhich”. And that used to be a feature of British English. If you listen to some speakers of British English from a long time ago, like around the 1920s — T.

S. Eliot, although he wasn’t British, he did acquire a really strange British accent. And when he spoke English, he would make the “hwhich” sound. And that was a standard feature of the accent then. But if you say it now, it just sounds a bit weird. So don’t be making the “hwh” sound. And here, two commonly spoken words with that “hwh” sound that you shouldn’t say — so you should say “what” without “hwhat, hwhat, hwhat do you want?” That would be awful.

And “hwhere” — don’t say that. Just say it without the H sound. Let’s take a look at the pronunciation of -ing word endings. So in just relaxed, informal speech, I feel that a lot of dialects don’t pronounce the G. So it would be like this. “I was listening to some music.” You don’t hear the G there. But if we’re making an effort to speak properly and with very good enunciation, you would hear the G slightly. It would sound like this, “I was listening to a wonderful lecture yesterday.” And you hear my G. It’s very soft, but it’s there. Something to say about British English pronunciation is — again, this is a north-south difference — is that they, up there, some of the accents ring the G, so it’s, like, “listening, speaking.

I was speaking to him.” And if that’s a feature of your accent, that’s a feature of your accent. But in standard English, you don’t ring it. You don’t make an extra “guh” or “juh” sound at the end. So the standard way to make the G sound, “reading.” But I’m just letting you know that in relaxed and informal speech, many times, we don’t hear the G. So when we come back we’ll look at the other four rules or tips — tips, really. Tips and observations about pronunciation. Tip No. 5, when we’re saying a word with two or more syllables, very often, the second syllable is not stressed, and it’s what we call a “schwa”. So even though all these words have a different spelling for the second syllable, they become a schwa.

So what some people do is they’ll say the word. And a good example is this word. They will say “En-gland”. But actually, it sounds like this “England”. So the vowel changes to a schwa, and then, it’s — another way to look at it is it becomes a softer sound. So let’s say some of the words. “London”, not “Lon-don”. “London, England, together”, not “togeth-er”. “Together”. “Button”, not “butt-on”. “Button”. “Cousin”. So that’s the schwa, and supposedly the most common sound in the English language, and it’s a pretty confusing sound as well because it’s always spelled in different ways, and it doesn’t actually sound exactly the same when it moves around into different words. So not an easy one to get familiar with. So the main thing to take away from it is that don’t put that very big stress on all your syllables in the word. It won’t sound right.

No. 6, tip No. 6, British English is a non-rhotic accent. This is the sound /r/. In your language, maybe you do that thing where you roll your tongue which I can’t do. I just — I so can’t do it. So like how I can’t do that sound, you might find it really hard to make that sound without rolling your tongue. Okay. It’s hard. Pronunciation is not easy. But you can always work at something and train yourself. So when we make the R sound, the position of the tongue is quite far back in the throat. R, R, R. And it doesn’t have that rhotic sound. And in some dialects, for example, in Scottish, you do hear it. So I’m going to say this sentence in a Scottish accent, “The murderer wore red.” Sorry, Scottish people. But they put the R sound in. I kind of did it then. Maybe I can do it after all. But in my accent, I would say, “the murderer wore red.” So we don’t roll our tongues. And that’s something — if you want to speak standard British English, you could work on that R if you do it.

So if you’re Arabic or if you’re Spanish, Italian as well, you could work on that sound. No. 7, now. So this is a hard sound. I’m going to have to be honest with you. It’s a hard sound for me because I’m a Londoner, and I’m from South London, and we’re not very — we don’t like this sound very much. We like to replace it with an F sound. I’m not too bad making this sound at the beginning of a word, “three”, “thought”, “think”. But sometimes, it’s quite hard for me, like in this word. I want to say “birfday” with an F, but it should be “birthday”. It’s really hard for me. But it’s not just hard for me; it’s hard for people all over the world.

Maybe we should just get rid of this sound. We don’t need it anymore. Some people replace it with D. I’ve got an Italian student who replaces it with D. So he would say “dirty dree”. That’s not an Italian restaurant, but — restaurant? Italian restaurant? Why am I thinking about food? It’s not an Italian accent. Because he can’t say “th”, he replaces it with /d/. But other people might replace it with /v/ as well. So a tip for making the “th” sound, you put your tongue between your teeth. And it’s a kind of whisly sound without the /f/. Your lip is more pursed at the top. So you don’t want to do that when you’re making the “th”. Just try it. I’ll say the words for you. “Three”, “thumbs” — thumbs up if you can make that sound — “birthday”, “thought”, “think”, “bath”. It’s hard for me. I’m trying. I’m trying with you.

We’re learning together today. And rule No. 8, “can’t”. Oh, that’s meant to have that there. A lot of people get confused because sometimes they think, “Did you say a negative there, or did you say the positive?” They get really confused. In British English, we don’t always say the T. We don’t always pronounce the T in this word “can’t”. So it might sound like this, “I can’t understand you.” But it might also sound like this, “I can understand you.” And when I said it the second way, you didn’t hear the T. And the reason that happens is speech just become as little bit more fluid, a little bit more easy to say without the T.

But you don’t need to be confused because, actually, the opposite of “can’t” is “can”. And /caen/ is a different vowel. It’s /ae/, whereas this vowel is /a/. So they would sound completely different. It would be, “I can’t understand you.” Very different to “I can’t understand you” or “I can understand you.” So when you’re listening out for that negative sometimes, know that we might say it with or without a T.

So thank you everybody for watching today. You can do a little bit of extra practice on the EngVid site for this lesson. And if you do like my lesson, please do subscribe because I make lots of different lessons, not just about pronunciation but all other things about learning English as well that I think will be very education and very useful for you in your general development as a learner of English or someone who’s just trying to improve your English. And I’m finished now, so I’m going to go. I’m going to go now, okay? I’ll see you later.. “}

As found on Youtube

Neuro Linguistic Programming in Brighton

Learn English Grammar: Zero Conditional

{“en”:”Hello. We’re doing the zero conditional today. It’s a useful grammatical structure in English. Perhaps it’s used for, particularly to those who are rules-based people, who like knowing that A is going to result in B. My little nephew is like this. Hi, Alex. So, we’re doing the zero conditional. And this is about something that is generally true, like a scientific fact. If I press the toilet button, it flushes. Okay? “If”, condition, result. “If I do”, “If I play, this happens.” So this is in present simple, and the result also in the present simple. “If you heat ice, it melts.” So it’s like a scientific fact, it’s like something… This always happens in this same way. The condition always has the same result. Now, the result, this bit here, it can also be in the imperative rather than the present simple. So, I’ve put a little example here: “If you do…” “If you visit Devon,” -a place in the southwest of England-“go to Chagford.” Where I was born.

Okay? It’s a great place. So, it’s like “go to”, it’s an imperative. I’m telling you to do that. So this is a structure of command. “If you arrive late to my class again, you”, and then I’m going to need to… “You will have to go to the head master.” Okay? It’s the condition equals the result. It’s always the same. So if you’re late, you have to go to the head master. Okay? Condition, result, always the same relationship between the two. Now, we can have a couple of different, alternative options here. Instead of “if” we could also use “when” or “unless”.

I’ve written that unless… You know when… When’s talking about time, obviously. But “unless” means kind of if not, followed by the condition and result. Condition always in the present. So: “Unless if not he proposes”, obviously that’s quite weird, formal English. The translation would be something like… Or the simplification: “If he does not propose to marry you,”-to propose to marry you. Would you like to marry me?- “refuse to go on holiday with him again.” Okay? So: “refuse to go”, there you’ve got your imperative.

Okay? Now, we can change the order and put the result before the condition, and throw in a bit of “if” and “when” and “unless” right there in the middle just to mix things up, mix the bowl up. So, the result here is at the beginning. “The boss, my leader, the person who is in charge is angry” -again, notice present tense-“when I dance on my table.” Obviously, “when” could also be replaced by “if” there. “…if I dance on my table”. So, “when” would imply that I maybe dance on my table quite a lot. But “if”, I’m so scared of my boss that I don’t want to dance on my table. And “unless” would change it, so you’d have to have probably a different condition there. “The boss is angry unless I stay seated.” Okay, so let’s just have another quick recap. Something that’s generally true, like a scientific fact, like: “If I cross the road without looking, I get knocked over.” Sorry, that’s what the traffic’s like in London.

Pay attention. Look to your left, look to your right before it’s safe to go. “If”, condition, result. Present simple, present simple unless we’re using the imperative. “You will go to Chagford if you visit Devon.” And then we can mix in a bit of “when” and “unless”, meaning changing the positive, negative affirmation, so: “Unless he proposes to marry you,” blah, blah, blah, this will be the result. This will always be the result unless you do this. And then you can also have the result here and the condition here. The boss is angry if you don’t do the quiz right now and subscribe to my YouTube channel, and check out Exquisite English. Good night. God bless. See ya next time.. “}

As found on Youtube

Study English in London

Studying English at a Language School

{“en”:”Hello, folks. So this morning, we’ve come along to a very good language school in London because we want to have a look at what it’s like to be a student in one of these schools. Come, and let’s find out. — Hi, Lee. — Hi, Ben. — So our viewers are learning English on the Internet. What would be an advantage of coming to a language school for a time to learn some English? — I think the key difference is that when you’re at a language school, then you are part of a whole experience. If you’re learning online, it’s great, but it’s for an hour or two, and that’s it.

Whereas if you come to the school, then you have complete immersion in a whole day of English if you like. If you’re staying with a host family, you have English experience before you come to school. All day, you’re speaking English, and if you take part in our social activities in the evening, then you’re carrying on. So it’s constantly learning and taking in and processing of new information. — Sure. So if someone was studying here and staying with a host family, they might share meals with the family. — Yeah. — And I guess there are students coming from many different countries. — Exactly. And of course, then you get this interaction with loads and loads of different students from all over the world, which, again, really challenges you in different ways when you’re learning English, I think. — And do students come here for a couple of weeks? — Some do. Some students come for a couple of weeks. Some students come for a year. It depends on what that student is looking for, what they need, what their plans are. So it can be either-or.

— And I guess it’s very exciting being here in London. You know, we’ve got a lot of English culture around us. — Of course. I mean, the history, the art, the literature, the theatre scene is just really advantageous to learning English. It’s just an amazing city. So to come and study here is a really good thing, I think. — Yeah. I mean, I guess the student can learn more the more they put themselves in an English environment, the more they speak.

— Exactly. If you immerse yourself in something completely, then you’re going to get more out of it, I think. — Cool. Well, is it possible to go and have a look at a class this morning? — Yeah. Absolutely. I think Dan is waiting for you upstairs. — Great. Thank you very much. –You’re welcome. –Let’s go upstairs. So let’s go and have a quick look now at a general English class and what that looks like in a language school. Okay. Come have a look. — Hi, there, Dan. — Hi. — Hi. We’ve just come to have a look at your general English class today. — Hello. — What exactly are you going to be doing in class today? — Today, we’re looking at the difference between literal and non-literal meanings of nine elements of vocabulary.

I was just asking Nir what he thought about the difference between “enough food” and “too much food”. So, sorry. — I think it depends. — Okay. In this meaning, do you think that it’s — if there is “lots of”, is it good or bad? — Yeah. It’s good. — Good? Would you agree, guys? It’s good? — I think it’s bad. — Okay. Hands up if you think it’s good. Nir, you stand alone, my friend. I’m sorry. Hands up if you think it’s bad. — In fact, that’s what I looked like last night at about 10:30. But what other words? Fly. That’s what I’m looking for, “fly”. Read the sentences with your partner.

I want you to decide two things. No. 1, which sentence is the literal meaning? Which sentence is the non-literal meaning. No. 2, what do you think the non-literal meaning means in other languages? Okay. Good. So it’s a word. You can use it, but it doesn’t mean what you think it means here. In this case, you mean “hard”, not “hardly”. — “To question.” “Question” can be a verb? — Yes. Of course. “I question.” Yeah. Good guess. Well done. So that was a great lesson from Dan. They’re really engaging in the teaching, and the students were obviously enjoying it. We’re going to go down to the lunch hall now and grab a bit of lunch. And then, we’ve got a couple of students who we’ll be talking to. They’re from different parts of the world. So I’m hungry. Let’s go and eat. [Crowd chatter] Well, that was a delicious lunch. And we enjoyed having a look at Dan’s class. Now, we’ve got three students at the London School of English here. And firstly, folks, could you tell me what course you’re doing and how long you have learned English for? So starting with Takami.

— I’m taking a Cambridge English examination preparation course. It’s called FCE. So just this course I have studied three weeks. Yeah. I have another five weeks. — Okay. And before, when you were in Japan, how long did you learn? Like, one year, two years learning English? Or — — Honestly, no. Nothing. — Nothing at all? Okay. Wow. Very interesting. Okay. Thanks. And Veronica? — I’ve done the general course for one month, and then I’ve started three weeks ago the CAE course, which is the Cambridge Advanced Exam. And that last — — Why did you choose this course? — The CAE? — Yeah. — Because I needed to get into university, and I’ve also heard that this academy prepares very well students to pass the exams. And I’ve been — — So you’re hoping to study in a university in England? — No, not in England, in Switzerland.

— Okay. — And they are asking for a B in CAE. And yeah. They’ve told me that this academy really will help you to pass the exam successfully. — Good luck to you. — Thank you. — And Francis, tell me, how long have you been learning English, and why did you decide to come and study in England? — I started English in secondary school and some more in university. And I decided to come here because I want to improve my English a lot. But only for pleasure. And for me, the best place to learn English is in London.

— Sure. — So I come here, and I’m learning here in this school. — Cool. Veronica, had you been studying in Spain how to speak English? — I’ve studied English in Spain, but with au pairs. At school as well, but the level in my school was pretty low. So yeah. The au pairs have helped me to get this fluency. — And how do you find the teachers different in London and in a language school compared to in a school where you’re from? — Well, I think that teachers here have more experience, and they do really know which mistakes do students make. Whereas the teachers in Spain, obviously, they are experienced as well, but not as much as a language teacher would be. — So they’re more specific? — Yeah. More specific. They know the mistakes that people from different countries make, and yeah. I think that’s the main reason, I think. — So Takami, do you feel you’re improving your English in a good way? — Yeah.

Just getting better. But of course, I need to more improve. But I feel that day by day getting my English better. — Cool. And so for all of you, it’s been stimulating; it’s been an interesting time being here? You’re obviously making really good friends here. Is it something you’d recommend to people? — Absolutely. You should go. — Yeah, definitely. Yeah. I’ve already spread it all over. — You should come here. It’s a life experience. You have to do it once at least in your life. I enjoy it a lot. I improve my English a lot. I make a lot of friends from different parts of the world.

So it is amazing. I enjoy it a lot. — So guys, I’ve lived in London for six years. And I feel I know it well, but for you coming to London, is it a good place to come to? Is it easy for you to speak to people and practice English being here in London? — Yes. I met some very friendly people in the pubs or wherever you are. And yeah. It’s very easy. For me, as I said, it’s a life experience to be here. So London, for me, it’s the capital of the world. — Wow. — It’s not the United States; it’s not Washington. It’s London. Very cosmopolitan. — London’s on the map. — Yeah. Absolutely. — And are there enough things for you to do? — Definitely. — On the weekends, for example, are there opportunities to do things? — Yeah. You won’t run out of chances or different activities to do.

One weekend, you can go and see a theatre play, a musical, and then visit different areas from the city. It is a very versatile city. You can go to the north of London, and it’s completely different from the south of London. So you won’t ever — — I feel like I’m in a different country in some parts. — Yeah. It’s like a country. So you won’t ever get bored of living here. — Great. So the best way for you guys to learn English, is it from reading? Is it from listening? Is it a mixture? What’s the best way? — I think it’s a mixture because you learn the grammar basics in class. Then, afterwards, you can socialize at lunch. And then afterwards, with the social program, you’re able to talk to everyone and get to know everybody and talk about your country, their country.

You learn different cultures. You — yeah. You get to socialize. — Is it difficult for you to speak English to someone from Spain? — Well, if we — — It was easy the first day that we met each other, so it’s easy. Yeah. If you met someone and you start speaking English, it’s easy to ongoing with that. — And if both of us want to speak English, then it’s okay. Because I know other Spanish students here that they feel that they want to speak Spanish with me, for example. But don’t do that because we are all here to improve our English, and we are interested in learning English, not in speaking our native language. — It’s true. — And here, you have the possibility to speak 24 hours. — That’s why it’s the best way.

— So after school, you can go to the pub. — No sleep. — Exactly. — We are trying to speak English even with same country people. — That’s cool. — It’s important. — Well, thank you so much for coming in and speaking today. It’s been really useful. And I hope there’s been something for you to learn back home. Thank you, guys. — Thank you.. “}

As found on Youtube

Study English in London

Learn English Vocabulary: The Dark Side of Politics

A warm welcome back to engVid. Today I’m presenting a series of vocab and phrases to help you understand what is happening in the news. It’s important to know what’s going on in the world, and if you can read a newspaper in English then you will develop an enormous sense of satisfaction because that will show that your level of English is right up there. Okay, let’s start with “unethical”. So, we can see a shorter word within the longer word: “ethic”. Now, a person’s ethics are the ideas that they live by. So we say: “A code of ethics”. For example, to say please and thank you. If you want to know more about this, then perhaps watch my lesson on social etiquette. Okay? It’s to do with the kind of ideas and beliefs a person has. If something is unethical, then basically it means it’s wrong, it’s bad.

Evil’s quite a strong word, but it’s along those lines. “Illicit” is something banned, something not allowed. So if a politician took some illicit substances, then that would show that they had been taking some drugs that are not legal in the country they are in. Okay? “Illegal”, “illicit”, a synonym would be: “illegal”, “banned”. “Allegation”, so we have a noun here. An allegation-I’ll just write in that that’s the noun-is something that someone said about something else. For example, an allegation that Boris Johnson has had an affair. Someone is saying that Boris Johnson has had an affair. It doesn’t mean that they have had an affair, it just means that someone is saying they have had an affair. “An affair” is when you cheat on someone. Okay? “Alleged”, okay? To allege, you are saying the rumour, you are saying what you think happened. “Alleged”, so that is the past tense version of the verb. “To allege” is the present tense. But it’s most often seen in the past tense. “Journalists alleged that”… “Allegedly”, okay? So here’s the adverb.

“Allegedly Boris Johnson has done this.” It’s not saying definitely. It’s saying it might have happened. Okay, “a disclosure”. This is making a secret public. Okay? So, Boris Johnson tells a friend that he has been putting lots of money in a bank account in Switzerland or in an offshore bank account. The friend then is quite nasty to Boris, because he makes the secret public. He discloses some information. Okay? “Disclosure”, the noun; the verb, “to disclose”. And if we look a little bit more carefully there, your prefix “dis” and the main part of the word “close”, so something is close and now it is open.

So we had a secret and now we don’t have a secret. “Libel”. “Libel” is a published fake statement that damages someone’s reputation. Okay? So, who says “fake” a lot? Donald Trump. “Fake news! That’s fake news. Don’t listen to him, that’s fake news.” Okay? So, “fake” means made up. So, libel, you can accuse someone of libel if they write something about you that is not true. “To be embroiled in a scandal”. So, “a scandal” is something regarded, something thought of as wrong which causes a public outrage. “Outrage” is when we are angry. So the politician… Let’s just explain this word, sorry. “Embroiled” means caught up in. I’ll write that there. “To be embroiled in a scandal”, you’re surrounded by something that is making the public very angry. And I’ve got quite a few examples of those just to come in a moment. A “P.R. disaster”. So, the P stands for “public”, the R stands for “relations”. If you work in P… If you work in PR, then you are promoting people all the time and you are saying: “This person is fantastic dah-dah-dah-dah-dah-dah-dah”. But a P.R. disaster is when it goes into the newspapers some bad press.

“Bad press” is something written that makes that politician look bad. Not necessarily politician, can apply to someone else. Okay, “an abuse of power”, “abuses of power”. So, our politicians have… We have voted for them to make decisions to help run the country. If they abuse, that means if they do something bad with that power, then they are using power for the wrong reason. Let’s think of an example. They… It would have been an abuse of power if they were using their position to make money on the side. So, if they were taking deals from businesses against the public good, that would be an abuse of power. This is about relationships: “to two-time”.

Okay? So, generally in our society it’s a monogamous one, that means you’re meant to kind of be with one person. “Mono” meaning one. But if you’re two-timing, then the politician or whoever it is, is seeing two at the same time and maybe one is very upset about that. So if a politician two-timed, that would be a P.R. disaster. Not in France where the press seem to sort of celebrate that kind of naughtiness. In Britain it wouldn’t go down very well. “Clandestine affair”. So, a “clandestine affair”, “clandestine” means secret. “An affair” is cheating.

Okay? What are other things that would result in a P.R. disaster, that would be bad press for the politician? Expenses fraud. So, “expenses”, your expense… Prefix “ex” meaning out. You can… “Pence” is kind of money, so what you’re spending out. Now, politicians are allowed to claim on expenses. What that means is if they spend money doing their job they can get some of that money back. But if they… What fraud is, deception for financial gain. Deception for financial gain, so what they’re doing is they are being… They are cheating. They’re saying: “I spent this to do my job”, but actually they didn’t need to spend that and they are fiddling the books. We talk about “the books” is like a record of money, if they are fiddling, they are making a mess of, they are…

They’re playing a game to get more money. “An offshore hedge fund”. So, “offshore” means, you know, we’ve got the edge of Britain. Any one of you who watched my video on food of Britain knows that I’m not great at drawing maps of the UK. So, “offshore”, here’s the shore, it means the coast. If it’s off the shore then it’s somewhere else. A hedge fund, now, I’m no economist, but “a hedge fund” is like some people working for you to make more money. An offshore hedge fund is not strictly legal because it avoids tax being paid in this country. So, that’s not going to go down very well with our people, so that’s P.R. disaster. “Cash for honours”, now, at the end of David Cameron’s reign as Prime Minster of the United Kingdom there was quite a lot of controversy… Running out of space on my board. “Controversy”, when someone thinks it’s bad. So David Cameron’s at the end of his… His time as Prime Minister and he starts giving knighthoods: “Hello, you are now Sir So-and-so, you are now Lord So-and-so, you are now…” Okay? And he gives these titles because those people have given his party money.

So that was called the “cash for honours scandal”. Okay? It’s not very fair that he’s just giving these titles because they have gave the Conservative Party money. Now, from across the pond, over in America we had the “Watergate scandal” which was to do with President Nixon and there was an attempted theft of his party headquarters that then unwrapped this whole saga, which you can read about in your own time. But it was called the “Watergate”. Now, if anything goes slightly badly wrong, if anything’s controversial… Controversial, then we can add this suffix to the end, we call it “something-gate”.

Something else that happened to David Cameron was “pig-gate”. Now, someone wrote a biography about David Cameron, alleging that he had performed something strange with a pig, therefore we call that pig-gate, because it was bad press for David Cameron. Okay. “Corruption”, this is quite similar to the idea of an abuse of power. If you are corrupt then maybe you’re taking money to do something for someone else. So, “corruption” is your noun, “corrupt” is your adjective. “Tyranny”. Now, a “tyrant” is someone who has lots and lots of power, and they don’t really listen to anyone else, so we’re thinking sort of Robert Mugabe, Idi Amin, they’re people who rule and kill and do anything they want to maintain power. Okay? So that’s your… A reign of tyranny, and a tyrant is the person.

So, tyranny is kind of like the action, that’s the person. “Nepotism”. Now, this is where you keep it in the family. So there’s plenty of examples of this all across the world, from the film business, to politics, to business. This is just where you have a family here, like: “Right, now I pass it on to my son, now my son can do this, now the daughter can do this, now the grandson can do this.” Up to you where you see those examples. Now, if something goes really badly wrong in politics then that politician will have to stop working and go out of the limelight. I’ll write that down. Why is it called “limelight”? I’ve no idea, but lots of attention is on them, and then suddenly they have to go and live out in the countryside and put slippers on and smoke a pipe.

Now, in America, the President could be “impeached”, there could be an “impeachment” where the president stops being the president, but hopefully it’s… The politician works out that they should stop and they decide before the people decide. So, if they decide then they can “resign”, there can be a “resignation”. So let’s just break up this word. Okay? So you can see the word, so “signature”, they’re taking back their signature. They did say: “Yes, hello, I was President”, and now that has been taken away. Do hope you have learnt some new words from today’s lesson. I think this would be an excellent lesson for you to have a go on the quiz to try and ground these words into your everyday usage. And why not start picking up an English newspaper, reading them? And some fantastic ones out there, not just UK newspapers; America, The Times of India, plenty of them around. And you can read them online as well. Thank you for watching today’s video, and there are other videos like this on this YouTube channel, so do check them out.

Thank you. See you next time..

As found on Youtube

How to learn English if you are shy

Hi there. My name is Emma, and in today’s video I am going to help you become a better speaker, especially if you are shy. Okay? So, a lot of people when they learn new languages, they’re very embarrassed and they’re too shy to speak. This video will help you with good tips and strategies on how to become more confident in your speaking. So let’s get started. Okay, so the first thing I like to tell shy people, so people who are afraid to speak, is: You need to find your strengths. You need to ask yourself: “What am I good at?” Because a lot of the times, shy people, they think: “Oh my goodness, I’m not good at speaking, I’m terrible at English, I’ll never learn this language”, and they feel really sad. But that’s not usually true.

Usually shy people are good at many different things, they just don’t realize it. So remember: English is not only speaking. Speaking is part of it, but there are other skills, too. Maybe you’re a great listener. Okay? Maybe you’re good at grammar. Maybe you’re not good at all grammar, but you’re amazing at the present perfect or the simple past. You know, maybe you’re good at reading or writing. So it’s good to recognize what you’re good at so you don’t feel so sad when you’re learning English, because you might be good at a lot of different things. So, you can always write down on a piece of paper: “I am able to”, you know, listen very well, or: “I am able to do well on my grammar test.” Okay? So think about: What are your strengths? My next tip is probably one of the most important tips.

When you’re trying to learn a language, especially when you’re shy, it’s good to make goals and to write them down. Okay? So what do I mean by goals? Well, for example, I have three goals here and I’m going to talk about each of them. Somebody’s goal might be: “I will be a better speaker.” Or they might say: “I will say two things in class today.” Or: “I will ask two people: ‘How is your day going?'” So these are all goals, but these goals are not all great goals. What do I mean by that? Well, this first goal: “I will be a better speaker”, you will not know if you’ve become a better speaker or not. This goal, it’s too big so I would not use this goal. Okay? When you make a goal it’s good to make something where you have a number in it, and you can tell very easily: Did you do it or didn’t you do it? So, for example: “I will say two things in class today”, this is a great goal because you know: “Okay, I said two things in class, I met my goal for the day.” This will really help you with speaking, especially if you’re shy.

Maybe you’re too shy even to say two things in class, so maybe you can say one thing in class or maybe for the first class you can just listen and try for the next class to say one thing. Okay? Another example of a great goal is: “I will ask two”, and again, this can be any number. “I will ask two people: ‘How is your day going today?'” So just by making goals, it can really encourage you to speak and practice your English, and you will improve this way because it is important to speak as much as you can.

This way, you know, it’s not too difficult, it’s something you can do. The other key point here is: Write down your goals. I think it’s great to have a journal or a diary where you write down your daily goal, and then at the end of the week you can check it off and see: Did I meet this goal? Hopefully you did, and that way you can actually monitor your English progress.

So now let’s look at some more tips. Okay, so my next tip is very important, too: Don’t compare yourself to extroverts. So, what is an extrovert? It’s the opposite of a shy person. So, an extrovert is somebody who everybody pays attention to because they love to talk, they’re great in social situations, they’re usually with friends or out with people. So, an extrovert is somebody who’s not really shy. So, what a lot of shy people do is they compare themselves. They see the extrovert, and they think: “Wow, I wish I was just like that person.

That person’s speaking is so good. Why can’t I speak like that?” It’s very common to compare yourself, but it’s not a good idea, because number one, it’s possible that person is making a lot of mistakes. You just don’t realize it. And it’s great that they have confidence, but you know, it’s not good to compare yourself because there are things you’re doing that are probably very good that you’re not really thinking about. Okay? So if you compare yourself, you’ll just feel sad and you won’t learn as much. It’s better to try to feel better and not compare yourself.

Another thing is: Learn key phrases. The more you practice certain sentences, the easier they are to say. So this way, you don’t have to spend all your time thinking: “Oh my god, what am I going to say? I don’t know what to say. I’m really nervous.” Instead, if you practice key sentences enough, then it becomes very easy to say them. You won’t have to think about them so hard. So an example of this is when you meet somebody and you’re trying to, you know, talk to them about their day: “What is keeping you busy these days?” or “How is your day going so far?” So you can… You can ask these types of questions, and when you say them enough you don’t have to worry about the grammar, you don’t…

You won’t have to worry about your pronunciation. You can just practice. Or, you know, for when you’re at a restaurant: “I’d like a tea please.”, “I’d like a coffee please.”, “I’d like milk please.” So just memorizing key sentences can really help you, especially if you’re shy and a shy speaker. Okay, my next tip: Visualize. So what does this mean? When you visualize you close your eyes and in your head you imagine something.

So it’s not real, it’s in your head, but visualizing is very, very… It’s a good way to practice your English. So what I recommend is actually imagine you’re in a conversation with somebody, and you can imagine: What are you going to say and what will the person say? This is a great way to practice, and there’s a lot of science behind how… How amazing visualizing something can be and how it can really help you learn. Okay? So if you have a presentation, before the presentation imagine what you’re going to say. If you’re meeting somebody for the first time, imagine what you’re going to say and what they’re going to say. This will help you be less nervous and it can really help you in terms of your language using better language in those situations.

Okay, my next tip, it’s similar to this one, a little bit different, is: Talk to yourself in front of a mirror. A lot of the times you might be too shy to talk to somebody. You might feel your heart beat very quickly and you might feel a lot of stress, so you can practice first by talking to yourself in front of a mirror. This way you can feel comfortable and you’re still learning. You know, practicing those phrases in front of a mirror means you’re actually, you know, still learning them and still using them, and they will then become easier to use. So I highly recommend this tip. All right, now let’s look at some more tips on how to learn when we are shy. Okay, so my next tip has to do with the environment you’re in. Okay? So if you are in a bar, or maybe you’re in a classroom, or maybe a meeting, and my tip is: Become comfortable in the environment you’re going to speak in. A lot of people feel very nervous before they speak, and that’s okay.

One way to help you make your, like, you know, to become less nervous is to get used to the environment where you’re going to speak in. So what do I mean by this? Well, for example, imagine you’re going to be giving a meeting… Or, sorry, not a meeting. A presentation. Try to look at the room before you give the presentation. Try to see how it all looks like. Get used to that environment. The more used to an environment you are, the less you will feel stressed when you’re speaking in it. Same with a bar, you know, maybe you could go to the same bar and get used to that environment so then you’re less nervous when you speak. Okay? So try to become comfortable with your environment. If you can’t go to the environment, you can at least maybe look at pictures online, you know, Google images for example and maybe you can do some visualization. So even though you’re not there, you can imagine yourself there.

That can also help. Okay, the next tip: Find other shy people. A lot of the times students are looking for conversation buddies. If you’re shy it’s sometimes good to have a shy conversation buddy because that way, you know, you can both understand each other better and you don’t have one person talking the whole time where you’re just listening. So if you find another shy conversation buddy you’re probably going to speak a bit more. It’s also good to have extroverted friends, you know, sometimes that takes off pressure because you don’t have to speak then. But I would recommend finding other shy people, maybe shy people in your class or shy people in a conversation circle, that way you can really benefit from the understanding you both have of each other.

This is also sort of similar: Find people with the same hobbies as yourself. A lot of the times when we speak about things we like, it’s easier for us to talk than when we speak about things we don’t know about. So if you go to a conversation circle, you know, try to find somebody who has the same hobbies as you. If you like reading, maybe you could join a book club. Or if you like movies, maybe you could join a film club. If you like skiing, you can join a ski club. Or you can find people who have similar interests. There’s a lot of great meetup groups that, you know, you can find people who are interested in the same things as you.

Okay, my next tip has to do with what your body is doing while you’re speaking. There’s a lot of science behind how a smile can really make you feel better. So when you’re speaking, it’s good to do something called the smile breathing technique. This is where you smile and you breathe. Okay? It takes a little time, maybe, to get used to that, but when you’re breathing it makes you less nervous and when you’re smiling it makes you less nervous. So be aware of your body language. If you’re like this, you’re going to feel a lot more nervous than if you’re bigger, and you’re taking deep breaths, and you’re smiling. Okay? You can also do power poses before any speaking. I have a video on this. You can find it in the links in the description, and there you will see some great poses you can do before you speak to somebody. These body movements will make you feel more confident before you go out and speak, so I recommend that video. Another thing you can do is you can choose conversation topics you’re comfortable with. So if you’re going to a bar, think about some things you would like to talk about.

Maybe you love talking about cooking or maybe, you know, again, you’re really into movies. So finding conversations you can have with people on subjects you’re comfortable with will help you feel less nervous than if you’re talking about something you have no idea about. Okay, my next tip: Make mistakes. A lot of people who are shy are also afraid to make mistakes. They worry that if they make a mistake it will be embarrassing for them. Now, it’s really hard to do this, but you have to get used to making mistakes. Making mistakes is very, very important for learning a language. So one thing you can do is you can tell yourself every day, you know, when you wake up: “Today I want to make some mistakes. It’s okay to make mistakes. There’s nothing wrong with making mistakes.” This can also help with your confidence. If you tell yourself you can make mistakes then it will probably give you more chance to speak because you won’t be so afraid of making mistakes. Another tip is the FORD technique. I have a video that you can get through the links in the description about what’s called the FORD technique.

This is a great way to make small talk or to talk to people you don’t know well. I have a whole video on how you can improve your conversation using the FORD technique, so I hope you check out that video and it will actually really help you in terms of knowing what to talk about when it’s quiet or knowing what to talk about when you don’t really know somebody that well. Okay, so again… Actually, one more tip I don’t have on the board, but my last tip I would say is: Make sure when you’re shy and you actually speak, reward yourself.

Okay? You know, if you have a goal: “Today I’m going to speak two times in class”, and you do it, do something nice for yourself. It’s very easy when you’re shy to be very hard on yourself and to constantly tell yourself, oh, you know: “I wish I was more confident, there’s something wrong with me. You know, I don’t like this about myself.” Be a little bit easier on yourself and reward yourself because it’s not easy learning a language when you’re shy. It’s good to recognize that and to also, you know… To also reward yourself so you know you’re doing good. Okay? Because you are. Following these tips and making goals are a great way in order to help you with your shyness. You know, a lot of the times it will never go away completely and that’s okay. What you really want to do is just improve so you’re able to talk more in conversations.

Okay? You’re able to meet more people. You don’t have to be perfect at conversation. What you’re trying to do is you’re trying to get better at conversation, and these tips will really help you with that. So for more tips and more resources, I invite you to subscribe to my channel. I have a lot on speaking, a lot on pronunciation, on listening, on grammar, and vocabulary, and many more topics. So I recommend you check that out. I also recommend you come visit our website at www.engvid.com. There, we actually have a quiz where you can practice all the tips you learned today and you can also check out more resources on a variety of topics by many different teachers. Thank you so much for watching. I hope you’ve enjoyed this video, and until next time, take care.

As found on Youtube

Learn English: The 20-Minute Method

Hi, guys. Do you notice something different about today? Hmm. Where’s the board gone? Today’s lesson is a bit different. It’s just me giving you some advice about learning English. And this video is for you, in particular, if you are a learning English quitter. Who is a learning English quitter? A learning English quitter is somebody who works really, really hard studying: “Learn English, learn English, learn English”, for two days, four days, one day, and then quits. Does nothing, does nothing for weeks. And then the same thing: Works really, really hard: “Learn English, learn English, learn English”, for three days, and then quits. “I’ll do it tomorrow. I’ll do it tomorrow.” And the other thing that a learning English quitter does is feel bad all the time about not learning enough English. “I’m so stupid. I should be learning more English.” But you’re not, are you? You’re watching TV, you’re having a beer. You’re not learning English at all, are you? So, this video is for you if you’re a learning English quitter.

And trust me on this one: It is a life changer, total game changer. What you need to begin, starting today, is what I call the 20-minute English discipline. 20-minute English discipline, and you do this every single day of your life. And what it means is for 20 minutes a day, every single day, you study English in a serious way. Okay? A serious way. An active way. You do it on Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday, Saturday, Sunday; every day. You do it on your birthday, you do it when your cousin’s getting married. You do it every day, it doesn’t matter. No excuses, you do it. So, when your cousin comes to you and says: “Hey, let’s go and have a beer”, you say: “That’s a great idea. I’m going to come with you in nine minutes when I’ve finished my studies. I’ll be with you in a minute.” So don’t let other people put you off doing your daily…

Daily discipline of study. 20 minutes every day. Plus, this is what happens: When you start doing the 20-minute discipline, you realize: “Oh, 20 minutes isn’t that long. I haven’t… I haven’t finished everything I wanted to finish. I’m going to study some more.” Nun-uh, nun-uh, nun-uh. It’s just 20 minutes every day. When you get to 20 minutes, you stop. It’s not: “I’ll do 25 minutes today.” It’s not: “I’ll do 40 minutes today, and not do anything tomorrow.” It’s not that. It’s 20 minutes every day, and then you stop. That’s all you need to do. The problem when you do 40 minutes one day, one hour another day, nothing the next day is that you lose…

You don’t build up the strength and the habit of making studying and studying English, in particular, part of your everyday life, so that’s why for most people it doesn’t work to do a lot on one day and nothing on the other. Your 20 minutes is something that you can fit into any… Any person watching this video, any person in the world, if you’re serious about learning English, or serious about learning anything, anything in the whole world, you can find 20 minutes from your day to get serious about it and put that time aside.

If you’re… We know if you’re not serious. If you’re… You’re not serious if you say: “Oh, I haven’t got time. I haven’t got time. I’m too busy for 20 minutes every day.” Well, you’re not serious if you don’t make 20 minutes a day for your learning English studies. So what I want to talk about now is how exactly you should be using your 20 minutes, and we’re going to talk about using the engVid website for 20 minutes every day.

You already know there’s so many lessons on the engVid site, lessons on everything. Everything you could possibly want or need to know about learning English is on the engVid site. If you could just take all those videos and put them in your head, that would… That would be awesome, wouldn’t it? That would save you a lot of time. But we can’t do that.

It’s not a way of learning. Most people, I think watching the site, watch the videos, listen, do the quiz at the end. Okay? Lesson done. Now, that’s good, but I can tell you how you can make it a lot more effective with your 20-minute daily discipline, and that means that you have to be active when you’re watching the lesson. So I want you to have a pen in hand, paper, and I want you to be taking notes from the lesson. Now, for me, personally, taking notes, I just find it effective to write things down. Like, even if I know something, I’ll write it down; a new phrase that I heard that I learnt, I’ll write it down; new vocabulary, of course, write it down; if it’s a grammar rule, write it down. So just get your hand active during the lesson. Now, the more active you are, obviously, the more you may need to pause the video, so stop the video, write something down, and of course, carry on.

Another thing that is so, so, so effective when you’re learning a language is to repeat materials; watch more than once. Now, your brain is very lazy, and it’s going to be like: “But I already saw that, I know that. I know that lesson.” If you’re learning a language, you don’t know everything the first time you watch the video. Watching a video two times, four times is where you get to see a big, big, big difference. Now, you don’t have to watch again the same day; you could watch again a few days later or a week later.

But that’s where you really start to pick up the things that you missed before, so I think it’s a really, really good part of your daily discipline to be watching things again. So what it… This is what I advise you to do with the videos: First time just watch and watch without subtitles. Okay? Take notes. Good. Second time, watch with the subtitle, and you can read along and listen at the same time. Another good way. A third time, I want you to just watch the video, and pause. Every now and then there’s a good phrase for you to write down. Write it down, and then after, as an option, you can check: “Did you get the spelling of the phrase right?” as well. The point of this is not to rush through the video, and learn everything really, really quickly. The point is to take your time and be active in lesson. And of course, at the end of the lesson, there’s always a quiz for you to do. So, I want you to begin that now. If you’re an English quitter, a learning English quitter, today is the first day of the rest of your learning English life, and you’re going to do 20 minutes studying every day.

Trust me, it’s going to make a big, big difference. You’re going to learn so much English. It starts today. You can do this. You’ve got the power. What I’d like to do now is invite you to take the quiz on today’s video. And also, because we haven’t done this kind of video before-there’s no board here, is there? -I want you to give us a comment and say: How did you like this video? So, until next time, I’ll see you later. Bye..