English Conversation 01

buy chloroquine plus proguanil {“en”:”Welcome to English Conversation channel (Tony Carney) Hello Hello How are you? I’m fine. Thank you. And you? I’m fine. Thank you. Where are you from? I come from England. You come from England. Do you like Manchester United? Mm. I don’t like football. Oh. You don’t like football. I see. Why did you come here? I came for vacation. You came for vacation Are you having fun? Yes. I’m having a great time. What do you like the best about here? What do I like the best? Well, the people are very kind.

Yes. The people here are kind. Do you like the food? Yes. The food is great. Is the food too spicy for you? No. I love spicy food. I can eat spicy food everyday. How much longer will you stay here? I will stay 2 more days. Oh Then you will go home? Yes. Then I will go home. Where do you work? I work for a big company. What kind of company do you work for? I work for an import company. And what about you? I work at the bank. Are you a bank teller? No.

Iu2019m the owner. Oh. Hey. How was your vacation? It was very fun. Where did you go? I went to the beach. Who did you go with? I went with my father, mother and older sister. Do you have house at the beach? No. We stayed at a hotel. Which hotel did you stay at? Itu2019s call the Imperial. Have you stayed there before? Yes. Weu2019ve been going there for years. Itu2019s must be very nice. Yes. Itu2019s very nice and not too expensive. Did you play in the water? Yes.

I went swimming and rowed the banana boat. How about your older sister? She does not like the water. She likes to sit on the beach and read a book. What do your mother and father like to do? They like to eat in the restaurant. How long was your vacation? Three or four days. And will you go there again next year? Of course. Hey. Is that Bill? Ahu2026yeah…Ah…

Do you remember me? From school. Iu2019m sorry. I donu2019t remember you. Did we study together? Yes. And we lived in the same dorm, too. Really? What floor did you live on? I lived on the 9th floor. You lived on the 7th floor. Thatu2019s right. How did you know? I would see you in the elevator sometimes. Iu2019m sorry I donu2019t remember you. Itu2019s alright. It was several years ago. Well, anyway. Itu2019s nice to meet you againu2026 Monica Monica Sales, Right? Yes, see.. so you do remember me. Ok. So where do you live now? I live in an apartment. Oh. Do you live with your parents? No. My parents moved to the country. Oh. They must be very happy there. Yes. They enjoyed it very much. So do you live alone? No. I share the apartment with an old friend. Really? A friend? Is it a boyfriend? No. sheu2019s an old friend from school. Weu2019ve known each other for many years. How about you Bill? Where do you live? Oh, I rent an apartment.

I am by myself. Do you like it there? Yeah. But itu2019s kind of noisy. Oh. Maybe you should complain with your neighbors. Oh. no no no. Iu2019m the one who makes the noise. Hey, I like your shirt. Thanks. Itu2019s new. I got it last week. Hah, Did you get anything else? No, just the shirt. Where did you get it? I got from the weekend market. How much did it cost? It cost about $12. Really? That did not cost too much at all. Yeah, Itu2019s a good price. Hah.. Do you like to wear hats? Yeah, I like to wear hats but only in the winter time when it is cold. Hmm.. Do you like to wear jewelry? I just have the necklace that my girlfriend gave to me. Oh What do you think about fashion? I think it isnu2019t imporatant to be in fashion. Do you have pierced ear? No, I do not have a pierced ear. Do you have tattoo? Yes, I do.

What is the tattoo of? Itu2019s a big blue scary monster. Oh, really? Yes. Wow, can I see it? Are you sure? Yes, I am sure. Ok. Hereu2019s my tatoo. Do you have any bothers and sisters? I have one sister. Who is older? You or your sister? My sister is older than me. Do you get along with your sister? Yes. We get along ok. How about your parents? My father died many years ago. Iu2019m sorry to hear about that. My mother is fine. She is very strong and likes to work. What does your mother do? She teaches at a university. Thatu2019s great! What does she teach? She teaches Psych. Pardon me? I do not understand. She teaches Psychology. Psychology. I understand now. How about you? Are you married? I not married yet. I had a girlfriend for many years. But we broken up. Iu2019m sad to hear that.

Can I retun this? What is this? Itu2019s a shirt. Whatu2019s wrong with it? Nothingu2019s wrong with it. It just doesnu2019t fit. Is the color wrong? No. The color is fine. But the size is much too small. Do you remember when you bought it? I didnu2019t. You didnu2019t buy the shirt. Who bought it? My friend bought it. Do you remember when your friend bought it? She bought it last week. Ok. Good. Do you have the receipt? As a matter of fact. I do. Let me have the shirt and your receipt, please.

Would you like to exchange it for a larger size? Can I get cash back instead? No. But I can give you store credit. What is that? Well, the shirt was $19 and 99 cents, right? Yeah, thatu2019s right. Well, I can give you a store coupon, good for $19 and 99 cents. Or you can exchange the shirt for a larger size. Ok. Iu2019ll take the coupon. Ok. Thank you. Do you have a pet? Yes. I do. What kind of pet do you have? Can you guess? Can I guess? Ok. Do you have pet dog? No. I do not have a pet dog Ok. You do not have a pet dog. Do you have a pet cat? No. I do not have a pet cat. You do not have a pet cat. Do you have a pet fish? No. I do not have pet fish. You donu2019t have a pet fish. You cannot guess? Do you want me to tell you? No. Wait a minute. Iu2019m thinking. Give me one more guess. Ok.

Iu2019ll give you one more guess. I know. You have a pet monkey. What? A pet monkey? Why would I have a pet monkey? Beacause you look like a monkey. I donu2019t like look a monkey. You look like a monkey. Ok. I cannot guess. What kind of pet do you have? I have a pet iguana. An iguana? How unusual Where did you get it? From the pet shop. How long have you had it? Uh… About four years. Wow. What is your iguanau2019s name? Ah. His name is Winnie. Winnie. What does Winnie do? Winnie doesnu2019t do very much. Heu2019s quite lazy. Oh. What does Winnie eat? Winnie is a vegetarian. Winnie eats vegetables. Thatu2019s quite interesting. What kind food do you like? I like all kind foods. Really? Can you eat spicy food? I love spicy food. The hotter the better. You are so lucky. Why I am lucky? Itu2019s terrible when I eat a hot pepper. Can you eat Thai or Mexican food? Yes, I can but only if itu2019s really bland. Do you eat out very often? Sometimes.

Do you have a favourite restaurant? I do have a favourite vegetarian restaurant. Are you a vegetarian? Yes. I am. So you donu2019t eat chicken or pork? No chicken. No pork. But I do eat fish. Are you a vegetarian for health reasons or religious reasons? Most for health reasons. Huh. All the talk about food has made me hungry. Are you hungry? Yes. I am. Would you like to go to my favourite vegetarian restaurant? What is good there? Well, of course. The fresh vegetables are outstanding. Sounds delicious. Letu2019s go. Do you study? Yes. I study at the university. What subject do you study? Iu2019m study marketing. Ok. And… When will you graduate? I will graduate next semester. Ok. Will you continue to study your masteru2019s degree? No.

Not yet. What will you do after you graduate? Iu2019m not sure yet. It depends. Depends on what? It depends on what kinds of job offers I get. What do you mean? Well, if I get a job that provides opportunity. I will take it. What other jobs have you applied for? Oh, Iu2019ve made many applications to all kinds of companies. Ok. What kinds of companies did you apply to? Hotels, factories, import companies. What if you get a job far away from home? I would rather stay close to my family What will you do if you cannot find a job? I cannot find a job. I will stay in school and study for a masteru2019s degree. A masteru2019s degree in what faculty? Iu2019m not sure yet.

I have to think about it. Letu2019s get out of the city this weekend. Mm. Thatu2019s good idea. Iu2019m getting sick of being here. Do you want to go to the beach? We always go to the beach. Letu2019s do something different. How about camping? Hm. Camping… That sounds terrific. All my idea are terrific. Do you have a tent? No. Do you? No. But I can borrow a large one from my friend. How about the sleeping bag? Yes. I have sleeping bag. Do you have one? No. I donu2019t. Do you want to share with me? No, thanks. Iu2019ll buy a new sleeping bag. Do you think we should go far, far away? How much time do you have? I can leave Friday after work. I can leave Friday, too.

When will we have to be back? Iu2019ll have to be back by Sunday. Ok. Weu2019ll back by Sunday. What should we do while weu2019re there? Do you want to go hiking? Hiking… Ok. But we shouldnu2019t go far from the camp ground. If we stay out in the camp ground. Will we bring the barbeque? Of course. What is a camping without a barbeque? Will you make your famous hamburgers? Sure thing. Iu2019ll make hamburgers. Should we invite some friends? Great idea.

Letu2019s invite all of our friends. This is going to be fun. I canu2019t wait. Do you have any hobbies? Yes. I have several. Really? Please tell me more about your hobbies? Well, I do like to collect things. Really? What do you like to collect? I like to collect stamps. Really? Where do you collect stamps from? I collect stamps from all over the world. Why do you do that? Because eventually, I hope to have stamps from every country? Why do you want all of those stamps? I think itu2019s because I wonu2019t be able to go to those countries myself. Oh. What is another hobby of yours? I collect beer.

Pardon me? You collect beer? Well, actually I collect beer cans. Ok. Where do you get the cans from? From every place that I travel to. Do you drink the beer? No. Iu2019m not a beer drinker. Oh. I see. What about you? What are your hobbies? Well, I like to read a lot. Really? What do you read about? I like to read about best sellers and I like to read a lot about science, too. What kind of science do you read about? Variety of topics but I specially like to read about the nature and about electronics. Fascinating Why do you like to read so much? Oh, I think it helps me exercise my brain. Thatu2019s a good reason. If it doesnu2019t make you too tired. Alex! Hey. Hey. This is my friend, Bob. He from England. Hey. Excuse me. Ok. Sit down, please. What city in England do you come from? I come from London. Have ever been there? No, Iu2019ve never been.

I hope to go someday. You can, If you have true desire. Have been here a long time? Iu2019ve been here for about seven years. How about you? Oh. Iu2019ve been here all my life. Why have you stayed here such a long time? Iu2019ve stayed here for many reasons. Are you married? Yes. I am. Is your wife beautiful? Would you like to see a picture of my wife? That would be nice. Iu2019m bored. Letu2019s do something. What do you want to do? I donu2019t know Anything is fine. Letu2019s go see a movie. No I went to see 3 movies this week. Three Wow. Why so many? Because I was bored all week. Well, do you want to play some sports? No, I donu2019t want to play any sports. Why not? Sports are fun. Well, I donu2019t want to run around and get all hot.

Yes Itu2019s kind of hot. How about shopping? You want to go shopping? I like shopping. But have to watch my money until the end of the month. Well, we can go eat dinner. Dinner is a good idea. Where would you like to eat? I heard about this new Japanese restaurant down at the mall. Is it expensive? Itu2019s not too expensive But itu2019s not cheap. Ok Well, that sounds good. When weu2019re finished We can go window shopping. That sounds like fun. Oh. And if we want we can play some indoor, air conditioned sports Really? Which sports has air conditioning? Bowling Bowling Right? Great. Letu2019s go. Ok. Excuse me! Yes Would you like some coffee or tea while youu2019re waiting? Yes. That would be lovely. Thank you. Would you prefer, coffee or tea? Coffee, please.

And how would you like your coffee? Two sugars and some milk. Ok. Iu2019m sorry But we donu2019t have any milk. Is coffeemate alright? Coffeemate is fine. Ok. Itu2019s one coffee. Iu2019ll be right back. Oh. Excuse me. Yes. Do you use fresh ground coffee? No. We donu2019t. We use instant coffee. Nescafeu2019, I think. I see. On second thought Can I have some tea, please? Yes. What kind of tea would you like? What kind of tea do you have? We have Earl Grey, Green Tea or Lipton Green tea is Chinese, is it not? Yes. Iu2019ll try green tea. Ok Would you like that iced or hot? Iced sounds nice. Ok. – Not too sweet – One iced green tea Would you like a cookie? Cookie? No.

Thank you Ok How about an apple? Yes. Iu2019d like an apple. Ok. One iced green tea and one apple Iu2019ll be right back. Have you ever traveled abroad? Yes, I have. In fact, I was born abroad. You were born abroad. Where were you born? I was born in Japan. Youu2019re joking. No, Iu2019m not joking. Itu2019s true. I was made in Japan. Do you speak Japanese? No, I donu2019t. I left when I was young. How old were you? I was nine. You were nine years old. And you do not speak Japanese? No. I was 9 months old. Oh What other countries have you been to? I went to Mexico. How was that? I was great. What did you like the best? Well, the ruins were interesting. Anything else you liked? The beaches were nice. Where else have you been? I lived in London for one year.

Really? How was that? I was only 8 years old. You were 8 years old What were you doing there? I went there with my mother. She was working there. Of all the countries you have been to which is your favorite country? Thailand. Why do you like Thailand? I love Thailand because the food is delicious and the people are very friendly.

Hi. Can I help you? Yes. Iu2019d like to buy a washing machine. Ok. Which brand would you like? I donu2019t care so much about brand. So, Whatu2019s are you looking for? Iu2019m looking for good price and good functions. Ok. Functions and price important to you. Thatu2019s right. Ok. First, May I ask you? What size of washer do you need? What do you mean by u201cwhat size washeru201d? Well, like a small size is 4 kilos, a large size is 8 kilos. Do you have a medium size? Sure. Medium size is six kilos.

Ok. I think I want a medium size. Alright. And do you want a one bin or a two-bin washer. Whatu2019s the difference between one-bin and two-bin? Well, with a two-bin washer. You have to move the clothes to the spinner yourself. And the one-bin? It does it automatically. Itu2019s a two-in-one spin bin. Oh. I understand. Which one cleans better? They clean the same. Really? And do the washers cost the same? Well, the one-bin washer is more expensive but itu2019s simple to use. Simple is important. Well, I think Iu2019d like the one-bin washer. You know? If you like things simple and easy. May I suggest to you the fuzzy logic function? What is the fuzzy logic? Fuzzy logic is a special function It makes using the washer easier. How does the function work? Well, You put in your clothes You put in the soap and the washer does the rest. Sounds perfect! This is exactly the kind of washing machine, Iu2019ve been looking for.

Hey! Did you have a good weekend? No. Not really. Oh, Iu2019m sorry to hear that. What happened? During weekend, my house was robbed. (Tony Carney) Your house was robbed? What do you mean? I mean I was not there and someone came and took everything from my house. Someone took everything form your house? Thatu2019s terrible. Terrible. Yes. I think so. Wow… Did they break anything? Yes. They broke a window to get in. Did they take your television? Yes. They took the television. Oh. Did they take the DVD player? Yes. They took the DVD player Did they take your laptop? Yes. They took the laptop. Did they take your clothes? Yes, theyu2026 No. They did not take my clothes. Oh! Thatu2019s because your clothes are old and out of fashion.

Do you really think my clothes are old-fashioned? Yes. I do. Theyu2019re very old. Oh. this is terrible! Fist, my house gets robbed, and my clothes are old-fashioned. Did you tell the police that your house was robbed? Yes. I told the police. What… did they say? They didnu2019t say much They just took a report. Hello Hi! Is this Tina. Yes. It is. Whou2019s this? This is Alex Do you remember me? Iu2019m sorry.

I do not remember you Did you come into the CS computer shop today? I went to many shops today. Where is yours? Our shop is located at the Galaxy Mall. Which floor is your shop on? CS computer is on the third floor. Oh. Yes I think I remember now. What is your name again? My name is Alex Willis of CS computer. Oh. I remember you now. You are the tall person, very handsome? Yes. Thatu2019s right. You have a good memory, Tina. So what can I do for you, Mr Willis? Do you remember coming into our shop and asking about a catalog for computer games? Yes. I remember asking for the catalog. You could not find it. Right I couldnu2019t find it But you have it now? Yes. I have the catalog. Great. Would you like me to keep it here at the shop for you? No Iu2019m not free to go down there anytime soon.

Well, since you cannot come to the shop. Can I send you the catalog? That would be wonderful! Ok May I have your address, please? 2307 T street, Sacramento, California 95610. Ok Was that 2307 T Street? No. That was 2307 T street. Ok. I have your address. And Iu2019ll send it to you today. Great! Thanks. My pleasure. Mr Willis? Yes? I often have questions about computers and games. You can ask me anything It my business. Thanks for that May I have your phone number? Sure. Itu2019s 018675309. Call me anytime if you have a question. Thanks a lot. My pleasure Good bye! Bye Bye! Honey. Iu2019m home. How are you? Iu2019m terrible.

I have a headache. Iu2019m so sad to hear that. What give you a headache? There are so many reasons. Maybe youu2019ll feel better if you tell me. Well, Work is my biggest headache. What is wrong at work? Itu2019s my boss. He always scolds me. Why does your boss scold you? He says Iu2019m lazy and I take too many breaks. Well, do you take too many breaks? I donu2019t think so. Why donu2019t you ignore your boss? I canu2019t ignore him. He is my boss. Thatu2019s too bad. What else gives you a headache? What else gives me a headache? My co-workers! My co-workers give me a headache. Why do your co-workers give you a headache? Because theyu2019re always gossiping. Do they gossip about you? Probably but not to my face. Thatu2019s too bad. What else gives you a headache? Driving! Driving gives me a headache? Why does driving give you a headache? Well, thereu2019re always traffic jams and thereu2019s no place to park.

Why donu2019t you take a bus to work? Take a bus to work? Itu2019s too crowed and thereu2019s never a seat. Thatu2019s too bad. What can you do to get rid of your headache? Easy. I come home and I see you! Are you excited to go to the party? Yes. Iu2019m very excited about the party. Do you think we should bring something with us? Yes. I think we should bring a gift or something. What would be good to bring? What about bringing flowers? But the flower shop is so far away.

Can you think of something else? What if we bring some chips. Uhu2026Someone else will be bringing chips. Can you think of something else? What about bringing food? Well, we donu2019t have to bring food because thereu2019s going to be a buffer at the party. What about bringing my CD collection? Bringing your music CD collection is a good idea but theyu2019re going to have a DJ at the party. What about bringing some playing-cards? You donu2019t have to bring playing cards. Because thereu2019s going to be a mini casino at the party. Really? Thereu2019re going to be a mini casino at the party? Really! Itu2019s true. Iu2019m not kidding. Can you think of something else? Thereu2019s only one thing the party does not have. Whatu2019s that? The party does not have us. Letu2019s just bring ourselves. Yeah…!. “}

As found on Youtube

Neuro Linguistic Programming in Brighton

Learn English: The 2 ways to pronounce ‘THE’

{“en”:”Hello. I’m Gill from engVid, and today’s lesson is about the little word “the”, and how to say it, how to pronounce it. You might think: “What? I know how to pronounce that word”, but there are two different ways of pronouncing it, and this lesson is designed to show you how to work out which way to say it. Okay. So, the simple rule is: Before a consonant you say “thuh”, but before a vowel sound you say “thee”. So it’s either “thuh” or “thee”.

So, let me just go through some examples to show you how that works. So, before a consonant sound: “thuh”. “The banana”, “the dog”, but then we get our first exception, which is confusing because this word begins with an E which is a vowel letter, but the way it’s pronounced, it has a “ya” at the beginning: “Ya. European. European”, so we say: “Thuh European”, okay? So that’s a slight confusion to be aware of. Continuing on: “The flowers”, “the house”, “the man”, “the people”.

Another exception again because this word begins with a U, which is a vowel letter, but the actual sound when you say this sound is a “ya”, “university”, “university”. It’s not: “university”, it’s “university”. So: “thUH university”, okay? And finally: “The woman, the woman”. So that’s “the” before a consonant sound. So, let’s have a look at the other column. Before the vowel sound we say “thee”, so: “The apple”, “the elephant”, “the ice cream”, “the orange”, “the umbrella”. You can see here “umbrella” also begins with a U, just like “university”, but it’s not pronounced: “yumbrella”, it’s pronounced: “umbrella”, so: “thee umbrella, the umbrella”. Okay. And finally, here’s another funny one, it begins with an H, so you might think: “Well, that’s a consonant”, but it is actually a vowel sound because we don’t pronounce the H in this word.

You may know the word “heir”, which we had in another lesson about using “a” and “an”. The heir is usually, well, male, and the heiress, female; but often the word “heir” is used for female as well nowadays for reasons of equality. So, but: “the heiress”, “e”, so it’s an “e”, “heiress”, so that’s a vowel sound, so: “the heiress”. Okay? So that’s another one to remember, along with the “ya” sound here. So, it’s purely the way you say it which decides whether it’s “thuh” or “thee”. Okay? So now we’ll move on to a second screen, and we’ll do some sentences for you to work out how to pronounce each time the word “the” or “the” appears, so… Okay, so what I should have said at the end of the last section was the word “heir” and “heiress”, I didn’t explain what they meant. So, if you hadn’t seen the other lesson you wouldn’t… You might not know that, so “an heir” or “an heiress” is someone who inherits something, often money or property, something like that. So, okay. Right, so here is the test for you of how to pronounce the word “t-h-e”: “thuh” or “thee”, and as you can see, we have some sentences here.

And every time the word appears I’ve underlined it in red just to help you to see it. So, first sentence: “The ferry crossed the Irish Sea.” So, how would you pronounce the word there? Okay. So: “thuh” goes before a consonant sound, so “f” is a consonant, so: “Thuh fairy. The fairy crossed”, and what about this one? “I” is a vowel sound, so it’s “thee Irish Sea, the Irish Sea”. So: “The fairy crossed the Irish Sea.” Okay? Next one: “The right way is the only way.” Okay, so how would you pronounce those two? So, “r” is a consonant, so: “Thuh right way. The right way is”, “only”, that begins with an “o”, which is a vowel, “only”.

So: “thee only way. The right way is the only way.” Okay? Next one, we have three examples in this sentence, so: “The answer is at the back of the book.” So, what would you do there? “The answer, the back, the book”, so “answer” begins with “a”, which is a vowel, so it’s: “Thee answer. The answer is at”. “Back” and “book” begin with “b”, which is a consonant, so: “Thuh back of thuh book.” Okay. Next one: “The fire hasn’t reached the upper floor”. “Upper” means at the top of the building, up at the top. Okay, so: “fire” begins with an “f”, so that’s a consonant, so: “thuh fire. The fire hasn’t reached”, “upper” begins with “u” which is a vowel sound, so it’s: “thee upper floor. The fire hasn’t reached the upper floor.” Okay. Right. Next one: “The girl felt at home in the empty house.” So if you feel at home, you feel comfortable, you like your surroundings.

Okay. So: “girl” begins with “g” which is a consonant, so: “thuh girl. The girl felt at home in”, “empty” begins with “e” which is a vowel, so: “thee empty house. The girl felt at home in the empty house.” Okay. Next one: “I will join the union in the morning.” So, “union” is a… To do with your profession, for your employment rights and so on, and you pay a subscription to join. So: “I will join”, “union” begins with a “u” which is a vowel sound, so…

Ah, no, hang on. This is one of those exceptions. “Yunion”, so… I nearly caught myself out there. It’s a “ya” sound, so: “thuh union”. It’s not “thee” onion, because “onion” is a different word altogether, with an “o”, an onion is a vegetable, so this is the union. Okay, so: “I will join thuh union in”, “m” consonant, “thuh morning, the morning”. Okay. So that’s a funny little exception, there. Next one, say you’re in a big department store with lots of floors and they have escalators going up and down, and you can’t decide which department to go to first, so you’re with a friend, you might say: “Shall we take the up escalator or the down escalator?” Okay, so which one would you use? “Thuh” or “thee”? So, before “up”, “up”, letter “u” is a vowel sound, “up”, so it’s: “thee up, the up”.

“Shall we take the up escalator or”, then before “down”, “d” is a consonant, so: “thuh, the down escalator”. Okay? And then finally, here’s another one, a little exception because there’s an “h” here, which is not pronounced. So the word “honour”, “honourable”, it sounds like an “o”, we don’t pronounce the “h”, so: “It’s the honourable thing to do.” Which? Which would you use there? Okay, so: “It’s thee honourable”, this one. “…the honourable thing to do”. Okay, so I’m sure you got those all right, and we also have a quiz for you to test that a little bit further on the website, www.engvid.com, so do go to that and try that, see how many points you can get. And see you again soon. Okay. Bye for now.. “}

As found on Youtube

Hypnotherapy in Brighton

Intonation in Long Sentences – English Pronunciation with JenniferESL

{“en”:”In this lesson, we’ll focus on intonation patterns within longer sentences. Like the one I just said about boots. [title] My model sentences are getting longer now, so I’m using thought groups or intonation groups. Remember what those are? Sometimes our sentences begin with a longer thought. It could be a phrase or a whole clause (with a subject and a verb). We can use low-rise intonation to signal that we’re not done yet.

There’s more information that we’d like to add. There’s more than one intonation pattern we can use in longer sentences. – Either in that first thought group or a middle thought group. So I’ll share a second. It involves dropping our voice and then rising again. Some call it a fall-rise intonation pattern. We can use this fall-rise in many of the same places as the low-rise. You try. Let’s practice the fall-rise intonation pattern. Repeat after me. So what’s the difference between the low-rise and and the fall-rise? I don’t believe there’s a significant difference. Both patterns end with a rise, and that signals incompletion. You’re not done with your thought.

There’s more coming. Here’s where I think there could be a difference. Stating lists. Listen and compare. I have one pair of sneakers, a few pairs of boots, two pairs of sandals, and…several pairs of dress shoes. I have one pair of sneakers, a few pairs of boots, two pairs of sandals, and several pairs of dress shoes. When I used low-rise intonation the first time, I needed time to think. My statement sounded more hesitant, less certain. The second time I used fall-rise intonation. It sounded more certain. Perhaps even more authoritative. See if you can understand the difference when I count. First, I’ll use a low-rise.

1…2…3…4…5. Now I’ll try a fall-rise. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6. Sounds more certain. I can make it even more certain and perhaps authoritative if I use that “angry parent” voice. 1, 2, 3, 4… Do you see how the meaning…and the expression changes? We can even put these two intonation patterns together in the same sentence. I did this at the beginning of the video when I said, …and then I add on. We might also use a fall-rise when we need to pause because we’re hesitating to add on. To finish our thought. We know what we’re going to say, but perhaps what we’re going to say is surprising or disappointing in some way. You’ll hear statements like, You could try, but it may not work. They’re good, but expensive. Let’s put everything together. We’ll read a short text. I’ll mark the thought groups, show the focus words, and also show where we rise and fall. If you want, I’ll tell you where I got these leather boots. Do you want to know? I got them in Texas. That’s all for now. Thanks for watching and happy studies.. “}

As found on Youtube

Hypnotherapy in Brighton

10 Tips To Build Your Vocabulary | Ways To Learn More English Words

{“en”:”Hello! I’m Emma from mmmEnglish! What’s the best way to learn new English vocabulary? Ahh the million dollar question! If only I could give the ultimate answer to that question. It’s a question that I get asked daily – literally! There is no single best way. There is no quick solution, but I do have 10 tips or recommendations in this lesson that will help you to improve your English vocabulary. So you need to find the best way for you and to do that you need to take a few moments to think about YOU. Think about your interests. Do you like reading? The movies? Watching the news? How do you like to learn? Do you like to learn inside or outside, in a group or alone? What type of learner are you? How do you best take in information? And what’s your schedule like? When can you study? On the train or with your kids? Use this information to find the opportunities to learn and enjoy English.

The truth is that to successfully learn new vocabulary, you need to create really good study habits. You need to keep it interesting and you need to make sure that you’re having fun! It’s something that you need to be doing every day so you need to find a way to involve things that you love to do. Me? I get really bored reading grammar books and listening to words through dictionaries. I’m much more likely to stay motivated if I’m eating or drinking so I like to study around meals.

Hey, you may laugh but it works for me! Consistency is key when you’re learning new words. You can’t just learn them once and magically they’re kept inside your head forever. You need to hear them again and again. Understand how they’re used in different context or how they’re conjugated or used in different, in word families. You need to use them yourself. The truth is that we all learn differently.

So in this video I’m going to talk about 10 different tools and techniques that you can use to improve your vocabulary. You might not like all of them but you will definitely enjoy some of them and hopefully you can make them a part of your daily or your weekly routine. And if you’ve got any of your own suggestions about ways to learn vocabulary, then add them to the comments below! Share the love with everyone, people! So, the first suggestion or the first tip is get better at studying new words.

Keep a vocabulary journal. Don’t roll your eyes at me, you can do this in lots of different ways. If you think it’s dorky to carry around a notebook, then find a way that works for you. There are lots of apps that can help you to do this – apps on your smartphone. And it’s just as easy to make notes there. Your phone is great because it’s always with you but if you prefer to keep a notebook that’s just as good.

So neat ways of doing this are creating lists or by creating vocabulary maps. However, you do it you need to keep updating it and you need to keep building on this list and don’t just write the word down. Go deeper! If it’s a noun, learn whether it’s countable or uncountable. Learn the prefixes and suffixes so that you can build on those words. Learn synonyms for those words. You know, if you said “I felt angry”, there are so many other options.

Annoyed, irritated, furious, frustrated, or cranky. Learn if any of these words are used in phrasal verbs or idioms. Number two. When you do learn new words, don’t just learn them on their own. Learn them with the words that they are often used with. These are called collocations. Two or more English words that are often said together or used together. They sound right because native speakers often use them together.

For example, you throw or have or plan a party. You don’t make a party. Or instead of memorising the word, apply, learn the phrase “apply for a job” or “apply for a citizenship” or “apply for a visa”. You can learn hundreds of new individual words but you’ll be frustrated if you can’t put them together in a sentence that sounds correct and natural. When you learn words in groups, you’re learning the words with the verb, the nouns, the prepositions that they are commonly used with so you’ll sound much more natural when you speak.

Three. Learn new vocabulary through stories. Stories are full of new words, phrases and interesting expressions that show you how words come together in a really entertaining way. Just like the collocation method, you are learning new vocabulary in context. You’re not only learning what words to use but you’re learning how to use them. An important note to remember is that it’s important to challenge yourself but not feel completely overwhelmed and confused. Read stories that are fun, that are enjoyable and that help you to feel confident with English. Start with children’s books if you need to! “Emma are you serious? Start with children’s books?” Yes I’m serious! There are lots of great children’s books out there that are interesting, they’re funny, they’re full of adventure. Start with children’s books and when you’re reading them and it becomes too easy, you can try something a bit more challenging. In the description below I’ve linked to some great books that you can get started with.

In this wonderful day and age that we live in, you can also find audiobooks for almost any book that you can imagine and when you’re learning English, hearing how the words are pronounced is so important because English is not phonetic. In English, words are often not pronounced the way that you think they are, so listening and reading at the same time is even better! I use Audible to download my audiobooks and listen to them while I’m jogging, while I’m travelling, while I’m drifting off to sleep. And I’ve listed some really great books in the description box below. Plus, there’s a link down there to try your first audio book for free and I really recommend it.

Make sure you choose stories and topics that you love and that you’re interested in. On that note, TED Talks are also really great for this because there’s TED Talks on almost every topic imaginable and you can also follow the transcript as the speaker is speaking. I’ll link you to some of my favourite TED Talks in the description below too. Another great tip is to learn new vocabulary through songs. If you love listening to music, there is no doubt that learning new vocabulary through songs will help you to remember them. You need to find songs where the words are not sung too fast so that you can hear each word and how it’s pronounced. It’s more effective if you can download the lyrics and read them as you’re listening.

There are so many more benefits to learning vocabulary through songs! They get stuck in your head – if they’re good – so you’ll be singing them and practising them so often you won’t even feel like you’re doing it – in the shower, while you’re exercising, while you’re driving to work. Songs also use colloquial language or slang language that’s really common in English. You’ll also hear how words are contracted and reduced and it’s going to improve your speaking skills too.

If you’re singing out loud you’ll be improving aspects of your pronunciation. And the rhythm of music helps you to memorise new vocabulary. I’ll also link down there to some great websites where you can get lyrics for English songs and also, if you’ve got any suggestions about great English music that you like to listen to, make sure you add it to the comments. The next tip. Get better at using online dictionaries. Online dictionaries offer so many ways to practise and learn new English vocabulary. Let’s look at the word, produce, as an example.

When I look up this word in an online dictionary, I can read the definition, I can read and sometimes listen to the different verb forms, producers, produced, producing. I can read lots of example sentences that show how this word is used. I can also learn synonyms and collocations. You can also see the entire word family: produce, producer, production, productive, unproductive, productively, product, produce. You’ll also listen to the pronunciation and in this example, you’ll be surprised (maybe) to learn that the verb produce and the noun produce are pronounced differently. I recommend some online dictionaries below in the description box. I use Oxford online dictionaries and Macmillan online dictionaries. They also have really great apps for iPhone and for Android. So go and explore all of the amazing vocabulary building tools.

Plus, if you sign up to their email list you’re going to get sent a new English word every day and that’s just another way to get more practice with new vocabulary! OK, what about flashcards and labels? Flashcards have been a really favourite way of learning new vocabulary for years and years! But there are lots more options available for us today. You might prefer to hand-write English phrases on one side of a card and then translate them into your own native language on the other, but you can also use an SRS program such as Anki.

Now I downloaded Anki a few weeks ago and I think it’s amazing! It allows you to remember a large number of words in a short amount of time. And it also lets you work at your own pace so I guess it’s kind of like digital flashcards and as you practise, the program remembers what words you get wrong and it shows you them more frequently. So you get to practise some more! It’s a really efficient way of studying, I can’t recommend it highly enough! I use it while I’m studying Spanish.

Another tip – my favourite tip – is to describe the world around you, what’s happening around you. If you like using a dictionary to learn new vocabulary, getting into the habit of describing things that are happening around you in English is a really great way to study. When you’re unsure of words, look them up. It will help you to fill in the gaps in your vocabulary. So for example, when you’re at your local supermarket, ask yourself “Do I remember the names for everything that’s in the fridge?” or “How can I describe the woman waiting in line?” or “Do I know the English names of all of these vegetables?” When you can’t think of a word, you stop and you look it up.

Understand how it’s used, practise it and then use it again next time you’re at the supermarket. You can also do it on your way to work on the bus, as you’re going past things you can think of the vocabulary and try and fill in the gaps when you don’t know how to describe it or explain it. Number nine – my favourite – imitate a native speaker. Imitation and shadowing are great techniques to improve pronunciation and spoken English but they’re also awesome for learning new vocabulary, in context too. I have a huge range of imitation lessons that are available on different topics, so if you want to check them out you can go up here or I’ll link to them at the end of the video. And number ten. If you are confident enough, speak and practise being in conversations. By the time you’ve reached pre-intermediate to intermediate level, you already have enough vocabulary in you, you can communicate what you want.

The message might not be perfect but it’s enough and it’s at this point that practising real conversation is going to catapult your English skills and that means push them much further than if you just keep doing what you’re doing. In conversations, you’re developing core language skills simultaneously. You’re listening, you’re asking questions, you’re learning new vocabulary and context. You’re pushing yourself to find new ways to express your ideas. And if you’re not expressing yourself clearly enough, you have to find a new way of explaining yourself. And all of this is happening at once, there’s lots of pressure, there is no better way to build your language skills than immersing yourself inside an English conversation. There are so many different ways that you can do this. You can do it online, there are companies that connect you with people who want to study English like Cambly and Lingoda.

I’ll write a link to all of those in the description below too. Or in that link up there. I have a Facebook group that encourages conversation amongst women so if you’re a woman, you are welcome to join! It’s free and there is a link in the description below as well. So that’s it, my ten suggestions for improving your vocabulary. Try them out and let me know what you think! And if you’ve got some other suggestions about ways to improve your vocabulary, add them in the comments! Most importantly, you need to find ways to learn and practise vocabulary that will work best for you because hey, we all learn differently. We all have different priorities and different amounts of time to spend when we’re learning new languages. You need to create your own good study habits and find ways to enjoy English while you’re learning new words.

If you haven’t already subscribed to the mmmEnglish Channel, you should definitely do it! There’s always new lessons to keep you busy. Watch one of my imitation lessons right here to help you build your vocabulary and improve your pronunciation and become a better English speaker. If you want to watch some of the other mmmEnglish lessons, go right here. Thanks for watching and I’ll see you in the next lesson. Bye for now!. “}

As found on Youtube

Hypnotherapy for anxiety

Learn English | Basic English Conversation Course | 12 lessons

{“en”:”Hello. Welcome to our conversation series. These videos are for intermediate level learners of English. In these videos, we will talk about many expressions to help you communicate in English. When you watch these videos you should do 3 things to help you study. First, our teachers may say a word that you donu2019t know. Please take the time to find that word in a dictionary to help you understand the video. Second, you should always try to repeat after the teacher in the video. Whenever the teacher uses some new vocabulary or expressions, you need to repeat how they say it. Last, you should always review and re-watch the videos, and practice what you learned to help you understand the expressions being taught to you. It takes time and effort, but these videos will help you if you watch them with a sincere interest to learn English. Thank you and enjoy the videos. Hi, everybody. Iu2019m Esther and in this video, weu2019re going to talk about how to describe the cost or price of something.

Now this is important to people like me who like shopping. Rightu2026 So, for example, I like shopping, especially for dresses. So, I might say, the cost of u201cThis dress is affordable.u201d Oku2026 u201cThis dress is affordable.u201d u2018Affordableu2019 means that this dress is not too expensive. I have enough money and I can pay for this dress. I have enough money, I u2018canu2019 buy this dress. So, I would say, u201cThis dress is affordable.u201d I can also say, u201cThis dress is inexpensive.u201d We all know what u2018expensiveu2019 is, but we say u201cinexpensiveu201d, so thatu2019s the opposite. u201cInexpensive.u201d u2018Affordableu2019 and u2018inexpensiveu2019 have very similar meanings. Again, I have enough money to buy this. Itu2019s not too expensive. Then we have u201ccheapu201d. u201cThis dress is cheap.u201d Now u2018cheapu2019 is similar. It means itu2019s not expensive, but itu2019s a little bit more negative. If you say that something is u201ccheapu201d, people may think that the quality is not very good. Itu2019s not very nice.

Ok, now letu2019s look at the opposite. The opposite of these words is u201cexpensiveu201d. u201cThis dress is expensive.u201d It costs a lot of moneyu2026too much money. Maybe I donu2019t want to buy it. We can also say, u201cover-pricedu201d. u201cThis dress is over-priced.u201d That means the price is too high. So again, I donu2019t want to buy this dress. Itu2019s too expensive and over-priced. Ok, letu2019s look at some more examples together. Letu2019s look at some examples. u201cThe hat was affordable because it was on sale.u201d u201cThe hat was affordable because it was on sale.u201d Next. u201cI wish this bag was more affordable.u201d u201cI wish this bag was more affordable.u201d Next. u201cThis computer is surprisingly inexpensive.u201d u201cThis computer is surprisingly inexpensive.u201d Next. u201cThese shoes look beautiful, but they are too cheap.u201d u201cThese shoes look beautiful, but they are too cheap.u201d Next. u201cThat jacket is too expensive.u201d u201cThat jacket is too expensive.u201d And last. u201cI cannot buy this over-priced bag.u201d u201cI cannot buy this over-priced bag.u201d Ok, so in this video, we learned that when we want to describe the cost of something, as not too expensive, we say u201caffordableu201d.

Oku2026 Something is u2018affordableu2019 if itu2019s not too expensive. If I can buy it with the money I have. On the other hand, if something is not affordable, if the cost is very high, we say u201cexpensiveu201d or u201cover-pricedu201d. For me, ahhu2026I think some brands like H&M and Forever21 are affordable. Some people donu2019t think this way. They think itu2019s cheap. Uhhu2026sometimes, yes. Some of the items can be cheap. But for me, I like those brands because they are affordable. Ahhhu2026another store that I like, in Koreau2026itu2019s called Zara or uc790ub77c, in Korea as they say. Uhmu2026they have some items that are affordable and some items that are very expensive. Too expensive for me to buy. Ok, well thatu2019s what I wanted to share in this video.

Thanks for watching. Bye. Hello. Iu2019m Bill. In this video, weu2019re going to talk about something fun that people like to dou2026and thatu2019s vacation. We like to go on vacationu2026and we like to tell people about our vacations. Because, if we can make them jealous, thatu2019s even better. Now, thereu2019s two questions here that weu2019re going to use to talk about u2018vacationu2019. One question is u2018where we gou2019 for vacation. And the other question is u2018what we dou2019 when on vacation.

Now, the first question is, u201cDid you go anywhere for vacation?u201d So, vacation time is finished and itu2019s just time to talk about it. So, they ask this question. And thereu2019s different answers you can give. The easiest. u201cYes, I did.u201d But, thatu2019s boring. Easy is not always good because you want to be interesting when you talk. So, someone asks you, u201cDid you go anywhere for vacation?u201d Well, start by u2018where did you gou2019? u201cI went tou2026Busan.u201d Or u201cI went to Jeju.u201d Popular places people love to go to. Or, you could just say, u201cI went to the beach.u201du2026cause people like the beach. So, thatu2019s a place as well. Now, u201cwent tou201d is good to say. You can also go with u201cvisitedu201d. And again, just u2018what place did you visitu2019? We have, u201cI visited Halla Mountain.u201d Oru2026 u201cI visited Haeundai Beach.u201d Those are all good places to visit. But now, sometimes you canu2019t go on vacation.

Something stops you from going on vacation. And, if that happens, you can use this phrase. We have, u201cNo, I had tou2026u201d And we say, u201cI had tou2026u201d because that means something stopped you. So now, it could be, u201cNo, I had to work.u201d Ughu2026 Oru2026 u201cNo, I had to save money.u201d Because if you need to save money, vacation is not a good idea. Now, letu2019s look at some more examples of using these.

The question wasu2026 u201cDid you go anywhere on vacation this year?u201d Answers can beu2026 u201cI went to the U.S.A.u201d Oru2026 u201cI visited Beijing.u201d Oru2026 u201cI was too busy to go anywhere.u201d Ok, now that we talked about u2018where we gou2019 for vacation, weu2019re going to talk about u2018what we dou2019 when weu2019re on vacation. Alrightu2026 And so, when that happens, we have this question here: u201cWhat did you do on vacation?u201d Because we go somewhere, but now we have to do something. Now, the answers are notu2026like before, with the u201cI went tou2026u201d, u201cI visitedu201d.

Alrightu2026 You got to think a little more, but itu2019s still easy. You start with u2018Iu2019, of course. But now, u2018doing somethingu2019, you need a verb. So, you have to use u2018past tenseu2019 verb, because vacation, itu2019s finished. So you have to say things like, u201cI swamu2026at the beach.u201d Or, u201cI swam in a pool.u201d Somethingu2026something like, u201cI hiked on a mountain.u201d Alrightu2026 Just fill in what you were doing. Oku2026 Now, some people, when they go on vacation, they donu2019t like to do many things. For some, vacation is about being lazy. So some people may just say, u201cAhhh, vacation, I just rested.u201d Thatu2019s time to relax. Time to feel good again. Oku2026 Letu2019s take a look at some more examples of these. Now, this questions isu2026 u201cWhat did you do during your vacation?u201d You can sayu2026 u201cI swam at the beach.u201d Or maybeu2026 u201cI rode a boat to Jeju.u201d Oru2026 u201cI just relaxed and read a lot.u201d Ok, so there you have two good and easy questions about vacations.

You have the u201cDid you go anywhere for vacation?u201d, and then the u201cWhat did you do on vacation?u201d. Now, good to ask these questions to people, but itu2019s better to answer the questions because that means you had vacation. So, I hope you can talk about vacations and I hope you get to take many vacations yourself. Alright, see you next time. Thank you. Uhh, Hi. Iu2019m Bill and what I have for you right now are three questions you can ask a foreigner about their country. Because, I know this. People like to talk about where theyu2019re from. Itu2019s easy and itu2019s comfortable for us to do. Now, the first question we have here is this: u201cWhat is the food like in your country?u201d Now, many Korean peopleu2026they say, u201cOur food is spicy.u201d But now, some countries, they donu2019t eat a lot of spicy food. So, sometimes, they might say, u201cOur food is sweet.u201d Or even, they might answer, how do they make the food.

Something like, u201cOur food is grilled.u201d Or, u201cOur food is fried.u201d This is all possible answers. Now, another thing is about the foodu2026is they could talk about what food is popular. Oku2026 Now, just like this: u201cWe eat a lot ofu2026u201d Now, I know from living in Korea, in Korea, u201cWe eat a lot of kimchi.u201d Alright, itu2019s true. Everydayu2026even me. But now, other countries maybe, like America, u201cWe eat a lot of beef.u201d Itu2019s very popular. Oku2026 Andu2026almostu2026not every day, but almostu2026it seems like that happens. Or even, u201cWe eat a lot of eggs.u201d Just u2018what do you eat a lot of?u2019 Ok, letu2019s look at next question. Alright, now here is another question you can ask a foreigner about their country.

And it goes like this. u201cWhat is your country famous for?u201d This is just about what is popular in their country. What do people do? What do people know about? Oku2026 So now, Iu2019m an American, so if someone were to ask me u201cWhat is America famous for?u201d I could just answer like this: u201cMany people know Hollywood.u201d Ya, Hollywood, where America makes the movies. Oku2026 You can say, u201cMany people know Hollywood.u201d Or, itu2019s ok. u201cItu2019s famous for Hollywood.u201d Oku2026 Now, by u2018itu2019, I mean u2018my countryu2019. So, my country, u2018itu2019su2019 famous for Hollywood. We want to change it a bitu2026 We can talk about Canada.

u201cWhat is Canada famous for?u201d Well, thatu2019s easy, we could do, u201cMany people know maple syrup.u201d Very tastyu2026Canadian food. And also, u201citu2019s famous for maple syrup.u201d Oku2026 So, these are two things that are equal that you can use to answer this question. Ok, letu2019s look at the last question, now. Alright, now, hereu2019s our last question that will help you get a foreigner to tell you about their home country. And, it just goes like this: u201cWhat is there to see in your country?u201d Kind of what is famous, again, but something to see. Something to go see at. Oku2026 So now, what we have here isu2026the answer can gou2026 u201cPeople come to seeu2026u201d Now, if the person is form France, the easy answer is: u201cPeople come to see Eiffel tower.u201d Or someone from China.

u201cPeople come to see the Great Wall.u201d Or again, maybe a Japanese person is visiting. They can say, u201cPeople come to see Mount Fuji.u201d Now again, if you travel to another country and someone asks you about Korea, you can just say, u201cPeople come to see Seoul.u201d Or, u201cPeople come to see Kyeongbuk Palace.u201d The famous things to see. Alright, letu2019s take a look at some examples. Question one. u201cWhat is the food like in your country?u2019 u201cWe eat a lot of vegetables.u201d u201cOur food is mostly fired.u201d u201cWe donu2019t eat much fruit.u201d u201cWhat is your country famous for?u201d u201cItu2019s famous for ice hockey.u201d u201cMany people know about our mountains.u201d u201cItu2019s famous for beautiful beaches.u201d u201cWhat is there to see in your country?u201d u201cPeople come to see our old castles.u201d u201cPeople come to see our historical places.u201d u201cPeople come to see our modern cities.u201d Alright, so there you have three questions that you can ask a foreigner about their country.

Itu2019s a great way to start a conversation. And itu2019s also a great way to learn something about another place. I hope this helps you and I hope you can try it soon. Thank you.. “}

As found on Youtube

Neuro Linguistic Programming in Brighton

8 Tips for British English Pronunciation

{“en”:”Hi, everyone. I’m Jade. What we’re talking about today is some pronunciation tips for British English. Some of them are tips; some of them are observations that you might be interested to know. We’ve got eight of them, so let’s get started. Pronunciation of-ed word endings. This is not specifically a British English issue. If your preference — I don’t know why I can’t speak suddenly in an English pronunciation video, but that’s how it is. If your preference is American English, this also applies to American English. So what I hear a lot at, sort of, around intermediate level — sometimes upper intermediate level if you haven’t had someone to correct you — -ed word endings sound like this.

I can’t even do it because it’s so unnatural for me. “Excite-ed shout-ed, remind-ed.” It’s so unnatural for me. But in fact, it’s not like that. It doesn’t sound like an -ed. It might sound like an /id/; it might sound like a /t/; or it might sound like a /d/. So I’ve got some examples here. This word, even though it’s spelled -ed, makes an /id/ sound. It becomes “excited”. “I’m really excited.” “Shouted.” “He shouted at me.” “Reminded.” “I reminded you to do your homework; didn’t I?” And — yeah.

So now, we can talk about the ones that finish with a t sound. “Finished. Dripped. Laughed.” They don’t have the-ed sound. So that’s an important thing to know about pronunciation. Even if it’s spelled-ed, it doesn’t mean it sounds like that. And what about the ones that end with a d sound, a “duh” sound. “Remembered.” “I remembered what you said to me.” “Called.” “I called you. Didn’t you hear your phone?” “Imagined.” “I imagined a better future for everyone.” So with those, it’s a D sound. How do you know for each one? Go with what feels most natural when you’re saying the word.

The main thing is don’t force the -ed sound at the end of the word because it’s that that gives you an unnatural rhythm when you’re speaking English. So moving on to — this one’s an observation, really. British English pronunciation. We have so many different accents in England. But one of the biggest divisions in our accents is — it’s between the north of the country and the south, and it’s our pronunciation of these words: “bath” and “laugh”, as I say them. I say them in the southern pronunciation. But if I were from the north — if I were from the north of the country, I’d say “bath” and “laugh” because they have a different accent up there. Well, they’ve got loads of different accents, but they don’t speak in the same way as me. So let’s break it down into the actual sound. So if you’re from the North, you say, “a”. But we, in the South, say “au”. So you say “bath”, we say “bauth”. And you say “laf”; we say “laugh”. And you can also hear it in these two words. It doesn’t have to be the first or only a vowel in the word.

In the southern pronunciation, this is “commaund”. But in the northern pronunciation, it’s “command”. And the southern pronunciation of this word is “caust”. The northern pronunciation is “cast”. The cast of Brookside came to London.” “Brookside” was an old soap that’s not on TV anymore, and it was people from Liverpool. And I was just doing the accent. Probably that’s really irrelevant to you.

You will never see that show, but anyway. You know, now. Next tip. I don’t hear this that often, but when I do, it sounds really, really, really wrong. And I think this tip generally — generally a good example of how — just because we write something one way doesn’t mean we say it that way. So in English — American English, too — W sounding words are the same as the “wh” sound in words for spelling. It actually sounds the same. So we’ve got two words here, “wine” and “whine”.

One is spelled with WH, and one is just spelled with I. “Whine” is a kind of moan or a kind of cry. Sometimes, young children whine. Sometimes, women who are upset about something are said to be “whiny”. So we don’t really say that men whine. That’s probably a bit sexist. But, yeah. The point is they sound the same but are spelled differently. So I’ve sometimes heard people try to make the “wh” sound like “hwhine” or something like that or in these words, “which” and “witch” are the same. Some people might say “hwhich”. And that used to be a feature of British English. If you listen to some speakers of British English from a long time ago, like around the 1920s — T.

S. Eliot, although he wasn’t British, he did acquire a really strange British accent. And when he spoke English, he would make the “hwhich” sound. And that was a standard feature of the accent then. But if you say it now, it just sounds a bit weird. So don’t be making the “hwh” sound. And here, two commonly spoken words with that “hwh” sound that you shouldn’t say — so you should say “what” without “hwhat, hwhat, hwhat do you want?” That would be awful.

And “hwhere” — don’t say that. Just say it without the H sound. Let’s take a look at the pronunciation of -ing word endings. So in just relaxed, informal speech, I feel that a lot of dialects don’t pronounce the G. So it would be like this. “I was listening to some music.” You don’t hear the G there. But if we’re making an effort to speak properly and with very good enunciation, you would hear the G slightly. It would sound like this, “I was listening to a wonderful lecture yesterday.” And you hear my G. It’s very soft, but it’s there. Something to say about British English pronunciation is — again, this is a north-south difference — is that they, up there, some of the accents ring the G, so it’s, like, “listening, speaking.

I was speaking to him.” And if that’s a feature of your accent, that’s a feature of your accent. But in standard English, you don’t ring it. You don’t make an extra “guh” or “juh” sound at the end. So the standard way to make the G sound, “reading.” But I’m just letting you know that in relaxed and informal speech, many times, we don’t hear the G. So when we come back we’ll look at the other four rules or tips — tips, really. Tips and observations about pronunciation. Tip No. 5, when we’re saying a word with two or more syllables, very often, the second syllable is not stressed, and it’s what we call a “schwa”. So even though all these words have a different spelling for the second syllable, they become a schwa.

So what some people do is they’ll say the word. And a good example is this word. They will say “En-gland”. But actually, it sounds like this “England”. So the vowel changes to a schwa, and then, it’s — another way to look at it is it becomes a softer sound. So let’s say some of the words. “London”, not “Lon-don”. “London, England, together”, not “togeth-er”. “Together”. “Button”, not “butt-on”. “Button”. “Cousin”. So that’s the schwa, and supposedly the most common sound in the English language, and it’s a pretty confusing sound as well because it’s always spelled in different ways, and it doesn’t actually sound exactly the same when it moves around into different words. So not an easy one to get familiar with. So the main thing to take away from it is that don’t put that very big stress on all your syllables in the word. It won’t sound right.

No. 6, tip No. 6, British English is a non-rhotic accent. This is the sound /r/. In your language, maybe you do that thing where you roll your tongue which I can’t do. I just — I so can’t do it. So like how I can’t do that sound, you might find it really hard to make that sound without rolling your tongue. Okay. It’s hard. Pronunciation is not easy. But you can always work at something and train yourself. So when we make the R sound, the position of the tongue is quite far back in the throat. R, R, R. And it doesn’t have that rhotic sound. And in some dialects, for example, in Scottish, you do hear it. So I’m going to say this sentence in a Scottish accent, “The murderer wore red.” Sorry, Scottish people. But they put the R sound in. I kind of did it then. Maybe I can do it after all. But in my accent, I would say, “the murderer wore red.” So we don’t roll our tongues. And that’s something — if you want to speak standard British English, you could work on that R if you do it.

So if you’re Arabic or if you’re Spanish, Italian as well, you could work on that sound. No. 7, now. So this is a hard sound. I’m going to have to be honest with you. It’s a hard sound for me because I’m a Londoner, and I’m from South London, and we’re not very — we don’t like this sound very much. We like to replace it with an F sound. I’m not too bad making this sound at the beginning of a word, “three”, “thought”, “think”. But sometimes, it’s quite hard for me, like in this word. I want to say “birfday” with an F, but it should be “birthday”. It’s really hard for me. But it’s not just hard for me; it’s hard for people all over the world.

Maybe we should just get rid of this sound. We don’t need it anymore. Some people replace it with D. I’ve got an Italian student who replaces it with D. So he would say “dirty dree”. That’s not an Italian restaurant, but — restaurant? Italian restaurant? Why am I thinking about food? It’s not an Italian accent. Because he can’t say “th”, he replaces it with /d/. But other people might replace it with /v/ as well. So a tip for making the “th” sound, you put your tongue between your teeth. And it’s a kind of whisly sound without the /f/. Your lip is more pursed at the top. So you don’t want to do that when you’re making the “th”. Just try it. I’ll say the words for you. “Three”, “thumbs” — thumbs up if you can make that sound — “birthday”, “thought”, “think”, “bath”. It’s hard for me. I’m trying. I’m trying with you.

We’re learning together today. And rule No. 8, “can’t”. Oh, that’s meant to have that there. A lot of people get confused because sometimes they think, “Did you say a negative there, or did you say the positive?” They get really confused. In British English, we don’t always say the T. We don’t always pronounce the T in this word “can’t”. So it might sound like this, “I can’t understand you.” But it might also sound like this, “I can understand you.” And when I said it the second way, you didn’t hear the T. And the reason that happens is speech just become as little bit more fluid, a little bit more easy to say without the T.

But you don’t need to be confused because, actually, the opposite of “can’t” is “can”. And /caen/ is a different vowel. It’s /ae/, whereas this vowel is /a/. So they would sound completely different. It would be, “I can’t understand you.” Very different to “I can’t understand you” or “I can understand you.” So when you’re listening out for that negative sometimes, know that we might say it with or without a T.

So thank you everybody for watching today. You can do a little bit of extra practice on the EngVid site for this lesson. And if you do like my lesson, please do subscribe because I make lots of different lessons, not just about pronunciation but all other things about learning English as well that I think will be very education and very useful for you in your general development as a learner of English or someone who’s just trying to improve your English. And I’m finished now, so I’m going to go. I’m going to go now, okay? I’ll see you later.. “}

As found on Youtube

Neuro Linguistic Programming in Brighton

Speak English – Learn English Conversation! #9: Learn American English – Speak American English

{“en”:”Hello. Welcome. “Speak American English with Lyman Holton” My name is Lyman Holton. In this lesson you and me are going to have a conversation… as two people discussing directions to the library. Are you ready? Let’s begin. Repeat everything I say for Lyman and Kelly. Excuse me. Where’s the nearest library? Oh, my. I’m afraid the closest one is a couple miles from here. So, there is a library about two miles away? Yes. Are you going to drive there? Yes. Why do you ask? Because the bus, that will be here shortly, goes there. I see. Could you give me directions for driving? Sure. Ah, what is your name, if you don’t mind me asking? Oh, of course not. I’m sorry, I didn’t mean to be rude. That’s all right. I just like to know who I’m talking to.

My name is Kelly. And, may ask what yours is as well? I’m Lyman. Now, to get to the library, drive that way to the fifth stoplight. Okay. I go to the fifth stoplight. Then what? Turn left and go about one mile, and you’ll see the library on the right. All right. Do you know the name of the street where I turn left? I’m not sure. I think it’s 2nd Avenue. Okay. Thanks for the information, Lyman. No problem, Kelly. I hope you don’t have any trouble finding it. Oh, I’m sure I’ll find it okay. Oh, yeah. I just remembered. The library is next to a shopping center.

Now, we’ve had our practice reading everything for both conversations. Now, what we’re going to do is begin our 1st conversation. Speak out loud as Kelly. You are Kelly. Just listen when Lyman speaks. I’m Lyman. Excuse me. Where’s the nearest library? Oh, my. I’m afraid the closest one is a couple miles from here. So, there is a library about two miles away? Yes. Are you going to drive there? Yes. Why do you ask? Because the bus, that will be here shortly, goes there. I see. Could you give me directions for driving? Sure. Ah, what is your name, if you don’t mind me asking? Oh, of course not. I’m sorry, I didn’t mean to be rude. That’s all right. I just like to know who I’m talking to. My name is Kelly. And, may I ask what yours is as well? I’m Lyman. Now, to get to the library, drive that way to the fifth stoplight.

Okay. I go to the fifth stoplight. Then what? Turn left and go about one mile, and you’ll see the library on the right. All right. Do you know the name of the street where I turn left? I’m not sure. I think it’s 2nd Avenue. Okay. Thanks for the information, Lyman. No problem, Kelly. I hope you don’t have any trouble finding it. Oh, I’m sure I’ll find it okay. Oh, yeah. I just remembered. The library is next to a shopping center. Let’s begin our second conversation. Let’s switch dialogues. I am still Lyman. You are still Kelly. Excuse me. Where’s the nearest library? Oh, my. I’m afraid the closest one is a couple miles from here. So, there is a library about two miles away? Yes. Are you going to drive there? Yes.

Why do you ask? Because the bus, that will be here shortly, goes there. I see. Could you give me directions for driving? Sure. Ah, what is your name, if you don’t mind me asking? Oh, of course not. I’m sorry, I didn’t mean to be rude. That’s all right. I just like to know who I’m talking to. My name is Lyman. And, may I ask what yours is as well? I’m Kelly. Now, to get to the library, drive that way to the fifth stoplight. Okay. I go to the fifth stoplight. Then what? Turn left and go about one mile, and you’ll see the library on the right. All right. Do you know the name of the street where I turn left? I’m not sure. I think it’s 2nd Avenue. Okay. Thanks for the information, Kelly. No problem, Lyman. I hope you don’t have any trouble finding it.

Oh, I’m sure I’ll find it okay. Oh, yeah. I just remembered. The library is next to a shopping center. And, that concludes our conversation for this lesson. I hope you enjoyed it… and if you have any questions please feel free to post them below. Goodbye for now.. “}

As found on Youtube

Study English in Brighton

Speak English – Learn English Conversation! #18: Learn American English – Speak American English

{“en”:”Hello. Welcome. “Speak American English with Lyman Holton” My name is Lyman Holton. In this lesson you and I… are going to have a conversation as two people… discussing how we should be more social at work. Are you ready? Let’s begin. Repeat everything I say for Lyman and Kelly . Lyman, do you mill who that woman is? Which woman are you talking about, Kelly? The tall woman over there, in the blue dress with blonde hair. Oh, that’s Jane. Haven’t you met her yet? No, I’ve never seen her before. Is she one of our clients? The words you see in red print, are words you may want to look up in your translator… to help you follow the conversation. No, I’ve never seen her before.

Is she one of our clients? Oh, come on Kelly! She works here, in our office. You’re joking, right? Is she an attorney? No. Jane is one of our new admin. secretaries. Gee, I guess I need to pay more attention to what’s going on. I’ve told you before, you spend too much time at your desk. True. I could at least eat lunch in the break room, instead of at my desk. Work is important, Kelly. But, so is socializing with the other employees. You’re right, Lyman. I don’t want to get a reputation for being anti-social. That’s right. One day you’re going to need some help from a friend. I know “And, I won’t have any friends to ask for help.” That’s exactly right, Kelly. It’s also harder to get promoted if you’re unpopular. Well, I tell you what, Lyman. I’m going to change, right now. Oh, really? And, how are you going to do that? I’m going to order pizza for everyone in the office, for lunch today.

Well, that’ll certainly make you more popular. I’ll help you spread the word. Let’s begin our first conversation! Speak out loud as Kelly. Just listen when Lyman speaks. Lyman, do you know who that woman is? Which woman are you talking about, Kelly? The tall woman over there, in the blue dress with blonde hair. Oh, that’s Jane. Haven’t you met her yet? No, I’ve never seen her before. Is she one of our clients? Oh, come on Kelly! She works here, in our office. You’re joking, right? Is she an attorney? No. Jane is one of our new admin. secretaries. Gee, I guess I need to pay more attention to what’s going on.

I’ve told you before, you spend too much time at your desk. True. I could at least eat lunch in the break room, instead of at my desk. Work is important, Kelly. But, so is socializing with the other employees. You’re right, Lyman. I don’t want to get a reputation for being anti-social. That’s right. One day you’re going to need some help from a friend. I know “And, I won’t have any friends to ask for help.” That’s exactly right, Kelly. It’s also harder to get promoted if you’re unpopular. Well, I tell you what, Lyman. I’m going to change, right now. Oh, really? And, how are you going to do that? I’m going to order pizza for everyone in the office, for lunch today. Well, that’ll certainly make you more popular. I’ll help you spread the word.

Let’s begin our 2nd conversation! Let’s switch dialogs. I am still Lyman. You’re still Kelly. Kelly, do you know who that woman is? Which woman are you talking about, Lyman? The tall woman over there, in the blue dress with blonde hair. Oh, that’s Jane. Haven’t you met her yet? No, I’ve never seen her before. Is she one of our clients? Oh, come on Lyman! She works here, in our office. You’re joking, right? Is she an attorney? No. Jane is one of our new admin. secretaries. Gee, I guess I need to pay more attention to what’s going on.

I’ve told you before, you spend too much time at your desk. True. I could at least eat lunch in the break room, instead at my desk. Work is important, Lyman. But, so is socializing with the other employees. You’re right, Kelly. I don’t want to get a reputation for being anti-social. That’s right. One day you’re going to need some help from a friend. I know “And, I won’t have any friends to ask for help.” That’s exactly right, Lyman. It’s also harder to get promoted if you’re unpopular. Well, I tell you what, Kelly. I’m going to change, right now. Oh, really? And, how are you going to do that? I’m going to order pizza for everyone in the office, for lunch today. Well, that’ll certainly make you more popular. I’ll help you spread the word. That concludes our lesson. Please post any comments that you may have below. I’m always happy to answer questions, as well. And, please if you haven’t done so, subscribe.

Thank you so much. Good-bye for now.. “}

As found on Youtube

Study English in Brighton

Learn English Grammar: Zero Conditional

{“en”:”Hello. We’re doing the zero conditional today. It’s a useful grammatical structure in English. Perhaps it’s used for, particularly to those who are rules-based people, who like knowing that A is going to result in B. My little nephew is like this. Hi, Alex. So, we’re doing the zero conditional. And this is about something that is generally true, like a scientific fact. If I press the toilet button, it flushes. Okay? “If”, condition, result. “If I do”, “If I play, this happens.” So this is in present simple, and the result also in the present simple. “If you heat ice, it melts.” So it’s like a scientific fact, it’s like something… This always happens in this same way. The condition always has the same result. Now, the result, this bit here, it can also be in the imperative rather than the present simple. So, I’ve put a little example here: “If you do…” “If you visit Devon,” -a place in the southwest of England-“go to Chagford.” Where I was born.

Okay? It’s a great place. So, it’s like “go to”, it’s an imperative. I’m telling you to do that. So this is a structure of command. “If you arrive late to my class again, you”, and then I’m going to need to… “You will have to go to the head master.” Okay? It’s the condition equals the result. It’s always the same. So if you’re late, you have to go to the head master. Okay? Condition, result, always the same relationship between the two. Now, we can have a couple of different, alternative options here. Instead of “if” we could also use “when” or “unless”.

I’ve written that unless… You know when… When’s talking about time, obviously. But “unless” means kind of if not, followed by the condition and result. Condition always in the present. So: “Unless if not he proposes”, obviously that’s quite weird, formal English. The translation would be something like… Or the simplification: “If he does not propose to marry you,”-to propose to marry you. Would you like to marry me?- “refuse to go on holiday with him again.” Okay? So: “refuse to go”, there you’ve got your imperative.

Okay? Now, we can change the order and put the result before the condition, and throw in a bit of “if” and “when” and “unless” right there in the middle just to mix things up, mix the bowl up. So, the result here is at the beginning. “The boss, my leader, the person who is in charge is angry” -again, notice present tense-“when I dance on my table.” Obviously, “when” could also be replaced by “if” there. “…if I dance on my table”. So, “when” would imply that I maybe dance on my table quite a lot. But “if”, I’m so scared of my boss that I don’t want to dance on my table. And “unless” would change it, so you’d have to have probably a different condition there. “The boss is angry unless I stay seated.” Okay, so let’s just have another quick recap. Something that’s generally true, like a scientific fact, like: “If I cross the road without looking, I get knocked over.” Sorry, that’s what the traffic’s like in London.

Pay attention. Look to your left, look to your right before it’s safe to go. “If”, condition, result. Present simple, present simple unless we’re using the imperative. “You will go to Chagford if you visit Devon.” And then we can mix in a bit of “when” and “unless”, meaning changing the positive, negative affirmation, so: “Unless he proposes to marry you,” blah, blah, blah, this will be the result. This will always be the result unless you do this. And then you can also have the result here and the condition here. The boss is angry if you don’t do the quiz right now and subscribe to my YouTube channel, and check out Exquisite English. Good night. God bless. See ya next time.. “}

As found on Youtube

Study English in London

English Books: How to learn English with Harry Potter!

{“en”:”Hey, everyone. I’m Alex. Thanks for clicking, and welcome to this important lesson on: “The Secret to Mastering English!” And the secret is… -“Where am I? And who are you?” -“You’re in Hogwarts, Alex. And I’m Dumbledore.” -“No you’re not. Dumbledore looks different.” -“I shaved. Listen, Alex. I have an important job for you. Can you do it?” -“Anything for you, Dumbledore. What is it?” -“Your engVid students want you to do a lesson on Harry Potter. Here, take this and teach them.” “Thank you.” “You’re a wizard, Alex. Now, go.” We’re back. So, today we are going to talk about Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone, chapter one.

Now, I know for many of you, Harry Potter was the first book you read in English. And the reason it’s a really, really good book for you guys to read is that it is the most popular book series ever, which means that you can find it in many languages, there have been movies made about it, and you can find a lot of discussion about the characters, the dialogue, the story. So everyone knows pretty much what happens in a lot of these stories. Now, if you don’t have a copy of the book, what you can do is get a print version or an e-book version on Amazon attached to this video.

What I recommend, though, if you want a more interactive experience with Harry Potter is that you get the free audio book. Now, you can get a free audio book of Harry Potter, not just this one, the entire series, by signing up for the free trial at www.audible.com, which is attached to this video. When you click on the link, you will have to go through a couple of different pages and signups, but at the end you do get the book for free. So go through it, sign up, get the book for free, and it’s an excellent audio book. Highly recommend it. Now, why should we read Harry Potter? Well, it has interesting characters; Harry, Ron, Hermione, the Dursleys, Dumbledore who I met today.

How cool was that? It has great dialogue, great plot, and the language is pretty easy to follow, but of course, it still has a ton of useful vocabulary. Not just for non-native English speakers, but even for, you know, kids who are already native speakers of English. And finally, it’s just magical. It’s a magical story, a magical book. I love it. It’s one of my all-time favourites, so let’s start looking at chapter one. So what I’m going to do is look at the actual text from chapter one. Not every line, of course, but I’m going to pick some very specific lines that tell us important details about the story or that tell us some important vocabulary that I think is going to be useful for English students.

Now, you notice I gave a page number to start this. I am going to be looking at this hard cover version of the book. This was published by Raincoast Books in Vancouver, so this was published in Canada. Maybe your version is this one, maybe it’s not. Maybe you’re listening to the audio version, in which case page numbers are not important. But if you want to follow with a physical copy, this is the version that I am using. Okay? Let me put this down. Here we go. Page seven. So we start Harry Potter by learning about the Dursleys, Mr. and Mrs. Dursley, and their son, Dudley. First we have this line: “Mr. Dursley was the director of a firm named Grunnings, which made drills.” So, a firm is a company, and Mr. Dursley was the director of this company, and they made drills. Now, drills are a power tool. Think of the tool that allows you to put screws into things, like: “[Drilling noise]”. That’s a drill. Okay? So he was a director of a firm named Grunnings, which made drills.

Now, we have a description of him: “He was a big beefy man”, “beefy”, think of beef. So he was a little bit fat, and: “…with hardly any neck”. Now, “hardly any” means almost zero. So, he was so big and round that you couldn’t see his neck. Okay? Hardly any neck. “…although he did have a very large moustache”. So, moustache. Right? Everyone knows what that is there. And: “Mrs. Dursley”-Mr. Dursley’s wife- “spent so much of her time craning over the garden fences, spying on her neighbours.” So, here is a picture of a fence. In your backyard you have a fence that separates your house from your neighbour’s house, and here is a picture of Mrs. Dursley craning her neck. So, “to crane your neck” is to stretch it almost to the maximum point, and she’s spying on her neighbours. So Mrs.

Dursley is a very curious woman. “The Dursleys had everything they wanted” -I’m going to step off camera for this- “but they also had a secret, and their greatest fear was that somebody would discover it. They didn’t think they could bear it if anyone found out about the Potters.” So, they’re a very happy family, they have everything they need, but they have a secret, a family secret: They are ashamed of part of their family, and that part of the family is the Potters.

Now, here: “They didn’t think they could bear it”, so if you can bear something or you can’t bear something it means that you can’t handle it, support it, survive it. So they would not be able to handle it if someone, if their neighbours found out about the Potters, part of their family. So the Dursleys have a very clean image that they want their neighbours to follow. All right? Let’s keep going. And we’re back. So, continuing with page seven: “Mrs. Dursley pretended she didn’t have a sister”, so she has a sister and she doesn’t like her sister, but she pretended, she acted like she didn’t have a sister because… Excuse me. I like magic. “…because her sister and her good-for-nothing husband were as unDursleyish as it was possible to be.” First, some excellent vocabulary, here. A good-for-nothing person is someone who is good for nothing. So, this is an insult, a negative, very negative thing to say about someone.

So: “Your good-for-nothing son”, “Your good-for nothing sister”, etc. Her good-for-nothing husband, he had no value, no use, were as unDursleyish as it was possible to be. You will never, ever, ever, ever, ever, ever use this word outside of this book. So, Dursley is the last name of the family, and I guess, you know, if you act in a specific way you are Dursleyish. “Dursleyish” is kind of an adjective that J.K. Rowling made here. And if you are unDursleyish, you are not acting like a Dursley acts. Next: “The Dursleys shuttered to think what the neighbours would say if the Potters had a small son too, but they had never seen him.” So, they shuttered to think. If you shutter to think, it means you are just very afraid of what other people would say about you. They didn’t want to think: What would happen if their neighbours discovered that their, you know, Mrs.

Dursley’s sister had a son, and they had never seen Mrs. Dursley’s son, Mr. Dursley’s sister’s son. It’s a mouthful. Sorry. Moving on to page eight: “Mr. Dursley hummed as he picked out his most boring tie” -I’ll get off screen, here- “for work and Mrs. Dursley gossiped away happily as she wrestled a screaming Dudley into his highchair.” So this is the morning routine of the Dursleys. Mr. Dursley hummed: “Hmm, hmm, hmm, hmm, hmm, hmm, hmm, hmm, hmm, hmm, hmm, hmm”, this is humming, so he hummed as he picked out his most boring tie for work, and Mrs.

Dursley gossiped… Phrasal verb: “to gossip away”. So, “to gossip” is to tell secret information or kind of talk about people when they are not there. Say: -“Hey, did you hear that [mumbles]?” -“Oh! Did you hear that [mumbles]?” This is gossiping. So she gossiped away happily as she wrestled… “To wrestle”, think of wrestling. She has a small child, his name is Dudley, into his highchair. So, a highchair is what you put babies in or young toddlers in to feed them. So in this book, their son, you know, Dudley, is very, very small. He’s just a baby.

All right. Let’s keep going. Okay, to continue: “None of them noticed a large tawny owl flutter past the window.” So, “tawny” is a colour. It means light brown, or a mix of brown and orange. Okay? So a light brown, brown-orange owl flutter past the window. So, when you think of a bird and the wings going… Just swinging back and forth, the wings are fluttering. Okay? So the owl flutter… Fluttered, past tense, past the window. All right. “At half-past eight, Mr. Dursley picked up” -phrasal verb, “picked up”-“his briefcase,” -for work, his case for work with his papers- “pecked Mrs. Dursley on the cheek and tried to kiss Dudley goodbye but missed, because Dudley was now having a tantrum and throwing the cereal at the walls.” So, a lot of information here. So, Mr. Dursley is getting ready to go to work. He pecked Mrs. Dursley on the cheek. So this is your cheek, a peck can be a quick kiss, like: “[Kisses]”, that’s a peck.

Also think of birds eating seeds, they peck, peck, peck, peck, peck, peck, peck. Okay? So this action is quick movement of the mouth, is a quick peck. All right? On the cheek. He tried to kiss Dudley, but Dudley was throwing cereal at the walls. So, a tantrum is like an emotional episode, a period where a child or an adult sometimes is acting really, really emotionally and angrily, like: “Ah.” If you go to a department store and you see a child lying on the floor crying, and the parents are saying: “Come on, let’s go, let’s go”, the child is having a tantrum. It’s not a nice scene. And: “There was a tabby cat standing on the corner of Privet Drive. What could he have been thinking of?” So before this line it is important to note that now Mr. Dursley has left his house, he’s in his car, he has left his driveway, and before this line he thinks he sees a cat reading a map.

Okay? So he’s like: “There’s a cat reading a map. Wait, wait?” So he sees the cat reading a map, he does what he keeps doing, he looks back and then he says: “Okay, there was a tabby cat standing on the corner of Privet Drive.” This is the street the Dursleys live on. “Ah, what could he have been thinking of?” What could Mr. Dursley have been thinking of? He couldn’t have seen a cat reading a map, could he? So a tabby cat…

Tabby refers to kind of like the fur of the cat. Any cat that has a lot of stripes of different colours, and usually an “M” pattern on their forehead is a tabby. Many native speakers only think of orange cats as being tabby cats, but it’s actually all cats, so we learned something new today. Yeah, I love this book, too. Okay, we’ll talk later. Okay, see ya. All right. So: “Mr. Dursley couldn’t bear people who dressed in funny clothes – the get-ups you saw on young people!” So before this, Mr. Dursley is driving to work and he sees lots of people dressed in really bright cloaks, which are these kind of long robes. Okay? So he couldn’t bear… He couldn’t handle people who dressed in funny clothes. The get-ups you saw on young people today. So, a get-up is kind of like a costume. Okay? Or a funny uniform. So if I say: “That’s a nice get-up”, that’s a nice kind of uniform or costume, or something that is different than a regular set of clothes.

So he’s saying: “These people are dressed weird on the street today. I think I saw a cat reading a map. There are people running around. There’s an owl.” And then: “Mr. Dursley was enraged to see that a couple of them” -a couple of the people on the street-“weren’t young at all. Why, that man had to be older than he was, and he was wearing an emerald-green cloak!” So he thinks: “Hah, these young people today with their weird clothes.” But he said: “No! This guy is as old as I am or older, so what’s going on here?” And finally: “Mr.

Dursley”… After getting to work. Now he’s at work, he’s at Grunnings. He’s in his office, he said: “Mr. Dursley always sat with his back to the window”… I’ll move out so you can read this completely. So he: “…always sat with his back to the window in his office on the ninth floor. If he hadn’t, he might have found it harder to concentrate on drills that morning. He didn’t see the owls swooping past in broad daylight, though people down in the street did.” So here we have a conditional, so: “If he hadn’t sat with his back to the window, he might have found it harder to concentrate on drills that morning”, so this book is written in the past tense. Here, we’re using the third conditional, so: “If he had not sat with his back to the window, he might have found it harder to concentrate on drills that morning.

He didn’t see the owls”-hoo-hoo-“the birds that are flying everywhere, swooping past in broad daylight”. So, swoop. Okay? Kind of these motions. Swooping back and forth. In broad daylight, this means in the open day. So everyone can see. It’s sunny and there are owls flying everywhere, which is strange because owls are night animals. Right? Okay, let’s continue. So, it is now lunchtime for Mr. Dursley at his firm, Grunnings, and what he sees are a bunch of men in green cloaks still walking around, so there are people dressed strangely around Mr.

Dursley’s workplace. It says that Mr. Dursley: “He eyed them angrily as he passed.” So, “to eye someone” is to look at them like this. So if he’s eyeing them angrily, he’s looking at them angrily. Okay? Now, you can use this to say that you have been, for example, wanting to buy something for a very long time. So if you want a new iPhone, for example, you can say: “Ah, I have been eyeing that phone for a long time.” You’ve been paying attention to it and looking at it for a long time.

So, he eyed the men in green cloaks angrily. Now, here he hears these men talking and he hears them say something about the Potters, their son, Harry. Wait a minute, why are these men whom I’ve never met in my life mentioning my wife’s family’s name and a possible son? So: “The Potters… Their son, Harry.” They say this, and then: “Mr. Dursley stopped dead. Fear flooded him.” This doesn’t mean he died, it just means he’s walking, he hears: -“The Potters… Their son, Harry.” -“Why? Why are they talking about me?” So he stopped like he was dead. Okay? “Fear flooded him.” So fear filled him.

Okay? Now: “Mr. Dursley stood rooted to the spot.” This is after work now, he’s going home, and after being hugged by a man in a violet cloak after work. So, at lunch he hears these men talking about the Potters, their son Harry. After work, a man in a cloak comes up to him, gives him a hug. And Mr. Dursley stood rooted to the spot. So, “rooted”, think of a tree. All right? Here’s the ground, you have a tree, and this tree has roots under the ground. So Mr. Dursley stood rooted like his feet had roots in them into the ground.

He couldn’t move because he’s so uncomfortable by this man in a cloak hugging him. And then he goes home. We’re on page 11. And Mr. Dursley asks his wife if she has talked to her sister lately, because he’s thinking about the cat with the map, the men with the cloaks, the mentioning of Harry and the Potters, and he’s at home, he said: “Have you talked to your sister lately?” And: “Mrs.

Dursley”-the wife-“sipped her tea through pursed lips.” So she does not like her sister or hearing about her sister. She sipped, like I’m going to sip this hot coffee through pursed lips. So, pursed lips are like this. Like… Okay? So, okay? Like she doesn’t want to say anything. So she’s angry. Pursed lips. “While Mrs. Dursley was in the bathroom,”-later in the evening- “Mr. Dursley crept to the bedroom and peered down into the front garden.” So, “to creep”, the verb “creep” means to move very slowly and quietly, secretly almost. Okay, so he’s creeping through his house, and he’s peering. So, “to peer” is to look with intensity, but with a little difficulty, like he’s looking, he’s trying to see something, but he’s just not sure what he’s looking for because it has been a really messed up, weird day for Mr. Dursley. Now it’s nighttime, the Dursleys have gone to sleep. Everyone on Privet Drive is in their beds, and on the corner of the street there is a man, Albus Dumbledore.

This Dumbledore right here. The man I spoke to at the start of this video, apparently, so he says. He’s got magic, so I guess it was really him. All right, so: “Nothing like this man”, like Albus Dumbledore… “Nothing like this man had ever been seen on Privet Drive.” So here you have the past perfect. So remember this book is written in the past simple, which means if something happened before, you know, the present of the book which is written in the past, it must be spoken in the past perfect.

So: “Nothing like this man had ever been seen on Privet Drive.” No one had ever seen a man like Albus Dumbledore. Page 13. We have Dumbledore, he’s walking to, you know, around the Dursley’s house. He sees a cat, and he says to the cat: “Fancy seeing you here, Professor McGonagall.” And the cat is actually Professor McGonagall who is another person from, later we learn Hogwarts, the school of magic, that’s what it is. Okay. So, if you say: “Huh, fancy that, fancy seeing you here.” This means it’s a surprise to see you here. Wow, it’s cool to see you here. Okay? I didn’t expect to see you here. So if you see something shocking or surprising in daily life, and you say: “Huh, fancy that”, then that means: “Well, isn’t that a surprise?” So this is more of British English than North American English, which is why it’s in this book.

Now, Dumbledore says this, and then Professor McGonagall is talking about today and everyone talking about the Potters, everyone talking about their son Harry, and everyone talking about you know who. Now, “you know who” whose name is Voldemort, is an evil dark lord. So McGonagall says about today with people talking about him: “People are being downright careless out on the streets in broad daylight.” So she is talking about the community of wizards, magicians, witches, and it seems like they’re celebrating something, and she’s saying: “They are not being careful enough.” So, “downlight careless” means absolutely careless without any care, without being careful. They’re so excited about something today in the magician community. And then Dumbledore mentions Voldemort. Professor McGonagall refers to Voldemort as “you know who”, and Dumbledore says: “Use his name.

His name is Voldemort”, and Professor McGonagall flinched at the mention of Voldemort. So when you flinch you kind of, like, put your body back, close your eyes like this, like… Okay? So, if Voldemort is a name that’s scary, that is not supposed to be said and Dumbledore says: “Voldemort” and she says… Not says, but goes… She flinches. Flinch. If someone comes up to you, for example, I’m coming up to the camera and I go… Did you flinch? Because you thought I was going to like hit you or something. Maybe we have 3D laptops now and my fist is coming through the screen. I don’t know. I erased this with my back, that’s okay. Page 16. Now, we’re not finished yet with all the activity on Privet Drive. “A small rumbling sound had broken the silence around them.” Rumbling, something that vibrates a little bit had broken the silence around them, so it’s quiet and in the background they hear: “[Rumbling noise]”. “Dumbledore and Professor McGonagall bent forward over the bundle of blankets.” So, before this, the rumbling sound is actually Hagrid.

Now, Hagrid comes on a motorcycle and he has a baby in his hand. It’s Harry Potter. And when he shows the baby to Dumbledore and McGonagall they bent forward over the bundle of blankets. “Bent” is the past of “bend”, so they bent forward. Right? To bend forward over the bundle of blankets. So if a baby is wrapped in a lot of blankets, we call this a bundle. Okay? A bundle of blankets. Now we’re nearing near… Now we’re nearing near? We’re nearing the end of chapter one. Now, Dumbledore asks for Hagrid to give Harry to him. He says: “Well, give him here, Hagrid – we’d better get this over with.” So, this is a complete expression: “to get something over with”. If I say: “Let’s get this over with”, it means: “Let’s finish this, let’s end it”, even though sometimes it’s unpleasant. So you want to do something that you don’t want to do, but you have to do it, so you say: “Let’s get it over with.” Right? Let’s finish it.

Let’s just… Let’s do it. Okay? So, Dumbledore takes Harry, and then Hagrid says goodbye to Harry, and then: “Wiping his streaming eyes on his jacket”, so “wiping”, wipe, wipe, wipe. “Wiping his streaming eyes on his jacket sleeve, Hagrid swung himself on to the motorbike and kicked the engine into life.” So, “streaming”. He was crying because there was this little baby, he’s giving him away, and he’s wiping his streaming eyes on his jacket sleeve. This is a sleeve on a jacket. He’s wiping his eyes on the sleeve, and he swung himself… “To swing”, okay? A baseball bat, you can swing a baseball bat. Hagrid swung himself on to his motorbike, and he kicked the engine into life and he flew away because it’s a flying motorcycle. Pretty cool. Finally, page 18 of chapter one. Dumbledore and McGonagall, they have been saying and talking about Harry a lot. So apparently last night Lord Voldemort killed Harry’s parents. Killed Harry’s parents. Okay? However, he was not able to kill Harry.

And somehow for some reason Lord Voldemort, this evil dark lord disappeared after not being able to kill Harry. So, they leave him at the Dursleys house. Harry is now going to stay with the only family he has left, the awful Mr. Dursley, the awful Mrs. Dursley, the awful Dudley Dursley because he has no parents anymore, and this is his only family. So Dumbledore writes a letter, puts it in the basket with Harry, they leave him on the door, and Dumbledore says: “Good luck, Harry.” “‘Good luck, Harry,’ he murmured.” To murmur is to speak softly because it’s nighttime. Kind of like… Not a whisper. A whisper is like this. A murmur is like this. Okay? So: “Good luck, Harry. Good luck.” And finally, Harry: “He couldn’t know that at this very moment people meeting in secret all over the country were holding up their glasses and saying in hushed” -shh, quiet, hushed-“voices: ‘To Harry Potter – the boy who lived.'” So, what is happening here is that everyone is celebrating, magicians and wizards all over England are celebrating because Lord Voldemort is gone.

He’s dead, and it’s because of Harry Potter and Harry Potter is now going to stay with his family, with his aunt and his uncle who are not very nice people. From here the story only gets more exciting and more interesting. All right, so this was a very long lesson. If you’re still here with me, thank you, and I hope that you enjoyed it. If you did enjoy it, don’t forget to like the video, comment on it, subscribe to the channel, and check me out on Facebook and Twitter. Now, like I mentioned at the start of this video: If you want to have a really interactive experience with Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone or any of the Harry Potter books, I really recommend that you check out the link to audible.com attached to this video for the free audio book.

Now, again, you will have to click probably two or three links after the original link to get to the end, but after signing up, you do get the free audio book and that’s pretty cool. So, again, audio books are great ways for you to practice your listening, to practice your pronunciation, to hear the natural speed of English being spoken fluently. So I really recommend that you do that.

Till next time, thanks for clicking. Bye.. “}

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