IELTS Writing: Numbers and Pie Charts

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IELTS Speaking Test Band 9

Good morning ma’am may I come in, yes please thank you so much this is the speaking test of the International English Language Testing system taking place on Saturday the 21st of October at the Falcon Center the Center number is FC two six zero one the candidate is Harish Rao and the candidate number is zero zero zero eight five zero zero the examiner is Manjita Osta and the examiner number is two zero zero five zero one good afternoon what’s your full name please my name is Harish Rao and what should I call you you can call me Harish now in this first part I’d like to ask you questions about yourself let’s talk about where you live where do you live in your country? I live in a place called Bombay which is now called Mumbai it belongs to the west part of India in the state of Maharashtra it’s called the city of dreams because many people aspire to make it big in Indian films which is called Bollywood.

Would you recommend others to visit it and why? yes definitely I would definitely recommend people coming into Bombay for few things especially to witness the amazing enthusiasm when it comes to Bollywood and cricket and in order to taste mouth-watering food in the city and also be part of the array of processions which happen for different festivals across the nation at different times of the year. Has it changed in the last decade and how? yes definitely I think there are a lot of changes which have happened in the past decade few things notably changed are pollution and population. I think they have increased an alarming rate property prices have also skyrocketed due to which it’s costing an arm and leg for a middle-class family to afford a decent place in the city mainly where there are facilities available like highly accessible public transport good schools and colleges and also shops to shop your groceries or to buy clothes it’s become really very costly on the upside though they have been a lot of changes in the infrastructure in the city they have been a lot of colleges which have come up due to which numerous number of people are going to colleges as compared to before there have been a lot of malls which have come up due to which a lot of spending habits which has been seen amongst people of the city there are lot of varieties of things to shop these days because of these things now let’s talk about interests and hobbies what’s a favorite hobby? Coming from the city of Mumbai it gives me an opportunity and platform to you know pursue a lot of hobbies few would be food related hobbies and movie related ones I am a foodie so I like to try out a lot of cuisines plethora of them available in streets of Mumbai or probably in fancy restaurants I am also a movie buff so I like to watch movies on action genre more than the comedy ones especially the Transformers and the Mission Impossible and The Matrix it’s just amazing to watch so many of them and also a couple of Bollywood movies where our actors show amazing movie action which are really entertaining.

What hobbies and interest you had when you were in school? Well I was an avid Philatelist and had a hobby of collecting a lot of stamps from different countries in the world I was fond of history and a lot of historical monuments like Statue of Liberty and Taj Mahal being part of the stamps used to really make me collect those and also you know different historical figures like Queen Elizabeth or Gandhi or Hitler will also make me make me feel that the stamp is quite significant in it’s value that’s nice do you think one should be encouraged to take up hobbies professionally? Well I believe that hobbies can be taken up professionally and I’ve seen a lot of examples in the world who have taken hobbies professionally and they made it big in their in their passion all right now let’s move on to food so what cuisines are famous in your city? well there are lot of cuisines available in the city which I I cannot recollect a lot of stuff but there are three main dishes which are which I’m really fond of namely Vada Pao Pao Bhaji and Pani Puri there are amazing street food available in the city of Mumbai and probably available 24 by 7 if you want to hunt those in the streets and I really love them which this you enjoy the most as a child? the one which I loved the most was Vada Pav it’s an amazing potato dumpling which is deep fried and then it’s available at practically any Street which you go where you see street food available and it’s it’s wrapped up into a hot bread and so with a lot of spices should the restaurant modify their cuisines as per the customers need or should they stick to the original recipe? the world is becoming a global village and Fusion is becoming the mantra these days I believe that customizing the food as per the spice level and the allergens should definitely be encouraged by the restaurants now I’m going to give you a topic and I’d like you to talk about it for one to two minutes you have one minute to think about what you are going to say and you can make some notes if you wish do you understand? Sure.

I’d like you to describe a sport which you think is underappreciated okay so you have one to two minutes to speak on this topic don’t worry if I stop you I’ll let you know by the timer is up you may start to speak now please according to me table tennis is a sport is underappreciated it’s commonly called as ping pong if it’s played in leisure but it is also called as table tennis if it’s played as a serious sport table tennis as a sport is practiced almost in all countries in the world and it’s also part of the Olympics and the Commonwealth Games the equipment needed for it is a good blade a nice set of rubbers which are quite speedy and spinny a rock solid table a net which which doesn’t sag a really firm flooring which gives good grip to your foot and you don’t slip and many other things probably a good Robo if you want to increase your agility and reflexes or if you don’t have a training partner so you can use the robot to play with I think even after having so many positives in this sport it is still under appreciated because of various aspects like few other sports for example in India cricket or badminton now or tennis they are highly marketed because of the commercial aspect of it I am not saying that the players in belonging to the sport don’t do a lot, yes they practice a lot but there are various and commercial aspects from money perspective from a power and influence perspective because of which these games are highly seen in India which probably overshadows table tennis I would say that cricket majorly overshadows table tennis because there are so many people who follow cricket as a religion more than a sport there’s a lot of betting going on when it comes to cricket probably a match you might see about a billion dollars in bet mainly because it’s so much popular in the inner most cities and inner most villages in India because people love the spirit of cricket.

Would you like to play this sport ever? actually I do play the sport and I treat it very seriously mainly because it helps me in my agility and my day to day hand eye coordination different kinds of neuro related activities and it definitely develops a lot of senses basic senses in you so I love to play table tennis and I would like to take it to a professional level at some stage thank you can I have the paper and the pen back please, yes, thank you. now you’ve been telling me about sports so I’d like to ask you some more questions related to it let’s talk about the attitude to in sports do you think sports should be given the same importance as academics in your country? well I believe yes it should be given the same importance of the academies in my country because I believe that sports and academics go hand in hand and why do you think that because a human body does a lot in terms of academics by consuming its mental energy so there has to be some compensation to that by giving some physical energy emitting some physical energy so I believe that in order to have a complete stable state of mind and body you need to play sports as well and it also helps in developing a lot of neurological skills reflexes agility which also help in being really alert in your academics and also having a good presence of mind overall.

Why do you think that parents encourage their children to focus more on their studies than on sports activities? well it’s because of the majority of the population back in India they it belongs to the middle class society which has a lot of social economical pressures due to which academics has been always in the forefront because that’s the sole way of earning money in a most natural and a normal way if you consider sports sports requires a lot of commitment and it may also sometimes be possible that you may not succeed and in the sport to the level that you can earn a stable set of income so that’s reason why parents being concerned encourage children to be more on academics than on sports do you think sports is treated merely as a hobby in your country? well it’s perceived to be taken as a hobby in my country kids to take it seriously when they play any sport in childhood but there are social economical pressures which let them take priorities on pursuing academics more than sports after certain age if they belong to a middle class or probably a poor family in order to sustain some good stable income in the future so it is perceived but I am pretty sure that there are a lot of people who want to pursue sport seriously but not given the platform to be successful in that in that sport what are taking or whatever they are talented in but if given a platform I think they would probably take sports as a career if given a choice which sport would you play for the rest of your life and why? I would play table tennis and basketball for the rest of my life because it comes really naturally to me I love the fact that there’s a lot of adrenaline and there’s a lot of you know my senses are kept alive till the day I die when I place these kind of sports so I would keep playing these sports for the rest of my life sure now let’s move on to talk about the gender aspect of sport do you think women are considered to be less strong than men when it comes to sports? On no, women are equally talented as men and in fact sports has its own beauty it’s not at all related to gender it’s actually related to how you perform from an absolute scale perspective and you decide your scale you decide where you want to go you decide how far you want to reach in that sport and it’s absolutely nobody stopping you just because you’re woman or a man.

Thank You Than you very much Harish this is the end of the speaking test. Thank you. Hi welcome back so I hope you’ve made note of the IELTS speaking test format and you understood how to answer each section well I know a lot of you are looking for speaking partners because I get that question a lot in my emails in the comment all my messages which come to me so let me tell you that I personally use Cambly. Cambly is an amazing app it basically helps you do a one-on-one practice lesson with native english-speaking tutors they would basically be from countries like the USA Canada or the UK and no matter where you live in or what time zone you are in you will always have a tutor at hand that’s the beauty of it it has tutors 24/7 all you have to do is just select one future and start speaking or practicing why don’t I do one thing I’ll quickly show you how to use it hey guys hi so this is the Cambly app which I have on my phone so all I need to do is just click onto it set up an account of course and on top you see there is home there is tutors and there is topics so we will click on to tutors and these are the tutors which we will get there are different tutors from different english-speaking countries like UK USA Canada Australia and you can choose which tutor you want so let’s see you will also know that there are these green dots beside each tutor which shows that they are available a red dot would mean that they are busy the moment and you see that faces are changing this means the tutors are being updated as per their time zone so let’s pick up a tutor so I think I will go for let’s say Sarah Sarah has been scored four point nine out of five so there’s a rating if I click onto Sarah this is the profile of Sarah so we know that whom are we talking with and what experience our tutor would have so let’s quickly get on to Sarah.

So Hi I’m Sarah and you are Manjita. Yes Sarah, that’s lovely I’m happy to hear that you could pronounce my name correctly very few do that, I am really glad to meet you how are doing today. I’m really great and hope you’re doing well as well I had prepared to speak on a particular topic and I wanted to have a quick chat with you share that with you and probably understand if I can make it better. (absolutely) so I wanted to speak sure and I wanted to speak on the most memorable day of my life well my last birthday was the most memorable day of my life I went to ski to New Zealand it was great breathtaking experience the snow was good the weather was good I was really excited the equipment’s were heavy but I was happy to use them and the best part is that I was able to ski now I’m really glad about it it was I was happy and it was a great experience so that’s it That is super English Manjita.

Thank you. Usual words are not stronger sometimes in the way that you say things for example you could say the weather was absolutely fabulous okay rather than saying the weather was nice the ski was great the ski was wonderful yes I I guess I got what you are trying to say (I am delighted to be there). yeah yeah nice is a very average word okay it’s a nice day and the weather is nice the pudding is nice the dog is nice but if you’re having the best day of your life things are much better than nice mm-hmm probably I can say that the view was mesmerizing absolutely mesmerizing awesome wonderful superb perfect all right sure great Sarah nice talking to you I think I got a lot of ideas and going ahead (you’re welcome) yeah and and I’ll try adding these adjectives in my preparation as well bye it was a pleasure to talk to you okay bye-bye well it’s that simple this video was done in association with Cambly and they’ve been very kind to help my viewers and subscribers with a special discount so if you’re looking for using this app I highly recommend it and please give it a shot if you are looking for specific links or further description everything is there in the description box below all you have to do is just hit the link and you will get your discount code by the way my dear keep practicing all the very best and you are my rock star and you will be a champion soon best of luck with your IELTS speaking test you you

As found on Youtube

How Crystal Achieved Band 8 After Failing her IELTS Test Many Times

– Okay, so, this is a very special video that I’m gonna make today with one of my students, who I’m very very proud of. I’m proud of all my students, but even more of proud of Crystal because she did the test many many many times before she came to me and she showed huge determination to get the score that she needed, so I thought we’d make this video today just for some of you who might be struggling, might have failed the test a few times. Just to give you some inspiration, some motivation to keep going. So Crystal, thank you very much for doing this today. And can you just give some background information about you so people can get to know you a little bit? – Yeah, sure. Well, I’m working in Hong Kong as a nurse for the government. And recently I’d like to move to a foreign country, and work abroad with my husband, so I need to take the IELTS. So the reason I chose IELTS, and not the other Occupational English Test because it applies to many western countries.

Like, the Occupational English Test, which is specific to, say, Australia or Canada. . – So if I can pass the IELTS with the score I need, then I don’t need to take two or three tests, which is quite advantageous. – So I started to study all the materials on the IELTS since last year, it was a long time ago. So, I first began with some online material, I tried IELTS and think I got a six overall, which is far from what I need, and then I enrolled in a face-to-face course. It was a regular course, that includes speaking, listening, writing and everything, but after course I still couldn’t get the score I need so. And I found the five day challenge, and I was amazed by how simple is the idea. And then I was determined to enroll into the course. And, can you tell people how many times you did the test before you got the score that you needed? – Oh, I’m sure I have did the test with British council seven times, cause there’s this record online.

And then two or three times with IDP. – So I have experienced eight or nine times of failure. So I’m actually quite experienced in IELTS. – Yeah, you’re an IELTS expert. And can you tell people what scores you got on your last attempt? – On my last attempt, I got an overall eight, with nine in listening, eight in reading, and then both seven in writing and speaking. – Yeah, excellent and we’re really happy that you got that score because you didn’t get that score the first time and we were kind of like why is this, we couldn’t figure out why, and you couldn’t get it, but we figured it out and we helped you get the score that you needed.

So, if you were to give someone some advice, someone in a similar situation to you, someone who wants to move to a different country and has maybe done the test a few times and failed. What advice would you give them? – Hmm, well from my experience, I think you really need to know your strengths and weaknesses. So, like me, I know I have no problem with listening and reading, and I focus on writing and speaking. So for writing I think the writing correction stuff is really good. Once you submit your essay, you know your weakness is in task achievement or grammar, vocabulary, then you focus on correcting it. For my case, sometimes I misunderstand the question, so I really need to understand exactly what to answer.

And then I also improved my grammar, minimized my mistakes and also I tried to remember as many synonyms and tried to write the vocabularies so that you can achieve seven in every criteria. – Oh Crystal, I think we’ve lost you there. (chuckles) Hopefully it’ll come back. Yep, you’re back now, okay. So that’s great advice for writing. Anything for speaking, because I know that we worked a lot on your speaking, and you know a lot about the speaking test but what would you suggest to someone who is maybe where you were, you were getting for speaking, and you needed the seven.

What advice would you give someone there? – Yes, actually there is a real gap between and seven, so if you need a seven in speaking, you really need to work on every aspect so that you achieve pronunciation seven, grammar seven, and then you can get overall seven. So for my case, I studied all the materials in Chris’ course and so I familiarized with the format and I know the content is not important, so that I can focus on talking and elaborating my answer. But that is not enough, that is actually the basic. You really need to speak and talk if you want to improve. Because listening and reading is not equivalent to speaking. So what you need is to really speak. So previously I talked to a speaking partner, then he became quite busy and so we can’t talk really frequent and then I enrolled in another plan and I talked to a native English speaker every day, 30 minutes, during my lunchtime.

– But it takes time, the miracle will not happen in a day, but as long as you keep talking, we try to mimic the intonation and where a rest was. Which we tried to speak in a more native way, and you learn some phrase and verbs and idioms from them, and keep improving your grammar. Because I found that I made a lot of mistakes on tenses, and sometimes the agreements on nouns and verbs. – Just do your best and one day I believe you’ll be there. I mean, just listening to you, your grammar is excellent, but you still are making little small mistakes and I think that’s something that people need to realize, is that in order to get above a seven for speaking your grammar doesn’t need to be perfect. Your vocabulary doesn’t need to be perfect, your fluency doesn’t need to be perfect, it just needs to be at the standard where it needs to be. I think people put a lot of pressure on themselves in the speaking test that, you know, every sentence needs to be exactly correct when that really doesn’t help you, because you put yourself under too much pressure and then that can affect your fluency, affect your confidence, and then you know everything can kind of spin out out of control, would you agree with that? – Yeah, yeah, so see, my English is not perfect, but I think I can communicate with an English speaker, like you, you gave me so much confidence.

So just keep talking. I think that’s really, really good advice. You talked about that you used a different service than mine to find a native English speaker so that you could talk to them every day, what was that, just if anybody wanted to use that, or do you have a range of different services that you tried? – Okay, well actually, so remember you posted on your wall on Facebook and you asked if anyone used online resources that is useful, so one of our buddies talk about Cambly, C-A-M-B-L-Y.

– And well it provides a platform to talk with a native English speaker, in case if you don’t have anyone to talk with. – Yeah, yeah I’ve heard of Cambly before, I’ve heard it’s really good, and I know there’s a number of different things but one of the big requests that we get from people is just like ‘I live in a non-english speaking country, where do I find people to talk to?’ So, there are so many different resources these days that you can find on the internet, but yeah, that’s great advice.

So Crystal, you got a perfect nine in listening? – A nine in listening, yeah. – A 9 in listening, so people will probably want me to ask you, any tips for listening, because if you’re getting a nine you’re obviously doing something right so, anything that you can suggest to people for listening? – Well, in my usual time I used to switch to English channel so I haven’t listened to Cantonese news for a long time, since I started preparing for IELTS, so try to listen to everything and keep each channel English and one tip during the test is to write down what you listen but without changing any words.

So if you hear that is S at the end, remember to put an S, so just write down exactly what you hear in the test. – Actually I think British Council’s listening is more straightforward because, so this time when I had got a nine in the listening, I found that I need to fill in sometimes one or the maximum three words in fill in the blanks, which is quite easy compared to IDP, I’m sorry.

(laughs) But I’m comparing the two tests, because you know I’m quite experienced. (laughs) – Yeah, I don’t have any experience with IDP, I’ve only worked for the British Council, so — – Exactly. – You would know more about that than me, to be honest. – Okay, and so if you have more vocabulary in your mind, then it will be easier for you. Because I think some people are struggling with listening because they haven’t heard of the vocabulary before. – Mmmhmm. – So, expand your vocabulary. Keep listening to English, and just keep practicing, and remember to check your grammar at the end. – Mmmhmm, excellent. Good, good advice.

A lot of people think that they have a listening problem or a reading problem when I reality they have a vocabulary problem, and because a lot of the answers to the reading questions and the listening questions will be synonyms, or require you to know the meaning of the word so, vocabulary is a huge part of preparing for the reading test, listening test, speaking test, writing test, it’s all a lot about vocabulary, so if you were to give people some quick advice about how to improve their vocabulary, what would you suggest? – Well I think vocabulary cannot be improved suddenly, magically.

– So you pay attention to the words that you don’t know in your real life, and you check every word you don’t know, and if there is some interesting word or some new word, just jot it down. For writing, actually I almost write an essay every day. – Mmmhmm. – And often I compare with the model essay you gave to me and then I learned new vocabularies from your essay. – Mmmhmm. – And then I will categorize and write synonyms together, in Google Documents. – Mmmhmm. – And then one day when I have more synonyms to the same word and that I search it and I can refresh my memory. – Excellent, you should send me that Google document, that’d be interesting to see all of the different words and everything that you picked up, it would be really interesting to see.

(laughs) So Crystal, thank you very much for, for sharing that information, that’s great. Just, what happens now in your future now, what difference is IELTS gonna make to your future? – Well after I got the score I need I plan to start my registration in several countries to see which one works first and then I will work abroad. So in the meantime I will start my study in Canada next year. – I’ll study a nursing course that help me to get my nursing license. So basically I’m one step forward and I can relax for a few days. – Yeah. – Because I don’t need to focus on writing and listening anymore. – You never have to worry about this, any testing, this is great. And you gave me some excellent nursing advice about my son, which was really nice of you too, so. There we go. (laughs) Thank you very much, Crystal, thank you, that should be a great help to a lot of people, and if you need anything in the future just let me know. – Yeah, sure, hope I can help other people as well. Thank you for your hard work in helping other people.

– Thank you very much, Crystal. See you again, bye bye. .

As found on Youtube

MÌNH ĐẠT 9.0 IELTS READING NHƯ THẾ NÀO (P1)

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As found on Youtube

Use these 5 words to score high in IELTS speaking

Hi guys I’m Manjita and thank you for being my darling subscribers today we’re going to talk about something which is very very important I will teach you five power packed words of vocabulary which you can definitely use in your English speaking section of IELTS and you will score higher marks trust me it’s good to use simple sentences but use some great vocabulary, not a lot of them just space it really well and use just five or six good vocabulary or great words in English and then that’s the mantra of scoring good marks well the very first one which I want to share with you is called plethora plethora, means a lot of stuff, right.

Now this word plethora plethora so this word you can use for a lot of things you can say while if you’re talking about hobbies you can say I have plethora of hobbies a lot of hobbies but this is my favorite one or I went to a particular place it has plethora of food items plethora of cuisines plethora of malls plethora of shopping complexes so now you know whenever you want to use the word a lot or great options use plethora okay.

Well let’s talk about the second word and that is mesmerized mezmerizes mesmerized okay it means that you awe struck you’re charmed this you can use for any place which has caught your attention it was so beautiful so you will use the word mesmerized and in a verb mesmerized because it’s a past tense so you can say the lake or the place or the holiday destination or the picture the painting it was so beautiful that I was mesmerized okay so now you know how to use mesmerize so try using this word describing anything which is beautiful okay it could be a beautiful dream it could be a beautiful place it could be a beautiful concert it can be anything so use the word mesmerize alright the third one we’ll talk about is however yes however however however right this word is used when you have to describe two contradicting sentences okay for example you’re explaining your hobby so I used to play football however now I love cricket okay so the two different things you’re talking about so you connect them with however all right I was a very active child however now I just love to sit on my couch okay or I used to love singing however dancing is my new hobby so I’m talking about two different contradicting sentences I’m connecting them using however, okay the next one recapitulate recapitulate we will say it together…recapitulate recapitulate recapitulate recapitulate okay it means it’s another words for summarizing so usually in your third part of IELTS you’ll have a “state your opinion” kind of a form where the examiner will say….

So in your opinion this is good or that is good you feel this is better or that is better so at the end when you say to summarize instead of using the word summarize you can save well to recapitulate this in my opinion is good to use the word recapitulate for summary okay practice this recapitulate alright and the last one of course we all are caught in to this most of the times and that word is dilemma alright dilemma dilemma dilemma it means when you are in a situation where you have to make – I mean you are between two difficult choices and both are unpleasant so well you have to choose one and that point but you have to make…

When you have to difficult choices to consider you are in a dilemma I was in a dilemma you choose this or that, right, it was a difficult situation I was in a dilemma dilemma okay. So now you have got all the five words in-front of you. All you have to do is practice to pronounce it clearly and my tip is whenever you use these words in whatever sentences you’re forming in the sense… in whatever situation comes in try to use these words of course in the correct form and at the correct places but I’ve given you these generic words you can use them in whatever situation is coming in front of you, if it’s hobbies or its food its shopping centers whatever you can use plethora very nicely if it’s about describing a beauty or how enchanted you were you can use mezmerize right so you’ve got the whole gist of how to do it please practice to pronounce it practice it in front of the mirror and whenever you use these words or whichever of these 5 words which I’m saying pause as in by pause I mean take it slow okay the place was really beautiful and I was so mesmerized by the beauty of it so you note my speed that I paused or I slowed down I stressed when I said the word mesmerized okay and then went ahead so the listener understands…

Okay, you are using interesting vocabulary some difficult but relevant words and in the appropriate places and then you score marks. Bye, I’m sure these words will help you let me know that did you find them useful or not and have you started practicing and using them. All the best for your IELTS and your general English learning journey and you will rock because you are my rock star bye bye, take care. .

As found on Youtube

Study English – Series 2, Episode 17: Naturopathic Medicine

{“en”:”Hello. I’m Margot Politis. Welcome to Study English, IELTS preparation. Today on Study English, you’ll have the chance to practice your reading comprehension skills. These are important skills, not just for the IELTS reading test, but for general academic studies as well. Today, we’ll focus on the skills you need to answer the range of question types in the IELTS reading test. Let’s begin by taking a look at the text. So there’s our comprehension piece. It seems quite long. But let’s start at the beginning. Read the title. We know that the passage is about naturopathic medicine. Do you know anything about the subject? You know the word medicine, but maybe not naturopathic.

It’s OK if you don’t. You don’t need to understand every word. We can probably figure out the meaning by paying attention to the context the word is used in, or by looking closely at the parts of the word. We know that naturopathic is an adjective, because it qualifies medicine. Now, let’s break naturopathic down. The first part naturo- sounds like nature.

The ending is the suffix -ic. Do you know other words that end in -ic? How about photographic or historic? The suffix -ic means relating to or of. So we could guess that naturopathic means something like relating to nature. Then we can guess that the meaning of naturopathic medicine is something like medicine that heals in a natural way. Can you think of any words you know that might belong to this subject? How about: herbs plants health healing or disease Let’s look at the text again. After you’ve looked at the heading, look for some other clues as to what it is about.

Are there any illustrations or diagrams? What’s the layout like? All these things will help your understanding of the subject. What kind of text do you think this is? It doesn’t look like a newspaper article or an instruction manual. It’s not an advertisement or a timetable. It’s probably an article from a journal. We can tell by the style, the subject and the way it looks. Did you notice the asterisk near the end of the text? When an asterisk is used like this, extra information or explanation is given at the bottom of the page. What we’ve just done is to use the skills of previewing and predicting. We put together all the information we could about the text we are reading.

We looked for a title, a diagram or any other information set apart – like the asterisk at the end of the text. We also made some educated guesses about what is in the article, by predicting some common words we might expect to see. Previewing and predicting before you start reading can help you process information quickly, because you know what to expect. It can also help you to follow the author’s ideas better, because you’ve prepared yourself for the text before reading it. Let’s get back to the text. How is it organised? It’s divided into paragraphs. Here, we have 2 paragraphs: paragraph A and paragraph B. Usually, a reading passage would have an introductory paragraph, several body paragraphs and a conclusion. Each paragraph should have a topic sentence. The topic sentence will give the main idea or subject of a paragraph. The skill of skimming involves reading over a paragraph very quickly to get a general sense of what it is about.

When you skim a text, you just want to get a general idea of the content. You’re not trying to read every word. If you just read the first and last sentences, you can often get a good idea of the main subject of the paragraph. Let’s try with paragraph A. Naturopathic Medicine Since the earliest beginnings, every known culture has been treating disease with natural therapies. So what is the main subject of paragraph A? Well we read about: the early beginnings of cultures types of natural therapies and cultures and natural therapies Can you choose which one of these things tells us what the text is about most accurately? Number one talks about beginnings of cultures. The text is probably not about that. It’s a bit too broad to be the topic sentence. So you might think it’s number 2 – types of natural therapies. This choice is too narrow. The text is about more than just natural therapies.

It’s number 3 that covers the idea of the whole paragraph. It is about cultures and natural therapies. This is what the topic sentence is expressing. You will be tested on your understanding of main ideas, so it’s a good idea to practice matching headings to paragraphs. When you need to look for specific information, like a name, date or place, you can scan a text. When you scan, your eyes move across the page very quickly looking for specific information. You can then skip over less important words. Let’s try to scan over the text to find answers to some short answer questions. Here’s our question: The early books of which countries mention natural healing methods? We’re going to scan the text, looking for the key words. The first known medical books of China, India and Greece all mention formulas used in healing. So we can answer by writing: China, India and Greece Let’s try another short answer question. Who was the father of Western Medicine? Here are the key words. Let’s scan the text. Hippocrates is the father of Western Medicine.

You can also use these skills when you need to answer multiple-choice questions, label a diagram or complete a table. Let’s take a quick look back over the skills we’ve used today: We looked at using previewing skills to predict what the text was going to be about. We talked about looking at the title, diagrams and style of the layout for clues to what the text might be about. We practised predicting the topic and guessing vocabulary that might be in the text. Next, we practiced skimming to find the topic sentence of the paragraph. Finally, we talked about scanning for keywords. And that’s all for today, but you can try out these skills and more on the Study English website. I’ll see you next time. Bye bye.. “}

As found on Youtube

Neuro Linguistic Programming in Brighton

Learn English Tenses: 4 ways to talk about the FUTURE

{“en”:”Hello. My name is Emma, and in today’s lesson, I’m going to teach you the four futures. Okay? A lot of you know two futures, I think. A lot of you probably know “will” and “going to”. I’m going to teach you two more futures today, and teach you how they’re different from one another. Okay? So let’s get started with the present continuous future. So the present continuous is when you have “be” verb, so “I am”, “you are”, “he is”, “she is”, “they are”, I don’t know if I said “we are”, “we are” plus the verb and “ing”. Okay? So we have “am”, the verb, “ing”. This is known as the present continuous. It’s usually one of the first things you will learn when you’re learning English.

So a lot of you know the present continuous, and you think: “Oh, present continuous, it’s taking place now.” You’re right, but we can also use it to talk about the future. We use the present continuous to talk about future that is going to happen very, very soon. So, for example, if you ask me: “Emma, what are you doing this weekend?” Well: “I’m hanging out with my friend, Josh, this weekend.” Okay? Or I might say: “I’m shopping this weekend.”, “I’m studying this weekend.” If you ask me: “What are you doing tonight?” Well, you know, I want to be a good student, so: -“I’m studying tonight. I’m studying tonight.” -“What are you doing next week?” -“Well, next week… I’m working next week.” Okay? So present continuous is very, very common for when we’re talking about the future that’s going to happen soon. Not future that’s going to happen 2,000 years from now or 50 years from now – no, no, that’s far future.

We’re talking about the future that’s going to happen in the next couple of days. Okay? So very, very soon future. We can also use the simple present to talk about the future. So, the simple present is when you take a verb and, you know, it’s in the basic form, usually you add an “s”. If it’s third-person singular, for example: “I leave”, “you leave”, “he leaves”, “she leaves”, “they leave”, “we leave”. So this is all simple present. In your classes, you probably learned we use the simple present when we talk about routine. We can also use the simple present when we’re talking about routines in the future. Okay? So, for example… And by this I mean timetables. We use this when we’re talking about a schedule event; something that is scheduled to happen in the future. So, this usually has to do with when we’re talking about transportation; trains, airplanes, we can use this tense. We can use it when we’re talking about TV shows. We can use it when we’re talking about restaurants opening and closing, or stores, when they open and close.

So we use this when we’re thinking about a schedule or a timetable. So here are some examples: “The last train leaves at 6pm today.” So 6pm hasn’t happened yet. It’s in the future, but because this is a schedule event, it’s a timetable event, it’s a schedule, we can use the simple present. Here’s another example: “The restaurant opens at 5pm today.” So this hasn’t happened yet. Right now, it is 2pm. This is going to happen in the future.

But still, I use the simple present because this is a schedule. Okay? Every day the restaurant opens at 5pm. Here’s a third example, I like watching TV, imagine I like The Big Bang Theory: “My TV show, The Big Bang Theory, starts at 4pm.” So again, it’s a routine, it’s a schedule that takes place in the future, but it’s still a schedule so we can use the simple present here. All right, so these two, even though they’re present tenses, they can be used for the future. Now let’s look at the two verbs we commonly use for the future or we commonly think of as future verbs. “Be going to” + a verb and “will”. So, “be going to” + verb: “I’m going to study.”, “I’m going to sleep.”, “You are going to watch a video.” Okay? These are examples of the “be going to” + verb future. So we use this when we’re talking about the near future. Similar to this… So it’s not a future that’s very, very far away; it’s soon, but it’s a future where we think something is going to happen, and we have evidence that something is going to happen. So, for example: “I’m going to study English next month in Canada.” This means you probably have your ticket already bought, you’re pretty sure about this.

There’s not a lot of confusion. This is almost going to happen almost certainly. So you’re pretty sure about this. “I’m going to study English next month.” Another example, imagine I watch the weather station. Okay? And the meteorologist has predicted the weather, but it’s a very good prediction because we see these clouds in the sky, there’s a lot of evidence it’s going to rain. Because there’s evidence, we could use this tense and we could say: “It’s going to rain all week.” So this is based… It’s in the near future, but it’s based on some sort of evidence. This is likely to happen, and we’re pretty sure it’s going to happen.

We have some evidence that makes us think it’s going to happen. So this is a bit different from “will”, which is one of the maybe easier futures to think about. We use “will” + a verb. For example: “I will always love you.”, “I will study hard.”, “I will do my taxes on time.” Okay? So we use “will” + a verb when we’re talking, first of all, in the far future. So this is all soon. This is very soon; whereas this, is very far. So for example: “In 50 years, everyone will speak Chinese.” We use this also when we’re not so sure about something.

This is my prediction, but I don’t have much evidence of this. I’m not very, very sure, so I will use “will” because I’m not sure; whereas if I’m very sure, there’s a lot of evidence, I know it’s going to happen, I do “be going to”. So this one, there’s not a lot of evidence, and it’s a prediction we don’t have evidence for. Another example: “Aliens will invade Earth.” Okay? In 25 years, aliens are coming, they will invade the Earth. I don’t mean to scare you. Luckily, I’m using “will”, which means I’m not really sure. If I said to you: “This week, aliens are invading the Earth”, you’d be very scared. If I said: “Aliens are going to invade the Earth. I know this. I have secret government documents.” I’d be using this, and you’d be scared, too. But with “will”, it’s “will” so you don’t have to be scared.

It might not happen. We also use “will” when we’re making promises. Okay? So if somebody ever gets down on their knee, and says: -“Emma, will you marry me?” -“I will marry you.” It means I’m promising to marry you. Okay? Or maybe I don’t really like the person, I might say: “I won’t marry you.” “Won’t” is the negative form of “will”. So I promise not to marry you. I don’t know in your culture, but in Canadian culture and many Western cultures, for New Years, we always make these resolutions. We think: “Oh…” When it’s New Years, when it’s January 1st, we make some sort of promise to our self that we’re never going to do something again, or we’re going to start doing something. We normally use “will” for these. So, for example, maybe you have had too many beers, and you’re thinking: “I don’t want to ever drink again”, you might make a promise to yourself: “I won’t drink again. I will never drink again.” Okay? Or maybe you want to stop smoking: “I will never smoke again.

I will never do this again.” Okay? Maybe your parents are angry at you because, you know, you did really bad on a test: “I promise I will work harder, I will study harder.” So these are promises. We use “will” for promise. Finally, we also use “will” for volunteering. Okay? When we want to volunteer for something, we want to offer our help. We want to help someone, we can use “will”. So, for example: -“Emma, can you clean the dishes?” -“I’ll do it.” -“Emma, can you vacuum the floor?” -“Sure. I’ll vacuum.”, “I’ll get the telephone.”, “I’ll help you with your homework.”, “I’ll help you learn English.” I’m volunteering, and so I use “I will”.

Okay? So just to recap, just to quickly go over everything: there are four futures I’m teaching you today. Present continuous can be used as the future if it’s very soon. Simple present can be used for the future if it’s a routine or schedule, something that’s like… If you look at a schedule in the future, we can use the simple present. We can use “be going to” if we’re talking about the near future and some kind of plan that… Or prediction we have evidence for. We are pretty certain it’s going to happen. And then we can use “will” and a verb for the far future for a promise or when we want to volunteer for something. Okay? So, there you have it, four futures. I invite you to come visit our website at www.engvid.com. There, you can actually practice these on our quiz. I hope you will do it soon. I hope, actually… I hope you’re doing it today or tomorrow. Okay? So until next time, take care.

I wish you the best of luck. And good day, sir.. “}

As found on Youtube

Neuro Linguistic Programming in Brighton

Study English – Series 3, Episode 2: Writing Task Response

{“en”:”Hello, and welcome to Study English, IELTS preparation. I’m Margot Politis. Today we’ll look at the Writing Task in the essay section of both the general and academic IELTS tests. IELTS essay topics are of general interest and relate to current issues in society. You can expect to be asked about: The media, education, environment, health, communication, technology and society. Being familiar with issues in these general areas is important. Listening to English language media will help you develop a bank of ideas on topics like this. An issue in health could be about children eating too much and not exercising enough. You could be asked to discuss a statement such as: Children’s eating habits and lifestyles today are more likely to be harmful than beneficial. You should know the essay instructions. These tell you how much time you have and how much you need to write. You are instructed to spend about 40 minutes writing the essay, which has to be at least 250 words.

With practice you’ll know without counting what your 250 words look like. You will also be asked to give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your knowledge or experience. This is one of the instructions, so you need to follow it. Reasons are saying why you think something is true or not. You could write: An increasing number of children are becoming obese because they are eating too much junk food. Reasons are supported by examples, like this: For example, aggressive marketing of such foods towards children is one of the contributing factors. Relevant examples are examples like this that are clearly connected to the question. Now let’s look at an essay question, and how to analyse it before you write your answer. How well you do this will help with your task response, which is one of the criteria used to assess the essay. Let’s look at a question topic. Here’s a typical statement: The ageing populations of more developed countries are going to cause social and economic problems for society in the future, especially for the younger generation.

With this is something called the question task: To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement? The essay question is always presented in this way as a statement followed by the question task. First, let’s look at the statement. Read it carefully. The ageing populations of more developed countries are going to cause social and economic problems for society in the future, especially for the younger generation. You should ask yourself ‘who or what must I write about?’ Here, you have to say something about ageing populations, developed countries, society in the future and the younger generation. Highlight these and any other key phrases, such as ’cause social and economic problems’. Think about what these phrases mean. Thinking of synonyms or words that mean something similar can help you do this. And you will need these synonyms later in your essay. Synonyms for ageing populations are: the elderly, retired people, the aged and pensioners.

They’re the people living longer or ageing. Developed countries – refers to modern industrial societies that have to financially support retired people. Synonyms are: western countries, first world countries and advanced economies. Social and economic problems are two kinds of problems. Social problems are problems that affect people, perhaps in areas such as health and education. Economic problems are problems to do with the economy of a country and its ability to pay for the services it provides. Society in the future means the country or nation or state in the future. And the younger generation are younger people or people who work. They’re the people who are not yet part of the ageing population. So you can rephrase or paraphrase the question like this: The younger generation will experience social and economic difficulties because people are living longer. The next thing to look at is the question task: To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement? ‘To what extent’ means by how much. Here you’re being asked to give your opinion about the statement. You might agree with it or you might think it is wrong.

It’s a good idea to reword this type of question into a ‘yes/no’ question like this: Do you agree that the younger generation will experience social and economic difficulties because people are living longer? Yes or no? You could think, yes, I agree completely or perhaps yes, I agree with some of this, but disagree with other parts of it. But keep in mind that asking how much you agree or disagree tests your ability to look at 2 sides of an issue and present a balanced argument. Even if you say yes and agree completely, you still have to look at the other side of the argument and think about why someone would disagree. You would need to write two body paragraphs in an essay of this type, one saying what you agree with and one saying what you disagree with. In the conclusion of your essay you would state your position on the topic.

Let’s look at another question. Internet access should be under government control to avoid any potential harm to children. Who or what must you write about? The internet, government and children. Now highlight other key phrases – under government control, avoid any potential harm. Let’s think of synonyms. We know what the internet is, but what other words can we use? – the net, the web, online, cyberspace.

Under government control means controlled by the government. Other words for government are the state or the administration. Potential harm means bad things that might happen. Synonyms for potential are possible or likely. And other words for harm are: damage and hurt. So we could paraphrase this statement as: The state should control access to the web to avoid possible damage to children. The same question task we looked at earlier can be used: To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement? You are being asked for your opinion. What you need to do here is say what you think.

The state should control access to the web to avoid possible damage to children. Yes or no? Now you should think about reasons for your point of view and why you don’t agree with the opposite view. So, to recap. The way you respond to the question and the instructions is part of what you are being marked on. The examiners call it task response. Make sure you follow the instructions and write the correct number of words.

That’s all for now. Don’t forget to visit our website at: australianetwork.com/studyenglish for more. I’ll see you next time on Study English.. “}

As found on Youtube

Hypnotherapy in Brighton

Learn English: The 2 ways to pronounce ‘THE’

{“en”:”Hello. I’m Gill from engVid, and today’s lesson is about the little word “the”, and how to say it, how to pronounce it. You might think: “What? I know how to pronounce that word”, but there are two different ways of pronouncing it, and this lesson is designed to show you how to work out which way to say it. Okay. So, the simple rule is: Before a consonant you say “thuh”, but before a vowel sound you say “thee”. So it’s either “thuh” or “thee”.

So, let me just go through some examples to show you how that works. So, before a consonant sound: “thuh”. “The banana”, “the dog”, but then we get our first exception, which is confusing because this word begins with an E which is a vowel letter, but the way it’s pronounced, it has a “ya” at the beginning: “Ya. European. European”, so we say: “Thuh European”, okay? So that’s a slight confusion to be aware of. Continuing on: “The flowers”, “the house”, “the man”, “the people”.

Another exception again because this word begins with a U, which is a vowel letter, but the actual sound when you say this sound is a “ya”, “university”, “university”. It’s not: “university”, it’s “university”. So: “thUH university”, okay? And finally: “The woman, the woman”. So that’s “the” before a consonant sound. So, let’s have a look at the other column. Before the vowel sound we say “thee”, so: “The apple”, “the elephant”, “the ice cream”, “the orange”, “the umbrella”. You can see here “umbrella” also begins with a U, just like “university”, but it’s not pronounced: “yumbrella”, it’s pronounced: “umbrella”, so: “thee umbrella, the umbrella”. Okay. And finally, here’s another funny one, it begins with an H, so you might think: “Well, that’s a consonant”, but it is actually a vowel sound because we don’t pronounce the H in this word.

You may know the word “heir”, which we had in another lesson about using “a” and “an”. The heir is usually, well, male, and the heiress, female; but often the word “heir” is used for female as well nowadays for reasons of equality. So, but: “the heiress”, “e”, so it’s an “e”, “heiress”, so that’s a vowel sound, so: “the heiress”. Okay? So that’s another one to remember, along with the “ya” sound here. So, it’s purely the way you say it which decides whether it’s “thuh” or “thee”. Okay? So now we’ll move on to a second screen, and we’ll do some sentences for you to work out how to pronounce each time the word “the” or “the” appears, so… Okay, so what I should have said at the end of the last section was the word “heir” and “heiress”, I didn’t explain what they meant. So, if you hadn’t seen the other lesson you wouldn’t… You might not know that, so “an heir” or “an heiress” is someone who inherits something, often money or property, something like that. So, okay. Right, so here is the test for you of how to pronounce the word “t-h-e”: “thuh” or “thee”, and as you can see, we have some sentences here.

And every time the word appears I’ve underlined it in red just to help you to see it. So, first sentence: “The ferry crossed the Irish Sea.” So, how would you pronounce the word there? Okay. So: “thuh” goes before a consonant sound, so “f” is a consonant, so: “Thuh fairy. The fairy crossed”, and what about this one? “I” is a vowel sound, so it’s “thee Irish Sea, the Irish Sea”. So: “The fairy crossed the Irish Sea.” Okay? Next one: “The right way is the only way.” Okay, so how would you pronounce those two? So, “r” is a consonant, so: “Thuh right way. The right way is”, “only”, that begins with an “o”, which is a vowel, “only”.

So: “thee only way. The right way is the only way.” Okay? Next one, we have three examples in this sentence, so: “The answer is at the back of the book.” So, what would you do there? “The answer, the back, the book”, so “answer” begins with “a”, which is a vowel, so it’s: “Thee answer. The answer is at”. “Back” and “book” begin with “b”, which is a consonant, so: “Thuh back of thuh book.” Okay. Next one: “The fire hasn’t reached the upper floor”. “Upper” means at the top of the building, up at the top. Okay, so: “fire” begins with an “f”, so that’s a consonant, so: “thuh fire. The fire hasn’t reached”, “upper” begins with “u” which is a vowel sound, so it’s: “thee upper floor. The fire hasn’t reached the upper floor.” Okay. Right. Next one: “The girl felt at home in the empty house.” So if you feel at home, you feel comfortable, you like your surroundings.

Okay. So: “girl” begins with “g” which is a consonant, so: “thuh girl. The girl felt at home in”, “empty” begins with “e” which is a vowel, so: “thee empty house. The girl felt at home in the empty house.” Okay. Next one: “I will join the union in the morning.” So, “union” is a… To do with your profession, for your employment rights and so on, and you pay a subscription to join. So: “I will join”, “union” begins with a “u” which is a vowel sound, so…

Ah, no, hang on. This is one of those exceptions. “Yunion”, so… I nearly caught myself out there. It’s a “ya” sound, so: “thuh union”. It’s not “thee” onion, because “onion” is a different word altogether, with an “o”, an onion is a vegetable, so this is the union. Okay, so: “I will join thuh union in”, “m” consonant, “thuh morning, the morning”. Okay. So that’s a funny little exception, there. Next one, say you’re in a big department store with lots of floors and they have escalators going up and down, and you can’t decide which department to go to first, so you’re with a friend, you might say: “Shall we take the up escalator or the down escalator?” Okay, so which one would you use? “Thuh” or “thee”? So, before “up”, “up”, letter “u” is a vowel sound, “up”, so it’s: “thee up, the up”.

“Shall we take the up escalator or”, then before “down”, “d” is a consonant, so: “thuh, the down escalator”. Okay? And then finally, here’s another one, a little exception because there’s an “h” here, which is not pronounced. So the word “honour”, “honourable”, it sounds like an “o”, we don’t pronounce the “h”, so: “It’s the honourable thing to do.” Which? Which would you use there? Okay, so: “It’s thee honourable”, this one. “…the honourable thing to do”. Okay, so I’m sure you got those all right, and we also have a quiz for you to test that a little bit further on the website, www.engvid.com, so do go to that and try that, see how many points you can get. And see you again soon. Okay. Bye for now.. “}

As found on Youtube

Hypnotherapy in Brighton

Study English – Series 2, Episode 6: Lasers

{“en”:”Hello. I’m Margot Politis. Welcome to Study English, IELTS preparation. Today we’re going to learn about lasers – what are they, and how they work. We’ll also practice structuring a description of how something works, and we’ll work on our vocabulary for describing colours. Let’s begin by listening to Imogen Jubb talk about the history and the science of lasers. Lasers are used in all sorts of settings like welding, cutting, surgery, communications, reading bar codes at the supermarket or reading the information stored on a CD or DVD. There are many types of lasers but they all have 3 main parts to them. They all have an energy source, such as a lamp, some sort of feedback mechanism, like this pair of mirrors, and also some medium, like the ruby crystal, which can amplify the light. Now the first laser was built in the 1960s. It was made from a ruby crystal, some lamps and 2 mirrors, one on either side of the crystal.

I’ve got a sort of model of it here. The lamp shines white light onto the crystal, which is represented by this tube. Pumping energy into the crystal actually gives off light at a particular frequency to produce a particular colour. Some of this light bounces backwards and forwards between the two mirrors, and passes through the crystal each time. Each time the light goes through the crystal, it gets amplified, stimulating the same energy release in other parts of the crystal. So after many times in between the two mirrors, and many reflections passing through the crystal, you end up with a very strong, narrow beam of light that is just one colour.

One of the mirrors is only partially reflective, so some light passes out as the laser beam. Before Imogen explains the laser to us, she starts with an ‘introduction’, or ‘orientation’. That way, we know what to focus on. If you’re describing a device or a tool, it’s a good idea to introduce it by naming it and describing what it’s used for. This is useful in spoken English, and it’s also a good way to begin if you are writing in formal English. Listen to how Imogen introduces the laser. Lasers are used in all sorts of settings like welding, cutting, surgery, communications, reading bar codes at the supermarket or reading the information stored on a CD or DVD. She talks about the function of the laser and lists a few of the things we use lasers for today. In formal writing, if you were to introduce a discussion of lasers, you could structure your opening paragraph in a few ways.

One idea would be to start like this: A laser is a device designed to intensify a beam of light. Or, you might choose to write: The diagram is of a laser designed to scan barcodes. But Imogen chooses to begin by telling us what lasers are used for. She begins: Lasers are used in all sorts of settings. In your introduction, you could give some background about the device. Once the device has been introduced, you can talk about it in more detail. Let’s listen to Imogen describe the parts of the laser. How many parts are there and what are they? There are many types of lasers but they all have 3 main parts to them.

They all have an energy source, such as a lamp, some sort of feedback mechanism, like this pair of mirrors, and also some medium, like the ruby crystal, which can amplify the light. She talks about three main parts. All lasers have: an energy source, a feedback mechanism, and a medium to amplify light. In formal writing, we could structure this information in a number of ways. We might say that: A laser consists of a number of parts. Or: All lasers are comprised of three parts. Both of these sentences are structured to include a subject, a verb, and an object. You would then follow with a list or another sentence detailing exactly what the three parts are, in order: These are the energy source, the feedback mechanism and, finally, a medium to amplify the light. Imogen then explains how each part of the device functions.

Let’s listen as she describes each part. The lamp shines white light onto the crystal, which is represented by this tube. Pumping energy into the crystal actually gives off light at a particular frequency to produce a particular colour. Some of this light bounces backwards and forwards between the two mirrors, and passes through the crystal each time. Each time the light goes through the crystal, it gets amplified, stimulating the same energy release in other parts of the crystal. So you can see how Imogen has built up a clear image of the device. In formal written English, you might finish off by explaining the ‘purpose’ of the device. You could say: The purpose of the laser is to generate an intense beam of light. Let’s hear how Imogen finishes her description. So after many times in between the two mirrors, and many reflections passing through the crystal, you end up with a very strong, narrow beam of light that is just one colour. She finishes by talking about what the purpose of the laser is, what it produces. She says: You end up with a very strong, narrow beam of light.

So let’s review how Imogen has structured her explanation. First, there was an ‘introduction’ to the object. Imogen told us that we were talking about the laser and then gave us some background. She then moved into the ‘body of the description’. She told us that it is made up of three parts, and listed those parts. In your writing, you might write three separate ‘body paragraphs’ – one for each of the parts. Then, you’d finish off with a ‘statement of purpose’ – what the object’s overall purpose is. Now let’s finish by listening to Imogen one more time, and then we’re going to talk about colours. The lamp shines white light onto the crystal, which is represented by this tube. Pumping energy into the crystal actually gives off light at a particular frequency to produce a particular colour. When energy passes through the crystal, it gives off a particular colour of light. Light contains all the colours of the ‘spectrum’, or the ‘rainbow’. These are: red orange yellow green blue indigo violet We talk about shades of colour in different ways – most commonly by using light and dark.

For example: light blue dark blue Or sometimes we refer to nature, for example: sky blue forest green fiery red We also use precious stones to describe colour. For example: sapphire blue emerald green ruby red And that brings us to the end of Study English today. But for more information on structuring descriptions go to our website. You will find notes, exercises and quizzes to help you. Just go to abcasiapacific.com/studyenglish. And I’ll se you next time for more IETLS preparation. Bye bye.. “}

As found on Youtube

Hypnotherapy for anxiety