IELTS Writing: Numbers and Pie Charts

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As found on Youtube

Learn English Tenses: 4 ways to talk about the FUTURE

{“en”:”Hello. My name is Emma, and in today’s lesson, I’m going to teach you the four futures. Okay? A lot of you know two futures, I think. A lot of you probably know “will” and “going to”. I’m going to teach you two more futures today, and teach you how they’re different from one another. Okay? So let’s get started with the present continuous future. So the present continuous is when you have “be” verb, so “I am”, “you are”, “he is”, “she is”, “they are”, I don’t know if I said “we are”, “we are” plus the verb and “ing”. Okay? So we have “am”, the verb, “ing”. This is known as the present continuous. It’s usually one of the first things you will learn when you’re learning English.

So a lot of you know the present continuous, and you think: “Oh, present continuous, it’s taking place now.” You’re right, but we can also use it to talk about the future. We use the present continuous to talk about future that is going to happen very, very soon. So, for example, if you ask me: “Emma, what are you doing this weekend?” Well: “I’m hanging out with my friend, Josh, this weekend.” Okay? Or I might say: “I’m shopping this weekend.”, “I’m studying this weekend.” If you ask me: “What are you doing tonight?” Well, you know, I want to be a good student, so: -“I’m studying tonight. I’m studying tonight.” -“What are you doing next week?” -“Well, next week… I’m working next week.” Okay? So present continuous is very, very common for when we’re talking about the future that’s going to happen soon. Not future that’s going to happen 2,000 years from now or 50 years from now – no, no, that’s far future.

We’re talking about the future that’s going to happen in the next couple of days. Okay? So very, very soon future. We can also use the simple present to talk about the future. So, the simple present is when you take a verb and, you know, it’s in the basic form, usually you add an “s”. If it’s third-person singular, for example: “I leave”, “you leave”, “he leaves”, “she leaves”, “they leave”, “we leave”. So this is all simple present. In your classes, you probably learned we use the simple present when we talk about routine. We can also use the simple present when we’re talking about routines in the future. Okay? So, for example… And by this I mean timetables. We use this when we’re talking about a schedule event; something that is scheduled to happen in the future. So, this usually has to do with when we’re talking about transportation; trains, airplanes, we can use this tense. We can use it when we’re talking about TV shows. We can use it when we’re talking about restaurants opening and closing, or stores, when they open and close.

So we use this when we’re thinking about a schedule or a timetable. So here are some examples: “The last train leaves at 6pm today.” So 6pm hasn’t happened yet. It’s in the future, but because this is a schedule event, it’s a timetable event, it’s a schedule, we can use the simple present. Here’s another example: “The restaurant opens at 5pm today.” So this hasn’t happened yet. Right now, it is 2pm. This is going to happen in the future.

But still, I use the simple present because this is a schedule. Okay? Every day the restaurant opens at 5pm. Here’s a third example, I like watching TV, imagine I like The Big Bang Theory: “My TV show, The Big Bang Theory, starts at 4pm.” So again, it’s a routine, it’s a schedule that takes place in the future, but it’s still a schedule so we can use the simple present here. All right, so these two, even though they’re present tenses, they can be used for the future. Now let’s look at the two verbs we commonly use for the future or we commonly think of as future verbs. “Be going to” + a verb and “will”. So, “be going to” + verb: “I’m going to study.”, “I’m going to sleep.”, “You are going to watch a video.” Okay? These are examples of the “be going to” + verb future. So we use this when we’re talking about the near future. Similar to this… So it’s not a future that’s very, very far away; it’s soon, but it’s a future where we think something is going to happen, and we have evidence that something is going to happen. So, for example: “I’m going to study English next month in Canada.” This means you probably have your ticket already bought, you’re pretty sure about this.

There’s not a lot of confusion. This is almost going to happen almost certainly. So you’re pretty sure about this. “I’m going to study English next month.” Another example, imagine I watch the weather station. Okay? And the meteorologist has predicted the weather, but it’s a very good prediction because we see these clouds in the sky, there’s a lot of evidence it’s going to rain. Because there’s evidence, we could use this tense and we could say: “It’s going to rain all week.” So this is based… It’s in the near future, but it’s based on some sort of evidence. This is likely to happen, and we’re pretty sure it’s going to happen.

We have some evidence that makes us think it’s going to happen. So this is a bit different from “will”, which is one of the maybe easier futures to think about. We use “will” + a verb. For example: “I will always love you.”, “I will study hard.”, “I will do my taxes on time.” Okay? So we use “will” + a verb when we’re talking, first of all, in the far future. So this is all soon. This is very soon; whereas this, is very far. So for example: “In 50 years, everyone will speak Chinese.” We use this also when we’re not so sure about something.

This is my prediction, but I don’t have much evidence of this. I’m not very, very sure, so I will use “will” because I’m not sure; whereas if I’m very sure, there’s a lot of evidence, I know it’s going to happen, I do “be going to”. So this one, there’s not a lot of evidence, and it’s a prediction we don’t have evidence for. Another example: “Aliens will invade Earth.” Okay? In 25 years, aliens are coming, they will invade the Earth. I don’t mean to scare you. Luckily, I’m using “will”, which means I’m not really sure. If I said to you: “This week, aliens are invading the Earth”, you’d be very scared. If I said: “Aliens are going to invade the Earth. I know this. I have secret government documents.” I’d be using this, and you’d be scared, too. But with “will”, it’s “will” so you don’t have to be scared.

It might not happen. We also use “will” when we’re making promises. Okay? So if somebody ever gets down on their knee, and says: -“Emma, will you marry me?” -“I will marry you.” It means I’m promising to marry you. Okay? Or maybe I don’t really like the person, I might say: “I won’t marry you.” “Won’t” is the negative form of “will”. So I promise not to marry you. I don’t know in your culture, but in Canadian culture and many Western cultures, for New Years, we always make these resolutions. We think: “Oh…” When it’s New Years, when it’s January 1st, we make some sort of promise to our self that we’re never going to do something again, or we’re going to start doing something. We normally use “will” for these. So, for example, maybe you have had too many beers, and you’re thinking: “I don’t want to ever drink again”, you might make a promise to yourself: “I won’t drink again. I will never drink again.” Okay? Or maybe you want to stop smoking: “I will never smoke again.

I will never do this again.” Okay? Maybe your parents are angry at you because, you know, you did really bad on a test: “I promise I will work harder, I will study harder.” So these are promises. We use “will” for promise. Finally, we also use “will” for volunteering. Okay? When we want to volunteer for something, we want to offer our help. We want to help someone, we can use “will”. So, for example: -“Emma, can you clean the dishes?” -“I’ll do it.” -“Emma, can you vacuum the floor?” -“Sure. I’ll vacuum.”, “I’ll get the telephone.”, “I’ll help you with your homework.”, “I’ll help you learn English.” I’m volunteering, and so I use “I will”.

Okay? So just to recap, just to quickly go over everything: there are four futures I’m teaching you today. Present continuous can be used as the future if it’s very soon. Simple present can be used for the future if it’s a routine or schedule, something that’s like… If you look at a schedule in the future, we can use the simple present. We can use “be going to” if we’re talking about the near future and some kind of plan that… Or prediction we have evidence for. We are pretty certain it’s going to happen. And then we can use “will” and a verb for the far future for a promise or when we want to volunteer for something. Okay? So, there you have it, four futures. I invite you to come visit our website at www.engvid.com. There, you can actually practice these on our quiz. I hope you will do it soon. I hope, actually… I hope you’re doing it today or tomorrow. Okay? So until next time, take care.

I wish you the best of luck. And good day, sir.. “}

As found on Youtube

Neuro Linguistic Programming in Brighton

8 Tips for British English Pronunciation

{“en”:”Hi, everyone. I’m Jade. What we’re talking about today is some pronunciation tips for British English. Some of them are tips; some of them are observations that you might be interested to know. We’ve got eight of them, so let’s get started. Pronunciation of-ed word endings. This is not specifically a British English issue. If your preference — I don’t know why I can’t speak suddenly in an English pronunciation video, but that’s how it is. If your preference is American English, this also applies to American English. So what I hear a lot at, sort of, around intermediate level — sometimes upper intermediate level if you haven’t had someone to correct you — -ed word endings sound like this.

I can’t even do it because it’s so unnatural for me. “Excite-ed shout-ed, remind-ed.” It’s so unnatural for me. But in fact, it’s not like that. It doesn’t sound like an -ed. It might sound like an /id/; it might sound like a /t/; or it might sound like a /d/. So I’ve got some examples here. This word, even though it’s spelled -ed, makes an /id/ sound. It becomes “excited”. “I’m really excited.” “Shouted.” “He shouted at me.” “Reminded.” “I reminded you to do your homework; didn’t I?” And — yeah.

So now, we can talk about the ones that finish with a t sound. “Finished. Dripped. Laughed.” They don’t have the-ed sound. So that’s an important thing to know about pronunciation. Even if it’s spelled-ed, it doesn’t mean it sounds like that. And what about the ones that end with a d sound, a “duh” sound. “Remembered.” “I remembered what you said to me.” “Called.” “I called you. Didn’t you hear your phone?” “Imagined.” “I imagined a better future for everyone.” So with those, it’s a D sound. How do you know for each one? Go with what feels most natural when you’re saying the word.

The main thing is don’t force the -ed sound at the end of the word because it’s that that gives you an unnatural rhythm when you’re speaking English. So moving on to — this one’s an observation, really. British English pronunciation. We have so many different accents in England. But one of the biggest divisions in our accents is — it’s between the north of the country and the south, and it’s our pronunciation of these words: “bath” and “laugh”, as I say them. I say them in the southern pronunciation. But if I were from the north — if I were from the north of the country, I’d say “bath” and “laugh” because they have a different accent up there. Well, they’ve got loads of different accents, but they don’t speak in the same way as me. So let’s break it down into the actual sound. So if you’re from the North, you say, “a”. But we, in the South, say “au”. So you say “bath”, we say “bauth”. And you say “laf”; we say “laugh”. And you can also hear it in these two words. It doesn’t have to be the first or only a vowel in the word.

In the southern pronunciation, this is “commaund”. But in the northern pronunciation, it’s “command”. And the southern pronunciation of this word is “caust”. The northern pronunciation is “cast”. The cast of Brookside came to London.” “Brookside” was an old soap that’s not on TV anymore, and it was people from Liverpool. And I was just doing the accent. Probably that’s really irrelevant to you.

You will never see that show, but anyway. You know, now. Next tip. I don’t hear this that often, but when I do, it sounds really, really, really wrong. And I think this tip generally — generally a good example of how — just because we write something one way doesn’t mean we say it that way. So in English — American English, too — W sounding words are the same as the “wh” sound in words for spelling. It actually sounds the same. So we’ve got two words here, “wine” and “whine”.

One is spelled with WH, and one is just spelled with I. “Whine” is a kind of moan or a kind of cry. Sometimes, young children whine. Sometimes, women who are upset about something are said to be “whiny”. So we don’t really say that men whine. That’s probably a bit sexist. But, yeah. The point is they sound the same but are spelled differently. So I’ve sometimes heard people try to make the “wh” sound like “hwhine” or something like that or in these words, “which” and “witch” are the same. Some people might say “hwhich”. And that used to be a feature of British English. If you listen to some speakers of British English from a long time ago, like around the 1920s — T.

S. Eliot, although he wasn’t British, he did acquire a really strange British accent. And when he spoke English, he would make the “hwhich” sound. And that was a standard feature of the accent then. But if you say it now, it just sounds a bit weird. So don’t be making the “hwh” sound. And here, two commonly spoken words with that “hwh” sound that you shouldn’t say — so you should say “what” without “hwhat, hwhat, hwhat do you want?” That would be awful.

And “hwhere” — don’t say that. Just say it without the H sound. Let’s take a look at the pronunciation of -ing word endings. So in just relaxed, informal speech, I feel that a lot of dialects don’t pronounce the G. So it would be like this. “I was listening to some music.” You don’t hear the G there. But if we’re making an effort to speak properly and with very good enunciation, you would hear the G slightly. It would sound like this, “I was listening to a wonderful lecture yesterday.” And you hear my G. It’s very soft, but it’s there. Something to say about British English pronunciation is — again, this is a north-south difference — is that they, up there, some of the accents ring the G, so it’s, like, “listening, speaking.

I was speaking to him.” And if that’s a feature of your accent, that’s a feature of your accent. But in standard English, you don’t ring it. You don’t make an extra “guh” or “juh” sound at the end. So the standard way to make the G sound, “reading.” But I’m just letting you know that in relaxed and informal speech, many times, we don’t hear the G. So when we come back we’ll look at the other four rules or tips — tips, really. Tips and observations about pronunciation. Tip No. 5, when we’re saying a word with two or more syllables, very often, the second syllable is not stressed, and it’s what we call a “schwa”. So even though all these words have a different spelling for the second syllable, they become a schwa.

So what some people do is they’ll say the word. And a good example is this word. They will say “En-gland”. But actually, it sounds like this “England”. So the vowel changes to a schwa, and then, it’s — another way to look at it is it becomes a softer sound. So let’s say some of the words. “London”, not “Lon-don”. “London, England, together”, not “togeth-er”. “Together”. “Button”, not “butt-on”. “Button”. “Cousin”. So that’s the schwa, and supposedly the most common sound in the English language, and it’s a pretty confusing sound as well because it’s always spelled in different ways, and it doesn’t actually sound exactly the same when it moves around into different words. So not an easy one to get familiar with. So the main thing to take away from it is that don’t put that very big stress on all your syllables in the word. It won’t sound right.

No. 6, tip No. 6, British English is a non-rhotic accent. This is the sound /r/. In your language, maybe you do that thing where you roll your tongue which I can’t do. I just — I so can’t do it. So like how I can’t do that sound, you might find it really hard to make that sound without rolling your tongue. Okay. It’s hard. Pronunciation is not easy. But you can always work at something and train yourself. So when we make the R sound, the position of the tongue is quite far back in the throat. R, R, R. And it doesn’t have that rhotic sound. And in some dialects, for example, in Scottish, you do hear it. So I’m going to say this sentence in a Scottish accent, “The murderer wore red.” Sorry, Scottish people. But they put the R sound in. I kind of did it then. Maybe I can do it after all. But in my accent, I would say, “the murderer wore red.” So we don’t roll our tongues. And that’s something — if you want to speak standard British English, you could work on that R if you do it.

So if you’re Arabic or if you’re Spanish, Italian as well, you could work on that sound. No. 7, now. So this is a hard sound. I’m going to have to be honest with you. It’s a hard sound for me because I’m a Londoner, and I’m from South London, and we’re not very — we don’t like this sound very much. We like to replace it with an F sound. I’m not too bad making this sound at the beginning of a word, “three”, “thought”, “think”. But sometimes, it’s quite hard for me, like in this word. I want to say “birfday” with an F, but it should be “birthday”. It’s really hard for me. But it’s not just hard for me; it’s hard for people all over the world.

Maybe we should just get rid of this sound. We don’t need it anymore. Some people replace it with D. I’ve got an Italian student who replaces it with D. So he would say “dirty dree”. That’s not an Italian restaurant, but — restaurant? Italian restaurant? Why am I thinking about food? It’s not an Italian accent. Because he can’t say “th”, he replaces it with /d/. But other people might replace it with /v/ as well. So a tip for making the “th” sound, you put your tongue between your teeth. And it’s a kind of whisly sound without the /f/. Your lip is more pursed at the top. So you don’t want to do that when you’re making the “th”. Just try it. I’ll say the words for you. “Three”, “thumbs” — thumbs up if you can make that sound — “birthday”, “thought”, “think”, “bath”. It’s hard for me. I’m trying. I’m trying with you.

We’re learning together today. And rule No. 8, “can’t”. Oh, that’s meant to have that there. A lot of people get confused because sometimes they think, “Did you say a negative there, or did you say the positive?” They get really confused. In British English, we don’t always say the T. We don’t always pronounce the T in this word “can’t”. So it might sound like this, “I can’t understand you.” But it might also sound like this, “I can understand you.” And when I said it the second way, you didn’t hear the T. And the reason that happens is speech just become as little bit more fluid, a little bit more easy to say without the T.

But you don’t need to be confused because, actually, the opposite of “can’t” is “can”. And /caen/ is a different vowel. It’s /ae/, whereas this vowel is /a/. So they would sound completely different. It would be, “I can’t understand you.” Very different to “I can’t understand you” or “I can understand you.” So when you’re listening out for that negative sometimes, know that we might say it with or without a T.

So thank you everybody for watching today. You can do a little bit of extra practice on the EngVid site for this lesson. And if you do like my lesson, please do subscribe because I make lots of different lessons, not just about pronunciation but all other things about learning English as well that I think will be very education and very useful for you in your general development as a learner of English or someone who’s just trying to improve your English. And I’m finished now, so I’m going to go. I’m going to go now, okay? I’ll see you later.. “}

As found on Youtube

Neuro Linguistic Programming in Brighton

English Books: How to learn English with Harry Potter!

{“en”:”Hey, everyone. I’m Alex. Thanks for clicking, and welcome to this important lesson on: “The Secret to Mastering English!” And the secret is… -“Where am I? And who are you?” -“You’re in Hogwarts, Alex. And I’m Dumbledore.” -“No you’re not. Dumbledore looks different.” -“I shaved. Listen, Alex. I have an important job for you. Can you do it?” -“Anything for you, Dumbledore. What is it?” -“Your engVid students want you to do a lesson on Harry Potter. Here, take this and teach them.” “Thank you.” “You’re a wizard, Alex. Now, go.” We’re back. So, today we are going to talk about Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone, chapter one.

Now, I know for many of you, Harry Potter was the first book you read in English. And the reason it’s a really, really good book for you guys to read is that it is the most popular book series ever, which means that you can find it in many languages, there have been movies made about it, and you can find a lot of discussion about the characters, the dialogue, the story. So everyone knows pretty much what happens in a lot of these stories. Now, if you don’t have a copy of the book, what you can do is get a print version or an e-book version on Amazon attached to this video.

What I recommend, though, if you want a more interactive experience with Harry Potter is that you get the free audio book. Now, you can get a free audio book of Harry Potter, not just this one, the entire series, by signing up for the free trial at www.audible.com, which is attached to this video. When you click on the link, you will have to go through a couple of different pages and signups, but at the end you do get the book for free. So go through it, sign up, get the book for free, and it’s an excellent audio book. Highly recommend it. Now, why should we read Harry Potter? Well, it has interesting characters; Harry, Ron, Hermione, the Dursleys, Dumbledore who I met today.

How cool was that? It has great dialogue, great plot, and the language is pretty easy to follow, but of course, it still has a ton of useful vocabulary. Not just for non-native English speakers, but even for, you know, kids who are already native speakers of English. And finally, it’s just magical. It’s a magical story, a magical book. I love it. It’s one of my all-time favourites, so let’s start looking at chapter one. So what I’m going to do is look at the actual text from chapter one. Not every line, of course, but I’m going to pick some very specific lines that tell us important details about the story or that tell us some important vocabulary that I think is going to be useful for English students.

Now, you notice I gave a page number to start this. I am going to be looking at this hard cover version of the book. This was published by Raincoast Books in Vancouver, so this was published in Canada. Maybe your version is this one, maybe it’s not. Maybe you’re listening to the audio version, in which case page numbers are not important. But if you want to follow with a physical copy, this is the version that I am using. Okay? Let me put this down. Here we go. Page seven. So we start Harry Potter by learning about the Dursleys, Mr. and Mrs. Dursley, and their son, Dudley. First we have this line: “Mr. Dursley was the director of a firm named Grunnings, which made drills.” So, a firm is a company, and Mr. Dursley was the director of this company, and they made drills. Now, drills are a power tool. Think of the tool that allows you to put screws into things, like: “[Drilling noise]”. That’s a drill. Okay? So he was a director of a firm named Grunnings, which made drills.

Now, we have a description of him: “He was a big beefy man”, “beefy”, think of beef. So he was a little bit fat, and: “…with hardly any neck”. Now, “hardly any” means almost zero. So, he was so big and round that you couldn’t see his neck. Okay? Hardly any neck. “…although he did have a very large moustache”. So, moustache. Right? Everyone knows what that is there. And: “Mrs. Dursley”-Mr. Dursley’s wife- “spent so much of her time craning over the garden fences, spying on her neighbours.” So, here is a picture of a fence. In your backyard you have a fence that separates your house from your neighbour’s house, and here is a picture of Mrs. Dursley craning her neck. So, “to crane your neck” is to stretch it almost to the maximum point, and she’s spying on her neighbours. So Mrs.

Dursley is a very curious woman. “The Dursleys had everything they wanted” -I’m going to step off camera for this- “but they also had a secret, and their greatest fear was that somebody would discover it. They didn’t think they could bear it if anyone found out about the Potters.” So, they’re a very happy family, they have everything they need, but they have a secret, a family secret: They are ashamed of part of their family, and that part of the family is the Potters.

Now, here: “They didn’t think they could bear it”, so if you can bear something or you can’t bear something it means that you can’t handle it, support it, survive it. So they would not be able to handle it if someone, if their neighbours found out about the Potters, part of their family. So the Dursleys have a very clean image that they want their neighbours to follow. All right? Let’s keep going. And we’re back. So, continuing with page seven: “Mrs. Dursley pretended she didn’t have a sister”, so she has a sister and she doesn’t like her sister, but she pretended, she acted like she didn’t have a sister because… Excuse me. I like magic. “…because her sister and her good-for-nothing husband were as unDursleyish as it was possible to be.” First, some excellent vocabulary, here. A good-for-nothing person is someone who is good for nothing. So, this is an insult, a negative, very negative thing to say about someone.

So: “Your good-for-nothing son”, “Your good-for nothing sister”, etc. Her good-for-nothing husband, he had no value, no use, were as unDursleyish as it was possible to be. You will never, ever, ever, ever, ever, ever use this word outside of this book. So, Dursley is the last name of the family, and I guess, you know, if you act in a specific way you are Dursleyish. “Dursleyish” is kind of an adjective that J.K. Rowling made here. And if you are unDursleyish, you are not acting like a Dursley acts. Next: “The Dursleys shuttered to think what the neighbours would say if the Potters had a small son too, but they had never seen him.” So, they shuttered to think. If you shutter to think, it means you are just very afraid of what other people would say about you. They didn’t want to think: What would happen if their neighbours discovered that their, you know, Mrs.

Dursley’s sister had a son, and they had never seen Mrs. Dursley’s son, Mr. Dursley’s sister’s son. It’s a mouthful. Sorry. Moving on to page eight: “Mr. Dursley hummed as he picked out his most boring tie” -I’ll get off screen, here- “for work and Mrs. Dursley gossiped away happily as she wrestled a screaming Dudley into his highchair.” So this is the morning routine of the Dursleys. Mr. Dursley hummed: “Hmm, hmm, hmm, hmm, hmm, hmm, hmm, hmm, hmm, hmm, hmm, hmm”, this is humming, so he hummed as he picked out his most boring tie for work, and Mrs.

Dursley gossiped… Phrasal verb: “to gossip away”. So, “to gossip” is to tell secret information or kind of talk about people when they are not there. Say: -“Hey, did you hear that [mumbles]?” -“Oh! Did you hear that [mumbles]?” This is gossiping. So she gossiped away happily as she wrestled… “To wrestle”, think of wrestling. She has a small child, his name is Dudley, into his highchair. So, a highchair is what you put babies in or young toddlers in to feed them. So in this book, their son, you know, Dudley, is very, very small. He’s just a baby.

All right. Let’s keep going. Okay, to continue: “None of them noticed a large tawny owl flutter past the window.” So, “tawny” is a colour. It means light brown, or a mix of brown and orange. Okay? So a light brown, brown-orange owl flutter past the window. So, when you think of a bird and the wings going… Just swinging back and forth, the wings are fluttering. Okay? So the owl flutter… Fluttered, past tense, past the window. All right. “At half-past eight, Mr. Dursley picked up” -phrasal verb, “picked up”-“his briefcase,” -for work, his case for work with his papers- “pecked Mrs. Dursley on the cheek and tried to kiss Dudley goodbye but missed, because Dudley was now having a tantrum and throwing the cereal at the walls.” So, a lot of information here. So, Mr. Dursley is getting ready to go to work. He pecked Mrs. Dursley on the cheek. So this is your cheek, a peck can be a quick kiss, like: “[Kisses]”, that’s a peck.

Also think of birds eating seeds, they peck, peck, peck, peck, peck, peck, peck. Okay? So this action is quick movement of the mouth, is a quick peck. All right? On the cheek. He tried to kiss Dudley, but Dudley was throwing cereal at the walls. So, a tantrum is like an emotional episode, a period where a child or an adult sometimes is acting really, really emotionally and angrily, like: “Ah.” If you go to a department store and you see a child lying on the floor crying, and the parents are saying: “Come on, let’s go, let’s go”, the child is having a tantrum. It’s not a nice scene. And: “There was a tabby cat standing on the corner of Privet Drive. What could he have been thinking of?” So before this line it is important to note that now Mr. Dursley has left his house, he’s in his car, he has left his driveway, and before this line he thinks he sees a cat reading a map.

Okay? So he’s like: “There’s a cat reading a map. Wait, wait?” So he sees the cat reading a map, he does what he keeps doing, he looks back and then he says: “Okay, there was a tabby cat standing on the corner of Privet Drive.” This is the street the Dursleys live on. “Ah, what could he have been thinking of?” What could Mr. Dursley have been thinking of? He couldn’t have seen a cat reading a map, could he? So a tabby cat…

Tabby refers to kind of like the fur of the cat. Any cat that has a lot of stripes of different colours, and usually an “M” pattern on their forehead is a tabby. Many native speakers only think of orange cats as being tabby cats, but it’s actually all cats, so we learned something new today. Yeah, I love this book, too. Okay, we’ll talk later. Okay, see ya. All right. So: “Mr. Dursley couldn’t bear people who dressed in funny clothes – the get-ups you saw on young people!” So before this, Mr. Dursley is driving to work and he sees lots of people dressed in really bright cloaks, which are these kind of long robes. Okay? So he couldn’t bear… He couldn’t handle people who dressed in funny clothes. The get-ups you saw on young people today. So, a get-up is kind of like a costume. Okay? Or a funny uniform. So if I say: “That’s a nice get-up”, that’s a nice kind of uniform or costume, or something that is different than a regular set of clothes.

So he’s saying: “These people are dressed weird on the street today. I think I saw a cat reading a map. There are people running around. There’s an owl.” And then: “Mr. Dursley was enraged to see that a couple of them” -a couple of the people on the street-“weren’t young at all. Why, that man had to be older than he was, and he was wearing an emerald-green cloak!” So he thinks: “Hah, these young people today with their weird clothes.” But he said: “No! This guy is as old as I am or older, so what’s going on here?” And finally: “Mr.

Dursley”… After getting to work. Now he’s at work, he’s at Grunnings. He’s in his office, he said: “Mr. Dursley always sat with his back to the window”… I’ll move out so you can read this completely. So he: “…always sat with his back to the window in his office on the ninth floor. If he hadn’t, he might have found it harder to concentrate on drills that morning. He didn’t see the owls swooping past in broad daylight, though people down in the street did.” So here we have a conditional, so: “If he hadn’t sat with his back to the window, he might have found it harder to concentrate on drills that morning”, so this book is written in the past tense. Here, we’re using the third conditional, so: “If he had not sat with his back to the window, he might have found it harder to concentrate on drills that morning.

He didn’t see the owls”-hoo-hoo-“the birds that are flying everywhere, swooping past in broad daylight”. So, swoop. Okay? Kind of these motions. Swooping back and forth. In broad daylight, this means in the open day. So everyone can see. It’s sunny and there are owls flying everywhere, which is strange because owls are night animals. Right? Okay, let’s continue. So, it is now lunchtime for Mr. Dursley at his firm, Grunnings, and what he sees are a bunch of men in green cloaks still walking around, so there are people dressed strangely around Mr.

Dursley’s workplace. It says that Mr. Dursley: “He eyed them angrily as he passed.” So, “to eye someone” is to look at them like this. So if he’s eyeing them angrily, he’s looking at them angrily. Okay? Now, you can use this to say that you have been, for example, wanting to buy something for a very long time. So if you want a new iPhone, for example, you can say: “Ah, I have been eyeing that phone for a long time.” You’ve been paying attention to it and looking at it for a long time.

So, he eyed the men in green cloaks angrily. Now, here he hears these men talking and he hears them say something about the Potters, their son, Harry. Wait a minute, why are these men whom I’ve never met in my life mentioning my wife’s family’s name and a possible son? So: “The Potters… Their son, Harry.” They say this, and then: “Mr. Dursley stopped dead. Fear flooded him.” This doesn’t mean he died, it just means he’s walking, he hears: -“The Potters… Their son, Harry.” -“Why? Why are they talking about me?” So he stopped like he was dead. Okay? “Fear flooded him.” So fear filled him.

Okay? Now: “Mr. Dursley stood rooted to the spot.” This is after work now, he’s going home, and after being hugged by a man in a violet cloak after work. So, at lunch he hears these men talking about the Potters, their son Harry. After work, a man in a cloak comes up to him, gives him a hug. And Mr. Dursley stood rooted to the spot. So, “rooted”, think of a tree. All right? Here’s the ground, you have a tree, and this tree has roots under the ground. So Mr. Dursley stood rooted like his feet had roots in them into the ground.

He couldn’t move because he’s so uncomfortable by this man in a cloak hugging him. And then he goes home. We’re on page 11. And Mr. Dursley asks his wife if she has talked to her sister lately, because he’s thinking about the cat with the map, the men with the cloaks, the mentioning of Harry and the Potters, and he’s at home, he said: “Have you talked to your sister lately?” And: “Mrs.

Dursley”-the wife-“sipped her tea through pursed lips.” So she does not like her sister or hearing about her sister. She sipped, like I’m going to sip this hot coffee through pursed lips. So, pursed lips are like this. Like… Okay? So, okay? Like she doesn’t want to say anything. So she’s angry. Pursed lips. “While Mrs. Dursley was in the bathroom,”-later in the evening- “Mr. Dursley crept to the bedroom and peered down into the front garden.” So, “to creep”, the verb “creep” means to move very slowly and quietly, secretly almost. Okay, so he’s creeping through his house, and he’s peering. So, “to peer” is to look with intensity, but with a little difficulty, like he’s looking, he’s trying to see something, but he’s just not sure what he’s looking for because it has been a really messed up, weird day for Mr. Dursley. Now it’s nighttime, the Dursleys have gone to sleep. Everyone on Privet Drive is in their beds, and on the corner of the street there is a man, Albus Dumbledore.

This Dumbledore right here. The man I spoke to at the start of this video, apparently, so he says. He’s got magic, so I guess it was really him. All right, so: “Nothing like this man”, like Albus Dumbledore… “Nothing like this man had ever been seen on Privet Drive.” So here you have the past perfect. So remember this book is written in the past simple, which means if something happened before, you know, the present of the book which is written in the past, it must be spoken in the past perfect.

So: “Nothing like this man had ever been seen on Privet Drive.” No one had ever seen a man like Albus Dumbledore. Page 13. We have Dumbledore, he’s walking to, you know, around the Dursley’s house. He sees a cat, and he says to the cat: “Fancy seeing you here, Professor McGonagall.” And the cat is actually Professor McGonagall who is another person from, later we learn Hogwarts, the school of magic, that’s what it is. Okay. So, if you say: “Huh, fancy that, fancy seeing you here.” This means it’s a surprise to see you here. Wow, it’s cool to see you here. Okay? I didn’t expect to see you here. So if you see something shocking or surprising in daily life, and you say: “Huh, fancy that”, then that means: “Well, isn’t that a surprise?” So this is more of British English than North American English, which is why it’s in this book.

Now, Dumbledore says this, and then Professor McGonagall is talking about today and everyone talking about the Potters, everyone talking about their son Harry, and everyone talking about you know who. Now, “you know who” whose name is Voldemort, is an evil dark lord. So McGonagall says about today with people talking about him: “People are being downright careless out on the streets in broad daylight.” So she is talking about the community of wizards, magicians, witches, and it seems like they’re celebrating something, and she’s saying: “They are not being careful enough.” So, “downlight careless” means absolutely careless without any care, without being careful. They’re so excited about something today in the magician community. And then Dumbledore mentions Voldemort. Professor McGonagall refers to Voldemort as “you know who”, and Dumbledore says: “Use his name.

His name is Voldemort”, and Professor McGonagall flinched at the mention of Voldemort. So when you flinch you kind of, like, put your body back, close your eyes like this, like… Okay? So, if Voldemort is a name that’s scary, that is not supposed to be said and Dumbledore says: “Voldemort” and she says… Not says, but goes… She flinches. Flinch. If someone comes up to you, for example, I’m coming up to the camera and I go… Did you flinch? Because you thought I was going to like hit you or something. Maybe we have 3D laptops now and my fist is coming through the screen. I don’t know. I erased this with my back, that’s okay. Page 16. Now, we’re not finished yet with all the activity on Privet Drive. “A small rumbling sound had broken the silence around them.” Rumbling, something that vibrates a little bit had broken the silence around them, so it’s quiet and in the background they hear: “[Rumbling noise]”. “Dumbledore and Professor McGonagall bent forward over the bundle of blankets.” So, before this, the rumbling sound is actually Hagrid.

Now, Hagrid comes on a motorcycle and he has a baby in his hand. It’s Harry Potter. And when he shows the baby to Dumbledore and McGonagall they bent forward over the bundle of blankets. “Bent” is the past of “bend”, so they bent forward. Right? To bend forward over the bundle of blankets. So if a baby is wrapped in a lot of blankets, we call this a bundle. Okay? A bundle of blankets. Now we’re nearing near… Now we’re nearing near? We’re nearing the end of chapter one. Now, Dumbledore asks for Hagrid to give Harry to him. He says: “Well, give him here, Hagrid – we’d better get this over with.” So, this is a complete expression: “to get something over with”. If I say: “Let’s get this over with”, it means: “Let’s finish this, let’s end it”, even though sometimes it’s unpleasant. So you want to do something that you don’t want to do, but you have to do it, so you say: “Let’s get it over with.” Right? Let’s finish it.

Let’s just… Let’s do it. Okay? So, Dumbledore takes Harry, and then Hagrid says goodbye to Harry, and then: “Wiping his streaming eyes on his jacket”, so “wiping”, wipe, wipe, wipe. “Wiping his streaming eyes on his jacket sleeve, Hagrid swung himself on to the motorbike and kicked the engine into life.” So, “streaming”. He was crying because there was this little baby, he’s giving him away, and he’s wiping his streaming eyes on his jacket sleeve. This is a sleeve on a jacket. He’s wiping his eyes on the sleeve, and he swung himself… “To swing”, okay? A baseball bat, you can swing a baseball bat. Hagrid swung himself on to his motorbike, and he kicked the engine into life and he flew away because it’s a flying motorcycle. Pretty cool. Finally, page 18 of chapter one. Dumbledore and McGonagall, they have been saying and talking about Harry a lot. So apparently last night Lord Voldemort killed Harry’s parents. Killed Harry’s parents. Okay? However, he was not able to kill Harry.

And somehow for some reason Lord Voldemort, this evil dark lord disappeared after not being able to kill Harry. So, they leave him at the Dursleys house. Harry is now going to stay with the only family he has left, the awful Mr. Dursley, the awful Mrs. Dursley, the awful Dudley Dursley because he has no parents anymore, and this is his only family. So Dumbledore writes a letter, puts it in the basket with Harry, they leave him on the door, and Dumbledore says: “Good luck, Harry.” “‘Good luck, Harry,’ he murmured.” To murmur is to speak softly because it’s nighttime. Kind of like… Not a whisper. A whisper is like this. A murmur is like this. Okay? So: “Good luck, Harry. Good luck.” And finally, Harry: “He couldn’t know that at this very moment people meeting in secret all over the country were holding up their glasses and saying in hushed” -shh, quiet, hushed-“voices: ‘To Harry Potter – the boy who lived.'” So, what is happening here is that everyone is celebrating, magicians and wizards all over England are celebrating because Lord Voldemort is gone.

He’s dead, and it’s because of Harry Potter and Harry Potter is now going to stay with his family, with his aunt and his uncle who are not very nice people. From here the story only gets more exciting and more interesting. All right, so this was a very long lesson. If you’re still here with me, thank you, and I hope that you enjoyed it. If you did enjoy it, don’t forget to like the video, comment on it, subscribe to the channel, and check me out on Facebook and Twitter. Now, like I mentioned at the start of this video: If you want to have a really interactive experience with Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone or any of the Harry Potter books, I really recommend that you check out the link to audible.com attached to this video for the free audio book.

Now, again, you will have to click probably two or three links after the original link to get to the end, but after signing up, you do get the free audio book and that’s pretty cool. So, again, audio books are great ways for you to practice your listening, to practice your pronunciation, to hear the natural speed of English being spoken fluently. So I really recommend that you do that.

Till next time, thanks for clicking. Bye.. “}

As found on Youtube

Study English in London

Steps to Learning English: Where should you start?

{“en”:”[Singing] Hi. James. Greer. James Greer. From engVid. [Laughs]. Not Bond, and I know you think I was going to say Bond. I know. But listen, Bond always has an important mission he’s got to do, right? 007. And so do I. Today we have a mission. We’re going to learn how to study English. I know in many places, many websites, they tell you, and to teach you grammar and idioms and phrasal verbs.

But then, there’s the big question of you, and: How do you study, and how do you choose what is important for you at this moment? Maybe you’re advanced. Maybe you’re a beginner. Maybe you know this, and maybe you don’t. After today’s lesson and we do our mission, you’ll know exactly what you have to do. Okay? So, we’re going to go to the board in a second, and take a look. What steps should we take in order to learn? By the time you’re done this video, you’ll know exactly… Or you should know where you are, where you need to go, and when you’re going to be done. Ready? Let’s go. E. E is standing here saying: “Where do I start? Grammar, vocabulary, or speaking?” Common, and seems to make sense, I mean, you go to learn a language-right?-you go on a website, they start throwing things at you. You go to a school, they say you need this, this, and this.

But you don’t really know. So, I’m going to give you the tools to decide that. First thing we’re going to do is: What’s the first thing you need? Grammar? No. What? Conversation? No. Vocabulary. What? Well, look. If you can’t say: “bathroom” when you go to a country, you’re going to pee yourself. Okay? “Hungry”, you won’t get food. You don’t need to know everything to get basic information done. And that’s what we should look at first. Basic information for a beginner really is vocabulary. And instead of all the fancy stuff you need, you don’t need much. You need you, and a little bit of time, and to have some fun. Why? I’m going to suggest: For basic communication, get vocabulary. I’m telling you right now if I see you or any English-speaking person sees you, and you see… You say: “Drink. Thirsty.” There’s no grammar, but they’ll go: “Oh, the bar is over there.” If you say: “Washroom. Please”, they’ll go: “Oh, toilet is over there.” They use sentence, you use words.

Sometimes you just touch your belly and go: “Ahh!” They’ll go: “Oh, you want food.” You don’t need all that stuff. People will tell you you need to learn grammar, and this and that. You don’t. And here’s how you get your first vocabulary. Do what you love to do. Play video games. I’ve had… I don’t know how many students play video games, say they learned how to fire, duck, words that we wouldn’t teach them for a while, because they were playing games. Other people come in: “Dah-dah-dah-dah-dah, [sings]”, singing. I go: -“What the hell?” -“I love to sing”, and they sing a song, they sound like they’re just, you know, from this country.

Then they speak very terrible accent. You know what I’m saying, right? [Laughs] But when they sing, it’s like the gods have come down. I mean, literally, you go: “Are you…? You were born here, right?” Cool slang. You know? YOLO, you only live once. Right? ASAP, as soon as possible. When you do these things, you’re learning because you want to learn. You’re not even realising you’re learning, and it’s going to make you want to learn more because… You know, we’ll get to the second one and you’ll understand. But you want to communicate in a much better way. Okay? So, get the meaning of basic words. “Hungry”, “food”, “toilet”, “money”. You know that one, right? You need those things. If you have those things, you can start your adventure in learning English. Okay? And you’re going to do it by doing things you love. Video games, music, cool slang.

Right? Come on. Now we’re making language fun and easy for you, and that’s what we should do, because you’ll learn it faster. All right? And then here’s the bad news: Hard work is on its way, so let’s move over to the intermediate. So if you’re still on vocabulary and you can’t put a sentence together, you’re a beginner. Okay? But at least you’re better than other people. You know words in a foreign language. Cool. Intermediate is when we start, and I think you should introduce grammar. This is when your vocabulary is rich enough that you can say things like: “Need water.” Where? It’s not a sentence, so you kind of sound stupid. I’m saying it right out. You sound stupid. Had many students, brilliant people, sounding like… I called them kids. And I loved them. I thought they were great people, but I would call them kids because they sound like two and five year olds.

“Mommy, water, now.” Understand. Sentence? Not really. Grammar. Some teachers don’t think it’s necessary. It is. It’s like a skeleton in a body. Right? When you’re crawling on the floor, you still need a skeleton, something to hold everything together, but really it’s the muscles and everything else that make you move. But the skeleton is necessary or needed. Those are those bones. Right? These are the bones of the language. You got, you know, your vocabulary, but these hold everything together, that skeleton. Now, when you learn grammar, we do this to be understood.

We said basic communication. To be understood we need grammar. This is sound… And you can sound like you understand. “Oh! I can’t have your girlfriend and all of your money? Oh. I didn’t know that. I understand.” You sound like you understand someone. You can communicate an idea. “I would like to be a millionaire, but I don’t want to work.” See? I’ve communicated: “I am lazy, but I still want to be rich.” Like everyone in North America. Okay, but we’re going to take our vocabulary…

See, this is when you have the vocabulary, you take it, and you put it with some muscle. You put vocabulary and function words. That’s what grammar is. It’s the words that function. It’s the verbs. Right? It’s the pronouns. It’s all these things that go together. It’s like making a hamburger. Okay? You got your meat. Now you need a bun, some lettuce, and everything else. This is your grammar. This makes it good. Okay? So, now you can sound pretty intelligent, not like a child, but some people have great grammar skills and good vocabulary, but-and this is where we go to the advanced-they don’t sound like us.

They still haven’t got it quite together. We know you’re not from here. This is change it all. And this is something that I find interesting. Some students don’t want to do, they think it’s a waste of time. And then I remind them: In your country, are there people who don’t know how to read and write? What do you call them? Some people say (this is a fancy word): “They are illiterate.” I say: “No. They’re stupid.” Because you say: “Hey, read this.” They go: “I cannot read.” You go: “You’re stupid. Didn’t you go to school, stupid?” Don’t be stupid. Learn to read and write. It’s not just for that reason, for your ego that people…

It makes you feel good. It’s also because it teaches you how to think in the language. Huh? Well, when you write something down, you have to remember the author wrote it three years ago. The author is the writer of the book, could be a male, female, or whoever made it. They wrote it three or four years ago, and you’re not there. So when they write about it, they have to think in a way that you would understand it three years later, and not have to ask questions.

Because if you have to say: “I’m confused. What does he mean? Let me call him up. Yo, E, on page 47 you wrote this thing. It’s an awkward phrase. You got a dangling modifier, so I’m not really sure…” It doesn’t work like that. They have to write it properly so you understand it. This is when we become advanced, because you learn logical thought, how we put it together. When we talk about logical thought, we talk about syntax; how the words go together , how things flow, how we think. Every language is different, and the syntax is a bit different. Okay? This will make you think like a native speaker. You have to put the words and even the sentences in a way that makes sense to us. Okay? Remember I said you sound…? Here I meant not stupid. That was it, you don’t sound stupid. Reading and writing makes you sound intelligent, and there’s a difference.

Suddenly, I want to hear what you have to say, because you seem to know what you’re talking about, and you present your ideas in a way I can understand. It also gives you the time to think about the language, so it goes on in your brain, so it knows how to analyze and present the language for us. This is something people skip, because they want to speak, and don’t realize this is a very important part. Reading gives you an understanding of how we’re thinking. You read, you get that. When you write, you have to write in a way that we would understand it. Powerful stuff. And how does it do that? Well, we have three components or three parts. Number one, the grammar. See? Grammar we talked about. Grammar has to be in something you write. Okay? Then it has to be true.

What you say has to make sense to us. It’s logical. I can’t be just: “I am an alien, and I live in the sea, and I have fins and baby-back ribs.” It doesn’t make any sense, even if the sentence is perfectly grammatically correct. It’s like: “This is not true. I will not listen to you.” And then finally we have to connect them, and this is what we talk about syntax, and when we put all of these things together, suddenly you’re speaking and people understand you. Accent or no accent, you are an English speaker. Not quite. Almost. When we put all these three together, and we go to speaking, and you master speaking, which will happen if you take these steps – you will notice you are being understood when you speak. Not five times: “Sorry? Huh? Sorry? Sor-, sorry? Oh, okay. Oh, I’m sorry. No. Sorry?” No. You will speak, you will be understood. When I speak, and some of you think I speak very quickly. And you’re right. My students actually often laugh go: “You don’t speak quickly on those videos.

You speak quickly in real life.” But I like it when people understand me. You will find that you understand me more. You will have more understanding what I say, and English people say. You won’t be guessing what they’re saying. You will actually understand them. Finally, you know that accent that you really don’t like, and you wish you could get rid of? You will. Speaking and using a practice of speaking helps you with proper pronunciation. That’s what helps you with being understood, and actually helps you with understanding other people, because you realize it’s not the absolute pronunciation, but where you put the stresses, what the meaning is. Right? All this comes with language or speaking. You can communicate and have mastered the language. That’s what we talk about by speaking, and I wrote that for a reason. When you are speaking, it’s right or it’s wrong. There’s no time to think about it. That’s what your practice in reading and writing is for.

Okay? So once you can actually speak, you’re done. Congratulations. You’ve learned a new language. Now, look. I want to do… I want to go through a couple of hints to help you out in a second or two, and then I want you to go out there and practice. Figure out where you are. You’ll know, because I’ve already told you. You’re either a beginner and you got to work on your vocabulary. That means most of what I said you didn’t understand. Or you’re intermediate, you got something out of what I’m saying, but you know you can’t express yourself that way. You’re advanced, you’re already smart enough to be writing every day and reading every day.

Or you’re basically fluent and native. Get outta here. Go outside and play. That’s what you should be doing. You ready? Let’s go through those helpful hints. [Snaps] So, we’ve talked about where you might be as a learner; advanced, beginner, or native. Now, I want to give you some more basic hints on acquiring or getting the language. Are you ready? Okay, basic hint number one: 30 minutes a day goes a long way. Whether you’re a beginner, intermediate, or advanced, 30 minutes. If you’re not willing to spend 30 minutes learning, you really don’t want to learn. All right? You need to practice regularly. Give you a good hint or a good example. When you were a baby, you were trying to walk. You would fall down. You would never stand and walk, you kept falling. But every day you tried, and sometimes hours, hours, hours.

Then one day, you started to walk, then you started to run. If you told that baby that 30 minutes a day was a lot of work, you’d be sitting in a chair for the rest of your life. Right? So, 30 minutes a day. Hey, an engVid video is 15. Boo, half your work’s done. Am I a genius? Yeah. Helped you out. Okay, so 30 minutes a day is a good thing to do. Okay? It goes a long way to help you retain or remember the information. Number two: Spend five minutes and review what you did the day before.

I know, it’s 35 minutes, but it’s still not an hour. Okay? So, before, you know, you do your new lesson, think for five minutes: “What did I do yesterday when I did English? Did I…?” Was it…? Were you reading? Did you write? What did you write about? Were there any things you wanted to change in your writing? Okay? So, remember, in your 30 minutes, that can be 30 minutes of writing, 30 minutes of reading, 30 minutes of going through the dictionary looking for words you need, basic words. Right? Or, I don’t know, listening to, like I said, an engVid video.

Watching it twice. The first time, you watch it; second time, make notes about things you want to learn .Right? That’s 30 minutes. Painless. Five minutes review is good, because it’s like eating food. If you take a burger, just put it in your mouth, it’s not as good as when you take it, and chew it and taste it. When you taste it, that’s where the joy comes from. That’s what you should do with language. Just taste it. Play with it a bit. Number three: Imagine yourself in a situation where you have to use the English you’ve learned. That could be part of your 30 minutes. Read for a little while, stop, put the story in your head, close your eyes, and imagine it. If you imagine it, it becomes real. When it becomes real, it becomes useful. Okay? If you just write some grammar down and you write some rules, and you never think about using it, then guess what? You won’t.

So, why don’t we take a couple minutes with our review? Imagine. Okay? “I just learned this new vocabulary. James said something about a pharmacy. Now, imagine I had to go… What did he say I have to say? ‘Can you help me with…?'” Now, imagine asking the… There you go. Next thing you know, you’re in the situation, the words come out of your mouth. Practice. Number four: Set goals. What do you want to do with your English? I know.

“I want to speak English today.” It’s not going to happen. Sorry. Okay? Just like if you want a burger, you have to actually catch a cow, kill a cow, bring it to the store, grind it up or make meat for it, then put it on the barbecue. It doesn’t happen. Right? There’s many steps to it. So, in this case, set goals. Maybe a five-minute conversation with a native speaker. Two-minute, one-minute conversation. Maybe it’s learn turn… Ten words really well. Okay? So you read a book, you pick out ten words you don’t know, go to the dictionary, write it out, then write out sentences with those words. Talk to…

Try and use them in a conversation with somebody so that they become something you’ve digested, that means taken in and you understand. Okay? You understand it completely. Apply for a job. Here’s one. You… It’s the 21st century, bub. Get on the internet. “I would like to work for your company.” Send it out. Right? See what responses you get back. Now, most of them will say: “Hey, your grammar is really bad.” Right? Or you can do a phone interview. Say: “Hey, can we do a Skype interview for this job?” Practice. Just because you’re not living here right now doesn’t mean you can’t put it into practice. And through your mistakes, you can learn, and then go back and use that for your 30 minutes of work. Right? “They didn’t like my accent. It was too strong. Okay, work on pronunciation. They said my grammar skills seemed to be a bit weak.

Okay, work on grammar skills. My vocabulary was limited. I noticed I kept repeating the same thing. Okay, work on vocabulary. Work on synonyms.” You will start making your own lesson plan based on you, not on what some book or some teacher tells you to do. Finally: Travel. I should do, like, say this. Right? Travel. I know. This is not easy. You don’t have money. Right? You don’t have time. But why are you learning it? Everything you really want, you have to do something. We call it a sacrifice. You have to give something to get something you really want. You want to eat, you buy food.

The food’s not free. Right? You want to really use your language, you got to travel. You don’t have to be… Do a big trip. You can find things on the internet where it’s exchange. Somebody’s family comes to your house, you go to their house for two weeks, or something like that. Governments do exchanges where there’s learning programs. Right? Hey, you can go to startup programs. “Hi. I want to learn English. Send me to a country.” Some people, if you give a good enough story: “I live in a farm out in Lithuania.

My family is, you know… Always wanted me to do better with my life, and we know English is important. So, my father’s willing to give up three cows to have me go to Canada.” Put it out there. Somebody will go: “Oh, come on, man. I’ll give you the money.” You know, miracles happen. Things can happen, but you got to do something. Travelling is the one thing that makes you go out there, because you got to do something. You can’t pretend you want to learn, because you have to put your money there. That will be hard, and I admit that. But once you do, if you’re doing all of these things, there’s nothing sweeter than getting off a plane, and saying: “Hi. Can you help me this? I’m looking for a friend of mine”, and the other person going: “Sure, no problem.

Let me take you.” And you’re understood. Right? Cool? I think it’s cool. Anyway, where do I start? You know where to start now, whether you’re a beginner, intermediate, advanced, or you’re native. I’ve given you some helpful hints that you can use starting right this minute. Right? You’re watching one video, so 15 minutes of your time is done. Hit the next one, or go do the quiz.

All right? Cool. Listen, hope I’ve done my part for you. Now it’s time for you to do your part. Study, practice, review. And when you can and if you can, and if you can get the help, travel, see the world. All right? Listen, I got to go. You have a great day. All right? Don’t forget to do the quiz. Where? www, eng, as in English, vid, as in video. I probably did that backwards. Right? engVid. Doesn’t matter. You know. Go to www.engvid.com. Don’t forget to subscribe. It’s somewhere around here. Somewhere. Subscribe. And once again and always, thank you very much for being a part of our family. All right? Have a good one. Ciao.. “}

As found on Youtube

Study English in London

Studying English at a Language School

{“en”:”Hello, folks. So this morning, we’ve come along to a very good language school in London because we want to have a look at what it’s like to be a student in one of these schools. Come, and let’s find out. — Hi, Lee. — Hi, Ben. — So our viewers are learning English on the Internet. What would be an advantage of coming to a language school for a time to learn some English? — I think the key difference is that when you’re at a language school, then you are part of a whole experience. If you’re learning online, it’s great, but it’s for an hour or two, and that’s it.

Whereas if you come to the school, then you have complete immersion in a whole day of English if you like. If you’re staying with a host family, you have English experience before you come to school. All day, you’re speaking English, and if you take part in our social activities in the evening, then you’re carrying on. So it’s constantly learning and taking in and processing of new information. — Sure. So if someone was studying here and staying with a host family, they might share meals with the family. — Yeah. — And I guess there are students coming from many different countries. — Exactly. And of course, then you get this interaction with loads and loads of different students from all over the world, which, again, really challenges you in different ways when you’re learning English, I think. — And do students come here for a couple of weeks? — Some do. Some students come for a couple of weeks. Some students come for a year. It depends on what that student is looking for, what they need, what their plans are. So it can be either-or.

— And I guess it’s very exciting being here in London. You know, we’ve got a lot of English culture around us. — Of course. I mean, the history, the art, the literature, the theatre scene is just really advantageous to learning English. It’s just an amazing city. So to come and study here is a really good thing, I think. — Yeah. I mean, I guess the student can learn more the more they put themselves in an English environment, the more they speak.

— Exactly. If you immerse yourself in something completely, then you’re going to get more out of it, I think. — Cool. Well, is it possible to go and have a look at a class this morning? — Yeah. Absolutely. I think Dan is waiting for you upstairs. — Great. Thank you very much. –You’re welcome. –Let’s go upstairs. So let’s go and have a quick look now at a general English class and what that looks like in a language school. Okay. Come have a look. — Hi, there, Dan. — Hi. — Hi. We’ve just come to have a look at your general English class today. — Hello. — What exactly are you going to be doing in class today? — Today, we’re looking at the difference between literal and non-literal meanings of nine elements of vocabulary.

I was just asking Nir what he thought about the difference between “enough food” and “too much food”. So, sorry. — I think it depends. — Okay. In this meaning, do you think that it’s — if there is “lots of”, is it good or bad? — Yeah. It’s good. — Good? Would you agree, guys? It’s good? — I think it’s bad. — Okay. Hands up if you think it’s good. Nir, you stand alone, my friend. I’m sorry. Hands up if you think it’s bad. — In fact, that’s what I looked like last night at about 10:30. But what other words? Fly. That’s what I’m looking for, “fly”. Read the sentences with your partner.

I want you to decide two things. No. 1, which sentence is the literal meaning? Which sentence is the non-literal meaning. No. 2, what do you think the non-literal meaning means in other languages? Okay. Good. So it’s a word. You can use it, but it doesn’t mean what you think it means here. In this case, you mean “hard”, not “hardly”. — “To question.” “Question” can be a verb? — Yes. Of course. “I question.” Yeah. Good guess. Well done. So that was a great lesson from Dan. They’re really engaging in the teaching, and the students were obviously enjoying it. We’re going to go down to the lunch hall now and grab a bit of lunch. And then, we’ve got a couple of students who we’ll be talking to. They’re from different parts of the world. So I’m hungry. Let’s go and eat. [Crowd chatter] Well, that was a delicious lunch. And we enjoyed having a look at Dan’s class. Now, we’ve got three students at the London School of English here. And firstly, folks, could you tell me what course you’re doing and how long you have learned English for? So starting with Takami.

— I’m taking a Cambridge English examination preparation course. It’s called FCE. So just this course I have studied three weeks. Yeah. I have another five weeks. — Okay. And before, when you were in Japan, how long did you learn? Like, one year, two years learning English? Or — — Honestly, no. Nothing. — Nothing at all? Okay. Wow. Very interesting. Okay. Thanks. And Veronica? — I’ve done the general course for one month, and then I’ve started three weeks ago the CAE course, which is the Cambridge Advanced Exam. And that last — — Why did you choose this course? — The CAE? — Yeah. — Because I needed to get into university, and I’ve also heard that this academy prepares very well students to pass the exams. And I’ve been — — So you’re hoping to study in a university in England? — No, not in England, in Switzerland.

— Okay. — And they are asking for a B in CAE. And yeah. They’ve told me that this academy really will help you to pass the exam successfully. — Good luck to you. — Thank you. — And Francis, tell me, how long have you been learning English, and why did you decide to come and study in England? — I started English in secondary school and some more in university. And I decided to come here because I want to improve my English a lot. But only for pleasure. And for me, the best place to learn English is in London.

— Sure. — So I come here, and I’m learning here in this school. — Cool. Veronica, had you been studying in Spain how to speak English? — I’ve studied English in Spain, but with au pairs. At school as well, but the level in my school was pretty low. So yeah. The au pairs have helped me to get this fluency. — And how do you find the teachers different in London and in a language school compared to in a school where you’re from? — Well, I think that teachers here have more experience, and they do really know which mistakes do students make. Whereas the teachers in Spain, obviously, they are experienced as well, but not as much as a language teacher would be. — So they’re more specific? — Yeah. More specific. They know the mistakes that people from different countries make, and yeah. I think that’s the main reason, I think. — So Takami, do you feel you’re improving your English in a good way? — Yeah.

Just getting better. But of course, I need to more improve. But I feel that day by day getting my English better. — Cool. And so for all of you, it’s been stimulating; it’s been an interesting time being here? You’re obviously making really good friends here. Is it something you’d recommend to people? — Absolutely. You should go. — Yeah, definitely. Yeah. I’ve already spread it all over. — You should come here. It’s a life experience. You have to do it once at least in your life. I enjoy it a lot. I improve my English a lot. I make a lot of friends from different parts of the world.

So it is amazing. I enjoy it a lot. — So guys, I’ve lived in London for six years. And I feel I know it well, but for you coming to London, is it a good place to come to? Is it easy for you to speak to people and practice English being here in London? — Yes. I met some very friendly people in the pubs or wherever you are. And yeah. It’s very easy. For me, as I said, it’s a life experience to be here. So London, for me, it’s the capital of the world. — Wow. — It’s not the United States; it’s not Washington. It’s London. Very cosmopolitan. — London’s on the map. — Yeah. Absolutely. — And are there enough things for you to do? — Definitely. — On the weekends, for example, are there opportunities to do things? — Yeah. You won’t run out of chances or different activities to do.

One weekend, you can go and see a theatre play, a musical, and then visit different areas from the city. It is a very versatile city. You can go to the north of London, and it’s completely different from the south of London. So you won’t ever — — I feel like I’m in a different country in some parts. — Yeah. It’s like a country. So you won’t ever get bored of living here. — Great. So the best way for you guys to learn English, is it from reading? Is it from listening? Is it a mixture? What’s the best way? — I think it’s a mixture because you learn the grammar basics in class. Then, afterwards, you can socialize at lunch. And then afterwards, with the social program, you’re able to talk to everyone and get to know everybody and talk about your country, their country.

You learn different cultures. You — yeah. You get to socialize. — Is it difficult for you to speak English to someone from Spain? — Well, if we — — It was easy the first day that we met each other, so it’s easy. Yeah. If you met someone and you start speaking English, it’s easy to ongoing with that. — And if both of us want to speak English, then it’s okay. Because I know other Spanish students here that they feel that they want to speak Spanish with me, for example. But don’t do that because we are all here to improve our English, and we are interested in learning English, not in speaking our native language. — It’s true. — And here, you have the possibility to speak 24 hours. — That’s why it’s the best way.

— So after school, you can go to the pub. — No sleep. — Exactly. — We are trying to speak English even with same country people. — That’s cool. — It’s important. — Well, thank you so much for coming in and speaking today. It’s been really useful. And I hope there’s been something for you to learn back home. Thank you, guys. — Thank you.. “}

As found on Youtube

Study English in London

Learn English with Alex

{“en”:”Hey guys. I’m Alex. Thanks for clicking on my channel. If you’re here, it’s probably because you’re interested in improving your English in some way. You’ve come to the right place. Down below, you will find many videos about English grammar, English vocabulary, pronunciation, writing skills, speaking skills, and a wide variety of things related to the English language. So if you never want to miss a video, please subscribe to my channel and I’ll always be here! Thanks, guys. Good luck, and take care!. “}

As found on Youtube

Study English in London

Learn English – Travel Vocabulary

{“en”:”Hi. James, from EngVid. I was just about to plan my vacation. I’m going to take a long flight to Europe. I’m trying to remember luggage and baggage things, you know? It’s kind of hard to do. But this is a lesson for you if you’ve been working a lot, you need some time off. Now, there’s a video I would like you to go check out. That’s on time off. It goes with this one. You might want to go away somewhere and not just stay home, right? So this video is for you. This is basic vocabulary on vacation. When you leave and maybe you go to an English speaking country and you want to practice your English, this stuff will be good for you to enjoy your time there, also to make it easy for you when you arrive. Are you ready? Let’s go to the board. Mr. E, Mr. E! It’s a mystery where he is. It’s no mystery. And you thought I forgot. Mr. E has been on vacation with me, and he’s enjoying this particular attraction.

So let’s go to the board. Now, if you’re going to go on vacation, one of the first things you will have to do if you’re leaving your country is you’re going to need some travel documents. What are those? Documents. A “document” is a paper or something with information that tells you something is okay or outlines it for you. For example, your passport is a document given by the government with your picture on it that says you are a citizen of this country, and you are legal. You are a good person. Okay? Now, when you’re leaving for a flight, or you want to go to another country, you’re going to need travel documents first.

Trust me; show up at the airport and go, “I leave now. I go to Canada.” They will go, “And the car is that way. Go home, crazy man. Okay?” So we need travel documents. So what are “travel documents”? Well, “travel documents” would be your passport, government identification, usually needed at most places the travel. Inside of a country, not necessary for most places. But leaving the country, you have to have it. Okay? So if you’re in the European Union, no problem.

If you’re in Canada and the United States, you don’t need one. But as soon as you leave these countries, you need a passport. What’s another thing you need? Well, you need what’s called a “boarding pass”. If you play soccer, you kick the ball; the other guy, he catches it; you “pass” right? The ball goes from one player to another. A “boarding pass” is what allows you to go from one country to another country. You show the person on the airplane this piece of paper with your passport, and they say, “You know what? You can come on the plane and fly, like the pass.” Kick, catch, other country. Cool? All right. So these are your travel documents. You need those. Now, I should have started with you need to make a plan because you want to go visit some place. You want to go on vacation, right? And if you want to go on vacation, well, going to have to — I said “vacation”. A “vacation” is a holiday, another word for saying “time off from work”. All right? So you want to go on vacation. Sometimes, we say, “We’re going to vacation in Italy.” Or “on my vacation, I want to visit Italy.” Or “I’m taking a holiday in Italy.” Okay? So all these words, when people say, “Well, what are you doing on your time off?” You might go, “I’m going on vacation.” Then they know you’re leaving.

If you just say, “I’m taking time off from work”, you could be home cleaning. But no. You’re saying, “I’m going on vacation.” They’re going to go, “Where are you going to visit? Italy, perhaps? Sicily? Is it going to be a good holiday?” And you go, “Yes. I earned my time.” “Earned” means to work for something. “I earned my time off. I’m going on vacation.” You need a boarding pass, and you need a passport. You know where you’re going. What else is important for a vacation? Usually, you need money.

But when you ask for the money in a different country, we don’t say, “Money. Do you have money?” They will say, “Yes.” And they will say, “Do you have money?” And you will say, “Yes.” But it means nothing. What you need to say is, “What currency do you use?” “Currency” is a very fancy word for “money”. But it means money in a certain country. In Canada, we use dollars. That’s the currency.

In America, they use dollars. But it’s different currency because American and Canadian money are not the same. It’s true. They used to use pesos in Spain. And they also use pesos in Mexico. But the currency was different, meaning the money was different. So you don’t want to say, “What money do I use?” You say, “What currency do I need?” If you go to Europe, you need the euro. If you go to America — United States of America for those people who are very, very special — you use the American dollar, which is not to be confused with the Australian dollar. Careful, right? Not every country has it. I mean, I went to one place — I went to Florence.

I was thinking, “Florence. Do I go to a florist and buy a flower and exchange it?” No that was their currency. All right? Now, when you want to take your money and give it to somebody else and say, “I want your money. What do I need to do?” They will say, “Okay. To get this — oh, sorry. To get this money — Canadian money. See? It’s red and white like our flag — you need two of your poor dollars!” So when you do an exchange rate, it tells you how much of your money do you need to get someone else’s money, or how much of your currency do you need to get someone else’s currency.

I know it seems a little confusing, but trust me. Once you leave your country, these things are going to be things you’re going to go, “I wish somebody told me.” And I’ll say, “I did tell you. You just weren’t listening.” Okay? You need currency to go to different countries. So a good thing to do before you get your flight is to say, “What currency do they use in that country?” Believe me, you don’t want to find out by accident you don’t have the right currency.

It happened to me. Okay. So we’ve got currency; we’ve got our documents; we have to, what we call, “book our flight” or “book our trip” or “our travel arrangements”. Okay? Because you’ve got — you know where you want to go. You’ve got this stuff all going. You need to get your flight. So the flight — they’ll give you the time, the airport — the place where the airplane will be and will land, okay? — and your return. You might have a return ticket or a one-way.

Didn’t talk about that? You should ask this. “Return” means you can come home, all right? You can come home. If you get one-way — [singing] “I’m on a highway to hell!” You ain’t coming back, son! And people ask questions when you buy a one-way ticket. They go, “And when do you plan on coming back, hmm?” Okay? So when you make your travel arrangements or you flight or your trip, okay, this is when you’ll get your boarding pass, right? You’ll do that; they will print up your travel document. It’s called your “itinerary”. An “itinerary” tells me what time the plane will arrive, what time I must be at the airport — not the same. Three hours for international; two hours for domestic. “Domestic” means in the country, okay? All of this will be in your itinerary. Itinerary. I’m going to do that later — no. I’ll do it now. “Itinerary.” I-tin — like a can — er-ary. Okay? Itinerary. It’s one word. And what this means is your arrangements or organization of your travel. And airports will give you an itinerary when you book a flight.

See we have the word here? You book a flight or book your trip, which means you call them and say, “I want to go here at this time.” When you’re ready and you pay your money, they will give you an itinerary which will tell you when you’re flying, when you’re leaving, what airport, how much. And it also, when you’re finished, says you have paid, so you can get your boarding pass and get on the plane. So you’ve got your itinerary. We’re ready to go. What’s next? Well, you’re going to go to the airport. And when you go there, I want you to be aware of something.

It’s called your “luggage” or “baggage”. Depending on what was on your itinerary, it might say how many bags you can take. That’s another thing on your itinerary. There are two types. There are “baggage” and “carry-on”. It’s not exactly the same, and you have to be very careful when you go on vacation. “Carry-on” means you, on your body, can walk on the airplane, and then sit down, put it on the overhead, okay? “Carry-on” is on you. You keep it with you, with your passport. Go on the plane. And then you can put it above. This is not the same as your “luggage” or “baggage” that is — you come with. This is what you’re allowed to.

Sometimes, you’re allowed one. Sometimes, you’re allowed two. You better check because it will really make your vacation very expensive. And I’ll tell you why in a second. If you have luggage, usually, you take it to the airport. You give it to someone. It disappears. And you don’t see it again until you get to the new country. They say, “Carry-on? Do you have anything for carry-on?” You say, “Yes. This bag.” And you walk, and they go, “Okay.” Then, the other one, they take away and say, “Bye-bye, bag! I’ll see you in the new country.” So you got on the carry-on. You’ve got your boarding pass. You walk up with passport. They let you in. Okay? You board. “Board” means you can go on the plane. When they say, “Geraldine Potter, boarding now. Flight 57 is boarding. Ready to leave, to depart.” That’s you. You get on the plane. Okay? So you board the plane, give them your documents. Finally, you’re on the plane. You’re relaxing. The plane comes. It arrives, and comes down.

What’s the first place you go to? Customs. Customs. You get off the plane. They announced you. You showed your passport one time. They’re going to say do you, “Do you have a passport, please, sir? Can we see your passport?” And you have to show the passport again before you can come in the new country. So once you get to Italy, you can’t just walk into Italy. You have to go to customs and show your passport. Then, you can enter, and we can finally begin our vacation. Well, what are you going to do on vacation? You didn’t just go there to go to a hotel. And a “hotel” is a place you pay to sleep at night. And you can buy some food, but you just sleep there. Okay? Or maybe, you have family there.

I didn’t draw a hotel because, well, you probably are going with family, and hotel — you probably know that before you go because you can’t just show up and kind of go, “Okay. I sleep where, now?” You get a hotel. So a hotel or motel are places that you go to. Motels are a little bit cheaper. And hotels are more expensive but can be nicer with bathtubs and everything.

Magnifique. Okay? But they’re places you pay to stay to sleep at night. Okay? There’s also something called “hostel”. Not “hostage”, okay? Not “hostage”. Let’s not go there. “Hostel”. A “hostel” is usually used by students or people who have backpacks that they carry, and they’re very, very cheap, but many people share rooms or showers. So you can spend more money and go to a hotel. Middle money — think “motel” is “middle money”. Not so nice, but you have your own bathroom and your own bed.

And “hostel”, well, everybody sleeps together. Well, no. They don’t. I’m just saying everybody sleeps in a similar room and has the same shower, okay? Those are your three things you can do. So after you get up from your hotel, motel, hostel, you might want to, well, go sightseeing. See the glasses? “Sightseeing” is when you go to places of interest in a country, usually places that are called “tourist attractions” — “attraction”, like a magnet, brings tourists. In Canada, we have the CN Tower. Or in Seattle, the Seattle Space Needle.

Or in Paris, the Arc De Triomphe. Okay? These are places where people go, “Did you go to see MoNA, the Museum of Natural –?” They ask you because you should go to these places in these countries, all right? So if you say to someone, “Hey. I want to go sightseeing. Do you know of any tourist attractions?” They’ll go, “Yes. My house at twelve o’clock. The freaks come out at night.” Joking. What they’ll say is, “Yeah. You should go to this place, Yonge Street. Or this place. And here are some things you’ll like when you get there.” Okay? Now, be careful. Although there are tourist attractions, there are also what we call “tourist traps”. These are places where you spend lots of money for nothing.

You will notice people in the country never go there because they go, “Oh, it’s too much money, and all the tourists are there.” Which means, it’s just made for tourists. It doesn’t mean it’s fantastic or great. It just means there are people there who know tourists are coming, who probably speak foreign languages, and they want to take most of your money. So make sure you make a difference or you ask a local in the country, “Hey. Is this a tourist attraction or a tourist trap?” And you’ll know that because especially if you want to practice your English, there will be more people speaking your language at tourist traps than at tourist attractions. Sometimes, there will be people to help you. But you know, be careful. Now, you’ve gone to attractions, you’ve gone sightseeing. You’ve missed the tourist traps. I’m sorry; your vacation is over. Almost like this lesson. That means you’ve got to go back home.

So you’re going to have to board the plane again, take your luggage, get your carry-on, make sure you have your travel documents — your boarding pass and your passport, okay? “Bye, Italy! It was a nice vacation. I’ll visit you again.” My holiday is over, so Mr. E and I, well, we’re going to take our flight back to our country. It’s going to be a long — see, a long flight is usually, like, hours. A short flight could be an hour. But we really enjoyed the trip. And we love traveling, okay? I’m going to tell my friends about this airline I use because they have a great itinerary.

When I come back to my country, oh, damn it! I have to go through customs again. When you come back, you have to go through with your stuff and show them. Go to customs. But finally, maybe I have some money left. I have their currency, not their money. So I’ll have to go and find out what the exchange rate is, change my money back to my real money, and my trip is over. I hope you enjoyed this little trip. Mr. E, of course, you did. I’ve got some pictures of you and me away, huh? Drinking some beer, yes? In some good countries! Anyway. It’s been a pleasure. And I need you to go somewhere — take a little trip. It’s not much of a flight. But it’s sort of like a vacation because you’re going to learn a different language — English. You don’t need any documents, and you don’t have to go to customs. I want you to go to www.engvid.com.

That’s right. I said it, people. “Eng” as in “English”, “vid” as in video”. That’s EngVid, where you can find myself and other teachers who will take you on a fabulous journey — that’s a word we didn’t use here, a “journey” to English. Don’t forget to watch out for tourist traps, okay? Don’t be a tourist. Come stay with us. We’ll educate you. Have a good one. E! Out!. “}

As found on Youtube

Study English in London

2 fun new ways to learn English vocabulary

{“en”:”Yeah, that was fun. I’m looking forward to hearing that from you later. Hi. James from engVid. In this video what I would like to do is help you work on vocabulary. I want to make it fun, because when things are fun, you work harder and you learn more. And today’s lesson, I’m going to teach you two ways to not only just remember vocabulary, but learn how to use vocabulary in a way that we use it, and you will really understand it, and… Heck, it’s fun. You’re just going to have fun doing it. I’m sure you will. All right? It’s a little bit creative. So, let’s go to the board. Simple lesson. Here we go. Two ways to have fun with language. Not just language, but vocabulary. Ways that you may not be studying in class, we’re going to do here today.

The first one I want to talk to you about is fill in the gap. Huh? “A gap” means a space, there’s a space between something. So, here’s my hands, in between my hands is a gap. Okay? You have a gap between your eyes. One eye, one eye, space. In this case, you see I’ve got this: “tree __________ chair”. Now, fill in the gap doesn’t mean just one word. It’s a couple of ways you can do this. In this particular game, we’re going to take two vocabulary words, “tree”, and take another one, “chair”, and they’re kind of a little obvious to make it easy for you, but what I want you to do is one of two things. The first thing we can do is use x words. What I mean by that is you could say: “I want to use five words, and I want to go from ‘tree’ to ‘chair’.” Or: “I want to use three words from ‘tree’ to ‘chair'” or two. Huh? Well, okay. How do I get from “tree”? Okay. “Tree”, “cut”. You cut the tree down, right? “Lumber”. Lumber you make into wood you can use.

Let’s see. “Carpenter”. Find a carpenter. “Craft”. “Craft” means make. You’re like: “What?” These… All these words… And then I can say: “Furniture”. Okay? Okay, furniture. “Chair”, so if I have a tree, I cut it down and make it into lumber, I take it to a carpenter, he crafts it into a chair. Five words from A to B. So, one game is tell yourself: “I want to go from five… One word to another word, and I want five words to get there.” And you can challenge yourself; maybe go from three words. Right? Or make 10 words. You can use it to describe something. How many words you can use to describe a certain thing. Right? “I have this word, and I want to go to this word. How many words does it take me to get there?” What this does is it teaches you relationship between words, and that also can teach you nouns and verbs, and how they function together.

Or, we say “syntax”, right? So, start at A, say: “I want to use five words to get there.” This is a great word to do with a friend. You can say: “Okay, we’re going to do ‘tree’ and ‘chair’, you need to do five words that make sense to go from ‘tree’ to ‘chair'”, and put a clock on for five minutes. You go, and she goes, you write together and see what words you get. Compare, check them out. “Why did you choose this, and why does this word…? What does this word mean?” Right? So, now, you’re not just writing words in a book and saying: “This word means this.” You’re: “What does it mean? How do I use it? How would other people use it? How would other people think?” Right? Yeah.

See? That’s fun by yourself or with a friend. Okay, listen, the second way to play this game is: How many words to the answer? What? Well, we can pick up two random words, two, like… I have “chair”… “Tree” and “chair”, we could have put “chair” and “moon”. Now the game gets a little bit more interesting. Right? “Chair” and “moon”.

How many words does it get me to go from “chair” to “moon”? Now, you might say: “That’s impossible. They have nothing to do with each other.” I could say, “Listen, the chair in my living room”-“living room” is a noun-“sits”-which is a verb -“close to the big bay window where I can see the moon at night.” How many words did it take me to get from “chair” to “moon”? So, it’s playing with words, being creative.

“Chair” and “moon” have nothing to do with each other, but I used nouns and verbs to go from this place to this place, and actually created a sentence as well. Now, you can, as I said, make it more of a challenge. Do the same thing with a friend. How many words, just random words, how many words does it take? And you can time each other to see who gets there first. And the sentence must make sense. Cool? All right? Once again, you’re going to learn syntax and meaning; you have to put the words in the right order, you can’t just throw words in there. And when I say “meaning”, it has to have sense that it goes from here to here that someone would understand it and, you know, agree with it.

That’s one game. The second game I like a lot, and I’m going to embarrass myself in about four minutes, two minutes, whatever. I hope you like this one, too. I like this one because what you do is if you’re studying particular vocabulary… We have in engVid, vocabulary about travel, the kitchen, the law, all sorts of ones you can go to. Go there, and there’s usually about 10 words. Take those 10 words. Okay? And then you’re going to write a poem. Poem. Well, poems are literary devices. They are types of… They’re forms of writing that don’t have to follow the normal ways of writing. In Japan, they have what’s called a Haiku. We have rhyming poetry, like… I can’t thinking anything off the right… Top of my head. Simple Simon metapimon. No, that’s not a rhyme. But rhyme, words that go together like “time”, “rhyme”, “bime”, you’d have to have all these words kind of go together. Okay? So, poetry could be to express a… Or express a thought or an idea, but it doesn’t have to be written as a specific paragraph. Right? It could be, as I said, a Haiku is in Japanese poetry, rhyming poetry, sometimes abstract poetry.

This is a fun one because in this one you’re going to write a poem, and you might not have done that in your current reading-… Writing assignments. You’re writing paragraphs for essays and things, but we want to show you the connection with words. So, what I want you to do is write a poem using five or maybe even 10 words. Try not to do more, because you’re learning how to write right now. Okay? Use on vocabulary… “One” vocabulary word, because “on” is a preposition.

One vocabulary word on each line, but have the poem’s lines be connected by the ideas in the words, which means you can’t just randomly write words and funny sentences; they’ve got to be connected. This shows your mastery of the language. And that’s why I said this is a good one. It’s fun and you’re showing your mastery. In this case, I’ve got: “rain”, “down”, “heaven”, “hard”, “thirst”. Random words. Right? Let me clear my throat. You didn’t know it, but it’s James’ Beatnik Poetry Cafu00e9. I’m about to give you some lines. Rain comes down hard from heaven, crashing into the ground, making the heart go soft, quenching the thirst of the earth, removing the dirt, revealing the hidden beauty. Thank you. Thank you, thank you, thank you. Okay, so I took these words, and if you noticed, there’s a very specific thing.

This poem I did the first line one word, on the second line I put two words, on the third line I put three words, on the fourth and fifth… You can see these numbers. These were the words I used. Each of them makes sense in the poem. When you hear it, you’re like: “Oh, yeah, that makes sense.” “Heaven” is above, “rain” comes down. Right? “Heaven”, above, yeah. “Hard”, well, when water hits the ground, the ground goes soft. And if you’re “thirsty”, it means you need a drink, if the dry is ground it’s thirsty, so it wants water to drink. Right? I’m showing you I understand the language enough to put these words together. Because I put one word, two words, three words, I also have to use other words I learned. So, you can take this from a particular lesson-right?-because “rain” would be “water” and “thirst”. Probably a lesson on water. Right? Yeah. You could do that for travelling. You know? Sky drawing me up… No, drawing me up into… See? I’m just making it up, but you get the point. You take them, you put them together. And even that last sentence, I’m like: “That wasn’t cool.

I have to… Don’t want to look like a fool, so I’ll have to retool.” Right? So, if you’re smiling, having fun, saying: “Wow. I’m, like, playing with the language.” You’ll show that you understand it, you’ll have a beautiful product that you can show another person, saying: “Look at my English.” And they may be impressed when you explain the rules you were following, like: one words, two words, three words, and how you learned to express yourself and have a deep understanding.

Right? So, look, I hope you’ve enjoyed these two lessons. You can see I did, because I did a little poem for you, using this exact lesson. E’s smiling, because he’s like: “Wow, this is fun.” I’m sure this was fun for you. Give it a try. Get out your vocabulary words, or go watch another engVid lesson. Right? And then take out some vocabulary words, because they do go together, and use them. Make a couple poems, have some fun with it. All right? Anyway, where are you going to find these words? Well, I want you to go to www.eng as in English, vid as in video.com (www.engvid.com), where you can play, have fun, and experiment.

All right? That’s what it’s about, and that’s how you learn best. Anyway, once again, I just wanted to say thank you guys for watching the channel, look forward to all your comments, and the fact that you go do those quizzes. And before I go, I really want you to subscribe, so somewhere around here, or even down here, there’s a subscribe button. Okay? Subscribe, and you’ll get the newest stuff from myself and engVid. Right? Have a good one. See ya later. Remember: Rain comes down hard.. “}

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Global London College

IELTS Speaking Task 1 – How to get a high score

Hi, there. My name is Emma, and in today’s lesson, we will be looking at how to do well on the speaking part of the IELTS. So the speaking part of the IELTS is divided up into three sections. Today, we’re just going to be looking at section No. 1. So first of all, I will explain how to do well — oh, sorry. First, I’ll explain what happens in Part 1 of the IELTS. And from there, we’ll look at some things you should do to do well and some things you shouldn’t do, okay? So let’s get started. So what happens in Part 1 of the IELTS? Well, first of all, the speaking Part 1 of the IELTS is for both those taking the General IELTS exam and the Academic. So whether you’re taking the Academic or the General IELTS, it’s the same test with the same questions. Okay. It lasts between four to five minutes.

It’s made up of first an introduction. So the examiner is going to introduce himself or herself. Then, you will introduce yourself. So for example, “Hi. My name is Emma. Nice to meet you.” Okay, so there’s an introduction. And then, the examiner is going to ask you some questions about yourself. So these questions aren’t that difficult. Usually, they’re about where you’re from. So for example what city you were born in, where you grew up. They might be about work. They might be about what you study, about your friends, about your hobbies, food, sports, and another thing I don’t have up here, family. Family is also common on this part of the IELTS. Okay? So usually, the examiner, after introducing himself or herself, they will talk to you about two of these topics.

Okay?” Now, the way they mark this part of the IELTS is they’re looking specifically for pronunciation, okay? So can they understand what you’re saying? Do you pronounce things well? They’re going to be looking at fluency. So what’s “fluency”? Well, do you go, “Uh, um, uh, uh” a lot during the test? Or do you speak very clearly, in a very nice rhythmic way? Do you use organizers or transitions? “First of all, secondly, finally.” Do you use words like this? “Another reason.” Or do you have problems speaking at a normal rate? So they look at that in fluency.” Then, they mark you also on vocabulary. Do you use words like “good, bad” a lot? Those are very low-level words. Or do you use high level words that really show off your vocabulary?” The final thing you’re marked on is grammar and accuracy. So for example, do you only use the present test for the whole test or are you able to correctly use the present tense, the past tense, present perfect, future? How well is your grammar? Okay? So don’t panic.

Maybe you’re weak in grammar. Maybe you make some mistakes in grammar. But you’re marked equally on these four components, okay? So now, let’s look at some tips on how to do well on Part 1 of the speaking part of the IELTS. Okay. So what are some of the things we should do to get a good mark in Part 1 of the IELTS for speaking? Well, we have a list here of dos. Okay? So these are things you want to do. So the first thing that’s very important is when you first meet the examiner, okay? If you’re very nervous, and you don’t make eye-contact, and you look at the floor the whole time, you’re not going to do well on the IELTS even if your English is pretty good.

So it’s very important to present yourself with confidence, okay? You want to go into that test and know you’re going to do well. If you think you’re going to do well, you’re going to do a lot better. Okay? If you think you’re going to do badly, you’re probably going to do badly. So think you’re going to do well, and be confident. Okay? Another important thing is be friendly. Okay. You want to smile. Body language is actually very important in the IELTS. You want to make eye-contact, okay? So don’t look at your feet. Don’t look at your hands. Look at the examiner. But you don’t have to stare at them, okay? Just look at them when you talk. Another thing a lot of students forget is they don’t act excited when they’re answering questions. So what do I mean by this? Well, they talk with a monotone. So for example, “Do you like playing sports?” This is a common question on the IELTS.

A student might respond, “I really like playing basketball. Basketball is a good sport.” Okay. If the examiner hears that, you’re probably not going to get a good mark. You should act excited about what you’re saying. Okay? “Yes. I love sports. Basketball is my favorite. It’s, you know — I love watching basketball. It’s a lot of fun to play.” If you seem excited, you will do better. Okay. The next thing that’s very important is the vocabulary you use, okay? So remember, you’re getting marked on four different things. One of these things is vocabulary. So how do you improve your vocabulary mark? Well, don’t use simple, easy, boring, low-level words like, “I like basketball because it’s good. I don’t like soccer because it’s bad.” Okay? These words, “bad, good “, they’re too easy. You need to try to find vocabulary that is higher level and practice before you do the IELTS. So for example, a good thing to do is look at the list of topics you will probably be asked about.

Food is a very common thing they will ask you about. So try to come up with vocabulary in advance and practice this vocabulary about the different topics. So for example, I know they may ask me a question about food. So I might learn some words that have to do with food. Maybe I don’t know the word “cuisine”. Well, if they ask me a question about food, I can say, “My favorite type of food — I love Indian cuisine.” Okay? And there you go. They’ve just noticed you used a higher level word. Same with friends. A common word we use when we talk about friends, we talk about “acquaintances”. Okay? So this is another good word to use. So again, try to come up with vocabulary for each of the different topics, and practice. Okay.

Now, in this part of the IELTS, the examiner may ask you about what you like. “Do you like to play sports? What hobbies do you like? What are your favorite foods?” Now, one thing a lot of students do is they overuse “I like”. “I like this. I like that. I like this. I like that.” This is not going to help you with your vocabulary mark.

So instead of using “I like” a lot, try something different. “I enjoy playing basketball. I enjoy hanging out with my friends. I really love yoga. I really love bowling.” Okay? “I prefer playing sports to doing other activities.” So “I enjoy, I really love, I prefer” — I’m sure you can come up with more, but it’s good to practice these types of expressions before you do the IELTS, okay?” Another key tip: Expand your answers. So what does this mean? Well, maybe the examiner asked you a question, “What is your favorite food?” Or — sorry. Let me think of a good example. “Do you like to play sports?” Okay? The examiner might ask you that. Some students might just say, “No.” And that’s their answer. “Do you like to play sports? Do you like to cook?” “No.” Well, the examiner is not going to be able to judge your English if you answer questions yes or no.

You have to give bigger, longer answers. So this is what I mean by expand. Don’t just say “yes” or “no”. Even if you don’t know what to say, make something up. So for example, a common question they ask, “Where are you from?” Now, I could just say, “I’m from Toronto.” Or, “Toronto.” This isn’t going to help my IELTS mark. It’s better if I expand this answer. “I’m from Toronto. It’s actually the biggest city in Canada. It’s also considered one of the most multicultural cities in the world.” I don’t have to talk too long about Toronto. I don’t want to say the whole history of Toronto. I don’t want to keep talking and talking and talking. But I don’t want a very short answer. So you need to find an answer that is not too short and not too long. You want something in the middle. Okay? So that’s what I mean by “expand”.

One way to expand your answers is by giving examples. So I asked this question earlier. You know, “What’s your favorite food?” “Oh, I love Indian cuisine.” How can I add to this? I can give examples. “My favorite dish is palak paneer. It’s made from spinach, a type of cheese they use in India, spices. You know, we often eat it at my house.” So there. Instead of just saying, “I like Indian food”, I’ve given a lot of examples. And that’s what you want to do, okay? Finally, most importantly, practice. Okay? So you know the types of questions you’re going to get. A lot about what you do for work, what do you study, how many people are in your family — these types of questions. Now, it’s important to practice your answers. Okay? Practice with your friends. Practice with a mirror. Practice, practice, practice. It’s very important that you practice answering these types of questions before you do the IELTS. Okay, so now, let’s look at some of the “don’ts”, some things you shouldn’t do in the IELTS.

Okay. So what are things you shouldn’t do? Okay, now, we’re going to look at a list of what you shouldn’t do. So “don’ts”. Okay. Don’t do this. Don’t speak with a monotone. So I already mentioned this. Don’t speak where your voice flat, okay? Don’t speak like, “I have a mother and a father.” Don’t say things like that. Speak with enthusiasm, okay? Not monotone. Okay. Don’t give yes/no answers. “Do you have a family?” “Yes.” That’s a horrible answer.” Okay? It’s more — “Have you traveled to China?” “No.” Okay.

These types of answers are not the ones you want to give. Expand. Make your answer longer, even if you have to lie. It’s okay to lie on the IELTS as long as you speak. That’s the most important thing. Okay. Do not repeat the question. Okay. So if they say, “Do you like sports?” “Yes, I like sports.” You’re wasting a sentence. Instead of repeating the question back to them, find a better way to say it.

“Do you like sports in” “Yes. There are many sports that I find very fun and interesting.” Okay, so don’t repeat the question. “Do you have a family?” “Yes, I have a family.” It’s not a good thing to do.” Don’t go off topic. So sometimes, students — they’re really actually excited, and they want to talk. And they want to show off their language skills. And so they think, “Oh, yes. I need to expand my answers.” But instead of expanding, they go and they talk about so many different things that don’t have to do with the topic. So for example, if they ask me a question on my hometown, if I start talking about Toronto, and then I start talking about education, and then I start talking about technology, this is going off on too many different topics.

Stick to what they ask you. Okay? You can give examples, but they should be about — they should refer to the question they asked you. Okay. Don’t answer, “I don’t know.” So in the first part of the IELTS, this would actually be a difficult — I can’t imagine you actually using this answer because the point of Part 1 of the IELTS is to make you feel comfortable. So the examiner asks you questions about yourself. So you should know these answers. “What are your favorite hobbies? What types of foods do you like to eat? How many members are there in your family?” You shouldn’t answer, “I don’t know” to any of these questions.

They’re about you. And if — maybe you don’t know. Maybe you’ve never thought about what’s your favorite food. Just make it up. Okay? Even if you hate sushi, even if you hate West Indian food or Canadian food. That’s okay. Just make it up. “I love West Indian food. I love Canadian food.” If you don’t know, make up your answer. Don’t speak too quickly, and don’t speak too slowly. Okay? So this is a little bit about fluency.

What often happens with students is when they get nervous, they start to talk really, really, really fast, and they go a mile a minute. They just go so fast. So if you’re the type of person that does this, practice is speaking in environments where you get nervous. So this way, you can practice maybe ways to deal with stress, ways to deal with nervousness. Try not to speak too quickly. Also, don’t speak very slowly, okay? I’ve had some students who have used a lot of “uh’s” and “ah’s”, and this is a problem. So don’t speak too slowly. Okay? Another thing: Don’t speak quietly. Okay? A lot of students, they’re nervous, and they’re shy, so they talk like this. And the examiner has to really listen. They can’t hear what they’re saying, and so you’re not going to do as well if you talk quietly.

Talk with confidence. Talk loudly so they can hear what you’re saying. Okay. Finally, the most important point: Don’t worry about being perfect. You do not have to speak perfect English to do well on the IELTS. Even if you’re aiming for a mark of nine on the IELTS, a bandwidth of 9 — sorry. If you’re looking for the mark of nine, you do not need perfect English, okay? You can make mistakes. So if you make a mistake, that’s okay. If you can correct it easily, do so. If you try to correct it and you’re going to make more mistakes or you’re going to take a lot of time, it’s okay; just leave it. If you make a mistake, continue to talk. Move on. There’s a chance that the examiner didn’t even hear that mistake.

And they expect you to make mistakes. So if you make a mistake between using “a” or “the”, if you make a mistake in terms of grammar, it’s okay. Native speakers make mistakes, too. People are used to hearing native speakers, ESL students make mistakes. So you do not have to be perfect. I can’t say that enough. Don’t worry about being perfect. Okay? So if you’re wondering the types of questions you may see on the IELTS, and if you want to practice with a friend or even in front of the mirror, I strongly recommend you visit the website www.goodluckielts.com.

On this website, there are more tips, as well as practice questions for Part 1 of the IELTS. And information, too, on the writing section, listening section, and reading section, okay? So I also invite you to come and do our quiz at www.engvid.com where you can practice some of these tips that we’ve talked about today. So until next time, take care..

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