10 Tips To Build Your Vocabulary | Ways To Learn More English Words

{“en”:”Hello! I’m Emma from mmmEnglish! What’s the best way to learn new English vocabulary? Ahh the million dollar question! If only I could give the ultimate answer to that question. It’s a question that I get asked daily – literally! There is no single best way. There is no quick solution, but I do have 10 tips or recommendations in this lesson that will help you to improve your English vocabulary. So you need to find the best way for you and to do that you need to take a few moments to think about YOU. Think about your interests. Do you like reading? The movies? Watching the news? How do you like to learn? Do you like to learn inside or outside, in a group or alone? What type of learner are you? How do you best take in information? And what’s your schedule like? When can you study? On the train or with your kids? Use this information to find the opportunities to learn and enjoy English.

The truth is that to successfully learn new vocabulary, you need to create really good study habits. You need to keep it interesting and you need to make sure that you’re having fun! It’s something that you need to be doing every day so you need to find a way to involve things that you love to do. Me? I get really bored reading grammar books and listening to words through dictionaries. I’m much more likely to stay motivated if I’m eating or drinking so I like to study around meals.

Hey, you may laugh but it works for me! Consistency is key when you’re learning new words. You can’t just learn them once and magically they’re kept inside your head forever. You need to hear them again and again. Understand how they’re used in different context or how they’re conjugated or used in different, in word families. You need to use them yourself. The truth is that we all learn differently.

So in this video I’m going to talk about 10 different tools and techniques that you can use to improve your vocabulary. You might not like all of them but you will definitely enjoy some of them and hopefully you can make them a part of your daily or your weekly routine. And if you’ve got any of your own suggestions about ways to learn vocabulary, then add them to the comments below! Share the love with everyone, people! So, the first suggestion or the first tip is get better at studying new words.

Keep a vocabulary journal. Don’t roll your eyes at me, you can do this in lots of different ways. If you think it’s dorky to carry around a notebook, then find a way that works for you. There are lots of apps that can help you to do this – apps on your smartphone. And it’s just as easy to make notes there. Your phone is great because it’s always with you but if you prefer to keep a notebook that’s just as good.

So neat ways of doing this are creating lists or by creating vocabulary maps. However, you do it you need to keep updating it and you need to keep building on this list and don’t just write the word down. Go deeper! If it’s a noun, learn whether it’s countable or uncountable. Learn the prefixes and suffixes so that you can build on those words. Learn synonyms for those words. You know, if you said “I felt angry”, there are so many other options.

Annoyed, irritated, furious, frustrated, or cranky. Learn if any of these words are used in phrasal verbs or idioms. Number two. When you do learn new words, don’t just learn them on their own. Learn them with the words that they are often used with. These are called collocations. Two or more English words that are often said together or used together. They sound right because native speakers often use them together.

For example, you throw or have or plan a party. You don’t make a party. Or instead of memorising the word, apply, learn the phrase “apply for a job” or “apply for a citizenship” or “apply for a visa”. You can learn hundreds of new individual words but you’ll be frustrated if you can’t put them together in a sentence that sounds correct and natural. When you learn words in groups, you’re learning the words with the verb, the nouns, the prepositions that they are commonly used with so you’ll sound much more natural when you speak.

Three. Learn new vocabulary through stories. Stories are full of new words, phrases and interesting expressions that show you how words come together in a really entertaining way. Just like the collocation method, you are learning new vocabulary in context. You’re not only learning what words to use but you’re learning how to use them. An important note to remember is that it’s important to challenge yourself but not feel completely overwhelmed and confused. Read stories that are fun, that are enjoyable and that help you to feel confident with English. Start with children’s books if you need to! “Emma are you serious? Start with children’s books?” Yes I’m serious! There are lots of great children’s books out there that are interesting, they’re funny, they’re full of adventure. Start with children’s books and when you’re reading them and it becomes too easy, you can try something a bit more challenging. In the description below I’ve linked to some great books that you can get started with.

In this wonderful day and age that we live in, you can also find audiobooks for almost any book that you can imagine and when you’re learning English, hearing how the words are pronounced is so important because English is not phonetic. In English, words are often not pronounced the way that you think they are, so listening and reading at the same time is even better! I use Audible to download my audiobooks and listen to them while I’m jogging, while I’m travelling, while I’m drifting off to sleep. And I’ve listed some really great books in the description box below. Plus, there’s a link down there to try your first audio book for free and I really recommend it.

Make sure you choose stories and topics that you love and that you’re interested in. On that note, TED Talks are also really great for this because there’s TED Talks on almost every topic imaginable and you can also follow the transcript as the speaker is speaking. I’ll link you to some of my favourite TED Talks in the description below too. Another great tip is to learn new vocabulary through songs. If you love listening to music, there is no doubt that learning new vocabulary through songs will help you to remember them. You need to find songs where the words are not sung too fast so that you can hear each word and how it’s pronounced. It’s more effective if you can download the lyrics and read them as you’re listening.

There are so many more benefits to learning vocabulary through songs! They get stuck in your head – if they’re good – so you’ll be singing them and practising them so often you won’t even feel like you’re doing it – in the shower, while you’re exercising, while you’re driving to work. Songs also use colloquial language or slang language that’s really common in English. You’ll also hear how words are contracted and reduced and it’s going to improve your speaking skills too.

If you’re singing out loud you’ll be improving aspects of your pronunciation. And the rhythm of music helps you to memorise new vocabulary. I’ll also link down there to some great websites where you can get lyrics for English songs and also, if you’ve got any suggestions about great English music that you like to listen to, make sure you add it to the comments. The next tip. Get better at using online dictionaries. Online dictionaries offer so many ways to practise and learn new English vocabulary. Let’s look at the word, produce, as an example.

When I look up this word in an online dictionary, I can read the definition, I can read and sometimes listen to the different verb forms, producers, produced, producing. I can read lots of example sentences that show how this word is used. I can also learn synonyms and collocations. You can also see the entire word family: produce, producer, production, productive, unproductive, productively, product, produce. You’ll also listen to the pronunciation and in this example, you’ll be surprised (maybe) to learn that the verb produce and the noun produce are pronounced differently. I recommend some online dictionaries below in the description box. I use Oxford online dictionaries and Macmillan online dictionaries. They also have really great apps for iPhone and for Android. So go and explore all of the amazing vocabulary building tools.

Plus, if you sign up to their email list you’re going to get sent a new English word every day and that’s just another way to get more practice with new vocabulary! OK, what about flashcards and labels? Flashcards have been a really favourite way of learning new vocabulary for years and years! But there are lots more options available for us today. You might prefer to hand-write English phrases on one side of a card and then translate them into your own native language on the other, but you can also use an SRS program such as Anki.

Now I downloaded Anki a few weeks ago and I think it’s amazing! It allows you to remember a large number of words in a short amount of time. And it also lets you work at your own pace so I guess it’s kind of like digital flashcards and as you practise, the program remembers what words you get wrong and it shows you them more frequently. So you get to practise some more! It’s a really efficient way of studying, I can’t recommend it highly enough! I use it while I’m studying Spanish.

Another tip – my favourite tip – is to describe the world around you, what’s happening around you. If you like using a dictionary to learn new vocabulary, getting into the habit of describing things that are happening around you in English is a really great way to study. When you’re unsure of words, look them up. It will help you to fill in the gaps in your vocabulary. So for example, when you’re at your local supermarket, ask yourself “Do I remember the names for everything that’s in the fridge?” or “How can I describe the woman waiting in line?” or “Do I know the English names of all of these vegetables?” When you can’t think of a word, you stop and you look it up.

Understand how it’s used, practise it and then use it again next time you’re at the supermarket. You can also do it on your way to work on the bus, as you’re going past things you can think of the vocabulary and try and fill in the gaps when you don’t know how to describe it or explain it. Number nine – my favourite – imitate a native speaker. Imitation and shadowing are great techniques to improve pronunciation and spoken English but they’re also awesome for learning new vocabulary, in context too. I have a huge range of imitation lessons that are available on different topics, so if you want to check them out you can go up here or I’ll link to them at the end of the video. And number ten. If you are confident enough, speak and practise being in conversations. By the time you’ve reached pre-intermediate to intermediate level, you already have enough vocabulary in you, you can communicate what you want.

The message might not be perfect but it’s enough and it’s at this point that practising real conversation is going to catapult your English skills and that means push them much further than if you just keep doing what you’re doing. In conversations, you’re developing core language skills simultaneously. You’re listening, you’re asking questions, you’re learning new vocabulary and context. You’re pushing yourself to find new ways to express your ideas. And if you’re not expressing yourself clearly enough, you have to find a new way of explaining yourself. And all of this is happening at once, there’s lots of pressure, there is no better way to build your language skills than immersing yourself inside an English conversation. There are so many different ways that you can do this. You can do it online, there are companies that connect you with people who want to study English like Cambly and Lingoda.

I’ll write a link to all of those in the description below too. Or in that link up there. I have a Facebook group that encourages conversation amongst women so if you’re a woman, you are welcome to join! It’s free and there is a link in the description below as well. So that’s it, my ten suggestions for improving your vocabulary. Try them out and let me know what you think! And if you’ve got some other suggestions about ways to improve your vocabulary, add them in the comments! Most importantly, you need to find ways to learn and practise vocabulary that will work best for you because hey, we all learn differently. We all have different priorities and different amounts of time to spend when we’re learning new languages. You need to create your own good study habits and find ways to enjoy English while you’re learning new words.

If you haven’t already subscribed to the mmmEnglish Channel, you should definitely do it! There’s always new lessons to keep you busy. Watch one of my imitation lessons right here to help you build your vocabulary and improve your pronunciation and become a better English speaker. If you want to watch some of the other mmmEnglish lessons, go right here. Thanks for watching and I’ll see you in the next lesson. Bye for now!. “}

As found on Youtube

Hypnotherapy for anxiety

How to Study English: Four Core English Skills

{“en”:”Hello, everyone. I’m Robin and welcome to this video. In this video I’m going to talk about the four language skills Whenever we study a language, there are four very important skills, we need to know and practice. So that’s what I’m going to talk about in this video. I’m going to talk about the four skills. And I’m going to teach you how to use these for skills to improve your English language ability. Ahh, this is an introduction video, so I’m not going to go into too much detail. But I still think it’s a very important video to help you improve your English.

So the four language skills. We also call them the Four Core English skills. ‘Core’ means center. Very important. Ok these are very important skills. And I.. I think you already know these skills. The first two: speaking and writing. Now speaking and writing… these are called productive skills or output. Ok, so you have an idea or some information… and you want to give that to another person. You have to create language. Okay. You have to create English. So you’re speaking in English. Or you’re writing a letter or an email. We have to create and give that information to someone.

So we call that productive skills. The last two: listening and reading. We call these receptive skills or input. Ok. So you’re listening to someone speak English And you have to understand. Or you’re reading a book or newspaper article and you have to understand what the information is. These are the four skills. They’re called skills because with practice, we can get better. And I’m going to show you how to practice using these four skills. Now I’m going to teach you how to use the Integrated Skills Approach. ‘Approach’ means it’s a method. Ok.

And it’s a good method. ‘Skills’ – we’re talking about the four skills. And the keyword ‘integrated’ – now what this means is we’re taking the four skills – And when we study English, we’re studying all four skills together at the same time. Alright, let me explain more. So you should study a topic – practicing all four core English skills. Let me give an example of a classroom. Now a good teacher will want to use the Integrated Skills Approach. So the teacher will bring the class a topic… So let’s say the topic today is Canadian culture. So what the teacher will want to do is practice the receptive skills. So, the students might read about Canadian culture. They might watch a video and practice there listening about Canadian culture.

So they’re receiving information in English. And then the teacher will want to practice the productive skills. So, here she will ask the students to write about Canadian culture. …what they thought about Canadian culture… And…they… the teacher will also ask the students to practice speaking about Canadian culture with… with the teacher or with a classmate. So in this class, a good teacher was able to pick a topic – one topic. And practice all four core English skills This is a really good class. This is a really good way to study English. Why? Well with the receptive…ah… practicing the receptive skills, You might learn some new English expressions or vocabulary. And then when you’re we’re practicing the productive skills, you’re able to practice writing these new expressions…. and you practice speaking these new expressions… Alright this will really really help you improve your English. Ahh… so in the class, a good teacher will do this.

Let’s talk about self study – outside the class. How can you do this? Well it’s not easy… ok… you know that. So, the…ah… receptive skills: the reading and listening – That’s easy. You’re practicing your receptive skills now. You’re listening to me. You can watch videos…uh…or listen to the radio. And reading – you can read articles and books. So you can practice that alone. But the productive skills…uh…Writing… Uh…a lot of my students don’t practice that, but you should. Alright. Now you can keep a diary. Whatever you watch, you can make some comments in your diary or about your day. You’re writing. You’re practicing. Uhh…and for speaking… well… you need a partner. Ok. You need a partner to practice speaking. That’s not easy. I know. But you really need to find a club or a friend you can practice speaking English about some topics. Ok? Now I’m going to help you a little bit. Uh…I’m going to talk about Voice of America Now… and this website. Now this is a really good website to practice your…uh…listening and reading. Ok. If you go to this website, they have different levels.

So if you’re a beginner, intermediate, advanced – they have different videos… and different articles. So this will really help you to find your level and practice your listening – when you’re watching a video. And you’re reading. Alright. Right now I’m going to show you how to access this site and use this site. Let’s take a look. First open your browser. Search for Voice of America. You can see their English learning site here. Ok this is the main page. You can see up here many things to explore. They have English lessons. And three levels of news articles. Let’s click level 1. And the first article. You can practice listening with the audio. And it matches the article below. Let’s check level 3. Again, you can play the audio to practice listening. Or read the article first, and listen later. Let’s click the video. They have some good videos for studying English. And they have audio broadcasts, too. Voice of America. A great website to help you improve your English.

Alright there’s one more thing I want to talk about. That is Balanced the Skills. Now we have the four skills here. And one problem I see with my students is they are focusing or they’re st…or they’re practicing only one or two of these skills. And they’re not…they’re ignoring… they’re not practicing other skills So for example: speaking. A lot of my students they’re only practicing speaking… but they’re not practicing writing. Alright. Don’t do this. If you are studying English, you have to practice all of these. Ok. And if possible, integrate it at the same time …about a topic. This will really help you improve your English. Uh, another example…uh.. some of my students….

they…they’re only worried about taking a test. Like TOEFL or TOEIC or IELTS. Uh…so they’re more focused on listening and reading or maybe writing. And they don’t spend any time on speaking. Alright? Oh this is terrible too. Again to really improve your English… balance the skills. Study them all, alright? Now I hope this video helped you. See you next time! If you enjoyed my video – like the video. Or subscribe to my channel. Or write a comment below. Uh…I really want to hear what you thought of my video. Ok. Thank you.. “}

As found on Youtube

Study English in London

Don’t Study English in Vancouver…and Toronto

{“en”:”Hello, everyone. I’m Robin and welcome to my video. Don’t Study English in Vancouver Why am I making this video? Well, I’m making this video for my Korean students. Ok Now I’m Canadian and I’ve traveled through… throughout Canada and I visited many of my Korean students and I saw how they studied English in Canada. And also many of my students have gone to Canada for six months… one year… two years to study English and comeback and I’ve talked with them. So, I learned a lot about studying English in Canada. And what I learned is don’t study here. Ahh, Vancouver and Toronto. These are the bigger cities in Canada.

And I’m going to say don’t study English in Vancouver. and…don’t study English in Toronto. because…of the students…ahh… that I’ve seen, and there’s been a lot, that went to Canada and studied for six months or a year and they came back. Ahh…I’ve noticed that students that studied English in Vancouver and Toronto… their English was not as good as my students that studied in smaller Canadian cities. Ok, so I’m going to talk a little bit of maybe ‘why’ that happens. And before…uh…I talk about the ‘why’, we should understand if you plan to go to Canada… Uh…you should have a primary goal. Now up here I have an example of two goals. Improve my English speaking ability. Have a great travel experience. Ok. Both of these are good goals. There’s probably other goals but we should identify the primary goal. The first goal and the first goal I think should always be number one. When we go to Canada, we want to improve our English ok we want to go there for one year… …come back. And we speak English…uh…very well. You know it’s very embarrassing if you…your parents spend a lot of money to send you to Canada…

You go there and you come back and there’s only a little bit of improvement. So our first goal should be improve our English So every decision we make, should be to help the first goal. Of course in Canada, wherever you go in Canada, you will have a great travel experience. So understanding our first goal… do not study English in Vancouver… …or Toronto. All right, we should also think about what kind of friends we want to meet in Canada. Ahh…Toronto and Vancouver… Uh…they attract a lot of international students. ok so if you go to the language school…uh… or you’re just walking around…uh…probably you’re going to meet a lot of international students. These are going to be your friends. These are possibly going to be your roommates Again, we have some goals here. You want to go to Canada. You want to make Canadian friends. Ok, to improve your English. And you want to make international friends. This is good, too. …but again our primary goal should be – try to make Canadian friends.

Ok? Again a lot of my students… they go to Canada… they go to Vancouver for one year They come back and they say ” I have a lot of friends” and I asked them, “well “how many Canadian friends?’ …no…they have no Canadian friends. Ok… They have lots of new Korean friends. And they have lots of Japanese or Chinese friends. That’s good, but we should try to make some Canadian friends because this will really help improve our English. Ok. Study here! Here are some better cities. Victoria, Calgary, Edmonton, Saskatoon, Regina, Winnipeg, Ottawa. Great cities to study English. and ‘why?’ Well problem one. There’s too many..ah…k..k..Koreans…in Canada. Like when I say Koreans… there’s a lot of koreans living in Canada. There’s also a lot of Korean students going to Canada. And there’s a lot of Korean tourists going to Canada. Now, I love Korea, and I love Koreans. But if you’re going to Canada to study English or practice English.

Ah…You don’t want to be around a lot of Koreans cause you’re just going to speak Korean more than you speak English. Ok, so it’s very important to get away from the people who speak the same language as you. Ok. It’s very tempting. After a long day, you’re tired and you’re sick of English to go play with your Korean friends. And on the weekend… play with your korean friends. Ok.You’re not practicing your English. So, here are Canadian provinces, not all the Canadian provinces. Ontario… This is…ah…the province with Toronto and Ottawa. British Columbia. Vancouver.

Victoria. So Toronto, Vancouver, don’t study English there. You can see there’s a lot of Koreans there. These are the Koreans that live there. Korean-Canadians. And again as I said, they’re students and tourists. These are the cities I recommend. Calgary, Edmonton, Saskatoon, Regina, Winnipeg. So you can see not many Koreans there. Good chance to practice your English Ok, another problem…the language schools. Now when you’re in Korea, you probably go to the uc5b4ud559uc6d0 [language school helpers] first. and you… you talk about studying English in Canada. And they might recommend Vancouver or Toronto. I hope you tell them: “No, no, no, I want to go to a smaller city.” But when they recommend Vancouver or Toronto…ah… They might get some incentive, some something, you know, money from… Vancouver language schools and Toronto language schools. These are big language schools.

They have a lot of students. They have a lot of…ah…money to try to get more students. So don’t trust the [language school helpers] too much, ok? And the language schools in Vancouver, Toronto very big very professional. And they are a problem because…I put three reasons here. First reason, they make it too easy…for students. Ah… Another reason they steal your English-speaking experiences. I’ll talk about this in a moment. And they control your money. Actually they control your time and money. So… Let’s go back to the stealing. Language stealing. So if you go to the language school in Vancouver or Toronto, ahh…they’re usual going to pick you up from the airport. They’re going to help you finding housing. Ahh…they help…they help you make a bank account and they have some weekend events for Saturday, Sunday. And they offer some class trips . Ahh…and I’m going to say this is stealing your language experience.

Remember you’re going to Canada to improve your English. It’s very important that you struggle and have a difficult time. That is where you’re learning to speak English. So, for example, if you go to make a bank account by yourself,.. wow, what a learning experience. You got to go open a bank account. You have to communicate what you need to the Canadian teller. And then you have a goal to accomplish. This is a really good learning experience. Not the ud559uc6d0[language school] or the language school taking you to the bank and helping you do everything.

And actually maybe you don’t even speak any English. Same with the weekend and class trips, you’re…you’re at the language school you’re in a class… most of your class, especially Vancouver ‘n Toronto,… are going to be other Koreans. Ok. Ah…over fifty percent of your classmates are going to be other Koreans. You’re going to have some international…uh…students there. Uh…Probably from Asia, Japan, China, Taiwan. You might have some European students – very few European students.

Maybe some South American and there’s a lot of Mexican students, too. Ah…great they’re also great to improve your .English But, you know, they’re controling your time and your money by offering their programs. You go out on a trip, you’re…you’re making friends and practicing English but really, your goal is to make Canadian friends and interact with Canadians. So I don’t really like this system. Uh… It’s ok, you know, it’s ok. It works, but I want you to try a more difficult and better way to really improve your English. Alright, let’s talk about Canada in a little more detail. This is Canada. I put the red pins: Vancouver, Toronto – Don’t go there.

Uh…I recommend middle Canada …the middle area…the middle cities. So yeah. Vancouver and Victoria. Vancouver, Victoria – beautiful cities. Ok, if you go to Canada, you must visit Vancouver. There is a good reason why many Koreans go to Vancouver. It is beautiful. So, spend a week travelling in Vancouver. But again, Don’t study English in Vancouver. Victoria very close to Vancouver. A lot of Koreans, but a better place to help improve your English. Ah…Alberta. Province of Alberta. Calgary, Edmonton. Perfect. These are perfect cities to study English. Ok. They’re about a million people each. Uhm…Not many Koreans. Safe places. Ah…you would have a great experience in these cities. Saskatchewan. Saskatoon. Regina. I…I’ll tell you I had a student who went to Regina for nine months. He said, he…he went to Regina. There was no Koreans. He was forced, he had to make Canadian friends. He came back his English was amazing. Ok. Just nine months in Regina.

You know he really improved his English. And he loved Regina. Of course Regina is not a perfect city. But he had a great time there. And he made Canadian friends. Winnipeg..uh..getting really interior, in the center of Canada. Another good place to study English. I’ve had some students go there. It’s a good place. Uh…Winnipeg. Uh…this area’s… I’m not going to lie. A little bit cold. So if you do go to Winnipeg, dress warm. But that’s part of the Canadian experience. Ah…this is the province of Ontario. This is where Ottawa and Toronto are. Now before I talk about Ottawa and Toronto, I’m just going to mention the East coast of Canada. There are some places… some good places to study English, but I’m sorry I don’t have much information about these places. Ok… I… I haven’t had many students that went to study out here. I haven’t traveled so much in this area. So I’m sure there’s good places in Eastern Canada, Uh…

But I can’t really recommend them today so I know about central Canada very well and I recommend this area. Alright, so, Ottawa, Toronto. Ottawa is the capital city of Canada. It’s a beautiful city. I think it’s okay to study English there. But Toronto – don’t study English in Toronto. Too many… too many Koreans in this area. And Koreatown…uh… if you study in Toronto most your friends are going to be Korean and you’re you’re eating…uh…

You know Korean food and doing Korean activities almost every day you know this is not part of the Canadian experience. Alright? Alright let’s do a summary of what I’ve been telling you. Be sincere about your goals. Remember your goal should be – improve my English. That’s your first goal. Make Canadian Friends. Alright, so all of your decisions focused on those things you have to achieve those things. So do not study English in Vancouver or Toronto. Ok? these are not good places to study English.

They do not help your goals because there’s too many Koreans in these cities. You are going to have a lot of Korean friends. You are going to go to Koreatown. You are going to be speaking more Korean than English Don’t go there. They’re great places to visit, but don’t study English in Vancouver. Get out of the uc5b4ud559uc6d0 [language school helpers] language school system. Uh…this is okay at first. I can understand why people might need this. but to spend one year in this system where they’re controlling your time and money and your selection of friends… is only your classmates. Uh…you got to getaway from this all right. Uh…be brave. Be strong. You can do it. You can get out of the system and start interacting with Canadians and living in Canada. So that brings us to participate in Canadian culture. You’re going to Canada (another country) to study English, but you have to participate.

You have to live in Canada. So you have to do things Canadians do. And you have to join clubs. And join classes. Meet Canadians. Alright, this is really important to improve your English. Ah…of course you’re going to have a great experience. You do not have to go to Vancouver or Toronto to have a great experience. You can go anywhere in Canada. I promise you. You will have a great experience. Ok? So, this goal is very easy. So, you do not have to study in Vancouver or Toronto. Alright. Some final words. Abroad is not the place to study, it’s the place to practice, experiment with, and test your English. And you should think this way too. Korea…you go to the language school, you study from a course book…uhh..

You study from a teacher. But when you go to Canada, you should get away from the teachers get away from the course book this is your chance to use real English in real situations. This will make your English better. Alright? You will learn very fast if you start thinking this way. Get out of the classroom. Alright. Thank you. I hope this video helps you. And remember, don’t study English in Vancouver.

See you next time. If you enjoyed this video, let us know. Subscribe. Like the video. And I really like it when my viewers write English comments below. Take care.. “}

As found on Youtube

Study English in London

10 English Words You’re (probably) Mispronouncing! | Difficult Pronunciation | Common Mistakes

Hello! I’m Emma from mmmEnglish and in this lesson, I’m going to share with you 10 English words that you’re probably mispronouncing! If you are learning to speak English, then pronunciation is probably one of the biggest frustrations that you have right now and these words that I’ve chosen are difficult because of the combination of letters or sounds in English. Together they can be quite difficult or your eyes can, in fact, play tricks on you because the letters that you see, they don’t sound like you think they should and some of these words are even difficult for native English speakers to pronounce! But don’t worry about it, don’t sweat, we are going to fix these pronunciation problems right here, right now in this lesson! Let’s get started! OK the first word is ‘vegetable’ ‘vegetable’. Now this word is a challenge because it looks like there should be four syllables in this word. ‘Vegetable’. But there’s not, there are three syllables, ‘vegetable’.

Can you see the syllable – that we completely forget the ‘e’? ‘Vegetable’. We don’t pronounce that second syllable. ‘Vegetable’, ‘vegetable’. Fantastic! I’m going to the market to get some vegetables for dinner. ‘Comfortable’. Now this word, just like ‘vegetable’, has an extra vowel in there that we don’t need to pronounce. ‘Comfortable’, not ‘comfortable’ or ‘comfortable’ but ‘comfort- -able’. ‘Comfortable’. You skip that vowel sound. ‘Comfortable’. You look very comfortable this afternoon. ‘Almond’. Now in this word the ‘L’ is silent. It’s not ‘almond’ or ‘almond’ it’s ‘al- -mond’, ‘almond’, ‘almond’, ‘almond’. I’m going to make an almond cake for dessert. Now there are lots of other English words that have a silent letter ‘L’ in them – words like ‘salmon’, not ‘salmon’, ‘half’, not ‘half’, ‘would’, ‘talk’, ‘walk’. All of these words have a silent ‘L’ in them, which makes them a little bit tricky to pronounce correctly. I’ve got a separate video that is all about silent letters in English words and I talk about the letter ‘L’ and lots of other silent letters in that video. You can check it out up here at the end of this video! OK, what about this one? How many times have you been asked to read a paragraph out aloud in front of the class and you’ve been reading and then you come across this and you think, ‘How on earth am I going to say that?!’ Lots of native English speakers actually mess this up as well and they’ll pronounce X-cetera or X-cetera and it should be pronounced ‘et cetera’, ‘et cetera’, ‘et cetera’.

Or ‘et cetera’, if you’re like me. OK this one is especially difficult! ‘Clothes’, ‘clothes’, ‘clothes’. Now the reason why it’s especially difficult is because of the two final consonant sounds, the ‘-th’ and the plural sound. Now this noun is of course, always plural. Clothes refers to shirts, shorts, trousers, jumpers, jackets – anything that you wear is your clothes, are your clothes! But ‘clothes’, ‘clothes’ not ‘cloths’, not ‘close’ and not ‘clothes’ either! The difficult thing about the pronunciation of this word is the two consonant sounds. together. Both of those sounds are voiced consonant sounds so the sound is made here in your vocal cords. Now the thing to remember that’s really important is with that ‘-th’ sound you need to bring your teeth through – your tongue through your teeth! Now the ‘-th’ sound is very, very soft. It is definitely still there, it needs to sound different from the verb ‘close’. OK, which doesn’t have the ‘-th’ sound. This word has the ‘-th’ sound, ‘clothes’, ‘clothes’. It’s very short but it’s definitely there! I need to pack my clothes tonight because we leave early in the morning.

I need to pack my clothes tonight. ‘Jewellery’, ‘jewellery’, ‘jewellery’. Again, we’ve got an extra vowel here that we don’t need to pronounce. We don’t say ‘jewellery’, ‘jewellery’. It’s just ‘jewellery’ and actually in American English the spelling is slightly different to the British and the Australian version. And the American version should help you to pronounce this word more correctly. ‘Jewelry’, ‘jewelry’, so that’s gold, silver, pearls, diamonds, earrings, rings, necklaces – all of these things that we wear to make ourselves look more beautiful! I don’t wear a lot of jewellery myself. The only jewellery I wear is this ring and sometimes some earrings. ‘Architecture’, ‘architecture’. This one is so often mispronounced! I hear ‘architecture’, ‘architecture’, – which is incorrect! The ‘-ch’ sound in this word is a sound like in ‘cat’. ‘Architecture’, ‘architect’. ‘Architect’. It’s not the same ‘-ch’ sound that you hear in words like ‘chocolate’ and ‘cheese’, it’s a sound and there are quite a few English words that actually have this same pronunciation of the ‘-ch’ combination – words like ‘stomach’ and ‘ache’. The ‘-ch’ in all of these words is pronounced like a sound. My brother is an architect.

He went home early because he had a stomach ache. ‘Enthusiastic’, not ‘enthusiastic’ or ‘enthusiastic’, but ‘enthusiastic’. You have to work harder to get this one correct! So many of my students say “This one is too hard! I’m just not going to use this word!” and I say “NO, we are going to get it right, right now, together here in this lesson!” ‘Enthusiastic’. So what you need to do is break down this word. Start with the first syllable, Where is your tongue? What’s it doing on that final consonant sound? It’s at the top of your mouth and the ‘n’ sound is made back in the soft palate – it’s a nasal sound and to move to the ‘-th’ sound, you need to of course, bring your tongue down and out through your teeth. The tongue must come out through the middle of your teeth! If you don’t, you will mispronounce this word and you’ll say ‘enthusiastic’ or ‘enthusiastic’ instead.

You need to say See how I’m breaking that down for you? ‘Enthusiastic’, ‘enthusiastic’. Now you’re going to be enthusiastic about using that word! ‘Word’, ‘world’. and ‘work’. Now you’re probably mispronouncing these words because you are looking at the ‘-or’ and you’re trying to pronounce the vowel sound ‘or’, like in ‘door’. But this is incorrect, the vowel sound is actually as in ‘her’. ‘Work’, ‘world’, ‘word’. This is your eyes playing tricks on you! Your eyes are seeing these words, seeing the letters O and R and they’re telling you to pronounce ‘or’ but, in fact, you should be pronouncing for all of these words! ‘Word’. ‘World. ‘Work’. If you pronounce ‘or’, especially for this last one, ‘work’, it actually sounds a lot like the English word, ‘walk’. ‘Photograph’. Now perhaps you can pronounce this word correctly, ‘photograph’, but what about all of the other words in this word family? ‘Photography’, ‘photographer’, ‘photographic’. When my students mispronounce these words, it’s usually because they are stressing the wrong syllable. English words that have more than one syllable always have one strong stressed syllable.

Sometimes there are secondary syllables but there is always one main stressed syllable that is clearer and stronger than the others and the unstressed syllable – the syllable that’s not stressed – is often reduced down to a schwa vowel sound. Now the schwa sound is the lazier sound in English. That’s the schwa sound, it’s the laziest vowel sound in English. And these stress patterns are exactly what is different about the pronunciation of these words, so in the first example, ‘photograph’, the first syllable is the stressed syllable. You can hear it very clearly, ‘photograph’.

The second syllable is unstressed and it is reduced down to the schwa sound. ‘Photograph’, ‘photograph’, it’s very short, it’s very lazy, it’s not very strong at all. Now if you look at the second example, ‘photography’, you can hear the pronunciation is different and that’s because the second syllable is the stressed syllable in this word. ‘Photography’. ‘Photography’. Compare it to the first syllable where the schwa sound is – it reduces down to the schwa sound and you just hear ‘photography’.

‘Photographer’. The third example ‘photographic’, the stress is on the third syllable, so you can hear how much influence stress has on this word family. To correctly pronounce all of these words correctly you need to pay attention to the stressed syllable and that’s true for a whole range of different word families. ‘Economic’, ‘analyze’, ‘nature, ‘politics’, all of these words and their word families are influenced by stress in different ways. Well that’s my official list of the words that you are probably mispronouncing and I didn’t just make that list up, I built that list over years and years of coaching English students to improve their English pronunciation. They’re the words that students consistently get wrong! Many different students, many different times, they are the ones that are the most difficult for you to pronounce. I hope that you enjoyed this lesson, if you did make sure you subscribe by clicking the red button here. I mentioned a video about silent letters earlier in this lesson, you can watch it here and you can also watch my imitation lessons right here and those lessons are fantastic for improving your English pronunciation and expression by speaking with a native English speaker.

Thanks for watching and I will see you in the next lesson. Bye for now!.

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English Conversation Study

In this American English pronunciation video, we’ll go for a hike in Colorado. My dad and I discussed the hike and we’ll talk about interesting pronunciations and vocabulary words that come up in real English conversation. This hike is called Chihuahua Gulch. Chihuahua. Have you heard this word before? It’s a teeny tiny breed of dog. The spelling is pretty strange in American English because this word comes to us from Spanish. The breed originated in Mexico. This hike is called Chihuahua Gulch and it’s about seven miles roundtrip. Roundtrip. The opposite of this phrase is one way. So when you go somewhere and come back, that’s roundtrip. Notice how the D is dropped. Roundtrip. We often drop the D when it comes between two other consonants. Roundtrip. Roundtrip. It’s about seven miles roundtrip and it goes up about 1,900 feet. So this hike ends at a lake? Yeah. You go… you start off going uphill about thirty minutes, then you go through this long valley. Notice how my dad really stretches out the word ‘long’. Why does he do that? When we want to really stress words, we make them longer, and you might do that especially with the word ‘long’ making it longer for dramatic purposes.

Long Valley. That took a long time. That test was so long. through this long valley with a lot of gorse and little lakes and— Gorse. Hmm…do you know that word? I didn’t either. Let’s find out what it means. With a lot of gorse and little lakes and little streams. Gorse. Gorse are these bushes. Oh! I didn’t…didn’t know that. And you sort of go to the end of the trees where the jeep road ends. Did you understand what he said there? He called this road ‘jeep road’. So a jeep is a really rugged vehicle that has a high clearance. That is a lot of room between the ground and the bottom of a car. You would not be able to drive a regular car on this road. Where the jeep road ends and then it’s just a single path. And you end up at a mountain lake.

And you said that mountain lake: “Eh, if you’ve seen one, you’ve seen them all.” You’ve seen one. You seen them all. This is a phrase you might use to say that something isn’t special. Now the full grammatically correct pronunciation of this phrase would be ‘If you’ve seen one, you’ve seen them all.’ but that’s not how we pronounce it. We like to reduce things in American English especially familiar words and phrases and this is a familiar known phrase.

You’ve seen one, you’ve seen them all. We dropped the word ‘if’, we reduce ‘you’ve’ to just ye– and we reduce ‘them’ to ‘um’. You seen. Seen um. You’ve seen one. You seen them all. Another scenario where you may use this: do you want to visit Paris? Nah, I’m not that into cities. You’ve seen one, you’ve seen them all. Eh, You’ve seen one, you’ve seen them all. A lot of them are pretty similar. A lot of them. My dad also reduced ‘them’ to ‘um’. This is a really common reduction just like in the phrase ‘you’ve seen one, you seen them all’. A lot of them. A lot of them. Practice that with me out loud, smoothly connecting all the words. A lot of them. A lot of them. A lot of them are pretty similar. But you do have a great view? You can see a long way out over the… a couple of different mountain ranges. A couple of different mountain ranges. My dad reduced the word ‘of’ to just the schwa. Uh. A couple of— We do this so much in conversation especially with this phrase: a couple of— A couple of different mountain ranges.

And the lake itself is probably— Probably— This is how we pronounce ‘probably’ most of the time in conversation. You can do it too. It simplifies the word and makes it easier to say. Try it now. Probably. Probably. Probably. Itself is probably hundred yards across and maybe 200 by 400. Does anyone ever swim there? I did see somebody swim in there once.

– Very cold. – Ice cold. Really cold. Listen to the different ways we describe how cold it is. – Very cold. – Ice cold. Really cold. Really cold. Ice cold. Very cold. ‘Really’ and ‘very’ are words we use before adjectives to say there’s a lot of something. Really cold. Very cold. A high amount of coldness. Ice cold is another great way to describe something being very cold. Now this lake is not ice, its water, it’s very cold water.

So describing it as ice cold is an exaggeration, a hyperbole. I know it’s not actually ice. I know it’s just extremely cold water. – Very cold. – Ice cold. Really cold. I had no temptation to do that. Yeah, I don’t think I will either. This is just… you can’t design a better day. There’s not much wind, hardly any clouds, cool but not cold, and this time of year, you have a lot of aspens turning yellow. This time of year. Another example of reducing the word ‘of’ to just the schwa in natural conversation. This time of year. This time of year, you have a lot of aspens turning yellow and these bushes, I mean, they would be green and in the summer. Yeah it looks awesome. I mean, I love, I love the view. Yeah. Sweeping views. And we have seen wildlife along here. Yeah, just a couple hundred yards down. Once, there were four moose. Moose. These animals are fairly rare to see in the wild. One other time when I was in Colorado, we saw one. Click here or in the video description to see that video.

There were four moose grazing right by the path. Further down yet, we saw heard of maybe 10 or 15 antelope. – Wow. – Galloping along. You often see deer. You often see. My dad reduced ‘you’ to ye, changing the vowel to the schwa. This is also a common reduction. Why do we do this? Because in American English, the contrast between stressed and unstressed syllables is really important. So if we can make unstressed syllables even shorter by changing something, then we do that. You often see. You often see deer up here and then on the rocks, you can see marmots sometime and pike which are little tiny animals like and they squeak. How many times have you done this hike? Probably five or six. Probably. There’s another probably to probably reduction. Probably five or six. And to me, it’s the most scenic hike around here especially in September. Scenic. This is a great word you can use to describe a beautiful landscape.

Scenic. Scenic. To me it’s the most scenic hike around here especially in September because the aspen are turning yellow and a lot of these bushes are turning red and in June, July, it’s just the waters too high you’d have to take off your shoes and put on sandals and just wade through. So usually, we wait till August or September to do this one. Wade. This is what you do when you’re walking through water. So you’re not swimming. You’re walking like through a creek. If the water is too deep, then you can’t wade. You have to swim. Take off your shoes and put on sandals and just wade through. Here is David walking over the creek that dad says you have to wade through when the water is higher. We didn’t make it to the top.

Yeah but we got to a good turning around point and we had a fantastic view, we had lunch looking out down the long valley. Couldn’t have been better. Couldn’t have been better. A word here is being reduced to just the schwa. What word is it? We noticed before that the word ‘of’ reduces to just the schwa. But here it’s the word ‘have’. Yes, the word ‘have’ can be changed to just the schwa sound: uh in conversation especially after could, couldn’t, should, shouldn’t, would, wouldn’t.

I’ve actually seen native speakers mess this up and write ‘should of’ instead of ‘should have’. It makes sense because ‘of’ and ‘have’ can both produce the same single sound, the schwa. Shoulda. But if this sound is following could, couldn’t, should, shouldn’t, would, wouldn’t, the word is definitely ‘have’ and reducing ‘have’ to just the schwa after these words will help your English sound natural. Practice. Couldn’t have. Couldn’t have. Notice I’m dropping the T in the contraction. This is how native speakers will say this phrase. Couldn’t have. Couldn’t have. Special thanks to my dad for being in yet another Rachel’s English video. To see more videos that use real English conversation for teaching, check out my Real English playlist..

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Talking about Illnesses: English Language

 

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Learn English: “How come?”

Hello. My name is Emma, and in today’s video I am going to teach you a very important expression for conversation. That expression is: “How come?” It’s a very popular expression you may see in movies, on TV, or in conversation with English speakers. But it’s a very good one to know because we do use it a lot. So, what does “How come?” mean? Okay, well, first I have a question for you. I have here two sentences. “Why did you miss your plane?” and “How come you missed your plane?” What is the difference in meaning between these two sentences? Maybe you already know. Okay? So take a guess. The difference in meaning is actually they mean the same thing. “How come?” is another way to say “Why?”. It’s just a little bit more informal. Okay? So if you’re writing, you’re going to use “Why?”, but if you’re speaking you can use both.

Okay? “How come?” is informal, it’s an informal way to say “Why?” And so, by informal, I mean you use it with your friends, with, you know, people you’re talking to on the street, but you wouldn’t use it in an essay. Okay? Or for school. Okay, so: “How come?” means: “Why?” So, when we’re asking: “How come?” what we’re asking about is… we want to know why something happened or the reasons why something happened. Okay? So, for example: “How come you missed your plane?” You know, a reason might be: “Oh, I was late getting to the airport” or “I slept in.” Okay? So these would be the answers to a question like: “How come?” So, a lot of the time, teachers will ask this question. “You were late for class today. How come?” That means the teacher wants to know why you were late for class. So now let’s look at the grammar of “How come?” and how we can use it in a sentence. Okay, so again, “How come?” is an informal way to say: “Why?” So, we often use it in conversation.

Now let’s look at the grammar of “How come?” and how we make a sentence with “How come?” So, I have here: “How come”, which is at the beginning, and then we have plus the subject. A subject is… It can be: “I”, “you”, “he”, “she”, “they”, “we”, or it can also be a thing, a place, or a person, but it’s the doer of a sentence. Then we have the verb. So, for example: “play”, “take”, “listen”, “sing”, “eat”, these are all verbs. And then finally we have an object, which comes after the verb in regular English sentences and usually those can be people, they can be places, they can be things, so these are the objects.

If this is confusing, let’s look at some examples, maybe that will help. So, for example: “How come you”-is the subject-“take”-is the verb, and the object is-“the bus”? “How come you take the bus?” This means the same thing as: “Why do you take the bus?” So, here I actually have this written: “Why do you take the bus?” And you’ll actually notice “How come” is easier in terms of grammar than “Why”. If you look here: “Why do you take the bus?” you have this word, here: “do”. Okay? In other sentences we say: “Why does he” or “Why didn’t he”, but there’s always something like: “do”, “does”, “did”, “didn’t” here with “Why”.

And a lot of students forget to put this here. A lot of students will say: “Why you take the bus?” But this is not correct English. For “Why” we always need something here. Now, the nice thing about “How come” is you don’t need this. Okay? If you look at “How come”, if you can make an English sentence: “you take the bus”, you can change this into “Why” just by adding “How come”. So, the structure of this is just like a regular English sentence. We have the subject, the verb, and the object, and then we just add “How come” at the front of it. So let’s look at another example: “How come Toronto isn’t the capital of Canada?” So, again, we have: “How come”, we have “Toronto” which is the subject, we have “isn’t” which is the verb, and we have “the capital”, which is the object.

So, if you want to make a regular sentence, I would just say: “Toronto isn’t the capital”, we can just add “How come” to this, and then it becomes a question, meaning: “Why isn’t Toronto the capital?” “How come John didn’t come?” Okay? So here we have “How come” at the beginning, “John” which is the subject, and “didn’t come”, because it’s negative form we have “didn’t” here, so this is the past, past tense. “Didn’t come” is the verb. Okay? This sentence doesn’t have an object. Not all sentences in English need objects. The main thing is that you have a subject and a verb. Okay, so that might be a little confusing for you.

Point here is: “How come” is easier than “Why” because all you need to do is make a basic sentence, and you add “How come” to the front of it. Okay? One last thing I wanted to say about “How come”, you can also use “How come?” just on its own. Okay? Here I showed you how to make “How come”, you know, combined with a sentence. You can also just use it, like, you know: “How come” and a question mark. So, for example, imagine we’re having a conversation and I say to you: “Oh, John didn’t come today.” You might be wondering: “Oh, why didn’t John come?” So you can just say to me: “How come?” which means: “Why didn’t John come?” Okay? Or, you know: -“English is a great language.” -“How come?” Again, this just means: “Why?” So it’s a very easy thing to use, and I really, really recommend you start using this in your English because it will make you sound more like a native speaker, and it will improve your conversation or your conversational English. So, I invite you to come subscribe to my YouTube channel. There, you can find a lot of different videos on all sorts of different things English, including pronunciation, grammar, IELTS, vocabulary.

There’re so many different resources we have. I also invite you to check out our website at www.engvid.com. There, you can actually do some practice on this video and everything you learned today. We have a quiz there, and I highly, highly recommend you take our quiz. It’s very good to practice what you learn so you can remember it. Okay? You can also practice this maybe with a friend, or if you’re taking English classes why not try using this inside one of your classes with your teacher? So, until next time, thank you for watching and take care..

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History of English (combined)

The History of English in ten minutes. Chapter One: Anglo-Saxon or whatever happened to The Jutes? The English Language begins with the phrase ‘Up yours, Caesar’, as the Romans leave Britain and a lot of Germanic tribes start flooding in. Tribes such as the Angles and the Saxons, who together gave us the term Anglo-Saxon and the Jutes who didn’t. The Romans left some very straight roads behind, but not much of their Latin language. The Anglo-Saxon vocab was much more useful, as it was mainly words for simple everyday things, like ‘house’ ‘woman’ ‘loaf’ and ‘werewolf’.

Four of our days of the week were named in honour of Anglo-Saxon gods, they didn’t bother with ‘Saturday’ ‘Sunday’ and ‘Monday’ as they’d all gone off for a long weekend. While they were away, Christian missionaries stole in, bringing with them leaflets about jumble sales and more Latin. Christianity was a hit with the locals and made them much happy to take on funky new words from Latin like ‘martyr’ ‘Bishop’ and ‘font’ along came the Vikings with their action-man words like ‘drag’ ‘ransack’ ‘fast’ and ‘die’. They may have raped and pillaged, but they were also into give and take, two of around 2000 words they gave English, as well as the phrase ‘watch out for that man with the enormous axe.’ Chapter Two: The Norman Conquest or excuse my English. 1066, true to his, name William the Conqueror invades England bringing new concepts from across the channel like the French language, the Doomsday Book and the duty-free Gauloise multi-pack. French was de rigueur for all official business, with words like ‘judge’ ‘jury’ ‘evidence’ and ‘justice’, coming in and giving John Grisham’s career a kick start. Latin was still used at nauseam in church, but the common man spoke English, able to communicate only by speaking more slowly and loudly until the others understood him.

Words like ‘cow’ ‘sheep’ and ‘swine’ come from the english-speaking farmers, while the a la carte versions, ‘beef’ ‘mutton’ and ‘pork’ come from the french-speaking tops, beginning a long-running trend for restaurants having completely indecipherable menus. All in all, the English absorbed about 10,000 new words from the Normans, though they still couldn’t grasp the rules of cheek kissing. The Boname all ended when the English nation took their new war-like lingo of ‘armies’ ‘navies’ and ‘soldiers’ and began the Hundred Years War against France. It actually lasted 116 years but by that point no one could count any higher in French and English took over as the language of power. Chapter Three: Shakespeare or a plaque on both his houses. As the dictionary tells us, about 2,000 new words and phrases were invented by William Shakespeare he gave us handy words like ‘eyeball’ ‘puppy dog’ and ‘anchovy’, and more show- offy words like ‘dauntless’ ‘besmirch’ and lacklustre.

He came up with the word ‘alligator’ soon after he ran out of things to rhyme with ‘crocodile’. And a nation of tea drinkers finally took him to their hearts, when he invented the hobnob. Shakespeare knew the power of catchphrases as well as biscuits, without him we would never eat our flesh and blood out of house and home. We’d have to say good riddance to the green-eyed monster and breaking the ice will be as dead as a door nail. If you try to get your money’s worth you’d be given short shrift and anyone who laid it on with a trial could be pushed with his own petard. Of course, it’s possible other people use these words first but the dictionary writers liked looking them up in Shakespeare, because there was more cross-dressing and people taking each other’s eyes out. Shakespeare’s poetry showed the world that English was a rich, vibrant language with limitless expressive and emotional power, and he still had time to open all those tea rooms in Stratford. Chapter Four: The King James Bible or let there be light reading. In 1611, the powers that be turned the world upside down with a labour of love, a new translation of the Bible.

A team of scribes with the wisdom of Sullivan went the extra mile to make King James translation all things to all men. Whether from their heart’s desire, to fight the good fight, or just for the filthy lucre. This sexy new Bible went from strength to strength getting to the root of the matter in a language even the salt of the earth could understand. The writing wasn’t on the wall, it was in handy little books with fire and brimstone preachers reading it in every church. Its words and phrases took root to the ends of the earth, well at least the ends of Britain. The King James Bible is the book that taught us that a leopard can’t change its spots, that a bird in the hand is worth two in the bush, that a wolf in sheep’s clothing is harder to spot than you would imagine, and how annoying it is to have a fly in your ointment.

In fact, just as Jonathan begat Maribel and Maribel begat Myka, the King James Bible begat a whole glossary of metaphor and morality that still shapes the way English is spoken today. Amen. Chapter Five: The English of Science or how to speak with gravity. Before the 17th Century scientists weren’t really recognised, possibly because lab coats had yet to catch on. But suddenly Britain was full of physicists, there was Robert Hooke, Robert Boyle, and even some people not called Robert, like Isaac Newton. The Royal Society was formed out of the invisible college after they put it down somewhere and couldn’t find it again. At first they worked in Latin after sitting through Newton’s story about the ‘Pomum’ falling to the ‘Terra’ from the ‘Arbor’ for the umpteenth time, the bright sparks realised they all spoke English and they could transform our understanding of the universe much quicker, by talking in their own language. But science was discovering things faster than they could name them, words like ‘acid’ ‘gravity’ ‘electricity’ and ‘pendulum’ had to be invented just to stop their meetings turning into an endless game of charades.

Like teenage boys, the scientists suddenly became aware of the human body, coining new words like ‘cardiac’ and ‘tonsil’ ‘ovary’ and ‘sternum’ and the invention of ‘penis’ and ‘vagina’ made sex education classes a bit easier to follow. Though clitoris was still a source of confusion. Chapter Six: English and Empire or the Sun never sets on the English language. With English making its name as the language of science, the bible and Shakespeare, Britain decided to take it on tour, asking only for land, wealth, natural resources, total obedience to the crown and a few local words in return.

They went to the Caribbean looking for gold and a chance to really unwind, discovering the barbecue, the canoe and a pretty good recipe for rum punch. They also brought back the word ‘cannibal’ to make their trip sound more exciting. In India, there was something for everyone. Yoga to help you stay in shape while pretending to be spiritual. If that didn’t work there was the cummerbund to hide the paunch, and if you couldn’t even make it up the stairs without turning crimson, they have the bungalow. Meanwhile in Africa, they picked up words like ‘voodoo’ and ‘zombie’ kicking off the teen horror film.

From Australia, English took the words ‘nugget’ ‘boomerang’ and ‘walkabout’ and, in fact, the whole concept of chained pubs. All in all, between toppling Napoleon and the First World War, the British Empire gobbled up around ten million square miles, four hundred million people, and nearly a hundred thousand gin and tonics. Leaving new varieties of English to develop all over the globe. Chapter Seven: The Age of the Dictionary or the definition of a hopeless task. With English expanding in all directions, along came a new breed of men called lexicographers who wanted to put an end to this Anarchy, a word they defined as what happens when people spell words slightly differently from each other.

One of the greatest was Dr. Johnson, whose Dictionary of the English Language took him nine years to write. It was 18 inches tall and contained forty two thousand seven hundred and seventy three entries, meaning that even if you couldn’t read, it was still pretty useful if you wanted to reach a high shelf. For the first time when people were calling you a pickle herring, a jobbernowl or a fopdoodle you could understand exactly what they meant, and you’d have the consolation of knowing they were all using the standard spelling. Try as he might to stop them, words kept being invented, and in 1857 a new book was started that would become the Oxford English Dictionary. It took another seventy years to be finished after the first editor resigned to be an archbishop, the second died of TB and the third was so boring that half his volunteers quit and one of them ended up in an asylum. It eventually paid in 1928 and it’s continued to be revised ever since, proving the whole idea you can stop people making up words is complete snuffbumble. Chapter 8: American English or not English but somewhere in the ballpark.

From the moment Brits first landed in America they needed names for all the new plants and animals, so they borrowed words like ‘raccoon’ ‘squash’ and ‘moose’ from the Native Americans, as well as most of their territory. Waves of immigrants fed America’s hunger for words, the Dutch came sharing coleslaw and cookies, probably a result of their relaxed attitude to drugs. Later the Germans arrived selling pretzels from delicatessens and the Italians arrived with their pizza, their pasta and their mafia, just like mama used to make. America spread a new language of capitalism, getting everyone worried about the break-even and the bottom line, whether they were blue chip or white collar. The commuter needed a whole new system of freeways, subways and parking lots, and quickly, before words like ‘merger’ and ‘downsizing’ could be invented.

American English drifted back across the pond, as Brits got the hang of their cool movies and their groovy jazz. There are even some old forgotten English words that lived on in America, so they carried on using ‘fall’ ‘faucets’ ‘diapers’ and ‘candy’, while the Brits moved on to ‘autumn’ ‘taps’ ‘nappies’ and NHS dental care. Chapter Nine: Internet English or language reverts to type. In 1972, the first email was sent, soon the internet arrived: a free global space to share information, ideas and amusing pictures of cats. Before the Internet, English changed through people speaking it, but the net brought typing back into fashion and hundreds of cases of repetitive strain injury.

Nobody had ever had to download anything before, let alone use a toolbar and the only time someone set up a firewall it ended with a massive insurance claim and a huge pile of charred wallpaper. Conversations were getting shorter than the average attention span. Why bother writing a sentence when an abbreviation would do and leave you more time to blog, poke and reboot when your hard drive crashed. In my humble opinion became IMHO, by the way became BTW and if we’re honest that life-threatening accident was pretty hilarious, simply became FAIL.

Some changes even passed into spoken English, for your information people frequently asked questions like how can LOL mean ‘laugh out loud’ and ‘lots of love’, but if you’re gonna complain about that, then you U’v Go 2 Be Kidding. Chapter 10: Global English or whose language is it anyway? In the 1500 years since the Romans left Britain, English has shown a unique ability to absorb, evolve, invade and if we’re honest, steal. After foreign settlers got it started, it grew into a fully-fledged language all of its own, before leaving home and travelling the world, first via the high seas then via the high-speed broadband connection, pilfering words from over 350 languages and establishing itself as a global institution. All this, despite a written alphabet that bears no correlation to how it sounds, and a system of spelling that even Dan Brown couldn’t decipher. Right now, around billion people speak English. Of these, about a quarter are native speakers, a quarter speak it as their second language and half are able to ask for directions to a swimming pool.

There’s ‘Hinglish’ which is Hindi English, ‘Chinglish’ which is Chinese English and ‘Singlish’ which is Singaporean English and not that bit where they speak in musicals. So in conclusion, the language has got so little to do with England these days it may well be time to stop calling things. If someone does think up a new name for it, it should probably be in Chinese..

As found on Youtube

Lesson 1 – Speak English Clearly! The Imitation Technique

Hello! Welcome to the very first video training lesson for the imitation technique. Thank you so much for signing up! I know you are going to love this training. Now, imitating something is similar to copying something. Usually, imitating is copying actions or words so this technique is all about copying something that a native speaker is saying, exactly. It teaches you to listen to the sounds and patterns of English and trains you to make those same sounds yourself. You’re training your mouth with your ears. So you’re listening to the sounds and you’re not training your mouth with your eyes by reading and guessing the pronunciation of words, you are training your mouth with your ears.

By practising with this technique, you’ll reduce your accent and pronunciation problems more quickly and become a clearer and more confident English speaker. Now, there are three steps that you’ll need to remember when you’re using the imitation technique. First, you’ll need to listen to me and read the text at the same time. So when I talk on this video you’ll see the words come up at the bottom of the screen. In the text, the important stress has been marked so you’ll be able to hear the stresses in my expression and read them as well. Then, it will be your turn! So you’re going to hear me read each sentence again but there will be a pause after each one and this is where you’ll need to copy exactly what I’ve said. Listen for my pronunciation, the stress, the pause, the intonation and then you’ll need to copy it exactly.

You can do this step as many times as you need to before you move on to step number three. Then the bigger challenge is for you to shadow me, which is to copy everything that I’m saying again but this time you won’t have any text on the screen, you’re just listening to the words that I’m saying. Now it might be a little bit tricky, especially the first time, because you’ll be listening to me and speaking at the same time! So it might take you a few times to get comfortable doing it. And remember that you might not understand everything that’s being said as I’m saying it, but that’s not the point of this training. We’re not testing your understanding of English. We’re testing and practising your pronunciation and speaking skills. So if you don’t understand it, don’t worry! But do it again and again and again until the sounds that you are making sound very similar to the ones that I’m making in the video.

And that’s it! The imitation technique is simple yet so effective. If you practise this technique regularly, soon you’ll sound more natural, more confident and more relaxed when you’re speaking English. Let’s try it! I love to travel to different countries, I love meeting new people and tasting different foods (that’s my favorite part!) To date, I think I’ve visited about twenty-two different countries but there are so many more places on my list. Almost every person that I know, who has a decent income, does some sort of travel every year, usually overseas. to a different country. In my opinion, travelling overseas and to different countries makes us more accepting of each other’s differences and teaches us respect for different cultures, traditions and beliefs.

It also helps me to tell some pretty interesting stories about my adventures. I love talking to people about places they’ve visited and things that they’ve seen in the world,. I think it’s because I can easily relate to them and it’s easy for me to share my stories and experiences with them. Plus, I love getting recommendations about places to visit. It helps me to plan where my next holiday is going to be. Okay, now for step number two.

You’re going to imitate exactly what I say – the pronunciation, the stress, the pause. And there will be a pause after each sentence that will let you do that. Ready? I love to travel to different countries I love meeting new people and tasting different foods (that’s my favorite part!) To date, I think I have visited about twenty-two different countries but there are so many more places on my list. Almost every person that I know, who has a decent income, does some sort of travel every year, usually overseas, to a different country. In my opinion, travelling overseas and to different countries makes us more accepting of each other’s differences and teaches us respect for different cultures, traditions and beliefs. It also helps me to tell some pretty interesting stories about my adventures. I love talking to people about places they’ve visited and things that they have seen in the world.

I think it’s because I can easily relate to them and that’s easy for me to share my stories and experiences with them. Plus, I love getting recommendations about places to visit. It helps me to plan where my next holiday is going to be. This is step three, where you’re going to shadow exactly what I’ve said, as I’m saying it. So you’ll be listening to me and speaking at the same time. Remember, it might take you a couple of goes to get this right but that’s OK! Ready? I love to travel to different countries. I love meeting new people and tasting different foods (that’s my favorite part). To date, I think I’ve visited about twenty-two different countries but there are so many more places on my list.

Almost every person that I know, who has a decent income, does some sort of travel every year, usually overseas to a different country. In my opinion, travelling overseas and to different countries makes us more accepting of each other’s differences and teaches us respect for different cultures, traditions and beliefs. It also helps me to tell some pretty interesting stories about my adventures! I love talking to people about places they’ve visited and things that they’ve seen in the world. I think it’s because I can easily relate to them and it’s easy for me to share my stories and experiences with them. Plus, I love getting recommendations about places to visit. It helps me to plan where my next holiday is going to be. So that’s it! Tomorrow I’m going to send you a new lesson to practise with! If you’re watching this on YouTube and you haven’t signed up on my website yet, you will need to do that to get the next lesson for tomorrow. So you need to write your email address on my website www.mmmenglish.com/signup So, then come and join us! We’ve got four more lessons to get through.

See you tomorrow!.

As found on Youtube

Learn English through story Beauty and the Beast (level 1)

A rich man lives in a big city near the sea. He has got three daughters and three sons. One daughter is called ‘Beauty’ because she is very beautiful. The other two daughters are called Rosalind and Hortensia. They are lazy and unfriendly. They like going out and having fun. They both want to find a rich husband. They do not like Beauty because she is beautiful. Beauty has got long red hair. She is kind and friendly. She likes staying at home and reading books. She also likes playing the piano. Beauty’s father is a merchant. One day he loses all his money because his ship is lost at sea. ‘My dear children,’ he says sadly, ‘I haven’t got much money. We’re poor. We must leave this big house and go and live in the country.’ ‘Oh, dear!’ say the two sisters. ‘We’re poor – this is terrible!’ ‘What bad luck!’ say the three brothers.

‘We have to work now,’ says Beauty’s father. ‘Work?’ say the two sisters. ‘No, we don’t want to work! And we don’t want to live in the country.’ They start to cry. Beauty is sad but she says, ‘Let’s not cry! We can work and be happy without money.’ The family goes to the country and lives in a small house. Beauty gets up at four o’clock every morning to clean the house and cook. Then she washes the family’s clothes in the river. The three brothers work in the country. Rosalind and Hortensia do not work. They do nothing all day. They sleep all morning and walk in the woods in the afternoon. ‘I’m unhappy,’ says Rosalind. ‘I don’t like the country because there’s nothing to do.’ ‘We can’t go to the theatre and wear nice clothes,’ says Hortensia. ‘And we haven’t got any friends.’ ‘Look at Beauty,’ says Rosalind angrily.

‘She works and she’s happy in this terrible place.’ Beauty’s father says, ‘Dear Beauty, you work a lot and you’re always happy. You’re a wonderful daughter.’ A year later Beauty’s father gets an important letter. He calls his six children and says, ‘Listen to this letter:’ You ship is here. It is not lost at sea! Please come to the port. Everyone is happy. ‘This is wonderful news!’ say the three sons. ‘Yes,’ says their father, ‘the ship with my goods is in the port.’ ‘We’re rich again!’ says Rosalind. ‘We can buy beautiful clothes.’ ‘We can go back to our big house in the city,’ says Hortensia. ‘I must go to the port today,’ says her father happily. ‘Oh, father,’ says Hortensia, ‘bring me some new clothes and new hats.’ ‘Yes,’ says Rosalind, ‘and some new shoes and jewels.’ Beauty’s father looks at her and says, ‘What do you want, Beauty?’ ‘Please don’t spend your money, father,’ says Beauty.

‘Just bring me a rose.’ Beauty’s father gets to the port and finds his ship. But there are no goods on it – it is empty! ‘What bad luck!’ he says angrily. ‘I must go home and tell the children the bad news.’ On the way home he crosses a big forest. It is snowing and windy. He is lost. ‘Where am I?’ he thinks. ‘Where can I go? I’m very cold and tired.’ He hears some wolves and he is afraid. Suddenly he sees a big castle in the forest. And there are lights in the windows. ‘Oh, good!’ he thinks. ‘Perhaps the people in the castle can help me.’ He takes his horse to the stable near the castle.

He knocks on the big door of the castle but no one answers. He waits outside the door. Then he opens the door and goes inside. He sees a big hall with a fireplace. There is a long table with a lot of food on it. He is cold and sits near the fireplace. ‘How strange,’ he thinks, ‘there’s no one here.’ He is hungry and sits down at the table and starts to eat. Then he is sleepy. He finds a warm, comfortable bed and falls asleep. The next morning he finds some new clothes near his bed.

‘How nice! New clothes!’ he thinks. ‘A kind person lives in this castle.’ He looks out of the window and is surprised. ‘It’s not snowing and it’s a beautiful day!’ he thinks. ‘And there are flowers in the garden.’ He gets dressed and goes to the hall. There are biscuits, chocolate and milk on the long table. He sits down and says, ‘Thank you for this lovely breakfast.’ He looks round but sees no one. He eats and decides to go home. He goes to the stable and gets his horse.

In the garden he sees some roses. ‘Beauty wants a rose,’ he thinks. He takes a lovely one. Suddenly he hears a terrible noise. He turns round and sees an ugly monster. CHAPTER THREE – The Beast ‘You’re a bad man!’ cries the Beast angrily. ‘You come to my castle and I save your life. You eat here and you sleep here. And then you take one of my beautiful roses. For this you must die!’ Beauty’s father starts to cry. Oh, sir, I’m sorry! You’re very kind. Please don’t be angry with me. This rose is for one of my daughters.’ ‘My name is not “sir” – it is Beast. Please call me by my name. You talk about your daughters. Then one of your daughters must die in your place.’ ‘Oh, no!’ says Beauty’s father. ‘They’re young and they don’t want to die.’ ‘Then you must come back here and die,’ says the Beast. ‘I can wait three months. Do you agree to come back?’ Beauty’s father agrees to come back. ‘My daughters must not die,’ he thinks. ‘I want to go home and see my children for the last time.’ Before Beauty’s father leaves the castle the Beast talks to him.

‘I’m not had,’ says the Beast. ‘Go back to your bedroom. There is a big chest there. Fill it with everything you want and it is yours.’ Beauty’s father fills the chest with a lot of gold. Then he gets on his horse and goes home. When he is at home he gives the rose to Beauty. ‘Take this rose, Beauty,’ he says sadly. ‘Let me tell you about my terrible adventure.’ He tells his children about the empty ship in the port, the castle in the forest and the Beast.

Rosalind and Hortensia are angry with Beauty. They say, ‘Father must die because you like roses, Beauty!’ ‘No,’ says Beauty, ‘father is not going to die. I’m going to the Beast’s castle!’ ‘No, dear sister,’ say her three brothers. ‘We’re going to his castle and we’re going to kill him!’ ‘No, that’s not possible,’ says their father. ‘The Beast is very big and strong. I’m old – I must go and die. But Beauty does not agree. She decides to go to the Beast’s castle.

‘No, father,’ she says, ‘you must not go. I want to go!’ ‘Never, my dear Beauty!’ says her father. ‘I’m not afraid,’ says Beauty. ‘You must live and look after my brothers and sisters. They need you.’ Beauty’s father thinks for a moment. Then he says sadly, ‘Alright, Beauty. You can go.’ Beauty’s brothers are very sad, but Hortensia and Rosalind are not. The next morning Beauty and her father go to the Beast’s castle. Inside the castle they see a long table with a lot of good food on it. Beauty and her father are not hungry, but they sit down and eat. Suddenly they hear a loud noise. ‘What’s that terrible noise?’ asks Beauty. ‘The Beast is coming,’ says her father. Beauty sees the Beast’s ugly face and she is terrified ‘Oh, this Beast is really terrible!’ she thinks. The Beast looks at her and says, ‘You’re a brave girl.’ ‘I’m very sorry about the rose from your garden…,’ says Beauty quietly. The Beast looks at Beauty’s father and says, ‘You must go away tomorrow. And don’t come back! Do you understand?’ Beauty’s father looks at the Beast and then at his daughter.

‘Oh, Beauty,’ he says, ‘please go home! Let me stay here!’ ‘No, father,’ says Beauty. ‘We must be brave. We’re both tired – let’s go and sleep now. Tomorrow morning you can go home to my brothers and sisters.’ That night Beauty has a dream. In her dream a good fairy says, ‘You’re a good girl, Beauty. And you’ve got a kind heart. You want to save your father’s life. You’re going to be very happy one day.’ CHAPTER FOUR – Life at the Castle The next morning Beauty’s father leaves the castle. He is crying. ‘Don’t cry, father,’ says Beauty. ‘Remember, I love you.’ ‘Goodbye, dear Beauty,’ says her father. Beauty is terrified. ‘The Beast is going to eat me tonight,’ she thinks. ‘I want to enjoy my last day. I’m going to visit the garden of the castle.’ She goes to see the big garden and she is surprised. It is a beautiful garden with a lot of lovely flowers. Then she goes to see the big castle. She looks in all the rooms.

On one door she sees this sign: BEAUTY’S ROOM She opens the door and sees a lovely room. There is a nice bed and a mirror on the wall. Beauty looks round and thinks, ‘There’s a piano and a lot of books for me. How strange! Perhaps the Beast doesn’t want to eat me tonight.’ She takes a book and starts to read it. Suddenly she sees these words on the pages: Welcome, Beauty! You’re the queen here. Tell me everything you want. ‘I only want to see my poor father,’ says Beauty. Suddenly she sees her father in the mirror on the wall. He is very sad. She also sees her home and Hortensia and Rosalind. They are happy without Beauty. ‘The Beast is kind to me,’ she thinks. ‘Why am I afraid of him?’ At 12 o’clock she has lunch. After lunch she goes to her room. ‘What a beautiful piano!’ thinks Beauty. ‘I want to play it.’ She plays some wonderful music on the piano. Then she looks at all the books in her room. Some of them have got pictures and others have not.

She takes a book about flowers and looks at the pictures of different flowers. Then she sees pictures of roses of all colours. ‘Now I want to go to the garden and look at the lovely roses,’ she thinks. She goes to the garden and stays there all afternoon. She looks at the flowers and feels happy. At dinner time she sits down at the long table and then she hears the Beast coming. She is terrified. ‘Beauty, can I sit here with you?’ asks the Beast. ‘You’re the lord of the castle,’ says Beauty. ‘And you’re the queen,’ says the Beast. ‘Can I ask you a question?’ ‘Yes, of course,’ says Beauty quietly.

‘Am I very ugly?’ asks the Beast. Beauty does not know what to say. She looks at him and thinks for a moment. ‘Well, yes you are!’ says Beauty. ‘But you’re kind and polite.’ The Beast looks at Beauty and smiles. ‘You’re right, I’m terribly ugly but I’m kind. This is your home now, Beauty. Please don’t be sad!’ ‘Some men are handsome but they’re not kind,’ says Beauty. ‘I prefer you because you’ve got a good heart. ‘Thank you, Beauty,’ says the Beast. Now Beauty is not afraid of the Beast and she eats a big dinner. The Beast looks at her and asks a question. Do you want to marry me, Beauty?’ What a question! Beauty is terrified. ‘What can I say?’ thinks Beauty. She is silent for a moment and then she says, ‘No, I’m sorry I don’t want to marry you.’ The Beast is angry and Beauty is afraid.

Then he goes out of the room and says, ‘Goodbye, Beauty.’ CHAPTER FIVE – The Magic Ring Beauty spends three months at the beautiful castle. Every day she reads books and plays the piano. She walks everywhere in the big garden. She likes the tall trees and the flowers of different colours. She puts beautiful flowers in the rooms of the castle. Sometimes she makes perfume from the flowers. But the days are long and she is often lonely. Beauty often thinks about her father, her sisters and her brothers. ‘I want to see my father again,’ she thinks sadly. ‘And I want to see my home again too.’ The Beast goes to see her every evening at dinner time, at nine o’clock. They talk about interesting things and are happy together. Beauty is not afraid of his ugly face now. Every evening the Beast asks Beauty the same question: ‘Beauty, do you want to marry me?’ And every evening Beauty answers, ‘No.’ One day Beauty says, ‘Why do you ask me the same question every evening?’ ‘Because I hope to hear a different answer,’ says the Beast.

‘I’m sorry, I don’t want to marry you,’ says Beauty. The Beast is very sad. ‘But I’m always going to be your friend,’ she says. ‘You’re a wonderful friend,’ says the Beast. ‘And you are too,’ says Beauty smiling. ‘I know I’m terribly ugly,’ says the Beast. ‘But I love you a lot. I’m very happy with you. Please, don’t leave me!’ Beauty’s face becomes red and she is quiet for a moment. ‘In the mirror of my room,’ says Beauty, ‘I see my poor father.

He’s sad and lonely. He thinks I’m dead. My sisters are married and my brothers are away. I want to see my father for the last time. Can I go and see him, please?’ ‘Yes, you can go and see your father,’ says the Beast. ‘But I’m going to be very sad without you.’ ‘Oh, thank you!’ says Beauty happily. ‘Please don’t be sad, Beast. I’m going to come back in a week.’ ‘Alright,’ says the Beast. ‘You can visit your father tomorrow morning. But remember, you must come back in a week. Before you come back put this ring on a table near your bed.

It’s a magic ring. Goodbye, Beauty.’ CHAPTER SIX – The Sisters’ Plan The next morning Beauty wakes up in her bedroom in her father’s house. She gets up and goes downstairs. When her father sees her he cries, ‘Beauty, is that you? How wonderful! My daughter is well and she’s here!’ Beauty is very happy and hugs her father. ‘Get dressed quickly and then tell me about the Beast!’ says her father happily. She goes to her room and finds a chest full of beautiful clothes.

‘This is a present from the Beast!’ says Beauty to her father. He’s very nice and gives me presents every day.’ She chooses some lovely clothes. ‘I want to give these lovely clothes to Rosalind and Hortensia,’ she says. When she says this the chest disappears! ‘The Beast is watching you,’ says Beauty’s father. ‘These beautiful clothes are for you and not for your sisters.’ Suddenly the chest comes back again. That morning Rosalind and Hortensia come to visit their sister. They are both very unhappy. ‘Oh, Beauty,’ says Rosalind, ‘I’m unhappy.’ ‘Why are you unhappy, Rosalind?’ asks Beauty. ‘Oh, it’s a long story,’ says Rosalind. ‘Please tell me,’ says Beauty. ‘My husband is handsome and he spends all day in front of a mirror. He never looks at me or talks to me.’ ‘Oh, dear, that’s a big problem,’ says Beauty. Hortensia says, ‘My husband is very clever, but he doesn’t like anyone, and no one likes him.’ ‘I can never invite my friends to lunch or dinner because he doesn’t like them.’ ‘We’ve got a lot of problems with our husbands,’ they say.

‘My poor sisters!’ says Beauty. ‘I’m very sorry.’ ‘Tell us about the Beast,’ says Hortensia. Oh, the Beast is not a bad man,’ says Beauty. ‘He’s very kind. I live in his beautiful castle and I’m the queen. I don’t work. I read, play the piano and walk in the garden. Every evening the Beast comes to see me at dinner and we talk about a lot of things. It’s wonderful.’ The two sisters are very angry and they go to the garden.

‘Beauty wears lovely clothes and shoes,’ says Rosalind. ‘She’s like a queen. She’s very happy. Why is she lucky? And why are we unlucky?’ ‘You’re right, Rosalind,’ says Hortensia. ‘We’re not very lucky. But maybe we can be lucky! Beauty has to return to the Beast in a week, or he’s going to get angry and eat her!’ ‘Then we must keep her here,’ says Rosalind. ‘Then the Beast is going to get angry.’ During the week the two sisters are kind to Beauty.

They talk and laugh with her. They walk together in the country. Beauty is happy with her sisters. ‘Rosalind and Hortensia love me,’ she thinks. ‘They’re good sisters and I love them a lot.’ At the end of the week Beauty says, ‘I must go back to the Beast’s castle.’ But her sisters start to cry. ‘Oh, Beauty,’ says Rosalind, ‘please stay with us another week. We need you.’ ‘Yes, Beauty,’ says Hortensia, ‘please don’t leave us. We have fun with you and we love you.’ ‘Yes,’ says Rosalind, ‘stay with us! We can do a lot of things together.’ Beauty does not know what to do.

She decides to stay another week. CHAPTER SEVEN – The Dream The Beast is going to be very sad without me,’ Beauty thinks. ‘But I want to stay with my family for a few more days. Then I’m going to go back to him.’ Beauty thinks about the Beast. She misses him. Ten days later Beauty dreams about the Beast. In her dream the Beast is on the grass in the garden of the castle. And he’s going to die! ‘Beauty, whispers the Beast, ‘today is the tenth day and you’re not here. I can’t live without you. I can’t eat or drink.’ Beauty wakes up and thinks, ‘The poor Beast is going to die without me! I must go back to him.’ She takes the ring and puts it on a table near her bed. ‘The Beast is ugly but he’s very kind,’ she thinks. ‘Why don’t I marry him? I’m happy with him. My sisters have handsome, clever husbands – but they’re not happy.’ Beauty falls asleep and the next morning she wakes up at the Beast’s castle. Today I’m going to wear a beautiful dress,’ Beauty thinks.

At nine o’clock in the evening she goes to dinner and waits for the Beast. But he doesn’t come to see her. ‘What’s happening?’ Beauty thinks. ‘Where’s the Beast? Why isn’t he here?’ ‘Beast!’ she cries. ‘Beast, where are you! Answer me!’ She opens the doors of all the rooms and looks everywhere in the castle. But she cannot find him. Suddenly she remembers her dream. She runs to the garden and sees the Beast on the grass.

‘Oh, no!’ she cries. ‘Is he dead?’ She listens to his heart and it is beating. ‘Good! He’s not dead!’ she thinks. She gets some cold water from the river and wets his face. The Beast slowly opens his eyes. ‘Beauty,’ he whispers, ‘I’m dying… but I’m happy because you’re here.’ ‘No, Beast,’ cries Beauty. ‘Don’t die! You must live and become my husband. I love you and I can’t live without you.’ CHAPTER EIGHT – The Prince Suddenly all the lights of the castle and the garden, turn on. There are beautiful fireworks in the sky. Beauty is surprised and looks at the castle. Then she turns round and looks at the Beast. What a surprise! She sees a handsome young man.

‘Thank you, Beauty,’ says the young man. ‘The spell is broken!’ ‘But where is the Beast?’ asks Beauty. ‘I am the Beast!’ says the prince. ‘I don’t understand,’ says Beauty. ‘Who are you?’ ‘I’m a prince and this is my castle,’ says the young man. ‘Sometimes a bad witch puts a spell on a prince and only true love can break the spell. Now I know your love is true.’ The prince takes her hand and says, ‘Do you want to marry me, Beauty?’ Beauty looks at the handsome prince and says, ‘Yes, I do!’ Beauty and the prince go to the castle.

When she opens the door she is surprised. ‘My family! You’re all here!’ cries Beauty. She is happy when she sees her family. They talk and laugh together. Suddenly she sees the good fairy from her dream. ‘Beauty,’ says the good fairy, ‘you’ve got a kind heart and you’re going to marry the prince and become a princess!’ Then the good fairy looks at Beauty’s two sisters. ‘You’re both bad, lazy and unkind,’ says the fairy. ‘You don’t love anyone!’ The fairy says some magic words and suddenly Rosalind and Hortensia become statues. ‘Oh, no!’ cries Beauty. ‘My sisters are statues!’ ‘Your sisters have got hearts of stone,’ says the fairy.

‘Now they can’t move, but they can see and hear everything. When they understand their mistakes they can become Rosalind and Hortensia again.’ The next day Beauty and the prince get married. Everyone dances and sings in the castle. It is a happy day. People give flowers to Beauty and the prince. The prince sees tears in Beauty’s eyes and says, ‘Don’t cry, my Beauty. We’re going to be very happy together!’.