IELTS Writing: Numbers and Pie Charts

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Legal English Vocabulary VV 26 – Contract Law (Lesson 1) | Business English Vocabulary

{“en”:”You’re watching video vocab by business English pod dot-com in this lesson we’ll look at the key principles behind contracts and contract law if you’ve ever signed up for a mobile phone booked a hotel room or accepted a job offer you’ve made a contract and there are several key aspects of every contract beginning with the intent to make one an offer and consideration for both sides agreement on the specific elements of a contract leads to acceptance at which point the contract is legally binding to both parties of course the parties must have made truthful representations in the course of their negotiations a contract may also be threatened when one party does not fulfill its obligations which can lead to repudiation there is also a situation called frustration when a contract cannot be fulfilled for unseen reasons when two parties under contract cannot agree they may try to settle their dispute through a process of arbitration if this doesn’t work one party may attempt to sue the other in court hoping to be awarded damages in the case of a breach of contract now let’s look at the vocabulary in more detail with some definitions and examples contract to make a contract a contract is any formal agreement between people or businesses whenever we make a contract we are creating a legal relationship under John’s employment contract he gets three weeks of vacation every year intent intent having the intent to make a contract means that you actually want to make one without intent on both sides there can be no contract while tabatha wanted to make some sort of deal Ron had no intent you offer to make an offer when you propose a possible contract to a person or business you are making an offer that offer may be accepted rejected or amended and sent back as a counteroffer the company’s lawyers sent the offer to the competitors legal team consideration consideration every contract must include something of value however small for both sides this benefit or item of value is called consideration and felt that the deal didn’t include enough consideration for his party acceptance acceptance acceptance happens when both sides agree on a contract once the offer or contract is formally accepted the agreement becomes legal acceptance of a contract depends on certain facts being verified party parties to a contract the party’s in a contract are those who are agreeing to do something each party maybe a person a group of people a business or another type of organization because the two parties couldn’t agree on costs they fail to make a deal representation to make a representation anytime you make a statement of fact in a contract or in negotiating a contract you are making a representation the judge decided that oral inks representations were truthful and accurate repudiation repudiation if one party does not fulfill its obligations under a contract the result is repudiation of the contract repudiation may have consequences outlined in the contract or it may lead to a lawsuit repeated failure to pay on time led to repudiation of the contract frustration stray ssin frustration of a contract happens when the contract cannot be fulfilled for reasons beyond anyone’s control frustration is not the fault of either party frustration of the contract came about when it was found to violate trade agreements to settle a dispute when contracted parties can’t agree they have a dispute finding a solution to their disagreement is referred to as settling the dispute which they may do in or out of court it took the u.s.

And Canada years to settle their dispute over tobacco taxes arbitration to arbitrate contracted parties that have a disagreement will usually try to reach a solution out of court through arbitration wanting to avoid a costly legal battle the two companies agreed to arbitration damages to award damages if the contracted parties can’t settle their dispute through arbitration they may go to court in this case a judge may award damages usually in the form of money to the party that is able to prove their claim the judge awarded damages to the complainant after a lengthy court case now it’s your turn to practice some of the words we’ve studied in this lesson in a moment you’ll hear a series of sentences with a word replaced with a beep repeat each sentence including the missing word for example if you hear I met with the buyer in my lawyer’s office to sign the you can say I met with the buyer in my lawyer’s office to sign the contract we’ll play the correct answer after each question ready let’s give it a go we wanted to settle the out of court to save money answer we wanted to settle the dispute out of court to save money I decided to refuse there because the price wasn’t right answer I decided to refuse the offer because the price wasn’t right a contract becomes legal immediately after answer a contract becomes legal immediately after acceptance we celebrated when the judge decided to award us answer we celebrated when the judge decided to award us damages that’s all for this episode of video vocab the first in our series on contract law be sure to check out our website at www.att.com/biz nough Singlish vocabulary thanks for watching and see you again soon”}

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Hypnotherapy in Brighton

Speak English – Learn English Conversation! #9: Learn American English – Speak American English

{“en”:”Hello. Welcome. “Speak American English with Lyman Holton” My name is Lyman Holton. In this lesson you and me are going to have a conversation… as two people discussing directions to the library. Are you ready? Let’s begin. Repeat everything I say for Lyman and Kelly. Excuse me. Where’s the nearest library? Oh, my. I’m afraid the closest one is a couple miles from here. So, there is a library about two miles away? Yes. Are you going to drive there? Yes. Why do you ask? Because the bus, that will be here shortly, goes there. I see. Could you give me directions for driving? Sure. Ah, what is your name, if you don’t mind me asking? Oh, of course not. I’m sorry, I didn’t mean to be rude. That’s all right. I just like to know who I’m talking to.

My name is Kelly. And, may ask what yours is as well? I’m Lyman. Now, to get to the library, drive that way to the fifth stoplight. Okay. I go to the fifth stoplight. Then what? Turn left and go about one mile, and you’ll see the library on the right. All right. Do you know the name of the street where I turn left? I’m not sure. I think it’s 2nd Avenue. Okay. Thanks for the information, Lyman. No problem, Kelly. I hope you don’t have any trouble finding it. Oh, I’m sure I’ll find it okay. Oh, yeah. I just remembered. The library is next to a shopping center.

Now, we’ve had our practice reading everything for both conversations. Now, what we’re going to do is begin our 1st conversation. Speak out loud as Kelly. You are Kelly. Just listen when Lyman speaks. I’m Lyman. Excuse me. Where’s the nearest library? Oh, my. I’m afraid the closest one is a couple miles from here. So, there is a library about two miles away? Yes. Are you going to drive there? Yes. Why do you ask? Because the bus, that will be here shortly, goes there. I see. Could you give me directions for driving? Sure. Ah, what is your name, if you don’t mind me asking? Oh, of course not. I’m sorry, I didn’t mean to be rude. That’s all right. I just like to know who I’m talking to. My name is Kelly. And, may I ask what yours is as well? I’m Lyman. Now, to get to the library, drive that way to the fifth stoplight.

Okay. I go to the fifth stoplight. Then what? Turn left and go about one mile, and you’ll see the library on the right. All right. Do you know the name of the street where I turn left? I’m not sure. I think it’s 2nd Avenue. Okay. Thanks for the information, Lyman. No problem, Kelly. I hope you don’t have any trouble finding it. Oh, I’m sure I’ll find it okay. Oh, yeah. I just remembered. The library is next to a shopping center. Let’s begin our second conversation. Let’s switch dialogues. I am still Lyman. You are still Kelly. Excuse me. Where’s the nearest library? Oh, my. I’m afraid the closest one is a couple miles from here. So, there is a library about two miles away? Yes. Are you going to drive there? Yes.

Why do you ask? Because the bus, that will be here shortly, goes there. I see. Could you give me directions for driving? Sure. Ah, what is your name, if you don’t mind me asking? Oh, of course not. I’m sorry, I didn’t mean to be rude. That’s all right. I just like to know who I’m talking to. My name is Lyman. And, may I ask what yours is as well? I’m Kelly. Now, to get to the library, drive that way to the fifth stoplight. Okay. I go to the fifth stoplight. Then what? Turn left and go about one mile, and you’ll see the library on the right. All right. Do you know the name of the street where I turn left? I’m not sure. I think it’s 2nd Avenue. Okay. Thanks for the information, Kelly. No problem, Lyman. I hope you don’t have any trouble finding it.

Oh, I’m sure I’ll find it okay. Oh, yeah. I just remembered. The library is next to a shopping center. And, that concludes our conversation for this lesson. I hope you enjoyed it… and if you have any questions please feel free to post them below. Goodbye for now.. “}

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Study English in Brighton

Speak English – Learn English Conversation! #18: Learn American English – Speak American English

{“en”:”Hello. Welcome. “Speak American English with Lyman Holton” My name is Lyman Holton. In this lesson you and I… are going to have a conversation as two people… discussing how we should be more social at work. Are you ready? Let’s begin. Repeat everything I say for Lyman and Kelly . Lyman, do you mill who that woman is? Which woman are you talking about, Kelly? The tall woman over there, in the blue dress with blonde hair. Oh, that’s Jane. Haven’t you met her yet? No, I’ve never seen her before. Is she one of our clients? The words you see in red print, are words you may want to look up in your translator… to help you follow the conversation. No, I’ve never seen her before.

Is she one of our clients? Oh, come on Kelly! She works here, in our office. You’re joking, right? Is she an attorney? No. Jane is one of our new admin. secretaries. Gee, I guess I need to pay more attention to what’s going on. I’ve told you before, you spend too much time at your desk. True. I could at least eat lunch in the break room, instead of at my desk. Work is important, Kelly. But, so is socializing with the other employees. You’re right, Lyman. I don’t want to get a reputation for being anti-social. That’s right. One day you’re going to need some help from a friend. I know “And, I won’t have any friends to ask for help.” That’s exactly right, Kelly. It’s also harder to get promoted if you’re unpopular. Well, I tell you what, Lyman. I’m going to change, right now. Oh, really? And, how are you going to do that? I’m going to order pizza for everyone in the office, for lunch today.

Well, that’ll certainly make you more popular. I’ll help you spread the word. Let’s begin our first conversation! Speak out loud as Kelly. Just listen when Lyman speaks. Lyman, do you know who that woman is? Which woman are you talking about, Kelly? The tall woman over there, in the blue dress with blonde hair. Oh, that’s Jane. Haven’t you met her yet? No, I’ve never seen her before. Is she one of our clients? Oh, come on Kelly! She works here, in our office. You’re joking, right? Is she an attorney? No. Jane is one of our new admin. secretaries. Gee, I guess I need to pay more attention to what’s going on.

I’ve told you before, you spend too much time at your desk. True. I could at least eat lunch in the break room, instead of at my desk. Work is important, Kelly. But, so is socializing with the other employees. You’re right, Lyman. I don’t want to get a reputation for being anti-social. That’s right. One day you’re going to need some help from a friend. I know “And, I won’t have any friends to ask for help.” That’s exactly right, Kelly. It’s also harder to get promoted if you’re unpopular. Well, I tell you what, Lyman. I’m going to change, right now. Oh, really? And, how are you going to do that? I’m going to order pizza for everyone in the office, for lunch today. Well, that’ll certainly make you more popular. I’ll help you spread the word.

Let’s begin our 2nd conversation! Let’s switch dialogs. I am still Lyman. You’re still Kelly. Kelly, do you know who that woman is? Which woman are you talking about, Lyman? The tall woman over there, in the blue dress with blonde hair. Oh, that’s Jane. Haven’t you met her yet? No, I’ve never seen her before. Is she one of our clients? Oh, come on Lyman! She works here, in our office. You’re joking, right? Is she an attorney? No. Jane is one of our new admin. secretaries. Gee, I guess I need to pay more attention to what’s going on.

I’ve told you before, you spend too much time at your desk. True. I could at least eat lunch in the break room, instead at my desk. Work is important, Lyman. But, so is socializing with the other employees. You’re right, Kelly. I don’t want to get a reputation for being anti-social. That’s right. One day you’re going to need some help from a friend. I know “And, I won’t have any friends to ask for help.” That’s exactly right, Lyman. It’s also harder to get promoted if you’re unpopular. Well, I tell you what, Kelly. I’m going to change, right now. Oh, really? And, how are you going to do that? I’m going to order pizza for everyone in the office, for lunch today. Well, that’ll certainly make you more popular. I’ll help you spread the word. That concludes our lesson. Please post any comments that you may have below. I’m always happy to answer questions, as well. And, please if you haven’t done so, subscribe.

Thank you so much. Good-bye for now.. “}

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Study English in Brighton

Learn English With Movie Clips : Madagascar 3 (Part-2)

{“en”:”Make a wish, sweetheart. Your wish has come true! Oh, yay! My tummy is speaking to me! Oh, gross! I wouldn’t eat that side of the cake if I were you. Alex, what was your wish? I wished we could go home. I mean, don’t get me wrong. I love this. But it’s not the real thing. That’s because it’s a mud model, Alex. It’s not actually New York. I hope that was clear. What are we doing? Here we are relying on the penguins to come back for us.

But… we should just go to Monte Carlo and get them. How do a lion, a zebra, a giraffe and a hippo walk into a casino in Monte Carlo? I don’t know. Ask the rabbi! – Hey, I’m serious. – Come on! We can do it! We can do anything! It’s us! We’re us! Yeah, that’s right. We’ve gone halfway around the world! Compared with that, Monte Carlo’s just a hop, skip and a swim away! Yeah. To home. – Home! – Home. – Home. – Cheeseburger. Tell you what, bet those penguins will be glad to see us.

Yeah, they’re probably bored out of their minds! You pillow fight like a bunch of little girls! Chimichanga! These pillows are filled with baby birds!. “}

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Study English in London

Business English Course – Lesson 2: Making Suggestions in English | Business English Conversation

{“en”:”You’re listening to business English Pod The Business English podcast for Professionals On the move Welcome back to business English Pod! Today’s Show is part of a two-part series on making, rejecting and accepting suggestions. Reject means to say no and accept means to say yes In this English lesson, we’re focusing on making suggestions in the next lesson, we’ll look at accepting and rejecting suggestions. This dialogue takes place and a sports shoe company called Stratos. You’ll be listening to Karen, a marketing manager, meet with three members of her team Charles, Sven, and Miguel. They are choosing a celebrity spokesperson for new product. Celebrity means a famous person. Here, spokesperson is someone who gets paid to be in an advertisement for product In the dialogue, target market is the place where you want to sell your product and target consumer is the type of customer you want to sell your product to.

In this case the product is a special kind of new sports shoe made especially for overweight people. Overweight is a nice way of saying too heavy or not fit. okay let’s listen as you listen pay attention to the language the speakers used to make suggestions to each other okay now let’s talk about who we want to use as a spokesperson for this product let’s go around the table show uses sports to or someone else spend what do you think well look possibility would be to use a famous overweight business executives all CEO someone who is really successful sorry can I come in here yes go ahead Miguel that’s a good idea but I’m not sure it would work why not well for one thing our customers want to be fit not back well then what do you suggest perhaps we should just use a famous sports star like we usually do if it isn’t broken don’t fix it you know what I mean we could try getting Rooney weren’t at all good suggestion but I can see one or two problems with that to be honest Boeing first of a target market are in the UK and the US we need someone people with Americans and Britain’s really like secondly a target customer is kind of special I’ve got a suggestion go ahead child it’s just an idea but how about choosing someone from a sport wheres normal to be happy american football for example heavy but agile overweight but strong and fast you know what I mean Rai I can see what you doing what do others think yes that might be worth trying okay the what about the UK who we get to use on this side of the Atlantic mmm let me think about the youth show we try to find someone in Golf that’s popular in the US and in the UK and that way we can kill two birds with one stone I’m that’s an idea that idea you know I think this work to run karen’s team had a lot of ideas didn’t what language do they use to make their suggestions first listen to us then well look possibility would be to use a famous overweight business executives all CEO someone who is really successful houseman make a suggestion he says one possibility would be to instead will he uses would the use of wood here means it’s just a suggestion past moreover should could might and would are often use like this in suggestions now listen to Miguel making a suggestion perhaps we should just use a famous sports star like we usually do if it isn’t broken don’t fix it you know what I mean perhaps we should is another polite way making a suggestion notice the you served just perhaps we should just use a famous pornstar this shows that what he’s suggesting is no change from the normal way of doing things that’s why he says if it isn’t broken don’t fix it this is an idiom it means don’t change something if it’s already working fine in informal American world English you can say if it ain’t broke don’t fix it so far we have two ways of making suggestions one possibility would be to and perhaps we should now let’s look at a couple more ways to make suggestions listener charles I’ve got a suggestion go ahead child it’s just an idea but how about choosing someone from a sport worse normal to be happy first Charles shows that he has a suggestion I’ve got a suggestion then since he’s talking to his boss and perhaps since he’s not sure everyone will agree with him he uses a careful polite way to introduce the suggestion is just an idea by how Barack how bout is a normal way of making a suggestion is just an idea but makes it extra polite instead a Powerball you can also say what about how bout and what about are followed by a ver plus being I N G how about washing the dishes it’s just an idea but what about eating lunch together these are sometimes followed by a phrase or sentence this is more common with how about how about you wash the dishes and I dry how bout we have lunch together finally let’s look at a couple more ways making a suggestion listen to how Karen makes her suggestion show we try to find someone in Gulf you can also say wanna for example what if we cut costs by finding a new office now with Karen steam practice the ways and making suggestions that we’ve learned so far well one possibility would be to I am will star perhaps should have more vacation just an idea n but how about leaving a little bit early today shall we try to look at this from another point of view well what if we try to open a new store in Germany now it’s your turn to talk in a moment you’ll hear a series of Q’s followed by a bee after each be use the information supplied in the queue to make a suggestion for example if you hear get back on to sponsor the product you can say well one possibility would be to get back come to sponsor the product are you ready let’s give it a try launched a new product in q1 next year they’ve been a grant in Slovenia give employees larger bonuses hold English training scheduled weekly meetings to check on progress how did you do listen to the examples to check your answers remember there are many possible ways to respond to each question launch the new product in q1 next year and soon perhaps you should launch the new product in q1 next year they’ve been a branch in Slovenia answer it’s just an idea but what if we open a branch in Slovenia give employees larger bonuses sir well what if we try to give employees legend bonuses hold English training answer well one possibility would be to hold English training scheduled weekly meetings to check on progress answer let’s schedule weekly meetings to check on progress now that you’ve heard some examples go back in practice again substitute different phrases to build fluency that’s all for this unit we’ve covered many useful expressions for making suggestions in the next unit will use the same dialogue to cover rejecting and accepting suggestions will also look closely at some idioms that were used in the dialogue thanks for listening”}

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Study English in London

Speak English – Learn English Conversation! #22: Learn American English – Speak American English

{“en”:”Hello and welcome to… “Speak American English with Lyman Holton” My name is Lyman Holton. In this lesson, you and me are going to have a conversation… as two people going to the airport and leaving for a trip. Are you ready? Repeat everything I say for Lyman and Kelly. Are you ready to go, Lyman? Yes, I have my bags packed. How about you? I’m all set. How many suitcases are you bringing? Now remember, the words in “red” print are words you may want to look up in your translator. To help you better understand the conversation. I’m all set. How many suitcases are you bringing? Just two. I’ll put the larger one in checked baggage and carry-on the other. Yep, same here. I tried to get everything into one, but that didn’t work. What do you think? Should we drive to the airport? I think it’ll be cheaper to take a taxi. Then we don’t have “to” pay for parking. No, the airport’s too far away to take a taxicab. It’d cost too much.

Well, that’s true, Lyman. So, what should we do? How about this idea? We take a taxi to the bus station. And, take a bus to the airport! Now that’s a good idea. (A little later.) Wow, I didn’t know this airport was so big. Yeah, it’s huge. Where do we check-in for our flight? It looks like the ticket counter for our airline is way across the terminal. Oh yeah. I see it over there. Let’s hurry up and get checked-in. (Still later.) Okay, so we checked-in our baggage and got our boarding passes. Yeah, now we just me too get through the security checkpoint. Let’s pull out our passports, Kelly. The TSA agent has to see them. Oh, great, Lyman. Now we have to open our bags, take off our shoes … Oh, it’s no big deal, Kelly. We’ll be on our plane soon, headed for Hawaii! Let’s begin our 1st conversation! Speak out loud as Kelly.

Just listen when Lyman speaks. Are you ready to go, Lyman? Yes, I have my bags packed. How about you? I’m all set. How many suitcases are you bringing? Just two. I’ll put the larger one in checked baggage and carry-on the other. Yep, same here. I tried to get everything into one, but that didn’t work. What do you think? Should we drive to the airport? I think it’ll be cheaper to take a taxi. Then we don’t have to pay for parking. No, the airport’s too far away to take a taxicab. It’d cost too much. Well, that’s true, Lyman. So, what should we do? How about this idea? We take a taxi to the bus station. And, take a bus to the airport! Now that’s a good idea. Wow, I didn’t know this airport was so big. Yeah, it’s huge. Where do we check-in for our flight? It looks like the ticket counter for our airline is way across the terminal. Oh, yeah. I see it over there. Let’s hurry up and get checked-in. Okay, so we checked-in our baggage and got our boarding passes. Yeah, now we just need to get through the security checkpoint.

Let’s pull out our passports, Kelly. The TSA agent has to see them. Oh, great, Lyman. Now we have to open our bags, take off our shoes … Oh, it’s no big deal, Kelly. We’ll be on our plane soon, headed for Hawaii! Let’s begin our 2nd conversation! Let’s switch dialogs. I’m still Lyman. You’re still Kelly. Are you ready to go, Kelly? Yes, I have my bags packed. How about you? I’m all set. How many suitcases are you bringing? Just two. I’ll put the larger one in checked baggage and carry-on the other. Yep, same here. I tried to get everything into one, but that didn’t work. What do you think? Should we drive to the airport? I think it’ll be cheaper to take a taxi.

Then we don’t have to pay for parking. No, the airport’s to far away to take a taxicab. It’d cost too much. Well, that’s true, Kelly. So, what should we do? How about this idea? We take a taxi to the bus station. And, take a bus to the airport! Now that’s a good idea. Wow, I didn’t know this airport was so big. Yeah, it’s huge. Where do we check-in for our flight? It looks like the ticket counter for our airline is way across the terminal. Oh, yeah. I see it over there. Let’s hurry up and get checked-in. Okay, so we checked-in our baggage and got our boarding passes. Yeah, now we just need to get through the security checkpoint. Let’s pull out our passports, Lyman. The TSA agent has to see them.

Oh, great, Kelly. Now we have to open our bags, take off our shoes … Oh, it’s no big deal, Lyman. We’ll be on our plane soon, headed for Hawaii! That concludes this lesson. Thank you for watching this video. I hope you enjoyed it Please post any comments you have below. I’ll be happy to respond. And, please subscribe. Good-bye for now.. “}

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Study English in London

Learn English Speaking American Pronunciation Lesson 2 with Steve Ford

{“en”:”Hello! Hello! Hello Everybody! My name is Steve Ford and welcome to today our two words that are very similar in pronunciation are look and Luke They sound kind of similar but there are some differences so let’s take a look under the English speaking microscope to see what’s going on so for Luke we have the “ew” sound and I’ve explained in other Youtube lessons that “ew” is the sound that we make here in North America if we see something disgusting Ew!!! That’s gross! Ew!!!!!!!!!!! that’s also the same sound in boot or suit so you wanna say “Lu”, there’s that “ew” sound, “Lu” so Luke, now if we go to “look”, this sound gives a lot of people a lot of problems and that sound is you can hear other words like book, took can you hear the difference? now to make things more challenging for some of you very advanced students out there and I mean super-advanced in American English often they won’t pronounce the consonant at the end of the word, so they’ll say and this is what makes it even more difficult because we actually don’t pronounce the entire word we drop the “K”, Loo(k) so I’m gonna add one more word into the mix here and that word is tuque a hat that we wear here in the winter in Canada so you could say, “look, Luke took my tuque” now that’s hard OK so let’s do the Learn English Speaking Quiz (to) see if you understand everything that I’ve explained today and I will post the answers for this quiz in our next Learn English Speaking Lesson Bye for now!”}

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Study English in London

IELTS – How to get a high score on Task 1 of the IELTS

Hi, I’m emma and today. We are going to be talking about Task one of the writing module for the ielts So again this is task one for the writing module of the ielts It’s in two parts The first part is going to be something about maybe a graph [a] diagram something something to do with having to write a report to describe What you see visually the second part is an essay So we’re going to be talking about the first part today Okay, so the first thing to know is [that] you’re going to have about 20 minutes to do task one so this is [not] a lot of time and It’s going to be very important for you to practice this before you actually go [into] the ielts For task 1 you have to write about 150 words describing either a graph a chart [a] table a diagram or a flow chart You will be marked on four different things in this task So this is something to keep in mind You’re going to be marked on your usage of vocabulary if you use vocabulary Correctly and if you use a lot of different vocabulary you’re going to be marked on grammar You’re going to be marked on your ability to do what they asked so for example You need to write a hundred and fifty words for this task [if] you write 120 words for this task, then you didn’t really meet the task requirements and Finally you’re going to be marked on Coherence, so [do] you have in your answer and introduction and a conclusion Do you use words like? first of all secondly in conclusion So again there are four different things are going to be marked on vocabulary grammar Coherence and Your ability to do what is asked of you, so your ability [to] meet the task requirements? Okay, so let’s get started, so this specific lesson is going to focus a lot on vocabulary What sorts of words can you use in this task that will help you to get the the top mark you can? Alright, so let’s get started so like I said before In this task you’re going to have to describe what you see this may be a Bar chart or a bar graph, so this is what is known as a bar graph? You might have to describe something like that.

You may have to describe a line graph see the line this one is a line graph This one that looks like a pizza This is called a pie chart. So another [thing] [that] you might see on task one is a pie chart [so] we have a bar graph line graph pie chart Sometimes you may see two of these You may have to describe a pie chart and a line graph or a bar graph and a pie chart You may also have [two]? If you don’t get one of these you may get what is called a flow chart? So a flow chart shows how something is organized so Usually it shows different steps so this might be step one this might be step two Step three so it’s a way to show a process [into] organized information, so you might get something like this, which is a flow chart Or you may get a table, so this is just an example of a table and Depending on which one you get you’re going to be using a different type of vocabulary So there’s specific words to use when you’re talking about a bar graph there are different words to use with flowcharts with tables Today, we’re really going to focus on bar graphs and line graphs All right, so let’s get started [okay], so now what we are going to do is talk [about] how to write your introduction and Vocabulary you can use in your introduction for this part of the ielts so when you present a graph Like I said [before] you should have an introduction The body of what you’re going to say and a conclusion This is going to affect your coherence marks.

So you want to have an introduction body and conclusion It’s very important so a lot of students when they first see ielts task 1 in the academic version of the ielts They get really nervous. They don’t know how to start off what they’re going to say, how do you start off describing a graph? So what I’m going to talk about now [is] an easy introductory sentence. You can use in order to explain your graph So I Have the sentence this line graph, so here’s an example again of a line graph shows the changes in sales between 1990 and 1996 So this is just an [example] now if I got a bar graph Just change this word this [Far] graph [I] Could also say this pie chart this table This flow chart, [so] whatever image you get You can use this plus the type of chart it is Or the type of figure it is if it’s a table if it’s a flow chart if it’s a diagram So this diagram this pie chart this bar graph This is almost like a mathematical formula. Just imagine this plus this plus this plus this equals your introduction your first sentence in your introduction so this bar graph and now we have a verb so [shows] is good.

What else could you use? Well, you could use represents this pie chart represents You could use this pie chart demonstrates [this] bar Graph illustrates If you’re doing a table, you could say this table lists so like This so what you want is you want a verb similar to these shows demonstrates represents? Illustrates these are all really good verbs to use for your introduction for the first sentence of your introduction, so this bar graph Demonstrates Here we have a specific example The changes in sales often [times] you’ll be looking at changes in sales, so for example here in this graph We have on this is known as the x-Axis so x-Axis This is just some more terminology about graphs so on our x axis we see years 1990 1994 1996 so we’re talking about time You may not see something like this, but there’s a good chance you might get a graph [that] shows time on your [x-Axis] This [is] known as the y-Axis So why? Yes and in this example on the y-Axis is sales in millions of dollars so if 300 million 200 million 100 million you may get something completely different than this this is just an example, so in here So this and again, this is a line graph demonstrates the changes in sales so if you get a different [type] of graph In this section you just write what it is.

So you write the topic you’re talking about this pie graph Demonstrates the differences between men and women in [terms] of further education Just an example So whatever your Topic is Or incidence of disease in [some] land. That’s another example So it might be an incidence prevalence So whatever your topic is you write here? So this graph Demonstrates blank and in the last section you should write Sort of the date, whatever, they’re showing so if you’re looking at years which is a good chance you will be Here you would you could say between 1990 and 1996 This was different.

Maybe if we were looking at 2000 to 2010 you could say this bar Graph Demonstrates incidence of Whatever over a 10-year period so again you can have between the State and the [State] from Have a year from 1992 So these are just different ways to show time which will be located on the excess excess. Sorry Okay, so again what you want to include in [your] introduction is First the type of graph it is is it a pie chart a bar graph? you want a verb such as demonstrate shows you want to say what the topic you’re looking at is and You want to talk [about] the dates? Wow, what are you looking at exactly 2002 2010? So the this is how you should start off your introductory sentence Okay, so we’ve talked a little bit about what your first sentence for this Task can be there are other ways to do it, but the way I showed you is a great formula that’s easy to remember and that will really help you with vocabulary marks and Coherence, so Right now what we’re going to focus on is some key terms key [vocabulary] you can use when describing movement of a graph or a Line a bar graph or a line line graph okay, so let’s get started, so [usually] when we look at graphs there are three different patterns we might see three different trends we may see An upward Trend where it goes up? we may see a downward Trend or we may see It remaining stable So you may see multiple trends on a graph so for example a graph might? Have an upward Trend reach a peak then downward Trend Or maybe it’s a downward trend first it goes up a bit, and then it becomes stable So how do we talk about? Describing movement.

What are some key words we can use so when we’re talking about a upward Trend Some of the words we can use I’ll talk about Verbs first we can use increase so So we could call this an increase We can say it went up You can say it climbed It jumped It Rose So notice when we’re talking about Describing movement on the ielts the verbs we use these are all verbs.

What tends [are] [they] in If you said a simple [pasteur] correct you want to be using the simple past when you’re describing movement for ielts Task 1 so we can say If this was talking about sales for example, so we looked at that example before Sales and this is years, so we have maybe 2000 to 2010 We could say sales Rose sales increased sales went up sales climbed sales jumped and then We would usually say between 2000 and 2010 So this is talking about the the verbs [but] we can also turn this into noun, so Rise the noun form of sorry Rose is a rise so for example there was a rise in 2000 We could say there was a and increase So this is one way to do it so If we have the noun here if we decided to use it in a verbal form we could say sales Rose between 2000 and 2010 Okay So we’ve looked at when it goes up when trends go upward what about downward trends? But are some of the words we use with that So we’ll start off with verbs we can talk about a decline Sales declined you can say decreased And again simple past we can say went down We could say dropped We could say plummeted if it’s a very steep drop Okay, so we can say sales plummeted, and we can also say so we have declined decreased went down dropped plummeted finally slumped So these are all ways to say it went notice the arrow down [so] again these are all verbs so we could write [it] here sales decreased between 2000 and 2010 sales went down between 2000 and 2010 if we decide to use [a] noun decline We can say a decline we can say a decrease a drop a slump so many of these also have a noun form so there was a a decline say a Decrease a slump and so when it’s important to note that So here is when we’re using the noun here is when we’re using the verb when we use the noun remember [its] there was a Decrease Arise whatever in Here we can actually write the topic in sales or whatever your topic is between and then we have the date Or if we use the verbal form you have the topic sales verb and the date again okay, so [finally] the third Trend Is when nothing happens we can say it remains steady? You can also say it remains stable Remains stable it remains steady, we can also call this a plateau Plateau okay, so there was or sorry sales remained steady between 2000 and 2010 sales remained stable there was a Plateau in sales between 2000 and 2010 Okay, so again when you do this part of the task you don’t want to reuse the same words [again] and again and again If for the whole time you’re describing the movement [you] use [went] up multiple [times] the Sales went up, and then they went down and then they went up again, and then they went down again The examiner is going to give you low marks on your usage of vocabulary they want to see variety So try to memorize you don’t have to memorize all of these choose a couple maybe use increased Maybe use [Rows] decreased dropped remain steady one thing I wanted to say as well with Plummeted, [I] think I said this before, but it’s a really steep Drop, so if the decline is like this that’s not plummeting plummeting is a very steep drop Now another thing we can do is we can add adverbs and adjectives To our nouns and our verbs in order to explain the degree of change So we just describe movement.

Well, what else can we add here? so races So we can add words like significant There was a significant increase meaning an important increase It’s a quite a big increase we could say there was a A steady increase We could say there was a dramatic so for example if We had to draw these a dramatic increase Would be a very sudden increase that’s another word Sudden We could say a steady increase it’s not so dramatic We could say a significant which is more than steady less than dramatic. Maybe something like this So significant steady Sudden dramatic [these] are all adjectives so where would I put it here there was a We use the word increase which can be a noun There was a sudden increase There was a dramatic increase there was a significant increase we could also use these with the words decrease there was a sudden decrease There was a steady decline There was a dramatic drop Although that one a drop usually is dramatic so it’s better to use with decline decrease so increase So something like this will help your mark if you’re using both adjectives to describe what type of increase along with nouns [similarly] we can turn all of these into adverbs Significant is an adjective if we want to describe it as a verb we say [sidon] significantly steadily dramatically suddenly sales Talking about an increase sales increased Or went up any of those verbs we learned earlier increased dramatically? between 2000 and 2010 sales increased steadily sales increased significantly [sales] increased rapidly these are all different words.

We can use to help us in terms of our ielts score So again this lesson has focused mainly on vocabulary so we haven’t really talked so much about how to get good Coherence marks meaning your organization So that will come in at a later lesson where we’ll talk about how to write a proper introduction body and conclusion For now this is focusing on vocabulary and how to get your vocabulary marks The highest you [can] get them so again the main thing to remember is you want your vocabulary to be varied? meaning you don’t want to use the same where to get [and] again you want to have an introduction a body a conclusion and also you want to have variety so There was a sudden increase you want to use now sometimes maybe you want to also show you can use these words in the verb form Again when you do use it in the verb form remember simple simple past So for more information on this I highly recommend visiting us at Wwe TV Com Another great resource if you’re planning on doing the ielts is good luck ielts comm It’s an excellent website that will give you more information on the different types of tasks you [will] be required to do So until next time take care you

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Pimp Up your English Vocabulary – Slang Words | English Speaking Practice Lesson

 

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