Learn English with phrases invented by Shakespeare 1

{“en”:”We have something different this week. Weu2019re looking at phrases invented by William Shakespeare. Yeah, really. Youu2019re going to learn from Shakespeare. William Shakespeare is the greatest English writer and poet who’s ever lived. He died 400 years ago, but hereu2019s the thing. Weu2019re still using phrases and expressions that he invented today. So letu2019s look at some. First one. We often use this phrase when weu2019re telling a story. It means quickly and unexpectedly. Shakespeare used it to talk about how fast we can fall in love because that can happen quickly and suddenly. Falling in love is a nice surprise, but we can use this phrase with bad surprises too u2013 things that shock us. For example, all of a sudden, an alarm went off. The lights went out and all of a sudden, I someone grabbed my neck. The lights went out and all of a sudden, I someone grabbed my neck. Next one? Shakespeare wrote a play about a man called Macbeth.

Macbeth was a murderer. He killed four people and his wife, Lady Macbeth, encouraged him to do it. She said, ‘Go on kill them. Itu2019ll be good for us’. So he did, but after the murders, Macbeth felt badly about it and his wife wanted to comfort him, so she said ‘Whatu2019s done is done’. Can you guess what she meant? We say this when we want to point out that you canu2019t change something thatu2019s already happened.

So if you spill some milk, thereu2019s nothing you can do about it, and I might say u2018Forget it. Move on. Whatu2019s done is done’. Thatu2019s great, Sally. Bye. Sallyu2019s coming to our party. You invited Sally? Yes. Oh no. Whatu2019s the matter? Well Peteru2019s coming. He hates Sally. She dumped him. Well itu2019s too late now. Whatu2019s done is done. Whatu2019s done is done. OK, hereu2019s another expression from the play Macbeth. One of the characters gets tragic news u2013 terrible sad news. All his family have been killed at once u2013 all of them at the same time, in one go. And thatu2019s the meaning of ‘in one fell swoop’. We say it when a lot of bad things happen at the same time, as the result of a single action. Iu2019ve got terrible news. Whatu2019s happened? You know I told you there’s new management at the company. Yeah? Well, they let everyone go. Everyone? Yes. They laid off 300 people in one fell swoop. Oh my. They laid off 300 people in one fell swoop.

Oh my. Let’s have a happier phrase now. We use this expression to say something happened by chance. These days we normally say u2018as luck would have itu2019, so we drop the word u2018goodu2019. It means by lucky chance. Letu2019s see it in action. IWe’ve had a difficult month. Yes. First the car broke down. That cost a thousand dollars to fix. And then we had medical bills. Another thousand dollars. We didnu2019t know how we were going to pay the electric bill. But as luck would have it, I won a prize in the lottery. Amazing! Two thousand dollars! But as luck would have it, I won a prize in the lottery. OK, Iu2019ve got two more for you. Hereu2019s one Shakespeare used in several plays. Now the word u2018fairu2019 here means treating people equally, in the right way. If a game is fair, then everyone has an equal chance of winning.

And playing fair u2013 that means following the rules of a game and not cheating. So if someone cheats, itu2019s not fair play. Oh hurry up Jay. Just a second. What are you doing? Iu2019m looking in the dictionary. But thatu2019s cheating. He has no sense of fair play. He has no sense of fair play. Our last phrase is the opposite of fair play and Shakespeare invented this expression too. Foul play is when you do something dishonest and unfair. Footballers are sometimes sent off because of foul play. But foul play has another common meaning today. If someone dies and it wasnu2019t an accident or natural death, itu2019s foul play. So itu2019s is some kind of violent criminal action that results in a death.

What do you think? Heu2019s dead. Yes, but what happened? Hmm. Maybe it was suicide. Really? I think there was foul play. You think? I think there was foul play. You think? Now thereu2019s an interesting thing about all these phrases and expressions. Native English speakers just say them, and we donu2019t normally know that they come from William Shakespeare. And there are hundreds more phrases that he invented, so weu2019re planning to make another video on this topic. Let us know in the comments if thatu2019s a good idea. And if you enjoyed this video please share it with a friend whou2019s also learning English. And make sure you subscribe to our channel so you donu2019t miss our future videos. See you next week everyone.. “}

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