Learn English | Basic English Conversation Course | 12 lessons

{“en”:”Hello. Welcome to our conversation series. These videos are for intermediate level learners of English. In these videos, we will talk about many expressions to help you communicate in English. When you watch these videos you should do 3 things to help you study. First, our teachers may say a word that you donu2019t know. Please take the time to find that word in a dictionary to help you understand the video. Second, you should always try to repeat after the teacher in the video. Whenever the teacher uses some new vocabulary or expressions, you need to repeat how they say it. Last, you should always review and re-watch the videos, and practice what you learned to help you understand the expressions being taught to you. It takes time and effort, but these videos will help you if you watch them with a sincere interest to learn English. Thank you and enjoy the videos. Hi, everybody. Iu2019m Esther and in this video, weu2019re going to talk about how to describe the cost or price of something.

Now this is important to people like me who like shopping. Rightu2026 So, for example, I like shopping, especially for dresses. So, I might say, the cost of u201cThis dress is affordable.u201d Oku2026 u201cThis dress is affordable.u201d u2018Affordableu2019 means that this dress is not too expensive. I have enough money and I can pay for this dress. I have enough money, I u2018canu2019 buy this dress. So, I would say, u201cThis dress is affordable.u201d I can also say, u201cThis dress is inexpensive.u201d We all know what u2018expensiveu2019 is, but we say u201cinexpensiveu201d, so thatu2019s the opposite. u201cInexpensive.u201d u2018Affordableu2019 and u2018inexpensiveu2019 have very similar meanings. Again, I have enough money to buy this. Itu2019s not too expensive. Then we have u201ccheapu201d. u201cThis dress is cheap.u201d Now u2018cheapu2019 is similar. It means itu2019s not expensive, but itu2019s a little bit more negative. If you say that something is u201ccheapu201d, people may think that the quality is not very good. Itu2019s not very nice.

Ok, now letu2019s look at the opposite. The opposite of these words is u201cexpensiveu201d. u201cThis dress is expensive.u201d It costs a lot of moneyu2026too much money. Maybe I donu2019t want to buy it. We can also say, u201cover-pricedu201d. u201cThis dress is over-priced.u201d That means the price is too high. So again, I donu2019t want to buy this dress. Itu2019s too expensive and over-priced. Ok, letu2019s look at some more examples together. Letu2019s look at some examples. u201cThe hat was affordable because it was on sale.u201d u201cThe hat was affordable because it was on sale.u201d Next. u201cI wish this bag was more affordable.u201d u201cI wish this bag was more affordable.u201d Next. u201cThis computer is surprisingly inexpensive.u201d u201cThis computer is surprisingly inexpensive.u201d Next. u201cThese shoes look beautiful, but they are too cheap.u201d u201cThese shoes look beautiful, but they are too cheap.u201d Next. u201cThat jacket is too expensive.u201d u201cThat jacket is too expensive.u201d And last. u201cI cannot buy this over-priced bag.u201d u201cI cannot buy this over-priced bag.u201d Ok, so in this video, we learned that when we want to describe the cost of something, as not too expensive, we say u201caffordableu201d.

Oku2026 Something is u2018affordableu2019 if itu2019s not too expensive. If I can buy it with the money I have. On the other hand, if something is not affordable, if the cost is very high, we say u201cexpensiveu201d or u201cover-pricedu201d. For me, ahhu2026I think some brands like H&M and Forever21 are affordable. Some people donu2019t think this way. They think itu2019s cheap. Uhhu2026sometimes, yes. Some of the items can be cheap. But for me, I like those brands because they are affordable. Ahhhu2026another store that I like, in Koreau2026itu2019s called Zara or uc790ub77c, in Korea as they say. Uhmu2026they have some items that are affordable and some items that are very expensive. Too expensive for me to buy. Ok, well thatu2019s what I wanted to share in this video.

Thanks for watching. Bye. Hello. Iu2019m Bill. In this video, weu2019re going to talk about something fun that people like to dou2026and thatu2019s vacation. We like to go on vacationu2026and we like to tell people about our vacations. Because, if we can make them jealous, thatu2019s even better. Now, thereu2019s two questions here that weu2019re going to use to talk about u2018vacationu2019. One question is u2018where we gou2019 for vacation. And the other question is u2018what we dou2019 when on vacation.

Now, the first question is, u201cDid you go anywhere for vacation?u201d So, vacation time is finished and itu2019s just time to talk about it. So, they ask this question. And thereu2019s different answers you can give. The easiest. u201cYes, I did.u201d But, thatu2019s boring. Easy is not always good because you want to be interesting when you talk. So, someone asks you, u201cDid you go anywhere for vacation?u201d Well, start by u2018where did you gou2019? u201cI went tou2026Busan.u201d Or u201cI went to Jeju.u201d Popular places people love to go to. Or, you could just say, u201cI went to the beach.u201du2026cause people like the beach. So, thatu2019s a place as well. Now, u201cwent tou201d is good to say. You can also go with u201cvisitedu201d. And again, just u2018what place did you visitu2019? We have, u201cI visited Halla Mountain.u201d Oru2026 u201cI visited Haeundai Beach.u201d Those are all good places to visit. But now, sometimes you canu2019t go on vacation.

Something stops you from going on vacation. And, if that happens, you can use this phrase. We have, u201cNo, I had tou2026u201d And we say, u201cI had tou2026u201d because that means something stopped you. So now, it could be, u201cNo, I had to work.u201d Ughu2026 Oru2026 u201cNo, I had to save money.u201d Because if you need to save money, vacation is not a good idea. Now, letu2019s look at some more examples of using these.

The question wasu2026 u201cDid you go anywhere on vacation this year?u201d Answers can beu2026 u201cI went to the U.S.A.u201d Oru2026 u201cI visited Beijing.u201d Oru2026 u201cI was too busy to go anywhere.u201d Ok, now that we talked about u2018where we gou2019 for vacation, weu2019re going to talk about u2018what we dou2019 when weu2019re on vacation. Alrightu2026 And so, when that happens, we have this question here: u201cWhat did you do on vacation?u201d Because we go somewhere, but now we have to do something. Now, the answers are notu2026like before, with the u201cI went tou2026u201d, u201cI visitedu201d.

Alrightu2026 You got to think a little more, but itu2019s still easy. You start with u2018Iu2019, of course. But now, u2018doing somethingu2019, you need a verb. So, you have to use u2018past tenseu2019 verb, because vacation, itu2019s finished. So you have to say things like, u201cI swamu2026at the beach.u201d Or, u201cI swam in a pool.u201d Somethingu2026something like, u201cI hiked on a mountain.u201d Alrightu2026 Just fill in what you were doing. Oku2026 Now, some people, when they go on vacation, they donu2019t like to do many things. For some, vacation is about being lazy. So some people may just say, u201cAhhh, vacation, I just rested.u201d Thatu2019s time to relax. Time to feel good again. Oku2026 Letu2019s take a look at some more examples of these. Now, this questions isu2026 u201cWhat did you do during your vacation?u201d You can sayu2026 u201cI swam at the beach.u201d Or maybeu2026 u201cI rode a boat to Jeju.u201d Oru2026 u201cI just relaxed and read a lot.u201d Ok, so there you have two good and easy questions about vacations.

You have the u201cDid you go anywhere for vacation?u201d, and then the u201cWhat did you do on vacation?u201d. Now, good to ask these questions to people, but itu2019s better to answer the questions because that means you had vacation. So, I hope you can talk about vacations and I hope you get to take many vacations yourself. Alright, see you next time. Thank you. Uhh, Hi. Iu2019m Bill and what I have for you right now are three questions you can ask a foreigner about their country. Because, I know this. People like to talk about where theyu2019re from. Itu2019s easy and itu2019s comfortable for us to do. Now, the first question we have here is this: u201cWhat is the food like in your country?u201d Now, many Korean peopleu2026they say, u201cOur food is spicy.u201d But now, some countries, they donu2019t eat a lot of spicy food. So, sometimes, they might say, u201cOur food is sweet.u201d Or even, they might answer, how do they make the food.

Something like, u201cOur food is grilled.u201d Or, u201cOur food is fried.u201d This is all possible answers. Now, another thing is about the foodu2026is they could talk about what food is popular. Oku2026 Now, just like this: u201cWe eat a lot ofu2026u201d Now, I know from living in Korea, in Korea, u201cWe eat a lot of kimchi.u201d Alright, itu2019s true. Everydayu2026even me. But now, other countries maybe, like America, u201cWe eat a lot of beef.u201d Itu2019s very popular. Oku2026 Andu2026almostu2026not every day, but almostu2026it seems like that happens. Or even, u201cWe eat a lot of eggs.u201d Just u2018what do you eat a lot of?u2019 Ok, letu2019s look at next question. Alright, now here is another question you can ask a foreigner about their country.

And it goes like this. u201cWhat is your country famous for?u201d This is just about what is popular in their country. What do people do? What do people know about? Oku2026 So now, Iu2019m an American, so if someone were to ask me u201cWhat is America famous for?u201d I could just answer like this: u201cMany people know Hollywood.u201d Ya, Hollywood, where America makes the movies. Oku2026 You can say, u201cMany people know Hollywood.u201d Or, itu2019s ok. u201cItu2019s famous for Hollywood.u201d Oku2026 Now, by u2018itu2019, I mean u2018my countryu2019. So, my country, u2018itu2019su2019 famous for Hollywood. We want to change it a bitu2026 We can talk about Canada.

u201cWhat is Canada famous for?u201d Well, thatu2019s easy, we could do, u201cMany people know maple syrup.u201d Very tastyu2026Canadian food. And also, u201citu2019s famous for maple syrup.u201d Oku2026 So, these are two things that are equal that you can use to answer this question. Ok, letu2019s look at the last question, now. Alright, now, hereu2019s our last question that will help you get a foreigner to tell you about their home country. And, it just goes like this: u201cWhat is there to see in your country?u201d Kind of what is famous, again, but something to see. Something to go see at. Oku2026 So now, what we have here isu2026the answer can gou2026 u201cPeople come to seeu2026u201d Now, if the person is form France, the easy answer is: u201cPeople come to see Eiffel tower.u201d Or someone from China.

u201cPeople come to see the Great Wall.u201d Or again, maybe a Japanese person is visiting. They can say, u201cPeople come to see Mount Fuji.u201d Now again, if you travel to another country and someone asks you about Korea, you can just say, u201cPeople come to see Seoul.u201d Or, u201cPeople come to see Kyeongbuk Palace.u201d The famous things to see. Alright, letu2019s take a look at some examples. Question one. u201cWhat is the food like in your country?u2019 u201cWe eat a lot of vegetables.u201d u201cOur food is mostly fired.u201d u201cWe donu2019t eat much fruit.u201d u201cWhat is your country famous for?u201d u201cItu2019s famous for ice hockey.u201d u201cMany people know about our mountains.u201d u201cItu2019s famous for beautiful beaches.u201d u201cWhat is there to see in your country?u201d u201cPeople come to see our old castles.u201d u201cPeople come to see our historical places.u201d u201cPeople come to see our modern cities.u201d Alright, so there you have three questions that you can ask a foreigner about their country.

Itu2019s a great way to start a conversation. And itu2019s also a great way to learn something about another place. I hope this helps you and I hope you can try it soon. Thank you.. “}

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