Hey everyone welcome back to my channel this is Dori I am a teacher of English and today we’re going to talk about how to write complex sentences as you know in your writing you’re asked to write complex sentences and this is really important for your IELTS marking. The thing is that most of you try to write in a complex way but this eventually comes against you because you end up making too many mistakes. So, if you are not 100% sure that what you’re writing is correct then better not to write it all better be simple than sorry right however, today I’m going to show you how to write complex sentences and be correct at the same time first things first what do we mean by saying a simple sentence a simple sentence is a sentence that consists of the subject the person that does something and a verb for example Mary the subject and “is” the verb another example the dog the subject and ate the verb okay that’s it! these are just simple sentences that are made up by a verb and a subject.
These sentences can totally stand on their own that’s why we call them independent because they don’t need anything else! Now, a very important punctuation tip! when you have two or more simple sentences together you never use a comma between them for example if you have these three sentences are simple sentences okay you can never connect them with a comma: this is wrong instead we use a semi-colon between them Keep that in mind not only for your IELTS writing but also for your academic studies Now, what is a compound sentence again nothing to confuse you: a compound sentence consists of two or more simple sentences independent sentences together but this time they are not connected with a semicolon but they are connected with another linking word for example another example These connecting words that connect two simple sentences together in order to form a compound sentence are called fanboys in grammar because it is very easy for you to remember them in this way for example if you put the word fanboys in a vertical way then you have “for” “and” “nor” “but” “or” “yet” and “So” of course there are more linking words that you can use but these are the most commonly used and it is very easy for you to remember them in this way now what is a complex sentence? A complex sentence consists of a simple sentence again and a sentence that cannot stand on its own that is a dependent sentence okay for example as you can see in this example Mary is unhappy can totally stand on its own but the dependent sentence because the cake is not tasty cannot stand on its own it doesn’t make sense it needs the simple sentence in order to make sense right so in a complex sentence simple and dependent sentences are connected together with a linking word and usually a comma These linking words are there are numerous of them, so let’s see another example Now let’s use what we’ve just learnt in order to make IELTS Task2 level examples.
So we will take random simple sentences together these could be your notes. For example, Okay now we can take these simple sentences and we can make a single complex sentence for example So we took our random notes our simple sentences and we formed a single complex sentence: we connected the first two sentences with the word “and” and we made a compound sentence and then we used connecting words and made the other two sentences dependent this is very useful when you have written down ideas in your notes with reasons and examples and you don’t know how to connect them together in a single paragraph and of course in a more complex way
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