Hi, I’m emma and today. We are going to be talking about Task one of the writing module for the ielts So again this is task one for the writing module of the ielts It’s in two parts The first part is going to be something about maybe a graph [a] diagram something something to do with having to write a report to describe What you see visually the second part is an essay So we’re going to be talking about the first part today Okay, so the first thing to know is [that] you’re going to have about 20 minutes to do task one so this is [not] a lot of time and It’s going to be very important for you to practice this before you actually go [into] the ielts For task 1 you have to write about 150 words describing either a graph a chart [a] table a diagram or a flow chart You will be marked on four different things in this task So this is something to keep in mind You’re going to be marked on your usage of vocabulary if you use vocabulary Correctly and if you use a lot of different vocabulary you’re going to be marked on grammar You’re going to be marked on your ability to do what they asked so for example You need to write a hundred and fifty words for this task [if] you write 120 words for this task, then you didn’t really meet the task requirements and Finally you’re going to be marked on Coherence, so [do] you have in your answer and introduction and a conclusion Do you use words like? first of all secondly in conclusion So again there are four different things are going to be marked on vocabulary grammar Coherence and Your ability to do what is asked of you, so your ability [to] meet the task requirements? Okay, so let’s get started, so this specific lesson is going to focus a lot on vocabulary What sorts of words can you use in this task that will help you to get the the top mark you can? Alright, so let’s get started so like I said before In this task you’re going to have to describe what you see this may be a Bar chart or a bar graph, so this is what is known as a bar graph? You might have to describe something like that.
You may have to describe a line graph see the line this one is a line graph This one that looks like a pizza This is called a pie chart. So another [thing] [that] you might see on task one is a pie chart [so] we have a bar graph line graph pie chart Sometimes you may see two of these You may have to describe a pie chart and a line graph or a bar graph and a pie chart You may also have [two]? If you don’t get one of these you may get what is called a flow chart? So a flow chart shows how something is organized so Usually it shows different steps so this might be step one this might be step two Step three so it’s a way to show a process [into] organized information, so you might get something like this, which is a flow chart Or you may get a table, so this is just an example of a table and Depending on which one you get you’re going to be using a different type of vocabulary So there’s specific words to use when you’re talking about a bar graph there are different words to use with flowcharts with tables Today, we’re really going to focus on bar graphs and line graphs All right, so let’s get started [okay], so now what we are going to do is talk [about] how to write your introduction and Vocabulary you can use in your introduction for this part of the ielts so when you present a graph Like I said [before] you should have an introduction The body of what you’re going to say and a conclusion This is going to affect your coherence marks.
So you want to have an introduction body and conclusion It’s very important so a lot of students when they first see ielts task 1 in the academic version of the ielts They get really nervous. They don’t know how to start off what they’re going to say, how do you start off describing a graph? So what I’m going to talk about now [is] an easy introductory sentence. You can use in order to explain your graph So I Have the sentence this line graph, so here’s an example again of a line graph shows the changes in sales between 1990 and 1996 So this is just an [example] now if I got a bar graph Just change this word this [Far] graph [I] Could also say this pie chart this table This flow chart, [so] whatever image you get You can use this plus the type of chart it is Or the type of figure it is if it’s a table if it’s a flow chart if it’s a diagram So this diagram this pie chart this bar graph This is almost like a mathematical formula. Just imagine this plus this plus this plus this equals your introduction your first sentence in your introduction so this bar graph and now we have a verb so [shows] is good.
What else could you use? Well, you could use represents this pie chart represents You could use this pie chart demonstrates [this] bar Graph illustrates If you’re doing a table, you could say this table lists so like This so what you want is you want a verb similar to these shows demonstrates represents? Illustrates these are all really good verbs to use for your introduction for the first sentence of your introduction, so this bar graph Demonstrates Here we have a specific example The changes in sales often [times] you’ll be looking at changes in sales, so for example here in this graph We have on this is known as the x-Axis so x-Axis This is just some more terminology about graphs so on our x axis we see years 1990 1994 1996 so we’re talking about time You may not see something like this, but there’s a good chance you might get a graph [that] shows time on your [x-Axis] This [is] known as the y-Axis So why? Yes and in this example on the y-Axis is sales in millions of dollars so if 300 million 200 million 100 million you may get something completely different than this this is just an example, so in here So this and again, this is a line graph demonstrates the changes in sales so if you get a different [type] of graph In this section you just write what it is.
So you write the topic you’re talking about this pie graph Demonstrates the differences between men and women in [terms] of further education Just an example So whatever your Topic is Or incidence of disease in [some] land. That’s another example So it might be an incidence prevalence So whatever your topic is you write here? So this graph Demonstrates blank and in the last section you should write Sort of the date, whatever, they’re showing so if you’re looking at years which is a good chance you will be Here you would you could say between 1990 and 1996 This was different.
Maybe if we were looking at 2000 to 2010 you could say this bar Graph Demonstrates incidence of Whatever over a 10-year period so again you can have between the State and the [State] from Have a year from 1992 So these are just different ways to show time which will be located on the excess excess. Sorry Okay, so again what you want to include in [your] introduction is First the type of graph it is is it a pie chart a bar graph? you want a verb such as demonstrate shows you want to say what the topic you’re looking at is and You want to talk [about] the dates? Wow, what are you looking at exactly 2002 2010? So the this is how you should start off your introductory sentence Okay, so we’ve talked a little bit about what your first sentence for this Task can be there are other ways to do it, but the way I showed you is a great formula that’s easy to remember and that will really help you with vocabulary marks and Coherence, so Right now what we’re going to focus on is some key terms key [vocabulary] you can use when describing movement of a graph or a Line a bar graph or a line line graph okay, so let’s get started, so [usually] when we look at graphs there are three different patterns we might see three different trends we may see An upward Trend where it goes up? we may see a downward Trend or we may see It remaining stable So you may see multiple trends on a graph so for example a graph might? Have an upward Trend reach a peak then downward Trend Or maybe it’s a downward trend first it goes up a bit, and then it becomes stable So how do we talk about? Describing movement.
What are some key words we can use so when we’re talking about a upward Trend Some of the words we can use I’ll talk about Verbs first we can use increase so So we could call this an increase We can say it went up You can say it climbed It jumped It Rose So notice when we’re talking about Describing movement on the ielts the verbs we use these are all verbs.
What tends [are] [they] in If you said a simple [pasteur] correct you want to be using the simple past when you’re describing movement for ielts Task 1 so we can say If this was talking about sales for example, so we looked at that example before Sales and this is years, so we have maybe 2000 to 2010 We could say sales Rose sales increased sales went up sales climbed sales jumped and then We would usually say between 2000 and 2010 So this is talking about the the verbs [but] we can also turn this into noun, so Rise the noun form of sorry Rose is a rise so for example there was a rise in 2000 We could say there was a and increase So this is one way to do it so If we have the noun here if we decided to use it in a verbal form we could say sales Rose between 2000 and 2010 Okay So we’ve looked at when it goes up when trends go upward what about downward trends? But are some of the words we use with that So we’ll start off with verbs we can talk about a decline Sales declined you can say decreased And again simple past we can say went down We could say dropped We could say plummeted if it’s a very steep drop Okay, so we can say sales plummeted, and we can also say so we have declined decreased went down dropped plummeted finally slumped So these are all ways to say it went notice the arrow down [so] again these are all verbs so we could write [it] here sales decreased between 2000 and 2010 sales went down between 2000 and 2010 if we decide to use [a] noun decline We can say a decline we can say a decrease a drop a slump so many of these also have a noun form so there was a a decline say a Decrease a slump and so when it’s important to note that So here is when we’re using the noun here is when we’re using the verb when we use the noun remember [its] there was a Decrease Arise whatever in Here we can actually write the topic in sales or whatever your topic is between and then we have the date Or if we use the verbal form you have the topic sales verb and the date again okay, so [finally] the third Trend Is when nothing happens we can say it remains steady? You can also say it remains stable Remains stable it remains steady, we can also call this a plateau Plateau okay, so there was or sorry sales remained steady between 2000 and 2010 sales remained stable there was a Plateau in sales between 2000 and 2010 Okay, so again when you do this part of the task you don’t want to reuse the same words [again] and again and again If for the whole time you’re describing the movement [you] use [went] up multiple [times] the Sales went up, and then they went down and then they went up again, and then they went down again The examiner is going to give you low marks on your usage of vocabulary they want to see variety So try to memorize you don’t have to memorize all of these choose a couple maybe use increased Maybe use [Rows] decreased dropped remain steady one thing I wanted to say as well with Plummeted, [I] think I said this before, but it’s a really steep Drop, so if the decline is like this that’s not plummeting plummeting is a very steep drop Now another thing we can do is we can add adverbs and adjectives To our nouns and our verbs in order to explain the degree of change So we just describe movement.
Well, what else can we add here? so races So we can add words like significant There was a significant increase meaning an important increase It’s a quite a big increase we could say there was a A steady increase We could say there was a dramatic so for example if We had to draw these a dramatic increase Would be a very sudden increase that’s another word Sudden We could say a steady increase it’s not so dramatic We could say a significant which is more than steady less than dramatic. Maybe something like this So significant steady Sudden dramatic [these] are all adjectives so where would I put it here there was a We use the word increase which can be a noun There was a sudden increase There was a dramatic increase there was a significant increase we could also use these with the words decrease there was a sudden decrease There was a steady decline There was a dramatic drop Although that one a drop usually is dramatic so it’s better to use with decline decrease so increase So something like this will help your mark if you’re using both adjectives to describe what type of increase along with nouns [similarly] we can turn all of these into adverbs Significant is an adjective if we want to describe it as a verb we say [sidon] significantly steadily dramatically suddenly sales Talking about an increase sales increased Or went up any of those verbs we learned earlier increased dramatically? between 2000 and 2010 sales increased steadily sales increased significantly [sales] increased rapidly these are all different words.
We can use to help us in terms of our ielts score So again this lesson has focused mainly on vocabulary so we haven’t really talked so much about how to get good Coherence marks meaning your organization So that will come in at a later lesson where we’ll talk about how to write a proper introduction body and conclusion For now this is focusing on vocabulary and how to get your vocabulary marks The highest you [can] get them so again the main thing to remember is you want your vocabulary to be varied? meaning you don’t want to use the same where to get [and] again you want to have an introduction a body a conclusion and also you want to have variety so There was a sudden increase you want to use now sometimes maybe you want to also show you can use these words in the verb form Again when you do use it in the verb form remember simple simple past So for more information on this I highly recommend visiting us at Wwe TV Com Another great resource if you’re planning on doing the ielts is good luck ielts comm It’s an excellent website that will give you more information on the different types of tasks you [will] be required to do So until next time take care you
As found on Youtube