Hi there. My name is Emma, and in today’s video I am going to help you become a better speaker, especially if you are shy. Okay? So, a lot of people when they learn new languages, they’re very embarrassed and they’re too shy to speak. This video will help you with good tips and strategies on how to become more confident in your speaking. So let’s get started. Okay, so the first thing I like to tell shy people, so people who are afraid to speak, is: You need to find your strengths. You need to ask yourself: “What am I good at?” Because a lot of the times, shy people, they think: “Oh my goodness, I’m not good at speaking, I’m terrible at English, I’ll never learn this language”, and they feel really sad. But that’s not usually true.
Usually shy people are good at many different things, they just don’t realize it. So remember: English is not only speaking. Speaking is part of it, but there are other skills, too. Maybe you’re a great listener. Okay? Maybe you’re good at grammar. Maybe you’re not good at all grammar, but you’re amazing at the present perfect or the simple past. You know, maybe you’re good at reading or writing. So it’s good to recognize what you’re good at so you don’t feel so sad when you’re learning English, because you might be good at a lot of different things. So, you can always write down on a piece of paper: “I am able to”, you know, listen very well, or: “I am able to do well on my grammar test.” Okay? So think about: What are your strengths? My next tip is probably one of the most important tips.
When you’re trying to learn a language, especially when you’re shy, it’s good to make goals and to write them down. Okay? So what do I mean by goals? Well, for example, I have three goals here and I’m going to talk about each of them. Somebody’s goal might be: “I will be a better speaker.” Or they might say: “I will say two things in class today.” Or: “I will ask two people: ‘How is your day going?'” So these are all goals, but these goals are not all great goals. What do I mean by that? Well, this first goal: “I will be a better speaker”, you will not know if you’ve become a better speaker or not. This goal, it’s too big so I would not use this goal. Okay? When you make a goal it’s good to make something where you have a number in it, and you can tell very easily: Did you do it or didn’t you do it? So, for example: “I will say two things in class today”, this is a great goal because you know: “Okay, I said two things in class, I met my goal for the day.” This will really help you with speaking, especially if you’re shy.
Maybe you’re too shy even to say two things in class, so maybe you can say one thing in class or maybe for the first class you can just listen and try for the next class to say one thing. Okay? Another example of a great goal is: “I will ask two”, and again, this can be any number. “I will ask two people: ‘How is your day going today?'” So just by making goals, it can really encourage you to speak and practice your English, and you will improve this way because it is important to speak as much as you can.
This way, you know, it’s not too difficult, it’s something you can do. The other key point here is: Write down your goals. I think it’s great to have a journal or a diary where you write down your daily goal, and then at the end of the week you can check it off and see: Did I meet this goal? Hopefully you did, and that way you can actually monitor your English progress.
So now let’s look at some more tips. Okay, so my next tip is very important, too: Don’t compare yourself to extroverts. So, what is an extrovert? It’s the opposite of a shy person. So, an extrovert is somebody who everybody pays attention to because they love to talk, they’re great in social situations, they’re usually with friends or out with people. So, an extrovert is somebody who’s not really shy. So, what a lot of shy people do is they compare themselves. They see the extrovert, and they think: “Wow, I wish I was just like that person.
That person’s speaking is so good. Why can’t I speak like that?” It’s very common to compare yourself, but it’s not a good idea, because number one, it’s possible that person is making a lot of mistakes. You just don’t realize it. And it’s great that they have confidence, but you know, it’s not good to compare yourself because there are things you’re doing that are probably very good that you’re not really thinking about. Okay? So if you compare yourself, you’ll just feel sad and you won’t learn as much. It’s better to try to feel better and not compare yourself.
Another thing is: Learn key phrases. The more you practice certain sentences, the easier they are to say. So this way, you don’t have to spend all your time thinking: “Oh my god, what am I going to say? I don’t know what to say. I’m really nervous.” Instead, if you practice key sentences enough, then it becomes very easy to say them. You won’t have to think about them so hard. So an example of this is when you meet somebody and you’re trying to, you know, talk to them about their day: “What is keeping you busy these days?” or “How is your day going so far?” So you can… You can ask these types of questions, and when you say them enough you don’t have to worry about the grammar, you don’t…
You won’t have to worry about your pronunciation. You can just practice. Or, you know, for when you’re at a restaurant: “I’d like a tea please.”, “I’d like a coffee please.”, “I’d like milk please.” So just memorizing key sentences can really help you, especially if you’re shy and a shy speaker. Okay, my next tip: Visualize. So what does this mean? When you visualize you close your eyes and in your head you imagine something.
So it’s not real, it’s in your head, but visualizing is very, very… It’s a good way to practice your English. So what I recommend is actually imagine you’re in a conversation with somebody, and you can imagine: What are you going to say and what will the person say? This is a great way to practice, and there’s a lot of science behind how… How amazing visualizing something can be and how it can really help you learn. Okay? So if you have a presentation, before the presentation imagine what you’re going to say. If you’re meeting somebody for the first time, imagine what you’re going to say and what they’re going to say. This will help you be less nervous and it can really help you in terms of your language using better language in those situations.
Okay, my next tip, it’s similar to this one, a little bit different, is: Talk to yourself in front of a mirror. A lot of the times you might be too shy to talk to somebody. You might feel your heart beat very quickly and you might feel a lot of stress, so you can practice first by talking to yourself in front of a mirror. This way you can feel comfortable and you’re still learning. You know, practicing those phrases in front of a mirror means you’re actually, you know, still learning them and still using them, and they will then become easier to use. So I highly recommend this tip. All right, now let’s look at some more tips on how to learn when we are shy. Okay, so my next tip has to do with the environment you’re in. Okay? So if you are in a bar, or maybe you’re in a classroom, or maybe a meeting, and my tip is: Become comfortable in the environment you’re going to speak in. A lot of people feel very nervous before they speak, and that’s okay.
One way to help you make your, like, you know, to become less nervous is to get used to the environment where you’re going to speak in. So what do I mean by this? Well, for example, imagine you’re going to be giving a meeting… Or, sorry, not a meeting. A presentation. Try to look at the room before you give the presentation. Try to see how it all looks like. Get used to that environment. The more used to an environment you are, the less you will feel stressed when you’re speaking in it. Same with a bar, you know, maybe you could go to the same bar and get used to that environment so then you’re less nervous when you speak. Okay? So try to become comfortable with your environment. If you can’t go to the environment, you can at least maybe look at pictures online, you know, Google images for example and maybe you can do some visualization. So even though you’re not there, you can imagine yourself there.
That can also help. Okay, the next tip: Find other shy people. A lot of the times students are looking for conversation buddies. If you’re shy it’s sometimes good to have a shy conversation buddy because that way, you know, you can both understand each other better and you don’t have one person talking the whole time where you’re just listening. So if you find another shy conversation buddy you’re probably going to speak a bit more. It’s also good to have extroverted friends, you know, sometimes that takes off pressure because you don’t have to speak then. But I would recommend finding other shy people, maybe shy people in your class or shy people in a conversation circle, that way you can really benefit from the understanding you both have of each other.
This is also sort of similar: Find people with the same hobbies as yourself. A lot of the times when we speak about things we like, it’s easier for us to talk than when we speak about things we don’t know about. So if you go to a conversation circle, you know, try to find somebody who has the same hobbies as you. If you like reading, maybe you could join a book club. Or if you like movies, maybe you could join a film club. If you like skiing, you can join a ski club. Or you can find people who have similar interests. There’s a lot of great meetup groups that, you know, you can find people who are interested in the same things as you.
Okay, my next tip has to do with what your body is doing while you’re speaking. There’s a lot of science behind how a smile can really make you feel better. So when you’re speaking, it’s good to do something called the smile breathing technique. This is where you smile and you breathe. Okay? It takes a little time, maybe, to get used to that, but when you’re breathing it makes you less nervous and when you’re smiling it makes you less nervous. So be aware of your body language. If you’re like this, you’re going to feel a lot more nervous than if you’re bigger, and you’re taking deep breaths, and you’re smiling. Okay? You can also do power poses before any speaking. I have a video on this. You can find it in the links in the description, and there you will see some great poses you can do before you speak to somebody. These body movements will make you feel more confident before you go out and speak, so I recommend that video. Another thing you can do is you can choose conversation topics you’re comfortable with. So if you’re going to a bar, think about some things you would like to talk about.
Maybe you love talking about cooking or maybe, you know, again, you’re really into movies. So finding conversations you can have with people on subjects you’re comfortable with will help you feel less nervous than if you’re talking about something you have no idea about. Okay, my next tip: Make mistakes. A lot of people who are shy are also afraid to make mistakes. They worry that if they make a mistake it will be embarrassing for them. Now, it’s really hard to do this, but you have to get used to making mistakes. Making mistakes is very, very important for learning a language. So one thing you can do is you can tell yourself every day, you know, when you wake up: “Today I want to make some mistakes. It’s okay to make mistakes. There’s nothing wrong with making mistakes.” This can also help with your confidence. If you tell yourself you can make mistakes then it will probably give you more chance to speak because you won’t be so afraid of making mistakes. Another tip is the FORD technique. I have a video that you can get through the links in the description about what’s called the FORD technique.
This is a great way to make small talk or to talk to people you don’t know well. I have a whole video on how you can improve your conversation using the FORD technique, so I hope you check out that video and it will actually really help you in terms of knowing what to talk about when it’s quiet or knowing what to talk about when you don’t really know somebody that well. Okay, so again… Actually, one more tip I don’t have on the board, but my last tip I would say is: Make sure when you’re shy and you actually speak, reward yourself.
Okay? You know, if you have a goal: “Today I’m going to speak two times in class”, and you do it, do something nice for yourself. It’s very easy when you’re shy to be very hard on yourself and to constantly tell yourself, oh, you know: “I wish I was more confident, there’s something wrong with me. You know, I don’t like this about myself.” Be a little bit easier on yourself and reward yourself because it’s not easy learning a language when you’re shy. It’s good to recognize that and to also, you know… To also reward yourself so you know you’re doing good. Okay? Because you are. Following these tips and making goals are a great way in order to help you with your shyness. You know, a lot of the times it will never go away completely and that’s okay. What you really want to do is just improve so you’re able to talk more in conversations.
Okay? You’re able to meet more people. You don’t have to be perfect at conversation. What you’re trying to do is you’re trying to get better at conversation, and these tips will really help you with that. So for more tips and more resources, I invite you to subscribe to my channel. I have a lot on speaking, a lot on pronunciation, on listening, on grammar, and vocabulary, and many more topics. So I recommend you check that out. I also recommend you come visit our website at www.engvid.com. There, we actually have a quiz where you can practice all the tips you learned today and you can also check out more resources on a variety of topics by many different teachers. Thank you so much for watching. I hope you’ve enjoyed this video, and until next time, take care.
Good morning. Good morning, everyone. How are you? Fine thanks. How are you? Great! Come in, please. Nice to meet you. My name is Kate. Nice to meet you, too. Sit down, please. Thank you. This is the music room. Wow! They are good. That’s the school library. Wow! Many books! Good afternoon, everyone. Good afternoon, Mr. Kim. My name is Kate. How are you? I’m great. Nice to meet you, Kate. Hello. Hello, Sally. What’s this? It’s a book. What’ that? Haha, it’s a box. Wow! Wow! What’s that? It’s a pencil.
Thank you. You’re welcome. Wow! Pizza. Look! They do taekwondo. Wow! Who is he? He is my taekwondo teacher. Who is she? She is my friend. She is wonderful. Wow! Who is she? I don’t know. Mike, is she your mom? Yes, she’s my mom. Let’s sing a song together! Great! I can’t sing. What time do you get up? I get up at six.
I go to school at seven thirty. Wow! You are an early bird. Thank you. Look! It’s a new bike. What a nice bike! Yes, it’s very nice. Whose bike is this? It’s Mike’s. Mike, is this your bike? Yes, it’s mine. Wow! You have a nice bike. Thanks. What’s that? My birthday invitation. A swimming party? Nice! Let’s go to a swimming party. Can you swim? Yes, I can. Can you swim? No, I can’t. Welcome, everyone. Happy birthday! This is for you. Thank you. Can you jump? Yes, I can.
Can you jump? No, I can’t. Look! I can dance. Hello. Hello. Hello. Wow! A talking bird. How old are you? How old are you? I’m five. I’m five. I’m five. Wow! He’s cute. Wow! How old are you? I’m five years old. Oh, I’m sorry. Oh, my big sister is eight. Is she okay? How smart! I like Mr, smith. Me, too. Do you like baseball? No, I don’t. I like soccer. Me, too. Let’s play soccer. Good! Let’s go! Okay. Mike, let’s play soccer. Sorry, I can’t. Okay. I’m sorry. It’s okay. Mr. Smith. Hello, everyone. I like soccer, too. Wow! Gimbap! Do you like cheese? Yes, I do. Do you like ham? No, I don’t. What’s that? It’s a gimchi sandwich. It’s good. Mom, I’m hungry. Do you like gimchi? Yes, I do. I like gimchi. Umm…. It’s good. Thank you. I’m sorry. That’s okay. Cheesse. Gimchi. Thank you. Do you have crayons? Yes, I do. Great! Thanks. You’re welcome. Do you have paper? No, I don’t. Green please. I like orange. No, thanks. Do you have pencils? Yes.
I do. Do you have a yellow pencil? No, I don’t. I have a blue pencil. Oh, I have yellow. Thank you. Great! This is for you. Thanks! How nice! Wow! The zoo. How many bears? One, two. Two bears. No, that’s a baby bear. How many bears? Three bears. Look! Tigers. How many tigers? One, two, three, four, five. Five tigers. Six, six tigers. It’s a lion I’m wiki. Look at the pretty doll. I want it. May I help you? Yes, please. How much is it? Five hundred won. Here’s five hundred won.
I like this car. It’s two hundred won. I want this kite. It’s very nice. Okay. May I help you? How much is it? It’s five dollars. I want this hat. How much is it? It’s ten dollars. Sally, you look very pretty. Thank you, dad. Now, let’s have lunch. Let’s play outside. Sorry, I can’t. It’s cold and windy. Look! It’s snowing. It’s all white. Do you like snow? Yes, I do. Let’s go! Can you make a snowman? sure, I can. A snowman! You’re good. Thank you. What’s that? His nose.
Wow, a nose. Oh, no! What color is it? It’s a red. Red, stop! Green, go! Ah-ha! Oh, it’s green. Ok. Let’s go. I like green. Red, stop! Green, go! Red, stop! Green, go! It’s raining. I don’t have an umbrella. Don’t worry. Do you have an umbrella? Yes, I do. What color is it? It’s green and white. It’s big. Wow! It’s really big. Thank you. Where is Rora? I don’t know. Oh, no! Excuse me. I’m looking for my little sister. Okay. Don’t worry. What’s her name. Her name is Rora. She six years old. What does she look like? She has short curly hair. What is she wearing? She’s wearing a pink shirt and blue pants. And she’s wearing a white cap. Rora! Wow! It’s wonderful! Watch out! Are you okay? Yes, I’m okay. Is this your shoe? Yes, it is. Thank you. Is that your ruler? Yes, it is. Hey! Hey! Hi! Mr. Smith. What’s wrong? I have a toothache. Open your mouth and say “Ahh.” Ahh…
Hmm… You have a bad tooth. Ah, ah…. Good! Don’t eat too many sweets and brush your teeth three times a day. Yes, Mr. Smith. Thank you. You’re welcome. See you in two days. Okay. What class is next? Math. I like Math class. Emm… I don’t like Math. What’s your favorite subject? My favorite subject is P.E. I like playing sports. I like basketball. I play basketball every day. I like basketball too, but I can’t play very well. Don’t worry. I can help you. Really? How about playing basketball after school? That’s a good idea. That was a great time.
Thank you, Jinsu. Your’re welcome. What a nice day! Yes, it is. What a tall boy! Hurry up! Hurry up! I can run fast! I can make it! What a wonderful team! What a big tree! Yes, it’s very big. What’s that? I don’t know. Let’s go and see. Wow! It’s wonderful! What a beautiful flower! Yes, it is. Watch out! Don’t touch that! Oops! I am bored. Oh, camping! Mom! Dad! Let’s go camping. Camping? Yes! Let’s go camping, please. Okay. Sounds good! Wow! It’s beautiful. Let’s go fishing. Sounds great! Uh-uh. It’s a bottle. Oh, it’s a small fish. Christmas is coming. Let’s put up yellow balls.
Okay! A red Santa! Bring your socks! Okay! Let’s eat pizza! Wow! Wash your hands first. Okay, dad. Don’t sit down, Jinsu. It’s snowing! Let’s play outside. Okay! It’s cold and windy. Put on your coat, please. Thank you mom! Put on your…. Gloves, mom! It’s sunny, but cold outside. Let’s check the presents. Okay. Gloves, socks, hats, and balloons. Pies and cookies, too. Good! Put on your pants. Is this mine? Yes, it’s yours. Put on your coat, too. Is this yours? No, it’s not mine. Oh, it’s mine.
Okay! Now, let’s go. Thank you for coming. You’re welcome. Nice to see you. It’s cold and snowy. How are you all? Fine, thanks. Is this mine? Yes, it’s yours. I made it for you. My hat is great! I’m a queen! Hi, May I take your order? Yes, I’d like a pizza and spaghetti. Anything else? A green salad please. A pizza, spaghetti and a green salad. Right? Yes. That’s right. Oh, it’s too hot. Do you want some water? Yes, please. I have science homework. Me, too. Let’s go to the science museum. Good idea! Where is it? I don’t know. Excuse me. Where’s the science museum? Go straight. And turn right at the bank. Thank you very much.
You’re welcome. Sally, can you help me, please? Okay, mom. Go to the post office, please. Where’s the post office? It’s on Sejong Street. Excuse me. Where is the post office? Go straight. It’s over there. Thank you very much. Mom, I want some ice cream. Okay. Where is the cafeteria? It’s next to the flower shop. Let’s go. Mom, where is the restroom? I don’t know.
Hmm… Let’s ask that woman. Excuse me. Where is the restroom? Go straight and turn left. It’s on your right. Thank you. Mom, where is my cap? It’s in your bag. I don’t see it. Where is it? Well…. On the desk? Here, it’s under the desk. Ah-ha. Mom, see you. Okay, have fun. Three o’clock! Now, let’s play outside! Okay. Where is my music book? It’s on the chair. Oh, he is under the table. Hahaha! What time is it, dad? It’s seven o’clock. Thank you. What time is it? It’s eight. Time for breakfast. Okay. Coming. Are you ready? Yes, we’re ready. Good. Let’s go to school. Let’s go home. Please wait for me. Okay. It’s late. Time for bad. Okay. Good night, mom. Good night, dad. Good night. Four tickets, please. Mom, I’m hungry. Mom, what time is it? It’s twelve o’clock. Time for lunch! Let’s go! What time is it? Oh, my… It’s one o’clock!! We’re late.
Let’s hurry! It’s a beautiful park! Look at this sky and trees. What are you doing, Jinsu? I’m drawing trees. Trees are good. Yes, I like trees. What are you doing, Sally? I’m jumping. Wow, you’re jumping high. Wow! A big fire! Now, come to the fire, everyone! What are they doing? They are dancing. They are good dancers. That’s right. Let’s dance together. Hahaha. What is she doing? Hahaha. Shhh! She is sleeping. Where are you going? I’m going to the library. I’m bored. Let’s play outside. Sorry, but I want to read books.
What are you doing, Mom? I’m writing an e-mail. I’m bored. Let’s play outside. Sorry, but I’m busy. Let’s do it later. What are you doing, Dad? I’m making cookies. Wow, I want to make cookies, too. Good! Show me how to make these cookies, please. Great idea! Look over there. What’s he doing? He’s dancing. Oh! Now he’s jumping. Wow. Great. What’s she doing? She’s jogging. Really? Yes. Good morning, Sally. How are you? I am great. What did you do yesterday? We went to the park. What did you do int the park? We flew kites. His kites flew high. Wow! You’re good. What did you do yesterday, Sally? I read books. Let’s go to the classroom. What did you do yesterday? I watched a science movie. What did you do yesterday, Mike? I made bulgogi with my dad. How was it? It was very delicious. We had a bulgogi party. I made cookies yesterday. I brought cookies for you. Thanks! Mm, delicious! How are you? I’m good. How was your summer vacation? It was great. I went Jejudo with my family.
Really? What did you do there? We looked around Jejudo. Sounds great. We rode horses and walked along Jeju olle. Jeju olle? What’s that? It’s a walking path. You can see beautiful beaches and fields from there. Wow, I want to go there, too. How about your vacation? What did you do? I took taegwondo lessons. Great! What color belt do you have. White. I want to get my blue about soon. Good luck!.
Hi, guys. Do you notice something different about today? Hmm. Where’s the board gone? Today’s lesson is a bit different. It’s just me giving you some advice about learning English. And this video is for you, in particular, if you are a learning English quitter. Who is a learning English quitter? A learning English quitter is somebody who works really, really hard studying: “Learn English, learn English, learn English”, for two days, four days, one day, and then quits. Does nothing, does nothing for weeks. And then the same thing: Works really, really hard: “Learn English, learn English, learn English”, for three days, and then quits. “I’ll do it tomorrow. I’ll do it tomorrow.” And the other thing that a learning English quitter does is feel bad all the time about not learning enough English. “I’m so stupid. I should be learning more English.” But you’re not, are you? You’re watching TV, you’re having a beer. You’re not learning English at all, are you? So, this video is for you if you’re a learning English quitter.
And trust me on this one: It is a life changer, total game changer. What you need to begin, starting today, is what I call the 20-minute English discipline. 20-minute English discipline, and you do this every single day of your life. And what it means is for 20 minutes a day, every single day, you study English in a serious way. Okay? A serious way. An active way. You do it on Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday, Saturday, Sunday; every day. You do it on your birthday, you do it when your cousin’s getting married. You do it every day, it doesn’t matter. No excuses, you do it. So, when your cousin comes to you and says: “Hey, let’s go and have a beer”, you say: “That’s a great idea. I’m going to come with you in nine minutes when I’ve finished my studies. I’ll be with you in a minute.” So don’t let other people put you off doing your daily…
Daily discipline of study. 20 minutes every day. Plus, this is what happens: When you start doing the 20-minute discipline, you realize: “Oh, 20 minutes isn’t that long. I haven’t… I haven’t finished everything I wanted to finish. I’m going to study some more.” Nun-uh, nun-uh, nun-uh. It’s just 20 minutes every day. When you get to 20 minutes, you stop. It’s not: “I’ll do 25 minutes today.” It’s not: “I’ll do 40 minutes today, and not do anything tomorrow.” It’s not that. It’s 20 minutes every day, and then you stop. That’s all you need to do. The problem when you do 40 minutes one day, one hour another day, nothing the next day is that you lose…
You don’t build up the strength and the habit of making studying and studying English, in particular, part of your everyday life, so that’s why for most people it doesn’t work to do a lot on one day and nothing on the other. Your 20 minutes is something that you can fit into any… Any person watching this video, any person in the world, if you’re serious about learning English, or serious about learning anything, anything in the whole world, you can find 20 minutes from your day to get serious about it and put that time aside.
If you’re… We know if you’re not serious. If you’re… You’re not serious if you say: “Oh, I haven’t got time. I haven’t got time. I’m too busy for 20 minutes every day.” Well, you’re not serious if you don’t make 20 minutes a day for your learning English studies. So what I want to talk about now is how exactly you should be using your 20 minutes, and we’re going to talk about using the engVid website for 20 minutes every day.
You already know there’s so many lessons on the engVid site, lessons on everything. Everything you could possibly want or need to know about learning English is on the engVid site. If you could just take all those videos and put them in your head, that would… That would be awesome, wouldn’t it? That would save you a lot of time. But we can’t do that.
It’s not a way of learning. Most people, I think watching the site, watch the videos, listen, do the quiz at the end. Okay? Lesson done. Now, that’s good, but I can tell you how you can make it a lot more effective with your 20-minute daily discipline, and that means that you have to be active when you’re watching the lesson. So I want you to have a pen in hand, paper, and I want you to be taking notes from the lesson. Now, for me, personally, taking notes, I just find it effective to write things down. Like, even if I know something, I’ll write it down; a new phrase that I heard that I learnt, I’ll write it down; new vocabulary, of course, write it down; if it’s a grammar rule, write it down. So just get your hand active during the lesson. Now, the more active you are, obviously, the more you may need to pause the video, so stop the video, write something down, and of course, carry on.
Another thing that is so, so, so effective when you’re learning a language is to repeat materials; watch more than once. Now, your brain is very lazy, and it’s going to be like: “But I already saw that, I know that. I know that lesson.” If you’re learning a language, you don’t know everything the first time you watch the video. Watching a video two times, four times is where you get to see a big, big, big difference. Now, you don’t have to watch again the same day; you could watch again a few days later or a week later.
But that’s where you really start to pick up the things that you missed before, so I think it’s a really, really good part of your daily discipline to be watching things again. So what it… This is what I advise you to do with the videos: First time just watch and watch without subtitles. Okay? Take notes. Good. Second time, watch with the subtitle, and you can read along and listen at the same time. Another good way. A third time, I want you to just watch the video, and pause. Every now and then there’s a good phrase for you to write down. Write it down, and then after, as an option, you can check: “Did you get the spelling of the phrase right?” as well. The point of this is not to rush through the video, and learn everything really, really quickly. The point is to take your time and be active in lesson. And of course, at the end of the lesson, there’s always a quiz for you to do. So, I want you to begin that now. If you’re an English quitter, a learning English quitter, today is the first day of the rest of your learning English life, and you’re going to do 20 minutes studying every day.
Trust me, it’s going to make a big, big difference. You’re going to learn so much English. It starts today. You can do this. You’ve got the power. What I’d like to do now is invite you to take the quiz on today’s video. And also, because we haven’t done this kind of video before-there’s no board here, is there? -I want you to give us a comment and say: How did you like this video? So, until next time, I’ll see you later. Bye..
Hey guys, Preston here with another episode of Grappler Going Abroad. I did a video about this about a month ago. But I kind of want to dive into it a little bit more because it can be a little bit confusing to navigate. Especially whenever you’re starting to get stuff together to go teach abroad. I kind of want to take a look at TESOL, TESL, TEFL, CELTA certifications. Where you can get them. How much they are going to cost. What are they going to get me when I go to teach abroad.
What won’t they get me when I go to teach abroad. To kind of start things off, I do have my TESOL certificate that I got from a local University’s continuing education program. That’s always an option, I know a lot of local universities, they offer TESOL or TEFL certificate programs. Also, if you have a degree in education and you’re looking to teach abroad but in higher education, like the university systems, I know a lot of universities offer a Masters in TESOL.
So that’s definitely something to look into if you’re looking at teaching english in the more distant future, at a higher level. Another option for getting your TESOL or TEFL certificate, there’s this place online, Oxford Seminars, that offer a hybrid course where you spend 3 weekends in class and the rest of the course is online. I can’t attest to the quality of that class. A lot of times people are just looking for the paper saying that they got the TESOL or TEFL. I don’t suggest going about it that way. I think having a heavy course load does more to prepare you to teach than just getting a run of the mill piece of paper. But that’s always an option if you’re just looking to get the certificate. Another option is CELTA. Again, I can’t attest to the quality of this because I don’t have a CELTA or a TEFL from Oxford Seminars, but CELTA is another option. I think you have to go to one or two in class sessions, and the rest of it is online.
They may offer a course now thats all online. I just checked their website today and I think I saw something on there about an all online course. Now all of these going to run you between $1,500 and $2,000 for the course. It’s a little bit steep, but it is worth it, especially if you want options. You don’t need a TESOL or a TEFL or a CELTA to go teach english in Japan or China. You do need a TESOL to teach english in the government positions like EPIK or GEPIK in Korea. So the reason why you get a TESOL is because it gives you more options to teach other than your initial country. So say you go to Japan to teach english, and you don’t have a TESOL. You don’t like Japan, you don’t want to go home, so you want to go teach somewhere else, say Korea. Well you can’t get a job with the big companies in Korea because you don’t have a TESOL certificate. So now you have to figure out how you’re going to get a TESOL certificate to go teach.
That’s the reason why I say having aTESOL or a TEFL or a CELTA is important prior to leaving to go teach english because it keeps your options open, gives you a little more options to work with before you leave the country. With that being said, that’s about all I have for you guys today. If you like my videos, please like, share, comment. If you have any questions, leave me a comment in the comment section or send me an email. Please subscribe if you like my content, pass the video around. But thats about all I have for you guys today. I’m Preston, and this has been Grappler Going Abroad..
A rich man lives in a big city near the sea. He has got three daughters and three sons. One daughter is called ‘Beauty’ because she is very beautiful. The other two daughters are called Rosalind and Hortensia. They are lazy and unfriendly. They like going out and having fun. They both want to find a rich husband. They do not like Beauty because she is beautiful. Beauty has got long red hair. She is kind and friendly. She likes staying at home and reading books. She also likes playing the piano. Beauty’s father is a merchant. One day he loses all his money because his ship is lost at sea. ‘My dear children,’ he says sadly, ‘I haven’t got much money. We’re poor. We must leave this big house and go and live in the country.’ ‘Oh, dear!’ say the two sisters. ‘We’re poor – this is terrible!’ ‘What bad luck!’ say the three brothers.
‘We have to work now,’ says Beauty’s father. ‘Work?’ say the two sisters. ‘No, we don’t want to work! And we don’t want to live in the country.’ They start to cry. Beauty is sad but she says, ‘Let’s not cry! We can work and be happy without money.’ The family goes to the country and lives in a small house. Beauty gets up at four o’clock every morning to clean the house and cook. Then she washes the family’s clothes in the river. The three brothers work in the country. Rosalind and Hortensia do not work. They do nothing all day. They sleep all morning and walk in the woods in the afternoon. ‘I’m unhappy,’ says Rosalind. ‘I don’t like the country because there’s nothing to do.’ ‘We can’t go to the theatre and wear nice clothes,’ says Hortensia. ‘And we haven’t got any friends.’ ‘Look at Beauty,’ says Rosalind angrily.
‘She works and she’s happy in this terrible place.’ Beauty’s father says, ‘Dear Beauty, you work a lot and you’re always happy. You’re a wonderful daughter.’ A year later Beauty’s father gets an important letter. He calls his six children and says, ‘Listen to this letter:’ You ship is here. It is not lost at sea! Please come to the port. Everyone is happy. ‘This is wonderful news!’ say the three sons. ‘Yes,’ says their father, ‘the ship with my goods is in the port.’ ‘We’re rich again!’ says Rosalind. ‘We can buy beautiful clothes.’ ‘We can go back to our big house in the city,’ says Hortensia. ‘I must go to the port today,’ says her father happily. ‘Oh, father,’ says Hortensia, ‘bring me some new clothes and new hats.’ ‘Yes,’ says Rosalind, ‘and some new shoes and jewels.’ Beauty’s father looks at her and says, ‘What do you want, Beauty?’ ‘Please don’t spend your money, father,’ says Beauty.
‘Just bring me a rose.’ Beauty’s father gets to the port and finds his ship. But there are no goods on it – it is empty! ‘What bad luck!’ he says angrily. ‘I must go home and tell the children the bad news.’ On the way home he crosses a big forest. It is snowing and windy. He is lost. ‘Where am I?’ he thinks. ‘Where can I go? I’m very cold and tired.’ He hears some wolves and he is afraid. Suddenly he sees a big castle in the forest. And there are lights in the windows. ‘Oh, good!’ he thinks. ‘Perhaps the people in the castle can help me.’ He takes his horse to the stable near the castle.
He knocks on the big door of the castle but no one answers. He waits outside the door. Then he opens the door and goes inside. He sees a big hall with a fireplace. There is a long table with a lot of food on it. He is cold and sits near the fireplace. ‘How strange,’ he thinks, ‘there’s no one here.’ He is hungry and sits down at the table and starts to eat. Then he is sleepy. He finds a warm, comfortable bed and falls asleep. The next morning he finds some new clothes near his bed.
‘How nice! New clothes!’ he thinks. ‘A kind person lives in this castle.’ He looks out of the window and is surprised. ‘It’s not snowing and it’s a beautiful day!’ he thinks. ‘And there are flowers in the garden.’ He gets dressed and goes to the hall. There are biscuits, chocolate and milk on the long table. He sits down and says, ‘Thank you for this lovely breakfast.’ He looks round but sees no one. He eats and decides to go home. He goes to the stable and gets his horse.
In the garden he sees some roses. ‘Beauty wants a rose,’ he thinks. He takes a lovely one. Suddenly he hears a terrible noise. He turns round and sees an ugly monster. CHAPTER THREE – The Beast ‘You’re a bad man!’ cries the Beast angrily. ‘You come to my castle and I save your life. You eat here and you sleep here. And then you take one of my beautiful roses. For this you must die!’ Beauty’s father starts to cry. Oh, sir, I’m sorry! You’re very kind. Please don’t be angry with me. This rose is for one of my daughters.’ ‘My name is not “sir” – it is Beast. Please call me by my name. You talk about your daughters. Then one of your daughters must die in your place.’ ‘Oh, no!’ says Beauty’s father. ‘They’re young and they don’t want to die.’ ‘Then you must come back here and die,’ says the Beast. ‘I can wait three months. Do you agree to come back?’ Beauty’s father agrees to come back. ‘My daughters must not die,’ he thinks. ‘I want to go home and see my children for the last time.’ Before Beauty’s father leaves the castle the Beast talks to him.
‘I’m not had,’ says the Beast. ‘Go back to your bedroom. There is a big chest there. Fill it with everything you want and it is yours.’ Beauty’s father fills the chest with a lot of gold. Then he gets on his horse and goes home. When he is at home he gives the rose to Beauty. ‘Take this rose, Beauty,’ he says sadly. ‘Let me tell you about my terrible adventure.’ He tells his children about the empty ship in the port, the castle in the forest and the Beast.
Rosalind and Hortensia are angry with Beauty. They say, ‘Father must die because you like roses, Beauty!’ ‘No,’ says Beauty, ‘father is not going to die. I’m going to the Beast’s castle!’ ‘No, dear sister,’ say her three brothers. ‘We’re going to his castle and we’re going to kill him!’ ‘No, that’s not possible,’ says their father. ‘The Beast is very big and strong. I’m old – I must go and die. But Beauty does not agree. She decides to go to the Beast’s castle.
‘No, father,’ she says, ‘you must not go. I want to go!’ ‘Never, my dear Beauty!’ says her father. ‘I’m not afraid,’ says Beauty. ‘You must live and look after my brothers and sisters. They need you.’ Beauty’s father thinks for a moment. Then he says sadly, ‘Alright, Beauty. You can go.’ Beauty’s brothers are very sad, but Hortensia and Rosalind are not. The next morning Beauty and her father go to the Beast’s castle. Inside the castle they see a long table with a lot of good food on it. Beauty and her father are not hungry, but they sit down and eat. Suddenly they hear a loud noise. ‘What’s that terrible noise?’ asks Beauty. ‘The Beast is coming,’ says her father. Beauty sees the Beast’s ugly face and she is terrified ‘Oh, this Beast is really terrible!’ she thinks. The Beast looks at her and says, ‘You’re a brave girl.’ ‘I’m very sorry about the rose from your garden…,’ says Beauty quietly. The Beast looks at Beauty’s father and says, ‘You must go away tomorrow. And don’t come back! Do you understand?’ Beauty’s father looks at the Beast and then at his daughter.
‘Oh, Beauty,’ he says, ‘please go home! Let me stay here!’ ‘No, father,’ says Beauty. ‘We must be brave. We’re both tired – let’s go and sleep now. Tomorrow morning you can go home to my brothers and sisters.’ That night Beauty has a dream. In her dream a good fairy says, ‘You’re a good girl, Beauty. And you’ve got a kind heart. You want to save your father’s life. You’re going to be very happy one day.’ CHAPTER FOUR – Life at the Castle The next morning Beauty’s father leaves the castle. He is crying. ‘Don’t cry, father,’ says Beauty. ‘Remember, I love you.’ ‘Goodbye, dear Beauty,’ says her father. Beauty is terrified. ‘The Beast is going to eat me tonight,’ she thinks. ‘I want to enjoy my last day. I’m going to visit the garden of the castle.’ She goes to see the big garden and she is surprised. It is a beautiful garden with a lot of lovely flowers. Then she goes to see the big castle. She looks in all the rooms.
On one door she sees this sign: BEAUTY’S ROOM She opens the door and sees a lovely room. There is a nice bed and a mirror on the wall. Beauty looks round and thinks, ‘There’s a piano and a lot of books for me. How strange! Perhaps the Beast doesn’t want to eat me tonight.’ She takes a book and starts to read it. Suddenly she sees these words on the pages: Welcome, Beauty! You’re the queen here. Tell me everything you want. ‘I only want to see my poor father,’ says Beauty. Suddenly she sees her father in the mirror on the wall. He is very sad. She also sees her home and Hortensia and Rosalind. They are happy without Beauty. ‘The Beast is kind to me,’ she thinks. ‘Why am I afraid of him?’ At 12 o’clock she has lunch. After lunch she goes to her room. ‘What a beautiful piano!’ thinks Beauty. ‘I want to play it.’ She plays some wonderful music on the piano. Then she looks at all the books in her room. Some of them have got pictures and others have not.
She takes a book about flowers and looks at the pictures of different flowers. Then she sees pictures of roses of all colours. ‘Now I want to go to the garden and look at the lovely roses,’ she thinks. She goes to the garden and stays there all afternoon. She looks at the flowers and feels happy. At dinner time she sits down at the long table and then she hears the Beast coming. She is terrified. ‘Beauty, can I sit here with you?’ asks the Beast. ‘You’re the lord of the castle,’ says Beauty. ‘And you’re the queen,’ says the Beast. ‘Can I ask you a question?’ ‘Yes, of course,’ says Beauty quietly.
‘Am I very ugly?’ asks the Beast. Beauty does not know what to say. She looks at him and thinks for a moment. ‘Well, yes you are!’ says Beauty. ‘But you’re kind and polite.’ The Beast looks at Beauty and smiles. ‘You’re right, I’m terribly ugly but I’m kind. This is your home now, Beauty. Please don’t be sad!’ ‘Some men are handsome but they’re not kind,’ says Beauty. ‘I prefer you because you’ve got a good heart. ‘Thank you, Beauty,’ says the Beast. Now Beauty is not afraid of the Beast and she eats a big dinner. The Beast looks at her and asks a question. Do you want to marry me, Beauty?’ What a question! Beauty is terrified. ‘What can I say?’ thinks Beauty. She is silent for a moment and then she says, ‘No, I’m sorry I don’t want to marry you.’ The Beast is angry and Beauty is afraid.
Then he goes out of the room and says, ‘Goodbye, Beauty.’ CHAPTER FIVE – The Magic Ring Beauty spends three months at the beautiful castle. Every day she reads books and plays the piano. She walks everywhere in the big garden. She likes the tall trees and the flowers of different colours. She puts beautiful flowers in the rooms of the castle. Sometimes she makes perfume from the flowers. But the days are long and she is often lonely. Beauty often thinks about her father, her sisters and her brothers. ‘I want to see my father again,’ she thinks sadly. ‘And I want to see my home again too.’ The Beast goes to see her every evening at dinner time, at nine o’clock. They talk about interesting things and are happy together. Beauty is not afraid of his ugly face now. Every evening the Beast asks Beauty the same question: ‘Beauty, do you want to marry me?’ And every evening Beauty answers, ‘No.’ One day Beauty says, ‘Why do you ask me the same question every evening?’ ‘Because I hope to hear a different answer,’ says the Beast.
‘I’m sorry, I don’t want to marry you,’ says Beauty. The Beast is very sad. ‘But I’m always going to be your friend,’ she says. ‘You’re a wonderful friend,’ says the Beast. ‘And you are too,’ says Beauty smiling. ‘I know I’m terribly ugly,’ says the Beast. ‘But I love you a lot. I’m very happy with you. Please, don’t leave me!’ Beauty’s face becomes red and she is quiet for a moment. ‘In the mirror of my room,’ says Beauty, ‘I see my poor father.
He’s sad and lonely. He thinks I’m dead. My sisters are married and my brothers are away. I want to see my father for the last time. Can I go and see him, please?’ ‘Yes, you can go and see your father,’ says the Beast. ‘But I’m going to be very sad without you.’ ‘Oh, thank you!’ says Beauty happily. ‘Please don’t be sad, Beast. I’m going to come back in a week.’ ‘Alright,’ says the Beast. ‘You can visit your father tomorrow morning. But remember, you must come back in a week. Before you come back put this ring on a table near your bed.
It’s a magic ring. Goodbye, Beauty.’ CHAPTER SIX – The Sisters’ Plan The next morning Beauty wakes up in her bedroom in her father’s house. She gets up and goes downstairs. When her father sees her he cries, ‘Beauty, is that you? How wonderful! My daughter is well and she’s here!’ Beauty is very happy and hugs her father. ‘Get dressed quickly and then tell me about the Beast!’ says her father happily. She goes to her room and finds a chest full of beautiful clothes.
‘This is a present from the Beast!’ says Beauty to her father. He’s very nice and gives me presents every day.’ She chooses some lovely clothes. ‘I want to give these lovely clothes to Rosalind and Hortensia,’ she says. When she says this the chest disappears! ‘The Beast is watching you,’ says Beauty’s father. ‘These beautiful clothes are for you and not for your sisters.’ Suddenly the chest comes back again. That morning Rosalind and Hortensia come to visit their sister. They are both very unhappy. ‘Oh, Beauty,’ says Rosalind, ‘I’m unhappy.’ ‘Why are you unhappy, Rosalind?’ asks Beauty. ‘Oh, it’s a long story,’ says Rosalind. ‘Please tell me,’ says Beauty. ‘My husband is handsome and he spends all day in front of a mirror. He never looks at me or talks to me.’ ‘Oh, dear, that’s a big problem,’ says Beauty. Hortensia says, ‘My husband is very clever, but he doesn’t like anyone, and no one likes him.’ ‘I can never invite my friends to lunch or dinner because he doesn’t like them.’ ‘We’ve got a lot of problems with our husbands,’ they say.
‘My poor sisters!’ says Beauty. ‘I’m very sorry.’ ‘Tell us about the Beast,’ says Hortensia. Oh, the Beast is not a bad man,’ says Beauty. ‘He’s very kind. I live in his beautiful castle and I’m the queen. I don’t work. I read, play the piano and walk in the garden. Every evening the Beast comes to see me at dinner and we talk about a lot of things. It’s wonderful.’ The two sisters are very angry and they go to the garden.
‘Beauty wears lovely clothes and shoes,’ says Rosalind. ‘She’s like a queen. She’s very happy. Why is she lucky? And why are we unlucky?’ ‘You’re right, Rosalind,’ says Hortensia. ‘We’re not very lucky. But maybe we can be lucky! Beauty has to return to the Beast in a week, or he’s going to get angry and eat her!’ ‘Then we must keep her here,’ says Rosalind. ‘Then the Beast is going to get angry.’ During the week the two sisters are kind to Beauty.
They talk and laugh with her. They walk together in the country. Beauty is happy with her sisters. ‘Rosalind and Hortensia love me,’ she thinks. ‘They’re good sisters and I love them a lot.’ At the end of the week Beauty says, ‘I must go back to the Beast’s castle.’ But her sisters start to cry. ‘Oh, Beauty,’ says Rosalind, ‘please stay with us another week. We need you.’ ‘Yes, Beauty,’ says Hortensia, ‘please don’t leave us. We have fun with you and we love you.’ ‘Yes,’ says Rosalind, ‘stay with us! We can do a lot of things together.’ Beauty does not know what to do.
She decides to stay another week. CHAPTER SEVEN – The Dream The Beast is going to be very sad without me,’ Beauty thinks. ‘But I want to stay with my family for a few more days. Then I’m going to go back to him.’ Beauty thinks about the Beast. She misses him. Ten days later Beauty dreams about the Beast. In her dream the Beast is on the grass in the garden of the castle. And he’s going to die! ‘Beauty, whispers the Beast, ‘today is the tenth day and you’re not here. I can’t live without you. I can’t eat or drink.’ Beauty wakes up and thinks, ‘The poor Beast is going to die without me! I must go back to him.’ She takes the ring and puts it on a table near her bed. ‘The Beast is ugly but he’s very kind,’ she thinks. ‘Why don’t I marry him? I’m happy with him. My sisters have handsome, clever husbands – but they’re not happy.’ Beauty falls asleep and the next morning she wakes up at the Beast’s castle. Today I’m going to wear a beautiful dress,’ Beauty thinks.
At nine o’clock in the evening she goes to dinner and waits for the Beast. But he doesn’t come to see her. ‘What’s happening?’ Beauty thinks. ‘Where’s the Beast? Why isn’t he here?’ ‘Beast!’ she cries. ‘Beast, where are you! Answer me!’ She opens the doors of all the rooms and looks everywhere in the castle. But she cannot find him. Suddenly she remembers her dream. She runs to the garden and sees the Beast on the grass.
‘Oh, no!’ she cries. ‘Is he dead?’ She listens to his heart and it is beating. ‘Good! He’s not dead!’ she thinks. She gets some cold water from the river and wets his face. The Beast slowly opens his eyes. ‘Beauty,’ he whispers, ‘I’m dying… but I’m happy because you’re here.’ ‘No, Beast,’ cries Beauty. ‘Don’t die! You must live and become my husband. I love you and I can’t live without you.’ CHAPTER EIGHT – The Prince Suddenly all the lights of the castle and the garden, turn on. There are beautiful fireworks in the sky. Beauty is surprised and looks at the castle. Then she turns round and looks at the Beast. What a surprise! She sees a handsome young man.
‘Thank you, Beauty,’ says the young man. ‘The spell is broken!’ ‘But where is the Beast?’ asks Beauty. ‘I am the Beast!’ says the prince. ‘I don’t understand,’ says Beauty. ‘Who are you?’ ‘I’m a prince and this is my castle,’ says the young man. ‘Sometimes a bad witch puts a spell on a prince and only true love can break the spell. Now I know your love is true.’ The prince takes her hand and says, ‘Do you want to marry me, Beauty?’ Beauty looks at the handsome prince and says, ‘Yes, I do!’ Beauty and the prince go to the castle.
When she opens the door she is surprised. ‘My family! You’re all here!’ cries Beauty. She is happy when she sees her family. They talk and laugh together. Suddenly she sees the good fairy from her dream. ‘Beauty,’ says the good fairy, ‘you’ve got a kind heart and you’re going to marry the prince and become a princess!’ Then the good fairy looks at Beauty’s two sisters. ‘You’re both bad, lazy and unkind,’ says the fairy. ‘You don’t love anyone!’ The fairy says some magic words and suddenly Rosalind and Hortensia become statues. ‘Oh, no!’ cries Beauty. ‘My sisters are statues!’ ‘Your sisters have got hearts of stone,’ says the fairy.
‘Now they can’t move, but they can see and hear everything. When they understand their mistakes they can become Rosalind and Hortensia again.’ The next day Beauty and the prince get married. Everyone dances and sings in the castle. It is a happy day. People give flowers to Beauty and the prince. The prince sees tears in Beauty’s eyes and says, ‘Don’t cry, my Beauty. We’re going to be very happy together!’.
If you want to learn to speak a language authentically, Italki is a great way to meet native speakers for language exchange or one-on-one lessons. Buy one lesson and get one free, click the link in the description. Hello everyone. Welcome to the Langfocus channel and my name is Paul Today, I’m going to answer the question: “is English really a Germanic language?” If you’ve seen any of my videos on Germanic languages like my Afrikaans video, like my Dutch video, like my German video or like my North Germanic languages video, then you probably saw that English is also a Germanic language. But a lot of people write comments expressing some confusion over this. They write things like: “Paul, are you sure it’s a Germanic language?” “Are you sure it’s not a Romance language?” Well, that’s a good question. If a native English-speaker, who had never learned another language before, had a look at a page of French and then had a look at a page of German or Dutch, they would probably be able to understand more of the page of French.
Or if they had a look at a page of Spanish or a page of Italian, they would probably be able to pick out a lot of words that they recognize. But on the other hand, if they looked at a page of Dutch or of German, they probably would’nt be able to pick out as many without decyphering the words a little bit first. So, in that case, why is English a Germanic language and not a Romance language? In the field of linguistics, languages are categorized according to their genetic relationship.
“Genetic relationship” means that they have a common ancestor. And therefore, they have some common features that distinguish them from other groups of languages. This type of genetic relationship between languages can commonly be seen in the grammar and synthax of the language. But the current vocabulary of the language is not really taken into account in its categorization. Even when a language has a huge number of loan words and its vocabulary changes a lot, that does NOT change the categorization of that language. So because English developped from Proto-Germanic, it is a Germanic language, despite massive changes that have taken place in its vocabulary. The vocabulary of English has been highly influenced by Romance languages. Romance meaning latin and any language that has developped from latin, like French, Spanish, Italian, etc… So how much has it been influenced? Well, English vocabulary is 26% Germanic, and it’s 29% French. Wait, you’re telling me that there’s more French vocabulary than Germanic vocabulary, even though it’s a Germanic language? That’s odd! Oh but wait, there is also 29% latin vocabulary.
So that means together 58% of English vocabulary comes from Romance languages? Well, that’s more than I thought! Another 6% comes from Greek, another 6% (not 4%) comes other languages, and 4% comes from proper names. I can’t really think of any vocabulary that comes from proper names, aside from Randy. So what if we ignore the origins of English and its grammar and synthax, and just focus on the vocabulary for a minute, then English is largely a Romance language. How did so much Romance vocabulary enter English? Much of the French vocabulary entered English after the Norman Conquest of 1066. The Normans spoke a Regional French dialect called “Old Norman” or “Norman French”. The upper classes in England spoke French for around 300 years. English was influenced by the Norman French dialect, but also by Parisian French. due to its prestige and cultural influence in, the following centuries. Huge amounts of French vocabulary entered English and it lost much of its Old English vocabulary.
But in many cases, there are pairs of equivalent Germanic and French vocabulary. But, within those pairs, there is often a slightly different meaning or usage for the Germanic word and for the French word. An interesting example are the pairs of words representing animal versus foods that come from those animals. The animals are represented by Germanic words and the foods are represented by French loan words. For example, “cow” comes from Old English “cu” but “beef” comes French “boeuf”. “Pig” comes from Old English “picga” but “pork” comes French “porc” But I don’t know what the prononciation would have been like in Norman French. “Sheap” comes from Old English “sceap” when “mutton” comes Old French “mouton” “Snail” comes from Old English “snaegl” and “escargot” comes Norman French “escargot” French also influenced English because of its huge cultural influence on Europe from the Renaissance period to the end of the 19th century.
And even now to some extent. But it’s not just French, there’s also a lot of latin vocabulary. Some Latin entered Germanic dialects in their early days, through contact with the Roman Empire. On the top of that, some christian missionaries were present in Britain in the 6th & 7th centuries and they introduced some latin religious vocab’ into English. Many latin words were also borrowed during the Renaissance period and also during the scientific revolution of the 17th & 18th centuries, when many new words were “coined”. “Coined” meaning “newly created” New words were coined from latin roots, prefixes & suffixes to represent new concepts in science, in technilogy and in industry. So English is a Germanic language which absorbed a huge number of French and Latin words? Yes, basically. But some people have a different theory. Some people think that English is actually a creole language. That’s something called “The Middle English Creole Hypothesis” There are big differences between Old English and Middle English Of course, there was the importing of lots of French vocabulary. But that alone does not make it a creole language. But there were other changes to the grammar of English, which became highly simplified.
There was a lot of simplification. Like the loss of most noun cases and gender. So that, aside from the possessive form with ” ‘s ” and the plural forms, most nouns in English don’t have any inflection. Also, adjectives used to have inflection but that disappeared too. The word “inflection” means “changes to a word to represent different grammatical categories.” For example, the word “the cat” and “the cat’s paw”. Here the ” ‘s ” is a kind of inflection to show possession. And we have “one mouse” but “two mice” So here the word is inflected to show plural.
So let’s take a simple phrase like “the good king” and look at it in Old English. In Old English, notice that all 3 words in this phrase can change. In the nominative case: “Se goda cyning”. In the accusative case: “…”. In the genitive case: “…”. In the dative case: “…”. So the definite article changes, the adjective changes and the noun changes depending on the case. But the article and the adjective also change, depending on the gender and the case endings are different, depending on the gender. Let’s look at the similar phrase “the good queen”. Notice the different feminine forms of the definite article and the adjective. This is just an example of the grammatical complexity of Old English, so you can imagine how much it became simplified. By the Middle English Period, most of these forms had disappeared or merged together. So now, we just have a genitive case and the others formed a common case. This is the type of simplification that happens when creoles arise. So it’s very possible that Old English underwent a process of creolisation, inserting lots of French vocabulary into an Old English substrate or underlined structure.
But there might have a different reason for that simplification of English. Some people don’t believe in the creole hypothesis. And they point to things like some of the irregular forms that still exist in English, like the irregular verbs or the irregular plural forms. In a typical creole language, those forms would have been regularized. But, of course, creolization is not an “all or nothing” process, it’s possible that English was PARTIALLY creolized. Well, let’s look at a couple of sentences in English and let’s look at the influences we can find. And let’s see if there is more Germanic or more Romance influence. This one is a newspaper headline. [ The sentence is read ] “push” : this word comes from Old French “poulser” or Modern French “pousser” “immigration” : this word comes Latin “immigratum” “plan” : this word comes from the French word “plan” which means “map” or “ground plan” “meet” : this word comes from Old English “metan” “with” : this comes from Old English “…” “family” : this comes from the Latin “familia”, according to the source I used. But there is also the French “famille”, which, I suppose, could be the source.
“of” : this word comes from the Old English “aef” or “of”. “woman” : this comes from Old English “wimman” or “wiman”. “kill” : this might come from the Old English “cwellan” = “to quell”. “in” : this word comes from Latin So, out of those 10 words, 5 are Germanic and 5 are Romance words. But let’s look at a more casual sentence. Because I have a feeling that newspaper vocabulary tends towards Romance vocabulary more than common speech. [The sentence is read] “I” : this is Germanic, comes from Old English “ic” “had” : this is also Germanic, it comes from Old English “habban” “Lunch”. The origin of this one is vague, but it seems to be from a Modern English dialect word.
“with” : this is from Old English “…” “my” : this is Germanic, it comes from Middle English “mi” or “min” “friend” : this comes from Old English “freond” “and” : this comes from Old English “and” or “ond” “we” : this comes from Old English “we” “read” : this comes from Old English “raedan” or “redan” “some” : this comes from Old English “sum” “book” : this comes from Old English “boc” So this time, all of the words or almost all of the words are Germanic. So it’s interesting that the majority of English vocabulary comes from French or from Latin but, in the most commonly used words in casual speech, they tends to be more Germanic vocabulary. This is a good argument in favo(u)r of English being classified as a Germanic language So do I think that English should be classified as a Germanic language? Well, by a linguist’s criteria, yes. But most people don’t really care about a linguist’s criteria. They just care about the practical application, the practical use of the language.
And, in practice, I think that the vocabulary is a very important element of the language. So I think it’s fair to say that, in practice, English is a hybrid language, it’s partly Germanic, partly Romance. But that’s my personal conclusion. I’d like to know what you think. Do you think that English should be considered a Germanic language? Or do you think it seems more like a Romance language? Leave your answer in the comments down below. Be sure to follow Langfocus on Twitter, on Facebook or on Instagram.
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