A, AN, THE – Articles in English

{“en”:”Articles Learning article in short Hello And welcome to the next video Today I’m going to teach you about a very difficult confusing fun maybe grammar point called articles *wink* Oh, really ? Yeah Articles are confusing there are many many rules in english about articles I do not have the time the energy to teach you all of them but I’ll do my best Okay? And What are articles first of all ? Articles are A AN and THE Articles come before a noun A noun is : a person a place or a thing So I’m going to generalise here and say that before most nouns in english you have to use an article Of course there are millions of exceptions to what I’ve just said Sometimes we do not use an article with a noun That’s a whole other lesson Hold the time warp for your brain we’re gonna stick to these ones When to use A AN and THE before a noun in a proper english sentence We use these when we speak when we write and they’re very important in grammar So There’s no way to avoid these I’ll help you don’t worry The first one is AN AN’s easy It’s the easiest we’ll do this one first AN is a singular noun huh is used in the singular nouns it’s in article and we use it before the noun that starts with a vowel now the pronunciation of this word sounds like va-will the vowels in english we have five vowels in english they are A E I O and U now Everyone who speaks spanish portuguese italian any of our latin american friends or latin language speakers you’re gonna mix up these two vowels E and I Let me teach you one thing that will help you If you can remember that you have to dot your I you’re gonna get the pronunciation of this word so this word or this letter sorry When you write this letter You always have to put a *ping* a dot in the middle of the word so you’re going to remember that this I you can make a nice little EYE here to help you So, I When you write this word by itself you have to use a capital so this would only be in the middle of a word but the pronunciation is the same I So If you have a vowel A, E, I, O, U that begins the noun you have to use AN for example “eye” yey We have to say “an eye” because the word eye begins with a vowel If the word begins with this word with this letter I for example “ice cream” yey We have to say “I’d like AN ice cream” Do you like ice cream ? Or If the word begins with a vowel sound How can, what is a vowel sound Ronnie ? A vowel sound is usually always the letter H for example the word “hour” We do not even say the H word it sounds like we’re saying “our” So Because this word “hour” sounds like a vowel because the H is silent We have to say “an hour” Ok, you got it? You with me? “an hour” so AN We use before a vowel or before a vowel sound usually a noun that begins with an H The next one is A The very first letter of our alphabet A is a vowel Don’t let that confuse you A We use for again a singular noun All of these are going to be used with singular nouns If the noun is plural if the noun has an S Do not use an article So A We use for a singular noun in a general form You can think of this easier as using, replacing it with the word “any” So If you go to a coffee shop and they have five muffins and they’re all the same muffin You’re going to say to the person that works at the coffee shop “Hello” “I’d like A muffin” You do not get to choose or pick what muffin you get You can choose the flavor but you cannot specifically choose which muffin you would like It’s the same as saying “any” It’s like saying “I’d like any muffin” “Just get me a muffin” “I want a muffin” “I’d like anything” “Just give me something” Okay ? It’s used for when you don’t care which one it is You just want one of something A If my nose was stuffy and I had to blow my nose I would ask someone “Do you have A Kleenex ?” I don’t have to go through the box of Kleenexes “No, I don’t want that one” “No, yes, this, no” You’re just gonna get A Kleenex and you’re gonna blow your nose Okay ? So A and AN the only difference is AN you use before a vowel as an example You can say “I’d like a cookie” I was going to write coffee maybe I want a coffee right now but I would definitely rather have a cookie I don’t care which cookie you give me Just give me a cookie I’m the cookie monster Okay ? So “I’d like a cookie” I’d like any cookie The next is THE THE next is THE THE is opposite to A THE means something very very very specific general and specific are opposite this means you actually choose which one you are going to get Think about this when you go shopping You do not walk into a store and go “Hi, could I have a shirt ?” “I don’t care what it looks like I don’t care how much it is “Just gimme a shirt” This never happens Ladies When you go shopping for shoes You just don’t go into the shoe store and say “Just a pair of shoes please” “Just a pair of shoes” “Don’t care” “Size 8, fine, anything” No We want to go though all of the shoes We want to try them all on We want to get a handbag and match them with our shoes and choose the shoes of our dreams So you’re not going to say “A pair of shoes” You’re gonna say “THE” shoes Another very confusing thing about THE is the second time you talk about the same noun in a phrase you have to put the second noun with THE for example This is a little more difficult “I bought some fruit” Okay ? “Fruit” is an uncountable noun If the noun is uncountable we do not use an article “I bought some fruit” “THE fruit was bad” But Ronnie you just said if it’s an uncountable noun we don’t use an article What are you doing ? Have you lost your mind ? No This is a grammar rule The first time I talk about the fruit I use no article because it’s uncountable but the second time I’m talking about the same noun I have to I don’t know why I just have to it’s a rule So I have to say “THE fruit” “THE fruit was bad” The third point when we use the article THE the article THE I’m using articles all the time is when the speaker and the listener or the reader whatever, if you’re reading or listening know they both know which noun you are talking about for example If you and your friends go to the same school you have to say “THE school” If I were talking to my friend on the phone and I said “Hey, yeah, hum Oh, I left my book at the school” My friend and I both know what school I am talking about In my city there are 2,5 million schools There’s a lot of schools in Toronto There are 2,5 million people and a lot of people go to different schools but because my friend and I go to the same school I have to say “THE school” “I’m going to go to THE school tomorrow” You and I both know we’re talking about the same one Okay ? The next one is we use with countries but only 1% of the countries of the world So I ask you What country are you from ? I am from Canada We have listeners from all over the world I would guarantee that 99% of you would not use an article with your country name I come from Canada Below Canada there’s a country it’s a big country called anyone know? Below Canada ? Geography time The United States of America or, shorter the USA A lot of people, their ancestors in Canada came from a country a group of countries called the United Kingdom THE United Kingdom hum There’s a country in the middle east called the United Arab Emirates If anyone from there ? I went there once in an airplane It’s cool The United States The United Kingdom The United Arab Emirates All of these three countries we have to use THE because there is the word “united” in the title of the country I do not say “the” Canada I do not say “the” Japan If the word has “united” in it I say “the” The second one is if the country has more than two words in the name you’re gonna say “the” for example “New Zealand” New Zealand only has two words I do not say ‘the’ New Zealand If it has more than two words I have to put “the” in front of the country The last one is the most difficult If you are like me and did not do well in geography class this one’s hard we have to use THE if the country is comprised of tiny or small islands I do not expect everyone in the world to know which countries are made of small islands but to help you out off the top of my head the Philippines if you look at a map The Philippines has many tiny little islands that make one country another example would be The West Indies The Canary Islands these are all places that have small islands that form one country So If you look at Japan for example Japan has maybe five or more islands but there are quite large so we cannot use this as “the Japan” They have to be very small islands I hope you understand this If you have a question please leave me a comment if you need more help with this please ask me bye”}

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