English – Parent Teacher Interviews (Elementary School)

{“en”:”Going to school, it’s an exciting time. Yes, free field trip. What about a fraction? There’s so much to do… Who can give me an example of a… So much to learn. Richard. So much for a child to try and cope with in a new country. This video is about one of the important ways that parents can help their child succeed in school. Okay, so, boys and girls, I have a letter here that I’d like you to take home to your parents please. It invites your parents to come to our next parent teacher interview, okay? And it’s really important and I’d like to see each and every one of them, all right? Now, parent teacher interviews… Once or twice a year you will be asked to come to your child’s school to talk with the teacher.

The letter will suggest the time but it can be changed if it isn’t convenient for you. Watch for the invitation to what is called the parent teacher interview. Mom, dad, well, the teachers u2013 I don’t know but there’s a letter he gave me. What is it we’re going to? Parent teacher interview. What’s that? What’s wrong? It might be u2013 it might be a teacher wants to meet with us. Okay. What date? Okay, December 2nd. Oh, let me write it down. December 2nd. Hello, welcome to Clark School. It’s nice that you could come tonight. We’ll just check the list. Oh, yes, you’re with our interpreter and you’re down in room four. Thank you. Nice to meet you. Nice to meet you. I am Melissa. Thank you. Meeting the teacher to talk about how your child is progressing may be a new experience for you but it is very important for your child’s success. Most parents are glad to come and hear how they’re child is getting along. And you’re in room ten. Okay. Down this way. Thank you. Thank you. Jennifer will reread words and her sentences… The interview only takes a few minutes and you can bring a friend to help with English if you wish.

Your next step should be… does it sound, right? Some schools can even provide an interpreter. Jennifer [foreign language] Mm-hmm. Welcome to the parent teacher interview. I just wanted to say that I’m very glad that you can make it here this evening. Now, Richard is a very strong student. You must be encouraging him quite a bit at home. That’s okay. Thank you very much. Just to give you an idea of what he’s been doing. Here’s an example of some of his earlier work. And if you take a look at what he’s been writing just recently you can see that he’s progressed quite a reasonable amount. Now, as you can see his sentences are fair but longer. His spelling and grammar are much improved too. Mm. In China, Richard loved to write stories.

Yeah. It’s funny that you mentioned that because actually when he first came here I asked him to write something in his first language. He put some English words there. Yeah. That’s interesting. No, but that’s good… Yeah. …you know, I mean he put in what he knew and then everything else that he didn’t he worked on, you know. The teacher will tell you about your child’s progress and explain how you can help at home. That’s great. That’s good. And we’re happy to hear that but we have a concern about the homework. Oh, okay. So, uh, compared being back in China we didn’t see Richard bring home a lot of homework. Right. Right, that is understandable.

What we normally like to do here is we’ll… …start something off in class. That gives the students a chance to basically if they have any questions that they wish to ask, you know, they can ask myself… Teachers also want to know about your child’s first language skills and the things he likes to do at home. The teacher will also answer your questions about school work, homework and relationships with other students. We are worried about that if Richard is making new friends here. You know, I understand that’s a great concern to a lot of parents especially, you know, when u2013 since Richard’s new to the school but I guarantee you have nothing to worry about.

Richard’s a great sociable child. He’s very involved in the school community. Mm-hmm. Now, do you have any other questions or concerns about Richard at school? Uh, are there any, uh, program for Richard after school? Definitely, there are lots of after school programs, you know, that you can take advantage of. There’s the soccer program, you know, I know that you said… Mm-hmm. Yeah. …Richard likes soccer. Meeting the teacher like this is a good opportunity to learn how well your child is doing. As a parent, it’s always wonderful to hear of your child’s progress but you should also listen carefully for suggestions on how your child can improve and how you can help at home. Okay, as you can see from Richard’s reading mark it would benefit Richard to read a little bit more at home. Do you read… Mm-hmm. …with him often? Yes, we u2013 we read with Richard every evening but sometimes we read in Chinese. Yeah. You know what? That’s u2013 that’s all right. That’s actually a great thing, you know, if… Mm-hmm. …if that’s something that Richard’s more comfortable by all means let him read in Chinese, you know, and then we can gradually get him, you know, um, into exploring, you know…

…certain English language books, you know, but that’s great. So… The teacher may also review their report card and explain how well your child is learning to speak, write and read in English. Can I ask a question? Please, by all means. No, I u2013 I think I understand about this part. Okay. But I have a question here. So, I understand that you grade the students according to different subjects but here, what does… Okay. …this part mean? What the learning skills are is actually u2013 it’s an area where we comment on u2013 not specifically on grading students on academics. More about some of the work habits or study habits that we’d like to see students… Mm-hmm. develop. These are more areas of personal growth that we want to encourage. Well. Thank you very much for coming both of you tonight.

It’s been a pleasure having you here. You know, um, if you have any further questions, comments or concerns, you know, about Richard or anything else that you’d like to ask please feel free to contact me. Many parents do. Mm-hmm. Okay. Meeting once or twice a year like this, you and the teacher can discuss any difficulties before they even begin. Thanks. Good evening. Good evening. How are you doing? Oh, I’m great. How are you doing? Not bad at all. Please come on in. Thank you. I’ve returned grandma. I’m back home. It was great to meet your teacher. What did the teacher say? The teacher said that you did very well in your school. The teacher also said you have made a lot of friends at school… So, the parent teacher interview has many benefits. You get to know the teacher. You see how your child is doing. You learn how you can help your child do even better but one of the greatest benefits is the support your child feels when you come to the school because meeting the teacher connects the most important people in his or her life.

We are very proud of you. So, find out about your child’s parent teacher interviews. Look for the letter that invites you to come. There’s no better way to help your child do well in school.. “}

As found on Youtube

Study English in London

Top 10 English learning mistakes – part 2, how to study English fast and easy, part 2

{“en”:”Hi! My name is Antonia Romaker! Welcome to Series English! Today we continue talking about mistakes made while learning a foreign language, so English learning mistakes. Well, it can be German learning mistakes, Spanish learning mistakes and so on. It doesn’t matter, because here the mistakes are basically the same for learning any foreign language. So the next mistake is when you think that you are the Superman or the Wonder woman! Here I’m talking about too much self-confidence. Well, the reason why I’ve decided to talk about is is that some students come to me after they have been studying at a linguistic school or at the university. And they were told that their level is very high, like… People come to me and say that they have advanced English, but it turns out that they just have intermediate or even lower. So of course it’s good to be confident, but do not be too confident. Try to evaluate your knowledge properly.

Do not be an arrogant beast, who says: ‘I know everything! I speak English perfectly!’ Everybody makes mistakes. And everybody has some room for perfection. So keep studying! The next mistake is perfectionism. So it’s actually the opposite mistake of the previous one, when you think that you are the Superman. And here you think that nothing is good enough, so you want to speak the language perfectly, making no mistakes what so ever. And that’s why you are so shy and you can’t speak in front of native speakers and so on.

Or even in front of other people, for example in your class. It’s not good, so try to find this balance between an optimist and a realist. So you should be confident, but not too much. And at the same time do not be afraid of making mistakes. Since even native speakers make mistakes, it’s quite OK, it’s natural. And you learn, well, the learning process is connected with making mistakes very closely. It’s good if you have a person who can point out those mistakes for you.

But making them is the part of the learning process, So do not worry if you make some mistakes, just keep studying. And little by little you will improve and your speech will just get perfect. Native speakers usually are glad to hear foreigners speaking their language. So if you hear somebody speaking your mother tongue, you should be, well, excited, you should not, well, stop this person and say: You are speaking awful! Just stop! It is terrible! And you make so many mistakes.

Do not do that, you should know better! Because you know how hard it is to speak a foreign language. So next time you hear somebody speaking your mother tongue try to be a little bit more encouraging, OK? The next mistake – bored to death. So some teachers choose really boring textbooks and materials. It’s not good. Even if you study the language yourself And you just, well, choose some official textbooks with grammar and vocabulary, well-structured.

And you just use these textbooks, you will get bored to death, believe me! So try to make the process more colorful and exciting! Choose the materials you find interesting. For example, I love watching TV shows, and that’s why I watch TV shows in English, in German and probably later on, when I decide to study, let’s say, Spanish, I will watch Spanish TV shows or Television. It helps a lot, because I enjoy the process. So if you like playing games, then play games in English, or German, or Spanish, or any other language. So find your passion and try to connect the learning process with this passion, so that the process won’t be boring! Try to make it fun and then you will improve much faster! The next one is premature speaking. A lot of teachers at many schools and universities make students speak too early. It’s not a very good thing to do, because if you do not have some basic information in your head, some basic structures, and you force yourself, you make yourself speak, you will make a lot of mistakes and it will make you feel depressed and blue.

For example, as for me, I studied the language for a very long period of time with my family: my father and my sister. And for a very long period of time we had been just reading and listening, and watching, and studying grammar and that’s it. And then I met a foreigner, and I just had to speak. I had no other choice, and I spoke really well. At least that foreigner told me so, maybe he was too polite. Anyway I had almost no problems speaking, it was so natural and so easy. So that’s why speaking too early might not be a very good idea. Well, I’m not talking about practicing and creating sentences, you should do it. But as for answering some questions, formulating some ideas, some stories and so on, you should wait for a couple of months to get the idea of the language. And when you get better when you have some structures in your head then you can start speaking. And it will be much easier and much more natural. And the last mistake is formalism. So if you take just formal, official textbooks, like ‘English Grammar in Use’ or something of the kind, and study just using this material without studying some colloquialisms and idioms and, well, slang expressions, it might also be not a very good idea.

Especially if you want to travel to other countries. And if you want to visit the United States of America or the United Kingdom or the Australia, where people speak the language naturally and where people use a lot of slang, then you will find yourself in trouble! So you should study different parts of the language. So this problem is partially connected with you being well-structured. So study some idioms and slang expressions, it will help you a lot. Since any language is a live creature. It improves, it flows, and we need to surf around. OK, so that’s it, today we talked about top mistakes, made while learning a foreign language, made while learning English. I hope that my class helped you a little bit, and now you will try not to make these mistakes and you will study the language properly. If you have any other questions, if you have any other problems, which you have while studying a foreign language, then write a comment, we’ll talk about it, we’ll discuss it. So keep studying English with me and keep studying Russian with me. I hope to see you soon, happy English and Russian practice.

Bye-bye! p.s. If you haven’t watched the first part of ‘English learning mistakes’, then I highly recommend watching it. Here it is, click the link and you will be transported to ‘English learning mistakes, part one’. Do not forget to like this video, it will help me a lot! Also subscribe to my channel to continue studying the languages with me. Bye! I also have the second channel, where I teach English in Russian. So you can find a lot of useful classes there, if you are at the beginning of the process, of the English learning process! Bye!. “}

As found on Youtube

Study English in London

Steins;Gate 0 Teaser 2 Türkçe (English, Turkish subtitles) PV trailer 2

{“en”:”Year 2010, December Beta World Line The world line where Okabe Rintarou suffering and exhausted screams and gave up on saving ~The world line where she was NOT SAVED.~ and gave up on saving ~The world line where she was NOT SAVED.~ The Future Gadget Lab ~u03b2 world line~ ~ The story of the “future” where she wasn’t saved ~ If at that time, I reached out this hand Would this future have changed? u2605Okabe Rintarou Kurisu Makiseu2605 u2605Maho Hiyajo u2605Mayuri Shiina – Itaru Hashidau2605 u2605Luka Urushibara u2605Suzuha Amaneu2605 Faris Nyannyanu2605 Luka is my waifu <3 Daga I know Otoko da!! u2605Shiina Kagari u2605Moeka Kiryuu2605 Yuki Amaneu2605 But do not forget, Even now, That girl is waiting ~ That GIRL is waitng ~ Steins;Gate 0 Broadcast starting 2018 April 11th u2727 It will be awesome. u2727. “}

As found on Youtube

Study English in London

Learn to Listen to English – Level 1 – Part 1 with English Subtitle

{“en”:”First Snow Fall Today is November 26th. It snowed all day today. The snow is beautiful. The snow finally stopped. My sister and I are excited. My Mom doesn’t like the snow. My Mom has to shovel the drive way. My sister and I get to play. I put on my hat and mittens. My Mom puts on my scarf. My Mom zippers my jacket. My sister puts on her hat and mittens. My Mom puts on her scarf. My Mom zippers her jacket. My sister and I go outside. We begin to make a snow man. My Mom starts to shovel the snow. My sister and I make snow angels. My sister and I throw snowballs. It starts to snow again. We go inside for hot chocolate. Jessica’s First Day of School Today is Jessica’s first day of kindergarten. Jessica and her parents walk to school. Jessica’s Mom walks with her to her classroom. Jessica meets her teacher. His name is Mr. Parker. The school bell rings at A.M.. Jessica hugs and kisses her Mom goodbye. Jessica’s Mom says “I love you.” At A.M., Jessica stands for the National anthem. Mr. Parker calls out children’s names.

Each child yells back “Here.” Mr. Parker teaches them about letters. Mr. Parker teaches them about numbers. At A.M. the students have recess. Recess is fun. The students get to play and eat. At A.M. the students go to gym class. At A.M. the students return to Mr. Parker’s classroom. Mr. Parker tells the students to sit on the carpet. Mr. Parker reads the students a story. Mr. Parker teaches the students a song. The lunch bell rings. Jessica’s first day of school is over. My Flower Garden My name is Anne. I love flowers. I have a flower garden.

My garden is in front of my house. My neighbour has a garden too. My garden has different types of flowers. I have roses in my garden. I have tulips in my garden. I have petunias in my garden. My garden has different colours. I plant red flowers. I plant orange flowers. I plant blue flowers. I plant purple flowers. I take care of my garden. I water my garden every day. I kill the weeds in my garden. I kill insects that eat my flowers. I love my beautiful garden. Going Camping The Bright family went camping on the weekend. The Bright family went to Silent Lake. The Bright family left on Friday. They camped for three days. The Bright family brought a big tent. They brought a lot of food. They brought insect repellant. The Bright family had a campfire on Friday.

They roasted marshmallows. They sang campfire songs. On Saturday they went canoeing. On Saturday they went fishing. On Saturday they went swimming. They went hiking on Sunday. The Bright family saw many birds. They saw blue jays. They saw hummingbirds. The Bright family saw many animals. They saw a raccoon. They saw a squirrel. But they didn’t see a bear. The Bright family had a fun vacation. My House I live in a house. My house is small. My house has two bedrooms. My Mom and Dad sleep in one bedroom. My sister and I share the other bedroom. My house has a kitchen. My Mom and Dad cook dinner there every night.

My house has a living room. My family watches television there every night. My house has a big bathroom. My house has a lot of closets. My house has a basement. My Dad has a workshop in the basement. My Dad makes wood furniture. My house does not have a second floor. My house has a garage. My house has a big backyard. My backyard has a maple tree. My backyard has a swimming pool. My backyard has a vegetable garden. My family likes our house. My First Pet My name is Sarah. I am 14 years old. I have a pet cat. My cat’s name is Milo. My cat is black and white. Milo’s paws are white. Milo’s body is black. She is very cute. Milo’s fur is very soft. Milo was a very small kitten. Milo is a very big cat. Milo cannot have kittens. She is fixed. Milo likes to eat. Milo likes to play outside Milo likes to hunt for birds. Milo likes to hunt for mice. She likes her ears scratched. Milo likes to sit in my lap.

Milo likes to sleep on my bed. Milo is a good pet. Jennifer the Firefighter Jennifer Smith is a firefighter. She is one of the first female firefighters. Jennifer works hard every day. Jennifer exercises every day. She lifts weights. She wants her muscles to be very strong. She saves people’s lives every day. She is very strong. Jennifer is married. Her husband is a school teacher. Jennifer’s husband is proud of her. Jennifer is a mother. She has two daughters. Jennifer’s daughters are proud of her too.

Jennifer is happy being a firefighter. Jennifer is happy being a wife. Jennifer is happy being a mother. Mark’s Big Game Mark’s favourite sport is hockey. He is 15 years old. Mark practises three times a week. Practices are two hours long. Mark plays one game a week. Mark is a good hockey player. He plays on Friday nights. Friday night hockey games are popular. Mark’s family watches him play. Mark’s friends watch him play too. There are always many fans. Tonight is the big game. Coaches are coming to watch Mark play. Mark wants to play in the National Hockey League. Mark wants to make a lot of money. It is very hard to play in the NHL. Mark’s parents want him to go to college. They want him to have an education. They want Mark to be successful. They want Mark to be happy.

The Easter Egg Hunt Samantha is going to an Easter egg hunt. Tracey is going to an Easter egg hunt. The Easter egg hunt is at Sydney’s house. It is going to be fun. Sydney’s mom hid chocolate eggs. Sydney’s mom hid chocolate bunnies. Everybody is here. Everybody has an Easter basket. The Easter egg hunt can start. Everybody must close their eyes. One, two, three, go! Samantha finds an Easter egg. The Easter egg is behind a table. She puts it in her basket. Tracey finds a chocolate Easter bunny. It’s under the couch. Tracey puts in her basket. Sydney finds a chocolate Easter bunny too.

It’s in front of the television. She puts in her basket. Everybody finds lots of chocolate. Everybody shares their chocolate. Samantha, Tracey, and Sydney love Easter. Joe’s First Car Joe is 18 years old. Joe works at McDonald’s. Joe saves all his money. Joe has $25in the bank. He wants to buy a sports car. Joe starts to look for a new car. Joe looks in the newspaper. Joe looks in magazines. Joe finds a car he likes. Joe goes to see the car with his dad. He really likes it. Joe doesn’t have enough money. Joe’s dad tells him to keep saving his money. Joe wants this car a lot. Joe asks his dad to help him. Joe and his dad make a deal. Joe’s dad will lend him the money. Joe must work hard. He must pay the money back to his dad. Joe is very happy. Joe owns his first car. Summer Vacation Today is the last day of school. It is summer vacation. Grace is very excited. This summer will be fun. Grace is going to visit her Grandparents. They have a cottage. The cottage is on Lake Erie.

It is a lot of fun. Grace is going to swim. She is going to play board games. She is going to talk with her grandparents. Grace is going to have fun. Grace is going to a summer camp. She will sleep in a cabin. She will make lots of new friends. Grace will learn campfire songs. Camp will be fun. Grace is going to Cape Cod with her parents. We are going for two weeks. We are going to drive. Grace will see the ocean. Cape Cod will be beautiful.

Summer vacation is fun. Cleaning Up Leaves The leaves are changing colours. I see red maple leaves. I see orange maple leaves. I see yellow maple leaves. The leaves are beautiful. It is starting to get cold. The wind is strong. Winter is coming. The leaves fall off the trees. On Saturday we will clean them up. The whole family helps. My Dad gets the rake. My Mom gets the garbage bags. My brother and I help too. We gather leaves with our hands. We make a big pile. My brother and I jump in the leaves. We make a big mess. Our parents don’t mind. Our parents fill our coats with leaves. We look really big.

Everyone laughs. Play time is over. Back to work. Susan’s Wedding Day Susan is getting married. Her fiancee’s name is Michael. They are in love. They are getting married today. Susan wakes up early. She is getting her hair done. Susan is having her make up done too. Susan looks beautiful. She puts on her white wedding dress. She puts on her veil. Susan needs something blue. Her garter is blue. Susan needs something old. Her grandmother’s ring is old. Susan needs something borrowed. She is wearing her mother’s jewellery. Susan needs something new. Her shoes and dress are new. Susan needs a penny for her shoe. It will bring her good luck. Susan is ready to get married. Remembrance Day My grandfather fought in World War II. My grandmother was a nurse in World War II.

Today is November 11th. Today is Remembrance Day. Today we celebrate soldiers. Everyone wears a poppy. Poppies are red flowers. Poppies remind me of my grandparents. Poppies remind me of their sacrifice. At AM there are two minutes of silence. People remember their friends and family. People recite the poem “In Flanders Field.” It is a sad poem. It helps us remember. Today we wish for peace in the world. Halloween Night Halloween is fun. My mom buys candy. My Mom buys potato chips. My Mom buys chocolate bars. It is for the trick or treaters. My Mom buys me a costume. It is a ghost costume. I am going to be scary. My sister is going to dress up as a princess.

She will have a wand. She will have a crown. She will look beautiful. My Dad buys a pumpkin. It is going to be a Jack O’Lantern. We draw a face on the pumpkin. We carve the face with a knife. Our Jack O’Lantern looks funny. We go trick or treating. We knock on the neighbour’s door. We say, “trick or treat.” Our neighbours give us candy. We say thanks. We go to many houses. We go home. Our parents check our candy. It’s safe. We eat lots of candy. We don’t feel very good. We go to bed. Christmas Eve Ben and Melissa are getting ready for Christmas. Ben and Melissa’s house has lots of lights on the roof. The lights are many colours. Inside they listen to Christmas music. Ben and Melissa drink eggnog. Eggnog tastes good. Ben and Melissa hang stockings on the fireplace. They string popcorn. Ben and Melissa put the popcorn string on the Christmas tree. They put Christmas lights on the tree. They put tinsel on the tree. Ben and Melissa put ornaments on the tree. They put a star on top of the tree.

They get ready for Santa Claus. They leave milk and cookies for Santa. Ben opens one present. Melissa opens one present. They go to sleep. Ben and Melissa wake up early. They run down stairs. There are a lot of presents under our tree. They wake up their Mom and Dad. Ben and Melissa open their presents. They love our presents. Everyone cleans up the wrapping paper. It is time for breakfast. Thanksgiving We are having Thanksgiving at our house.

My whole family is coming. My parents bought a turkey. It weighs 30 pounds. It takes a long time to cook. My Mom wakes up early to cook the turkey. I clean the house with my Dad. The house smells good. We help Mom in the kitchen. I peel potatoes and carrots. My Dad makes pumpkin pies. My Mom cooks squash. I help my Mom make stuffing. I mix the bread and spices. We make good stuffing. It goes inside the turkey. We put on nice clothes. I set the table. My Dad carves the turkey. My Mom makes the gravy. Our relatives arrive. We say “thank you” for all we have. We eat and eat. It is a good Thanksgiving. Learning How to Drive Amy is 16 years old. She lives in a small town. Amy is learning how to drive. Amy’s dad is giving her lessons. Amy’s dad’s name is Howard. Amy has had three lessons. Amy and her dad argue during the lessons. Amy’s mom is giving her driving lessons. Amy’s mom’s name is Jane.

Jane has given Amy a lesson. Jane has decided to stop giving Amy lessons. Jane and Amy argue during the lessons too. Amy’s parents call a driving school. Amy is going to get lessons from a professional. The classes cost $300 for 10 lessons. The lessons are very good. Amy learns how to drive. Amy gets her licence. Housework There is always housework to do when you live in a house. You have to wash the windows so that you can see outside. The floors and the carpets need to be vacuumed. The floors also need to be washed, and some of them need to be waxed. The furniture has to be polished. The bathroom has to be kept clean. After you have a bath, you need to clean out the bathtub. Laundry needs to be done regularly, or you will run out of clothes to wear. The clothes go into the washing machine, and then they have to be dried in the dryer. Sometimes, we hang the clothes out on the line to be dried.

Some of the clothes need to be ironed. You have to buy groceries and put them away. Meals need to be made. You can’t let the dishes pile up in the kitchen. The dishes have to be washed, and the counters need to be wiped. The stove needs to be cleaned, and sometimes the refrigerator and the cupboards need to be cleaned out. You can dust the furniture and sweep up the dirt. You can make the beds. The beds have to be changed too. They need to have clean sheets put on them. There are just so many things to do. Household chores take up a lot of time. Working Outside Today I was working outside. It was a sunny day, and I was very hot. I wore a hat on my head. I watered all the plants. I weeded the flower beds. I cut back all of the plants that were growing too big. I gave some of the plants plant food. I cut the lawn. I raked the lawn. I filled up the bird baths with water.

I swept the sidewalks and the paths. I took out the garbage. I filled the car up with gas. I washed the car. I hung out the clothes on the clothesline. I washed down the lawn furniture. I washed all of the windows on the house from the outside. I was so tired. So I had a glass of lemonade. I talked to my neighbour, and I helped her trim a tree. I planted some bulbs, and then I went into the house. I was exhausted. Daily Schedule I wake up every morning at seven o’clock. I take a shower. I eat my breakfast. I usually have toast or cereal. I brush my teeth. I put on my clothes. I catch the school bus. I ride to school. In my class, we have math and English before recess. At recess time, the girls skip, or walk around and talk. The boys play in the playground or play baseball.

After recess, we have physical education and geography. We eat lunch, and then we play outside. When the bell rings, we line up to go back into the classroom. After lunch, we have history and science. At recess, we play ball again. Some of girls play ball too. In the winter, we build snowmen. If it is too cold, we stay indoors and talk to each other. After recess, we have music and health. We get out of school at three thirty. I sometimes walk home with my friends, or I take the bus. I have a snack and change my clothes when I get home. I change into my pajamas. If it is raining, I watch television. If it is nice outside, I play with my friends. I have supper at five thirty. On some nights, I help my mother to do the dishes. After supper, I do my homework. I wash my face and hands, and brush my teeth. Meals Breakfast is very rushed at our house. My brothers and sisters and I have toast or cereal. We also have orange juice. On weekends my mother makes bacon and eggs for us. My father just has a cup of coffee for breakfast.

My mother packs a lunch for all of us. We usually have a sandwich, a piece of fruit and a drink of juice or milk. My favorite sandwiches are egg salad, tuna, roast beef and ham. My brother always wants peanut butter and jam sandwiches. My mother sometimes packs a treat for us. Today we had cookies with our lunch. At supper time, the family sits around the table and talks about what they did all day. My mother makes good suppers. We sometimes have spaghetti. My mother makes a roast of beef with potatoes and vegetables quite often. She makes many different dishes out of chicken. She makes soups or stews. She also makes casseroles. My brothers and sisters and I have milk with our dinner. My parents sometimes have wine with their dinner. Sometimes we have salad before our dinner. I set the table for my mother. I put out the forks, the knives and spoons. I also put out glasses and fill them full of milk or water.

For dessert, we sometimes have ice cream, cake or pie. My mother said that it is better to have fruit because it is better for you. Tonight I ate a peach for dessert. My favorite fruits are apples, peaches, plums and bananas. After supper, my mother always has a cup of tea with sugar and cream in it. After dinner, I help my mother with the dishes. Usually she washes the dishes, and I will dry them. Seasons There are four seasons.

Winter is the cold season. It snows in the winter. The winds blow, and ice forms on the water. We play hockey on the ice. We play in the snow. After winter is the spring. That is when it begins to get warmer. Trees get buds on them. Flowers start to bloom. It rains a lot in the spring. Spring is followed by the summer. It can get very hot in the summertime. The sun shines brightly. We go swimming in the summer. We spend a lot of time outdoors.

Many people go on vacations in the summer. We get a summer vacation from school. Summer is followed by the fall or autumn. The leaves on the trees change colours. They change from green to red, orange and brown. The leaves fall off the trees. The weather gets cooler. The days get shorter. We go back to school in the fall. Then, winter comes again. The seasons follow one after each other. Weather You can watch the weatherman on TV, to find out what the weather will be like. It might be a nice clear day with no clouds in the sky. The sun might be shining. It could be a cloudy day. Sometimes, cloudy days are just dull. On some cloudy days, it begins to rain or snow. Some days are rainy. You need a raincoat, umbrella and boots on a rainy day. Rain makes the flowers and grass grow. The weather forecast might say that it will be windy.

You could have a gentle breeze. It might be very gusty so that the wind pushes you. It is dangerous if the wind is very strong. A hurricane or tornado is very dangerous. Once in a while, the weatherman says there will be hail. Hail stones are hard cold pellets of ice that fall from the sky. Sometimes, the weatherman will say that there will be snow flurries. Sometimes, there is just a light dusting of snow. Sometimes, there is a blizzard or a snowstorm. It can be dangerous driving through a blizzard. If there is a lot of snow, the streets have to be plowed. You need a hat, coat, mittens and boots on a very cold day.

Sometimes, the weather forecast is wrong. The weatherman might say that it will be a sunny day, but then the clouds come in and it rains. That is not good if you are planning a picnic. I prefer sunny days that are warm but not too hot. I like to feel a gentle breeze to cool me down. House A house is divided into different rooms. In my house, there is a living room. There is a couch, two chairs, a coffee table and a television set in the living room. In the kitchen, there is a stove and a refrigerator. There is also a sink and a dishwasher in the kitchen. There is a kitchen table and chairs. We eat most of our meals at the kitchen table. We have a dining room. There is a dining table and chairs in there.

There is a washroom or bathroom. There is a toilet, sink and bathtub in the bathroom. There is also a shower in the bathroom. We have three bedrooms. The bedrooms are upstairs. My brother’s room, my room and my parent’s room all have beds in them. We also have dressers in our rooms. There are closets in all of the bedrooms. We keep our clothes in the closets. There is a basement in our house. We store things in the basement. There is a laundry room in the basement. There is a washing machine and a dryer in the laundry room.

This is where we wash and dry our clothes. There is a garage attached to the house. We keep the car in the garage. You drive up the driveway and into the garage. We also have a front yard and a back yard. There is a vegetable garden in the back yard. There are some flowers and a tree planted in the front yard. School There are different types of schools. There is an elementary school. The children at the elementary school are young. There is a playground for them to play in. The classrooms are bright and airy. There are blackboards in the classrooms. The children sit in desks to do their work. There is a parking lot for the teachers to park in. There is a cafeteria for the students to get food. The principal has an office. Nobody wants to go to the principal’s office. It usually means that you are in trouble if you have to go to the principal’s office.

When you finish elementary school, you go to high school. Most of the students in high school are teenagers. There is a parking lot outside the high school. There is also a football field outside. The students go to classes in different classrooms. They move from classroom to classroom for each subject. There is a cafeteria where they can get their lunches or eat the lunches that they have brought from home. There is a gymnasium where students have physical education. Dances are also held in the gymnasium. Some students go on to university from high school.

Students at the university are older. Some of the students are even senior citizens. People come from all over the world to attend the university. There are lots of different things at the university. There is a theater where plays and concerts are held. There is a bookstore where students can buy their textbooks. There is a physical education building that has a swimming pool in it. The parking lot at the university is very big. They call the land that the university is on a campus. Some of the students live on campus in residences. Subjects There are many subjects that you can take at school. My favorite subject is music. I like to sing and to play the clarinet. I also like art. I am quite good at drawing and painting. History is a good subject. I like learning about the past. Geography is very interesting. We look at many maps in geography.

We learn where there are deserts and mountains. I know the names of all the continents and all the oceans. Mathematics is my least favorite subject. I am not very good with numbers. I am good at addition and subtraction, but I am not good at division and multiplication. In my school we learn to speak French. We learn French because Canada has French and English-speaking citizens. English literature is a good subject. I enjoy reading books. I also like to write compositions and poetry. Science is my brother’s favorite subject. He is interested in plants, and he likes to do experiments. We also take drama at my school. I like to act. I got the lead role in the school play. International Students We have many international students at my school. Some of the students come from England. They speak English, but they have an accent that is different from a Canadian accent. Many students are from Japan. They are learning our language and our customs.

We have students from Germany, Italy, China, Korea and Iran. We try to make those students feel welcome here. The students like to see what is here. They go sightseeing. They visit all the places that the tourists like to go to. Niagara Falls and Toronto are interesting places to visit. The students practice their English by talking to Canadians. When they first get here, we show them around. They do many exercises to learn the language. They listen to English songs. They read story books that are written in English. They listen to English language tapes.

The best way to learn the language is to talk to other people. It is good to ask questions in English. Canadians try to be helpful to international students. Some of the international students live with host families. The host families have the students living in their homes. It is a good way for the host families and the students to make friends. Many of the international students stay in contact with their friends and host families even after they have gone back to their homelands. The international students learn a lot from their host families because they eat Canadian foods, and they learn what it is like to live in a Canadian household. Interests and Hobbies It is very rewarding to have different interests and hobbies. Some people like to play computer games. Other people spend a lot of time watching television. There are people who would rather watch movies. Some people prefer more physical things. They would rather play a sport like baseball, hockey or basketball. Some people do exercises at a gym, or they just go for walks. There are many ways to exercise. You can ride a bicycle or lift weights.

There are people who like to collect things. They can collect all kinds of different things. You can collect stamps, coins, dolls, postcards, movies, rocks or posters. Some people even collect bugs or leaves. Some people are lucky enough to be able to travel. You can travel to a nearby place, or you can travel far away to a different country. There are people who like to listen to music. People have different tastes in music. Some people like rock music, rap, classical music, or folk music. There are many different types of music. Some people would rather play music than listen to it. You can play an instrument, or you can sing.

Many people learn to play the guitar or the piano. Some people join bands or orchestras. There are people who like to read books. There are a lot of different hobbies. It depends on what you consider to be fun. You can have more than one hobby or interest. It is good to be interested in a lot of different things. Movies I go to the movies almost every week. Sometimes, I rent movies from the video store. My favorite films are action films. I like to watch car chases. I like it when the bad guy has a shootout with the good guys. I like the good guys to win. I also like science fiction movies. I like things that take place in the future. I like movies that have aliens from different planets in them. Some of the science fiction movies can be silly and unbelievable.

I don’t like those ones. My mother likes dramas. She has a lot of favorite actors and actresses. She sometimes watches sad movies that make her cry. She also likes comedies. She laughs out loud if a comedy is very funny. My father likes horror movies. He likes movies with monsters in them. He also likes thrillers. I have watched some thrillers that keep you tense and on the edge of your seat. Sometimes, I have to shut my eyes if the movie gets too scary. My brother likes animated films. In animated films, there are no actors, just cartoon characters. My brother goes to the movies on Saturday afternoons with his friends. He goes to the matinee. He gets popcorn, candy and pop. He usually comes back with a stomach ache because he eats so much. Sometimes, my father watches documentaries. Documentaries are about real things. You can learn a lot from watching a documentary. I watch documentaries with him sometimes, but I would rather see a good action film. Flowers I go to the movies almost every week.

There are hundreds of different types of flowers. Most people like roses. Roses grow on bushes, and they smell beautiful. You have to be careful that you don’t prick your finger on a rose thorn. Roses come in many colours. There are red, pink, yellow and white roses. In the spring, tulips are in bloom. In Ottawa, there are many tulips. Some people go there just to see all the tulips in the spring. Forget-me-nots are also spring flowers. They are tiny and blue. Lilies of the valley look like white bells. Many of the trees have blossoms on them in the springtime. The apple and cherry trees look particularly beautiful when they are in blossom. We have a blossom festival in my town. My neighbors like to plant geraniums, petunias and marigolds in the summer.

Some people plant sunflowers. Sunflowers grow very tall. Sometimes a girl will get an orchid for her date. They have bright yellow petals. All of those flowers grow best in the sunshine. If your garden is shady, you have to plant different things. Hostas grow well in a shady garden. Chrysanthemums are fall flowers. Chrysanthemums come in many colours also. There are purple, yellow and white chrysanthemums. Flowers are good to give as gifts. Women like to receive a dozen roses on Valentine’s Day.

Carnations also make a nice gift. They have a very sweet smell. Many people give away lilies for Easter. Poinsettias are very festive at Christmas time. If someone goes to a dance, they often give their partner a flower to wear. If you go to a wedding, you will probably see a lot of flowers there. Flowers help to make places beautiful. The Shopping Mall There are many different stores in the shopping mall. There are ladies’ wear stores.

They sell dresses, blouses, and many kinds of clothes for women. In the menu2019s wear stores there are suits, ties, shirts and slacks. There are also clothing stores that appeal just to teenagers. Some clothing stores only sell childrens’ clothes. There is even a store that just sells bathing suits and cover-ups for the beach or pool. There are lingerie stores that sell ladies’ underwear and nightwear. There are hardware stores that sell tools. There are shoe stores. You buy shoes and boots in a shoe store. There are bookstores. You can buy a book on almost any topic at the bookstore. There are stores that sell compact discs. Those stores also have tapes and videos. There are sports stores that sell special shoes and clothes for sports.

They also sell sports equipment, and t-shirts and hats with the logo of your favorite teams. There are gift stores that sell all kinds of things that someone might want for their house. There are kitchen stores where you can buy utensils and pots and pans. Those kinds of stores also sell aprons and napkins, and anything you might need for your kitchen. There is a movie theatre at the mall. There is a jewellery store that has a lot of gold and silver jewellery. There is a hairdresser in the mall. Sometimes, I go in there to get my hair cut. There are fast food places in the mall. You can get a quick lunch like a hamburger or some french fries.

There are also fancier restaurants in the mall. You can sit down for a nice meal. There is a furniture store in the mall. You could buy a new sofa or bed at the furniture store. There are bulk food stores. At a bulk food store, all the foods are in bins. You take as much as you want and pay for it at the counter. There is even a telephone store and an electronics store at the mall. My brother’s favorite store is the toy store. He could spend hours in there. There are also department stores at the mall. Department stores sell all kinds of things. They sell perfume, clothes, shoes, kitchen utensils, or just about anything you might need. You can get almost anything you want at the shopping mall.

Travel It is fun to take a trip to a faraway place. My brother just went to Italy and France. He got on a plane at Toronto Airport. He took a flight to France. He stayed there for a couple of days. He visited the Eiffel Tower. He was in Paris. He said that he enjoyed the food in France. He then traveled to Italy. He saw many towns and villages in Italy. He went to Rome and visited many of the tourist attractions. In Venice, he saw the canals. He tried to speak Italian, but he is not too good at it. He said that the people were very helpful. They tried to understand him. He bought souvenirs for us when he was in Italy. He ate Italian food. He said that pizza in Italy is quite different from the pizza we eat here in Canada. He saw many streets that were made of cobblestones. He saw many old buildings. A lot of people in Italy travel around on scooters. He stayed at a very nice hotel in Italy. He was sorry when it was time to come home. My brother likes to travel. He likes to fly in airplanes.

The airlines lost his luggage once. He was not too pleased about that. Next year, he would like to travel to England. The Farm My uncle is a farmer. He lives on a farm. He has many different types of animals. In the barn, there are horses and cows. The cows swish the flies away from themselves with their tails. It sounds very loud if a cow says “moo” when you are standing there. The cows eat the grass from my uncle’s field. He gets milk from the cows. I put a saddle on one of the horses and went for a ride. There are pigs in the pigpen. He has goats. He says that the goats will eat just about anything. He has a chicken coop with chickens in it. The chickens lay eggs. Have you ever seen baby chicks? They are very cute. My uncle collects the eggs every morning. There is a rooster too. The rooster crows when the sun comes up. My uncle also has a goose.

The goose makes a honking noise. I don’t think that the goose likes me. It nips me when I go near it. Many cats live in my uncle’s barn. They are stray cats, but he lets them stay there because they keep the mice away. My uncle feeds the cats. My uncle says that he would like to get some sheep for his farm. You can get wool from sheep. There are a lot of animals on my uncle’s farm. Transportation (1) Every family that I know has at least one car. Some families have two, or even three cars. Most people get their licence to drive when they are sixteen. In my house, we just have one car. If my father takes the car to work, my mother will take the bus.

I ride in a school bus to school. My sister works in another town. She gets on the train to go to work. The train station is not far from my house. The train tracks run right by my house. My grandfather from Ireland came to visit us. He came over by boat. He had to cross the ocean. We went to Florida last year. We flew on a plane. The plane flew right through the clouds.

My friend’s brother drives a motorcycle. He wears a helmet. I rode on his motorcycle once. I had to sit on the back and hold on tight. I ride my bicycle when the weather is nice. I also have a scooter that I use to travel around. I took a helicopter ride once. The helicopter’s propellers were going around when I got on. It went straight up in the air. I enjoyed the ride. I would like to learn how to fly a plane or a helicopter. I like flying through the air. Holidays In Canada, we have many different days that we celebrate. On the first day of January, there is New Year’s Day. That is when we ring in the new year, and say goodbye to the old year. In February, there is Valentine’s day. That is the day when you tell your girlfriend or boyfriend that you love them.

You can buy them flowers or candy, or take them out to dinner. In March, there is Saint Patrick’s Day. Everyone pretends that they are Irish on Saint Patrick’s day. They all wear green. Easter comes in the spring. Easter is a religious holiday. Some people celebrate by going to church. Some people think that the Easter bunny comes and leaves chocolate eggs for them. In May, there is Victoria Day. We celebrate this day in honour of England’s Queen Victoria. There are fireworks on Victoria Day. July the first is Canada Day.

In September, there is Labour Day. This is the day that we honour the working man or woman. In October, there is Thanksgiving. We give thanks for all the things that we are fortunate enough to have. We usually have a turkey dinner on Thanksgiving day. On the last day of October, there is Halloween. The children dress up in costumes, and go from door to door collecting candies. Remembrance day is in November. People wear red poppies, and they remember all the people that died for their country. Christmas comes in December. Christmas is also a religious holiday, but many children believe that Santa Claus arrives on Christmas Eve in a sleigh pulled by reindeer. They believe that Santa Claus fills up their stockings with toys and goodies. He gets in and out of people’s houses through their chimneys. We don’t get off work or school for all of these days, but many of them are holidays from work and school. Diseases Some diseases are very deadly, and some are not so serious. Most people catch a cold sometimes. A cold makes you cough and sneeze. Colds can be passed on from person to person.

Some people get the flu. With the flu, you get chills and a fever. A fever is a high temperature. If you have the flu, you will feel very bad. You have to stay home in bed. There are diseases that children get. The mumps makes you have lumps in your neck. Chicken pox and measles leave you with red itchy dots on your skin. Older people sometimes get arthritis. Their bones get stiff and sore. There are people who get heart disease. In many cases, a healthy lifestyle can prevent heart disease. Cancer can attack different parts of the body.

Many smokers get lung cancer. Some diseases are treated with pills or medicine. Other diseases need to be treated in the hospital. Sometimes doctors need to give you tests to find out what kind of disease you have. The doctor might have to do a blood test or an x-ray to find out what is wrong with you. Most diseases can be cured by a doctor. Jobs There are many different jobs that you can choose from. You can be a doctor or a nurse. You could work in a hospital or doctor’s office.

You might be a firefighter and put out fires. A policeman enforces the law. An actor plays roles on stage or in the movies. You could drive a taxi or be the pilot of an airplane. What kinds of things do you like to do? You might want to be a sales clerk in a store. Maybe you are good at a sport. You could be a baseball player or a hockey player. Being a dentist is a good job. A dentist fixes teeth. If you are good at arguing, you might want to be a lawyer. Do you like to fix people’s hair? You could be a hairdresser or a barber. If you are good with your hands, you might want to be a carpenter or a mechanic. If you like to travel, you could be a stewardess or a travel agent. You could be a teacher or a photographer. Are you artistic or creative? You might want to be an artist or a writer.

You could work on construction and build houses. You could look after animals and be a veterinarian. If you like to cook, you could be a cook or a chef. There are so many places to work, and so many jobs to do. Maybe you could fix computers or work in a library. You could wash windows or be the captain of a ship. There is no limit to what you can be. My Body On the top of my head, I have hair. Below my hair is my face. I have two eyes. I have eyebrows and eyelashes. Below my eyes, I have a nose. My mouth is below my nose. I have lips. If I open my lips, you will see my teeth and my tongue.

Below my mouth is my chin. On the sides of my head, I have two ears. My cheeks are on either side of my nose. My neck holds up my head. My neck attaches my head to my chest. On either side of my chest are my shoulders. My arms hang down from my shoulders. I have wrists on my arms. My hands are attached to my wrists. My fingers are part of my hands. I have ten fingers and ten fingernails. My back is at the back of me. Further down, there is my waist. If I wear a belt, I put it on my waist. My hips are below my waist.

My legs come down from my hips. My legs are made up of my thighs, my knees and my calves. My knees can bend. My ankles are below my legs. My feet are attached to my ankles. My toes are part of my feet. I have ten toes and ten toenails. I am me from the top of my head to the tip of my toes.. “}

As found on Youtube

Study English in London

Color Idioms – 2 – Learn English Idioms – EnglishAnyone.com

{“en”:”Align:start here are some more useful color here are some more useful color idioms from English anyone . com idioms from English anyone . com idioms from English anyone . com chasing rainbows chasing chasing rainbows chasing chasing rainbows chasing rainbows means to attempt rainbows means to attempt rainbows means to attempt something very difficult or something very difficult or something very difficult or impossible impossible impossible will our new restaurant succeed will our new restaurant succeed will our new restaurant succeed or are we just chasing rainbows or are we just chasing rainbows or are we just chasing rainbows golden opportunity a golden golden opportunity a golden golden opportunity a golden opportunity is an ideal or opportunity is an ideal or opportunity is an ideal or perfect chance being invited on perfect chance being invited on perfect chance being invited on a TV show is a golden a TV show is a golden a TV show is a golden opportunity to promote our opportunity to promote our opportunity to promote our products brown-noser a products brown-noser a products brown-noser a brown-noser is a person who does brown-noser is a person who does brown-noser is a person who does nice things for superiors to nice things for superiors to nice things for superiors to gain advantage with status that gain advantage with status that gain advantage with status that student does everything for his student does everything for his student does everything for his teacher such a brown-noser green teacher such a brown-noser green teacher such a brown-noser green to be green is to be immature or to be green is to be immature or to be green is to be immature or new it’s something that rookie new it’s something that rookie new it’s something that rookie baseball player is really green baseball player is really green baseball player is really green in the black to be in the black in the black to be in the black in the black to be in the black means to be profitable or means to be profitable or means to be profitable or successful that company sold a successful that company sold a successful that company sold a million books and is now in the million books and is now in the million books and is now in the black black black in the red to be in the red in the red to be in the red in the red to be in the red means to be in debt or means to be in debt or means to be in debt or unprofitable the company has unprofitable the company has unprofitable the company has lost so much money that it’s in lost so much money that it’s in lost so much money that it’s in the red out of the blue the red out of the blue the red out of the blue something that comes out of the something that comes out of the something that comes out of the blue is surprising that squid blue is surprising that squid blue is surprising that squid just came out of the blue and just came out of the blue and just came out of the blue and really scared me a white lie a really scared me a white lie a really scared me a white lie a white lie is an innocent lie white lie is an innocent lie white lie is an innocent lie told to protect someone’s told to protect someone’s told to protect someone’s feelings i told my wife a white feelings i told my wife a white feelings i told my wife a white lie that I really like the meal lie that I really like the meal lie that I really like the meal sheeko for more free tips sheeko for more free tips sheeko for more free tips lessons and videos and to lessons and videos and to lessons and videos and to discover the seven secrets to discover the seven secrets to discover the seven secrets to becoming a confident fluent becoming a confident fluent becoming a confident fluent English speaker easily and English speaker easily and English speaker easily and automatically visit us at automatically visit us at automatically visit us at English anyone .

com. “}

As found on Youtube

Study English in London

Answering Your Questions on Learning English (Part 2) – Can You Understand This Real Conversation?

{“en”:”- Favorite thing in the whole world. – Hello everybody. This is Jack and… – Kate. – from ToFluency.com. Welcome to this live lesson here on YouTube. We are going to answer your questions about learning English, and if you have any questions, please ask us, whether you’re here live or watching the replay. Kate, what should they do (laughs) if they are new here? – Subscribe. – Subscribe. If you are new, subscribe and turn on notifications because we release conversations talking about different topics in English now on a regular basis, right? – Yes, uh-huh. – And I’ve left a link to all those conversations in the description. So, I’m just going to say goodbye to Facebook. Come join us on YouTube. Okay.

So, so, so, so… What have we done so far today, just to give people some context? – Sure. Well, we woke up at about five o’clock because– – Yeah. – Yeah. It’s actually been a long morning despite the fact that it’s not that late, and I then went back to sleep. (laughs) – You went back to sleep, which is very nice. – It was extremely nice, and then we had a babysitter come over to spend some time with our son and daughter, and we went and got coffee. – Yup. What kind of coffee did you get? – I got my first gingerbread latte of the season. – Your first one? – Yes. – Oh yeah, because normally you get the pumpkin spice. – Yes, pumpkin spice season is over.

It’s gingerbread latte season now. – Oh, that’s interesting. I just got a regular coffee with cream. Look at all these people joining online. – Oh wonderful, that’s exciting. – If you are watching live or watching the replay, please hit that like button so more people can find this. I’m just going to read some of the comments, and let’s see if I can do this. If we slide over a little bit Kate, other way. (laughs) There we go. So, we can read some comments live. – Okay. Hold on, let me just- – And everyone watching live can see them too. So, come say hi and tell me where you are watching from. Also, leave your questions in the live chat too. Adam, “Give us good free solutions to learn English.” – Ooh, that’s a good one. – So, free ways to learn English. – Well, one of the free ways is obviously just what we’re doing right now.

The more that you tune in to free content on YouTube, and other, and Facebook is a great way to get some practice listening and speaking. – Yeah, could you just lower your chair a little bit. (laughs) – I was just thinking that. I was just thinking, “I’m taller than you, and I kind of like it.” (laughs) – Yeah, I know you do. – I’ll put my chair down. I know. – Yeah, so listen. Listen as much as possible. – Okay, the elevator is going down. – You ready? That’s better, isn’t it? So yeah, listen as much as possible.

Watch English lessons on YouTube, but also watch things that aren’t made for English learners. – Yes. – In a way, I want you to go find other podcasts and YouTube videos where you can listen to anything that you’re interested in, and I think a good idea, as well, is to learn in English. – Yes, and that’s absolutely been proven true. If you’re both learning new content and English at the same time, that strengthens everything. It just helps your brain make the connections. And also, when you switch to regular content that’s made for English speakers, sometimes the pace is a little bit fast, the vocabulary is more rich or specific, there’s more jargon, so sometimes you just have to just be a little bit patient with that and repeat.

Pick out phrases that you think are interesting. I told you what I think my number one trait in successful English learners is, curiosity. I think that that is just the most important thing to learn anything. You have to be curious. You have to wonder about things, ask yourself questions, and then as you experience English, you can kind of start to fill in the blanks and learn. – What do you think the number one trait is in English learners? – To really want to learn. – To want to learn, yeah. – Because I’ve talked about, in the past, how if you say you’re too busy to learn English, a better way to frame that is to say, “It’s not one of my priorities right now.” And this could be a good thing or a bad thing. If you have children, that’s more of a priority, but a lot of the time, we can always do more.

And if you really want to do something and if you love doing it, then you’re going to do it. You’re going to find the time to do it. – Just thinking about that, I have some knowledge of Spanish and a little bit of French, and I want to continue learning, and I think that right now, our children are probably my number one barrier because I can’t just sit down, and find content, and learn online the way that I did before we had Thomas and Emma, who are our kids. But at the same time, maybe we can look for resources so that we can learn together. I just found some apps on my phone that I’ve been sharing with Thomas, and we’ve been kind of learning together at the same time, which is really neat. – Yes, yes. I have mentioned this before too when it comes to… If you have children, then watch TV shows in English. You need to find time to study and exercise. – Yes, (laughs) that’s multitasking. I’m not sure that I could do that.

(laughs) I’m very impressed. – Yeah, that such a great comment. I’m going to bring the comments up again. We’ll go through some of them quite quickly now. “I like the interaction of live lessons,” says Mariam. “I’m curious, Katy.” – Uh-oh. – (laughs) Let’s see what else other people are saying. “I don’t have anyone to have conversations with, so can you give me a suggestion?” This one here. “I can learn to speak English by myself. “Is it possible?” – Ooh, good questions. – Well, I have a method for this if you go to ToFluency.com/speaking. There will be a link in the description too. Because there are two main ways you can improve your speaking. Obviously, we need to learn grammar and vocabulary, but there’s natural practice, and then there’s something that I call the LRRC method. Do you know what that stands for? – Oh, my goodness. I’m on the spot here. – Sorry, I put Kate on the spot.

– No, no, I should know. I’m sorry. – Listen to a phrase, repeat it, record yourself repeating it, and then compare your version to the original, and then you get long-term repetition too, so you can improve your speaking from anywhere in the world. And a lot of people complain that they don’t have anyone to practice with, but you can do online language exchanges, you can pay a teacher to have a conversation with you, and make friends. – True. – Make friends. – Yeah. – Yeah. – Cool. Let’s go back to the comments. “Do you speak Arabic?” – I do not. – Do you speak Persian? – No, I do not. – (speaks in foreign language). (both laugh) – Jack has a very dear friend who is originally from Iran, and we tried to learn some phrases to surprise him, but I think we just confused him. (laughs) – Yeah, he didn’t understand what I was saying, unfortunately. “Do you have any idea about English films or series?” – Ooh. – I guess maybe a suggestion for people who want to learn English through movies or TV.

– Ooh, that’s an interesting one. I think I might have to think about that a little bit more, but if anybody’s had any TV shows or films that have really helped them, feel free to chime in. – Yeah, chime in to leave a comment in this situation. Yeah, what are we watching at the moment? – Well, we’re still watching Stranger Things. – Yeah. It only came out about a month ago, the second season. – But I like to do something called binge watching because the end of an episode always ends on a little bit of a cliffhanger, so the characters are in trouble, or something’s about to happen and you want to know what happens next, so I tend to sit down and just watch episode after episode, and then come back to it the next day. You can kind of space it out a little bit more, but life has just been a little bit hectic. We haven’t been able to watch TV as much as possible. – No. Yeah, so episodes end on a cliffhanger, which means it’s like in the middle of a story, an important part of it, and you really want to know what happens next.

– I’m excited. There’s a new series out on Amazon called Victoria. – Is it similar to Elizabeth? – The Crown, yes. – The Crown, right. – And there’s another season of that too, which I like that. I tend to like historical… – Historical shows. – Shows, yes. – Yeah, they’re fun. Let’s see. “I tried to do a language exchange, “but many people don’t correct you.” Oh, Esther is here. Esther is a long-time viewer. – Hello, Esther. – I think from Argentina. Let me know if that’s not correct. Some people are talking in French. “I can see what a beautiful day in your city.” What is the weather like today? – Beautiful. – Beautiful. – You’re correct. – Yeah, sunny. It’s warm. – Yeah, it is. It’s very warm. – For this time of year, yeah. “Watching movies can help us a lot as well.” – I prefer a TV series because you get more repetition in the language, and movies can be very artistic, and the dialogue is very quiet at times. It can be more difficult.

But I think TV series, it’s more conversational, especially when you think about something like Friends, everyday English. There’s so much in there. Denise is here. Good to see you, Denise. “What do you think about reading “classic books to improve English?” This is your topic. – Yes, this is something I’m really passionate about because I was an English literature teacher for several years. And I think that reading is a really interesting way to improve your vocabulary because there’s just so much richer language in novels, so novels are generally a much higher Lexile level than we speak in conversation. However, that can be a little bit of a trap in terms of your conversational English because, a lot of times, there is vocabulary in literature and grammar structures that we don’t actually use in everyday speech.

– Fantastic. – So, I think that reading is a wonderful way to improve your vocabulary, but it doesn’t always translate into speaking. One way to kind of get around this when you have enough of a level in English is to look into audiobooks, and the Lexile level is obviously the same, but you’ll actually get a sense of the rhythm of the language when it’s spoken, and so that can help. Yes. – Sorry, Lexile level? – Yes. – Explain. – It’s just basically, it’s kind of an arbitrary– Not arbitrary, but it’s a measure of the level of vocabulary, the complexity of the language, and the way that it’s used. – It’s just like how hard the book is. – How hard it is, and higher is not always better. – I agree, I agree. I made a video on comparing… I think it was maybe Pride and Prejudice with the original version and the graded reader, and a graded reader is an adaption of a book for English learners. – Yeah, so an adaptation that’s made just for English learners? – Exactly. And a lot of the time, if someone is an English learner…

And maybe you have felt like this too that, “Oh, I don’t want something that is adapted,” but it is very useful for English. – One thing, which is actually… I will completely admit this. I read a lot when I was younger, and so I had a vocabulary level that was a lot higher than my speaking level, if that makes sense. – It does. – And English is one of the only languages where we borrow from so many different languages, and there’s no standard English pronunciation, which I’m sure you have figured out, so when an English person or a native English speaker reads a word for the first time, they don’t know how to pronounce it, necessarily. – Exactly. – So, it’s interesting because we take pronunciation rules from so many different languages, which I think is really fascinating. So when I was little, I would mispronounce words a lot, especially longer words that I’d never heard used before, and so that’s one way to tell that people have learned a lot from reading, even native speakers. – Very good. That’s such a good point on audiobooks. So, let’s have a look. Let’s do some more questions.

– Ooh, are there any questions that are less about learning and more personal? Or not personal, but… – Oh, yeah. Yeah, feel free to ask us anything. – Within reason. – Within reason. – Yeah. Let’s answer some of these quickly now. So, (mumbles) “How writing should be used to improve English?” Or how can you improve your writing? I think write as much as possible, and I like a method where you copy. – Oh, okay. – So, you take a book, or an article, or a conversation, and you just copy it. – Copy it, okay. – Imagine drinking some tea with classical music and just copying. It’s nice and relaxed. – I think I’m really into the tea and the classical music, so that kind of connects the dots.

Actually, writing is really neat, the way that it can help you learn and reinforce what you’re learning because when you write, you’re using your body in a way that helps you make those connections. So actually, when you’re writing, you can have more deep, complex thoughts than you can without writing it down, so writing is a tool that helps us kind of go deeper into our thoughts and realize things, so as an English learner, if you just sit down and try to write in English, you will actually kind of help yourself learn the language a little bit more deeply.

So, when I was teaching middle schoolers, I would always have them… There’s two different ways to think about it. It’s writing to learn and learning to write, and so obviously, these two go together, but a lot of times, when you’re just writing in a way where you’re not worried about grammar or spelling, you’re just getting the words onto the page, that’s helping you learn at a deeper level. – Yeah, I love that. I write something every day for a good– – You do? – I journal. – You journal? Oh, neat. – Yeah, yeah. – I did not know that about you. I honestly didn’t know. – I do, I’ve journaled for two years every day, and I’m just going to show you what it’s like. – I promise, we’re actually married. We do know each other. (both laugh) – Look, Thoughts. I’ve just got this thing called Thoughts, and I just write my thoughts every day. – Is there a thought that you could share? – Yeah, okay. This is on the 23rd of November. “235 pounds on the dead lift. “Felt great, getting heavier and heavier. “Got four, will add five pounds next week.” Just very simple, but just talking about my progress in the gym, all those different types of things.

What? (Kate laughs) Kate’s prodding me. She’s pushing me, and I don’t know why. (laughs) – It’s the light. – Well yeah, so you want me to… – To come forward just a cinch. – Yeah, okay. (Kate laughs) So, Kate kept pushing me. (laughs) That reminds me of… I won’t say your specific example, but there are so many times in a restaurant or a bar, and I’m telling a story and Kate pinches me. (Kate laughs) It’s a pinch under the table, and I say, “Why are you pinching me?” But she’s doing that so I stop saying something. – Telling the story. Because usually you’re telling some story that’s really embarrassing for me, and so I’m like, “Jack, stop telling this story, stop.” But inevitably, instead of stopping, you turn around and go, “Why are you pinching me?” (laughs) – Exactly, exactly, when I should just stop saying what I’m saying.

– (laughs) Well, I think I also maybe need to be a little bit less sensitive. – Right. Shall we go quickly? – Okay. – “When will you guys go live again?” – Ooh. – Maybe next week? – Yeah, maybe – “What do you think about reading the Harry Potter books to improve vocabulary?” – I am all for it. (laughs) – I have never read a Harry Potter book. – You know what? I think that we will read them with our son eventually because they’re great, and I really like the way that JK Rowling, she uses the English language in really interesting ways. So, everything that she names that’s imaginary is really kind of clever. – Very good. “You use pounds?” So yeah, I was talking about pounds for weight.

I do now, because in the UK, we use usually stone but kilograms too, but I’m used to pounds now. – In my head, whenever you say stones, I’m like, “What stones?” – It’s confusing. – Like, I’m trying to imagine an actual stone. – Well, it’s like cups in America for measuring things. But yeah, here’s a great phrase. I used to use pounds, but now I am used to… No, I used to use kilograms, but now I’m used to pounds. Used, use, used, use. I made a video on that as well. I’ll leave a link below. “Could… (laughs) “Could Kate beat you up?” (Kate laughs) Probably. You’re very feisty. – I am feisty, but I don’t know if I could beat you up. I don’t think I would want to, in any event. – “How to get rid of shyness when speaking English?” – That’s hard. – Get out of your comfort zone, I say, little by little. I was so nervous about making videos at first, and I made a video and shared it with a few people, but you have to make that effort to get out of your comfort zone, to do something that’s a little bit uncomfortable, and then you can build on that, and it soon becomes normal.

– I have a couple of ideas as well to help that because that’s something that I really struggle with too, especially in foreign languages. And my first suggestion is to just try to make it a situation where you feel the most comfortable speaking. So, if you’re somebody that really likes to have kind of quiet conversations, see if you can find a language exchange. If you’re somebody that’s comfortable in crowds, maybe join in a YouTube conversation or a language community to practice speaking.

And then, this is actually something that really doesn’t apply to everyone, but if you are somebody who does drink alcohol or feels comfortable drinking alcohol, they actually came out with a study that you speak better in a foreign language when you’ve had a drink or two, and I think that’s because… And this is true for everybody. There’s inhibitions. We’re kind of held back from speaking in a foreign language, and alcohol lowers that just a little. So, it’s not necessary by any means, but that is something that you can try. Like, you think that you’re speaking better, and you might actually be speaking better. – Yeah, because your confidence increases too, definitely. And a lot of the time, people don’t speak because they’re worried about making mistakes. It’s so common that people stop themselves from speaking because they don’t want to make those mistakes, and I felt this in a huge way in Spain where you don’t want to talk about things. But also– – And sometimes, you actually are making mistakes, and that’s okay too.

– Exactly. – And those are the funniest stories. I’m not sure if I’ve told this story before, but when we were living in Spain, I went to get new contact lenses for my eyes, and basically, I went in and I said that I needed “lentejas,” which are lentils, little tiny beans. I was like, “I need lentils to put in my eyes.” And I’m so glad that I had the confidence to just go in and ask because it’s the funniest story now. But you know, when you think about it in your head, what’s the worst that could happen? – Yeah, definitely. – You have a funny story. – And we don’t care if someone makes a mistake. – Oh, not at all. I think that the fear in your head is 100 times greater, and you think that people are so worried about you making mistakes, but the reality is that most of that is just in your head. Nobody cares as much as you do, if that helps.

– Very good. Israel says, “Listening is very hard for me.” Kate mentioned something before, which is repetition, and I’m going to start talking about repetition a lot. Do you understand? (laughs) – You’re going to repeat and repeat? – Yeah, exactly. I’m going to keep repeating– – Keep repeating. (laughs) – how important repetition is because it is vital. So, what I want everyone to do as well is to watch this lesson again because you’ll understand so much more the second time. – And just something that can help with listening, especially if you find reading easier, is to watch things with subtitles, not in your language but in English.

And sometimes your brain will translate that back, but that’s a way of reinforcing the language, and then eventually you can get to the point where you take the subtitles away and you just listen to the language on the screen and help your brain make those connections. I have found that really helpful in the past. – So, here is a good strategy. You can watch it the first time without, second time with, and then without. – Or two times with and two times without, but that progression from with English subtitles to no subtitles can be really helpful. And a lot of times you know a word because you’ve read it, but you don’t know how it sounds in conversation, especially with relaxed pronunciation where the words kind of go together, et cetera.

– “I’m gonna wanna to go soon.” – Yes. – “I’m gonna wanna to go.” – Oh, I thought you meant right now. (laughs) – No, no, that was an example. – I was like, “Okay, okay, we’re ready, let’s go.” – I was very relaxed. I’ve got an answer for this. Breezy day, “What is the hardest thing “about English grammar?” What’s the hardest part of English grammar? For me, English grammar isn’t hard or easy. It’s just whether you have had repetition with it because people say irregular verbs are hard, but everyone here, I’m sure, can say “I am, you are, he is.” That’s an irregular verb, but you say this all the time, therefore you can use it. And it’s the same with phrasal verbs. I imagine people can say, “I wake up, I wake up at” because of the repetition of this.

And that’s what I teach in my method, so go to ToFluency.com/speaking to learn more about this. There’ll be a link below. “Use subtitles in YouTube, I do also.” Yeah, I add the subtitles to most videos because I know how important it is. (laughs) I don’t know what you’re laughing about. – I don’t know. – (laughs) I’m laughing too. Valdinei, “I have just shared your video on my Facebook.” – Thank you. – Thank you so much. Yeah, if you are enjoying this, then please share it. You can also, you know, on YouTube, you can share it through messenger or your messages, or WhatsApp, so you can send it to individual people too.

“Do you want your children to learn another language?” – Yes, very much so, and I think that this is just going to be an ongoing process because we had intentions to help our son by raising him bilingually in Spanish and English. But even though we had that intention, it hasn’t quite turned out that way, so we’re just continually working to try to expose him to different languages and to work with that because that is such a gift to be able to speak another language, not only to communicate with everyone else, but also just to have a brain that can understand other cultures and other ways of thinking about the world and speaking. – Yeah, so Kate used a few good phrases there.

It hasn’t turned out that way, which means like… How would you explain “turn out”? – “Turn out”? Just the end result. – The end result, perfect. I need you here. (both laugh) So yeah, the end result at the moment isn’t what we intended in the past, but there’s still time. And he is learning English. Sorry, Spanish, at school. – He is. – Because he says, “Buenos dias,” doesn’t he? – He does, it’s adorable. – Sometimes, “Uno, dos, tres.” Someone had a question. “Do you guys have any habit phrases “that you use a lot in conversation?” In my program, the ToFluency program, that’s what I give you, over 1000 fluency phrases that we use. They’re from the conversations that we have, and I give them to you in audio format and also as memory cards, memory cards so that you can get that repetition.

– Like flash cards? – Yeah. – Cool. – I call them memory cards. Maybe I should change that name. – That’s okay. – Also, if you can think of a better name for the LRRC method, let me know. – (laughs) Okay. – Yousef, “The first time I’ve joined your channel.” Thank you so much for being here. If you are new here, subscribe and click that notification bell. So, Dylan is here. “Love your lessons. “I’ve studied in Australia for more than two years.

“Most of the time, I stay here except for the holidays.” You’ve been to Australia. – I have. – Yeah, I want to go. “How can I be fluent in English without phrasal verbs?” – Just… – I think it’s… To be honest, phrasal verbs end up being a big part of fluency. – “End up.” – Yes, for example. (laughs) So, it’s just something to keep working on and to be curious about like, “Oh, that’s an interesting way to use that verb,” and just to remember it and to be open to it. It’s like, is there… I don’t know if there’s a name for this phenomenon, but once you’re aware of something, you see it everywhere.

– Confirmation bias, right? – Oh, it that what it’s called? – Oh, I think that’s … No, conversation bias is when you are looking for anything that supports your argument, so I guess it’s true. It’s similar, isn’t it? But it’s like when you get a new car, you’re looking at other cars. You get new shoes, you’re looking at everyone’s– – You see everyone else’s shoes. You get new phrasal verbs, you hear them everywhere. (laughs) – Yeah, definitely. “I feel bored with memory cards. “Is it okay for me to keep the LRRC method without it?” Definitely. The other thing with memory cards is delete the ones… If a card is boring, it means you know it, so delete it, and then you can use the ones that will help you. – Yes. – Got some nice comments. – Woo-hoo, thank you. – “Recommend to improve pronunciation, “Listen and try to repeat several times?” Yeah, and record yourself because then you can notice the differences between how you say it and how the original audio says it too. And then, it’s important to know the sounds and how to make them, and this is inside the ToFluency program too. – And that’s part of that confidence too.

And actually, sometimes when I hear my own recorded voice, I think, “Oh no, it that what I sound like?” Because in my head, I just sound so confident and so… – Sassy. – Sassy and so, I don’t know, so grown up, and then I hear my voice, and to me, it sounds like, you know, not that way. And so, but the more that you speak and the more that you hear your voice recorded, just like I’ll hear this voice recorded, you build your confidence. – “The way you speak is beautiful,” Khadija. – Thank you. (laughs) – Yeah, and also, you do sound different when it’s recorded. – Yes, your recorded voice is different. – Yeah, it is. But I’m also… I talked about this in the car. I don’t know if you were listening, but– (laughs) – How rude. I always listen to you.

(laughs) – I bought some courses on Black Friday to help me improve my speaking voice. – In Spanish? – No, English. – Oh, okay. See, everybody’s learning. (both laugh) – Yeah, but it’s more about the way you speak and breathe, and like coming from the diaphragm, and I’ve learned that there are different types of voices. There’s the nasal voice, the throat voice. – The throat voice. – The chest voice. – The chest voice. – And then, the diaphragm voice. – The diaphragm voice. (laughs) – Kate can’t do it. – I need to take the course. (laughs) – But it’s really interesting. And also, they have different warmup exercises for your mouth. – They don’t say “Benedict Cumberbatch”? – Benedict Cumberbatch, Benedict Cumberbatch. – I love it. (laughs) – What is that article? – If you are not familiar with the work of this very talented actor from Great Britain, he also has one of the most ridiculous names, and if you Google it, you will see all of the ways that people have messed it up, and I love it. – He’s from Sherlock. That’s how most people– – Know him. – He’s Sherlock Holmes. Margarida, who is a ToFluency program member, “I love memory cards.” – Oh, great.

– Yeah, and also, you can make them enjoyable if you have fun with them because you get a flash card, and if you just read, it’s boring, but if you repeat it and say it with some enthusiasm, an intonation, stress, then you’ll enjoy it, but also you’ll improve too. – Are you speaking from your diaphragm right now? – No. No, I need to practice. So you breathe in for five seconds, and then you hum. (both hum) Deeper. (Kate hums) – I’ll make a video on it. – Okay. – Basma, “Do you know, “I found formal English, it’s too hard.

“It’s harder than slang words.” Interesting. – Yeah, interesting. – Here’s a quick question. What is a new slang term that you have learned recently? – Oh, my gosh. I feel like I’m constantly learning slang terms and also abbreviations. – Abbreviations? – Mm-hmm. Like, for the longest time, I didn’t know that SMH stood for “shake my head,” so when you’re feeling– – You asked me that.

– I did. (laughs) – Yeah, and I think I– – Jack knows more about those kinds of things, so I just never knew what people were talking to. It means, like (sighs). – Have you listened or watched any videos from young YouTubers or Instagram people? – No. – Because that’s how you learn, and it confuses me. Everyone says “bro” these days. – “Bro”? – “Bro” or “bruh.” – “Bruh.” Or “Bae.” – Or “bae,” yeah. It’s quite crazy. “Is it a problem if we mix British with American English?” I don’t think so. – I guess we kind of do it all the time. – I do it all the– I don’t know which one is which anymore. – Yes. (laughs) – And because I have lived in America with kids, but I haven’t lived in the UK with kids, then there are certain terms that I don’t know what they are in British English.

– Yeah, or you know them, but you don’t use them. – It sound strange. – Like pacifier instead of dummy or crib instead of cot. – Diaper instead of– – What do you say? – Nappy. – Oh yeah. That’s neat. – Stroller and a pram. We’ll make a video on that. Hello to Indonesia. “Do you have any grammar lessons?” I do, and I have another one coming on Thursday. The difference between “will be going to” and the present continuous.

– Ooh, that’s one of my favorites. – (laughs) Really? Have you seen it? It’s very good. It’s the one where you criticize my hair hypothetically. – (laughs) I don’t criticize your hair. – No, but the hypothetical one. “I’d love to join your program, “but I still don’t have my blue card, payment card.” Just get in touch when you get that. – In the meantime, there’s a lot of resources that are available on YouTube and on Jack’s website too. – Definitely. ToFluency.com/speaking. I should give away some free memory cards. Do you think so? – Yeah, to give people a taste of kind of what’s inside your course? I think that would be a great idea. And to see whether the method is a good fit for what they need to practice speaking. – Yeah, definitely, definitely. Well, shall we wrap it up? – Yes. – We have another conversation coming very soon, next week. So again, if you’re new, please subscribe and click the notification bell, so then you’ll get an email from YouTube.

Do you get notified from my channel, Kate? – I do. – Yeah? As soon as you see the notification, do you swipe and watch the video? If you’re in it? (laughs) – Well… Yeah, and I think if anyone has– Because we probably did not get to all the questions, so if you have– And if you have any questions that you haven’t typed in, feel free to leave them and we’ll try to address those questions in our next video. – Oh, and do you want to ask a question for everyone, Kate’s question? – Yes. Because we’ve been speaking a lot about speaking, is there any English phrase, for whatever reason, that you particularly like to say? – I love that.

– Like, your favorite phrase to say in English. – It’s the one that you have in Spanish. – I’ll have to think about that. – We used to like saying “es que” all the time, “es que, bueno, es que.” (both laugh) What else did we used to like to say? – Let me think. I remember in Valencia, everyone used to say “mira.” – “Mira.” – “Mira,” like “look.” (laughs) It was something that was said with some attitude, and I really enjoyed saying that. I think I had a little bit of a different personality sometimes when I spoke in Spanish. – Definitely. – I was much more assertive, much more aggressive, and so maybe you’ll find that you have a secret English personality when you speak English a lot, which is different from your language. – Yeah, and that’s a really good point. Find your personality and be that personality when you speak in English. It’s a great opportunity to… – Be someone new. – Be someone new. And obviously, you’re still the same person, but just a little bit different. Okay. Everybody, if you have enjoyed this… Go on, Kate. What should they do? (laughs) – Subscribe. – Subscribe, like, share, and answer Kate’s question, which is, “Is there a particular phrase “that you like using in English?” Something that you just enjoy.

– Or a word that you think sounds really cool? (laughs) – Yeah, and please let me know if you have learned any new slang terms recently because I’m learning too. Fantastic. And if you want to watch more lessons, then I’ll leave some on your screen now. Thank you so much for being here. We’ll see you in the next conversation. Bye for now.. “}

As found on Youtube

Study English in London

Learn English and Improve Vocabulary through Story: Swan lake (level 1) – Part 2

{“en”:”Chapter six The Ball The ballroom in the palace was very big. There were hundreds of men and women dancing in the centre. Along the walls there were long white tables. They had candles and all kinds of food on them. At the top of the room, on a stage, were three large chairs. The Queen sat in the middle and Zigfried sat on her right. The chair on the left was empty. It was for the Princess who would be Zigfried’s wife. “Which Princess do you like the best?” “The one I will choose is not here yet.” “But you have met them all, surely?” “There is another one, mother, and she is a surprise. You will see.” Every time a new guest arrived, the ballroom doors were opened, and everyone fell silent.

A servant called out the guests’ names as they entered. Each time this happened, the Prince became very excited. But Odile never arrived. It was almost twelve o’clock. Zigfried had promised his mother that he would choose a bride by midnight. The two large doors opened. “Please, let it be her!” It was a giant cake with 18 candles on it. Everyone in the room began to sing. “Happy Birthday to you, Happy Birthday to you, Happy Birthday Prince Zigfried, Happy Birthday to you!” Zigfried and his mother walked towards the enormous cake. “Now, make a wish and blow out all the candles.” No one heard him, but Zigfried said, “I wish Odile would come and be my wife.” He blew out the candles and everyone cheered.

The doors opened. “Princess Odile.” It was Odet dressed as Odile. She wore a long white dress and long white gloves. The gold crown was shining on her head. She held a bouquet of flowers in her arms. She smiled as she walked towards the Queen and Prince. She gave the Queen the flowers, then bowed. “Mother, this is Odile, the Princess I met in the forest.” “I knew your father. I’m sorry. I thought everyone had died in the fire. You must be the only one who lived.” Odet did not know what the wizard had done to Odile’s parents. She stopped smiling. “Oh Mother, her story is too sad to tell. Let us enjoy this evening together. We are her family now.” “Do you mean you wish to choose Princess Odile as your wife?” “Yes, Mother, I do.” The Queen raised her hand for the men to sound their horns.

Everyone was quiet. “Ladies and gentlemen, I would like to announce the engagement of my son, Prince Zigfried. After tonight, he will be the King of this land, and he has chosen Princess Odile to be his wife.” Zigfried and Odet danced together. Everyone around them clapped their hands. “Odile, I knew you would come. How did you escape from the evil wizard?” “I… I ran away.” “And he did not see you?” The Prince stepped back so he could look at Odet’s eyes. His heart sank when he saw those eyes. They looked like Odile’s, but there was something missing in them. He didn’t love her. Odet began to lie about her escape from Rocford. “I saw a falling star in the sky. I closed my eyes and made a wish. When I opened them, I was in a carriage pulled by horses. That’s how I got here. It must mean we were meant to be together. Oh Zigfried, tell me you will love me forever.” He held her close, because he did not want to look in her eyes. He knew he had loved Odile when he had first seen her. Now he didn’t know. He thought there must be something wrong with him.

“Odile, I promise always to love you and never leave you.” Chapter seven Odile Escapes Odile stood at her window, looking at the stars and the moon. There were bars at the window, but they were not necessary. Her window was high above a river. If she tried to escape, she would almost certainly fall into the water and die. Her bird, Patrice, chirped behind her. She turned to look at the bird. “Oh Patrice, I understand you. I am in a cage, too. But you must want to get out. I’m sorry I never thought of it. I have kept you locked up just like Rocford has kept me locked up. Because you are my only friend in this world, I wanted you to stay. But you must be free to fly.” Odile took the bird cage to the window. She opened its small door. “Fly away, Patrice, and be free! Find another bird to love. It is the only thing worth living for.” The bird flew from its cage, through the bars on the window, into the night. Odile closed her eyes. She imagined that she was Patrice flying over the forest and lake.

She flew into the garden of the palace, she landed on a palace wall and looked into a large window at the ball. Beautiful women in beautiful dresses were dancing with handsome men. She saw the prince with his mother and the cake with the eighteen candles. Then, Odet entered the room dressed as her. When she opened her eyes, she found to her amazement that she was outside the palace window. When she had set the bird free, she had also set herself free.

Because she believed with all her heart in love and freedom, everything that she imagined came true. The wizard knew that Odile hated him, and it made him angry. He wanted to make her love him, so he decided to have a ball for her. Using his magic, he made a large room full of people dancing. He changed himself into a young man again, the same young man he was when he had taken Odile from her parents.

He went to her room with flowers. He knocked on her door. “Odile, I have a surprise for you.” There was no answer. He couldn’t even hear the bird. “Odile, it’s me, Rocford. I’ve decided to take you to a ball.” When there was no answer and he heard nothing, he became angry. He made the door disappear. His anger turned him back into the old, evil man that he was. He saw the bird cage on the floor. The room was empty. Roaring with anger, he turned himself into an owl and flew from the castle towards the palace. Chapter eight The Prince Chases the Princess When Odile saw Odet dancing with Zigfried, she ran to the palace entrance. The guards stopped her. “Who are you?” “My name is Princess Odile. The Prince is expecting me.” “No. Princess Odile has already entered. You must be lying.” “Please, you must believe me. That is not Princess Odile. She is lying.” But the guards wouldn’t believe her. She ran back to the window and knocked hard on it. Everyone turned to look at her. The Prince could not believe what he saw – two Odiles.

He looked at Odet. “What is going on?” “I don’t know. The evil wizard must have changed someone to look like me.” Odile kept knocking on the window. She was crying. Zigfried could now see that she had the same eyes as the swan. Rocford flew down next to Odile as the owl. He held her in both arms. “Did you think you could escape from me?” The Prince ran from the ballroom.

He saw Odile fighting with the wizard. “Take your hands off her, Rocford.” Rocford let go of Odile’s arms. “I should have killed you that day at the lake. But I will be happy to do it now.” The wizard lifted up his hand. Odile stopped him. “Wait! Don’t do it. I’ll go with you. I’ll do what you want. Just don’t hurt him.” “Odile, what are you saying? Don’t leave me again!” She could not look at him, because if she did, she would not want to leave. “I’m doing this for us. If you die, I will die with you. It is better for us to live and hope to be together one day.” Odet ran out of the palace.

She still looked like Odile. “Who is this, then?” “It is Odet, the wizard’s evil daughter. She only looks like me. Look into her eyes and you will know.” “I knew it.” Odet also had magical powers. She changed herself back to her real body. “It is too late Zigfried. You promised to marry me and love me forever. If you do not keep this promise, you will never be able to keep another.” Odet changed herself into a bird.

The wizard was an owl and Odile was a swan. They flew together away from the palace, back to Rocford’s castle. The Queen and many others came out of the palace to see what had happened. Zigfried went after Odile. “Guards, bring me my horse.” “Zigfried, where are you going? Where is the Princess?” “She has gone away, Mother, and I must find her.” The guards brought the prince a beautiful white horse, and gave him his sword. “Do you want us to call the men, Your Highness?” “No, this is something I must do alone.” “Zigfried, do not leave the palace alone. If something happens to you, we will be without a king. It is your duty to stay with me!” “Mother, being a King means nothing if you are not with the woman you love. I would rather die than leave Odile with that evil wizard.” The Prince spurred his horse on and rode quickly towards the dark forest.

Chapter nine The Fir Rocford, Odet and Odile flew onto the tower of the castle. They changed back into people. Odile was weeping loudly. The wizard just laughed his evil laugh and said: “Odile, now I know how to get you to marry me. If you don’t, I will kill the Prince, and you will watch him die.” “Father, you do not have to kill Zigfried. He has already promised to marry me. He cannot break such a promise.” “Neither of you has a heart. How can you ever expect to be happy if you know that someone does not love you? But you will see. Love is stronger than spells. You will never succeed in getting what you want.” At this, they saw Zigfried coming towards the castle on his horse. “We shall see which is stronger, love or hate!” The wizard made a wall of fire appear in front of Zigfried. Zigfried could only think of Odile. He rode right through the fire without getting hurt.

Odile said triumphantly: “You see. I am right.” As she ran from the wizard, he tried to block her way by making the doors close in front of her. But Odile just ran faster and escaped through each one. The Prince saw Odile on the steps going up to the tower. He took her in his arms. “Odile, I will never let you leave me again. Say that you will stay with me forever.” “I will, I will! I love you Zigfried!” The wizard appeared at the top of the steps. Odet was behind him. “You will not escape death this time, Zigfried.” The Prince took out his sword. Odile tried to stop him. “Do not fight him, Zigfried. If he kills you, I will lose everyone I’ve ever loved.” “You are right Odile. Zigfried is only a boy. He is no match for me. Now, come back to your room, and let this little boy go home to his mother.” “Rocford, your words will not discourage me.

I would kill you now, but I will give you one last chance to live. Let us leave in peace and never come near Odile again.” “You really are a little boy if you think that you can harm me.” Rocford raised his hand, and Odile flew through the air to where Odet stood. Zigfried ran at Rocford and tried to stab him with his sword. Rocford put his hand up. The sword touched it and turned into water. Without a sword, Zigfried attacked the wizard. Rocford threw Zigfried down the steps. He picked up a stick and turned it into a sword. He pointed it at Zigfried’s heart as he lay on the ground. “Rocford! Don’t!” “Say you will marry me Odile, and I will let him live.” ”Don’t do it Odile! Don’t make yourself more unhappy just for me!” The wizard prodded Zigfried with the sword. “And you have promised to marry me, Zigfried. You said you would always love me.” “I said that because I thought you were Odile.

I would never marry you. I would rather die.” Zigfried took the wizard’s sword and pushed it deep into his own heart. “Zigfried, no!” Something strange began to happen. The castle began to shake. Large stones fell from the ceiling, and Rocford and Odet were killed. Odile ran to Zigfried. She took the sword out of his heart and pulled his body out of the castle, before it fell to the ground. Chapter ten The Wedding Dawn broke in the forest, but no birds sang. The castle was nothing but a pile of stones. The only sound was Odile crying over Zigfried’s body. “Oh Zigfried, my one true love! Why did you have to die?” At this, the Prince opened first one eye, then the other. “You’re alive! Oh, Zigfried!” She hugged the Prince and cried tears of happiness.

“I love you, Odile. I knew that my love was stronger than that sword. Nothing is more powerful than a person’s heart. Tell me you will marry me, and I will love you forever.” “Of course I will Zigfried. You have made my dreams come true. We were right to believe in love!” They left the old castle together on Zigfried’s horse. When they came to the lake near the palace, they saw Ozlowe. He was not a statue anymore. He stood scratching his head. All of the wizard’s spells had been broken when he died.

The Prince was full of joy. “Ozlowe!” “Master Zigfried, I don’t know what happened. I was standing here about to shoot a swan.” “That will teach you never to kill anything. This is Princess Odile. She was the swan you tried to kill.” Ozlowe was very confused. “Prince Zigfried, I think I’d better go to bed. I don’t feel very well.” When the servants and the Queen heard about Zigfried and Odile’s marriage, there was a big celebration. All the people in the land and the surrounding kindoms were invited to the wedding. It took place at the edge of the lake, where Zigfried had first seen Odile. Odile wore a beautiful long wedding dress. Zigfried’s mother walked towards them. “Zigfried, I want you to know that what you did was right.

Though I asked you to stay at the palace, you left for a better reason. You should always follow your heart, especially when it is full of love. You father would be very proud of you.” Zigfried’s mother was so happy she had tears in her eyes. The Prince took Odile’s hands. They stood together in front of the lake. The Queen put the King’s crown on Zigfried’s head. The priest spoke to the new King and Queen. “Marriage is a wonderful thing. And what makes this marriage special is that the love you have for each other will affect everyone in this land. Through your happiness, we will become happy. Through your love for each other, we will love each other. Is this what you want? Is your love strong enough to lead a land of people who need joy in their lives?” Odile spoke first. “It is.” “Of course, it is!” “Then by the power that is given to me by God, I pronounce you husband and wife.” At that moment a joyful chirp was heard and a little bird flew from a rose bush and sat on Odile’s hand.

“Patrice, my little friend! You’re back!” Then Odile turned to Zigfried and said: “You see my beloved King, love is stronger than anything in this world. When you love somebody or something you never lose them.” Zigfried looked lovingly into his bride’s eyes, they kissed and everybody cheered.. “}

As found on Youtube

Study English in London

How to pronounce BEER, BEAR & BEARD (UK & US) | English Pronunciation

{“en”:”Hi guys, welcome back to English with Max. Today I just have a short video for you. We are going to look at the pronunciations of these three words. We’ll look at both the British and American pronunciations. Before I continue, remember that you can follow me on social media, don’t forget to share this with your friends, and remember to hit the red subscribe button if you want to be updated on new videos. Okay, let’s first look at this word. In the UK and Australia the standard pronunciation is: beer. Be-er. Beer. This is a bottle of beer. You do not pronounce the R unless the next word starts with a vowel sound. For example: I would like beer and chips for dinner. Beer and chips. Because I’m a healthy person. In standard American pronunciation, the R is always pronounced. Beer. Beer. Now let’s look at this word. In British pronunciation it’s: bear. Bear. A koala is not a bear. Like with “beer”, in British pronunciation you only pronounce the R if the following word starts with a vowel sound. In American pronunciation you always pronounce the R. Bear. Bear. Now, how do you think this word is pronounced? You might think that it’s pronounced “behd” or “behrd”, but it is actually closer to the first word: beer.

In fact it is exactly the same as “beer”, but with a D on the end: beard. I know, it doesn’t really make sense. If you don’t know what a beard is, it’s the hair that some men allow to grow on this part of the face. At the moment, particularly in English-speaking countries, they’re quite fashionable, especially among hipsters. Just so I don’t offend too many people, I have nothing against short, well-maintained beards, but these long ones like this that look like you could store food in them for later… Well, to each his own. Anyway, the British pronunciation is: beard. The American pronunciation is: beard. Beard. Thanks very much for watching. If you found this useful, please click the thumbs up, and don’t hesitate to leave a comment.

Bye-bye.. “}

As found on Youtube

Study English in London

My TOP 5 Writing Tips (for all levels)

{“en”:”Hello. My name is Emma, and in today’s video I am going to teach you some great writing tips. These tips are for both academic writing and non-academic writing. Okay? So it’s for writing in general. Now, this video is going to be in two parts, because I have so many tips, so I’m going to give five tips in this video and five tips in the next video. Okay, so let’s get started. So, there are so many different ways… Or so many different types of writing we do in our lives; we write emails, we write essays if we’re a student, we might write a Facebook post, or we might write a resume or a cover letter.

So it’s very important to develop your writing skills because you will be writing throughout your life a lot. So let’s look at my first tip. My first tip is: It’s very important to think about the genre of what you’re writing. “Genre” is a very fancy word that pretty much means type. So, a genre of writing might be an essay, or it might be a cover letter, or an email, or a tweet. These are all different genres, and each one of these has a different expectation on what you should include and how you should write it. So it’s very important, first step is: Know the genre or know the type, and know what is expected of you.

Also important in this is knowing your audience, or thinking about your audience. So, for example, if you write an email, the language you’re going to use and the way you’re going to write will be different if you write an email to your friend versus an email to your boss. So it’s important to think about: “Who are you writing to?” because this is going to help you decide what to write and how to write it.

Same with, you know, if you are on Twitter and you write a tweet, or on Facebook a Facebook post, you know, it’s important to think about your audience. You know, are you writing this post for friends to see, or is this a post your boss might see, or members of the public? You know, and that could be a problem. So it’s important to think about, especially with this and on other social media, too: Audience. Who will see this and what will they think about it, and what are their expectations? You know, some people work for companies where they’re responsible for social media, so it’s important, too, the type of wording they use when they’re writing on Facebook. If you work at a company and you’re writing for your company, it’s going to be different than if you’re writing for your friends. Same with an essay. An essay has a certain structure, you know, it’s supposed to be a certain amount of pages, it has a certain organization to it, and so knowing what’s expected of you when you write an essay will help you because it’s going to be very different than, for example, a Facebook post.

Same with in business, business reports. Understanding the format of a business report is important if this is something you’re going to be writing, and thinking about your audience. Same with executive summaries, which is a type of thing businesspeople write. If you’re not in business you might not ever write one of these, but if you are in business you need to realize that audience is important because professionals are going to be reading this, and these people are busy, so, you know, knowing your audience and knowing what is expected of you is the very first step to good writing. Let’s look at some other tips. Okay, so we’ve talked about genre or the type of writing you’re doing, and part of this is knowing the expectations for how long what you write should be.

Okay? So you want to know a bit about length expectations before you start writing. This is really important, especially in university where you often have a number of pages you’re allowed to write. It’s important, you know, in the workplace because sometimes, you know, you can’t write a lot. And it’s important, you know, on Twitter because you have a certain number of characters you can use. So length is very important because that’s going to help you decide what to include in your writing. Okay, so let’s look at this a bit more.

When I was younger I used to think long, meaning a lot of writing, was always better, but this is not the case. You know, the more you write, maybe you can include more detail, but a lot of the times the person or your audience who’s reading what you write does not have a lot of time, and so they don’t want to read long pieces of work. Okay? So it’s important to know expectations.

So, for example, I have here the word “short” and “long”, and so this is kind of like the scale. If you write a tweet it’s going to be something short; a Facebook post might be a little bit longer; a paragraph, you might write something like five sentences if in school you have to write a paragraph on something; an email might be a little bit longer than this; a cover letter you might use a full page; a resume maybe you might use two pages but nothing more; and then you might write an essay which might be 5 pages, 10 pages, depending; and then maybe a report which might be 50 pages-who knows?-depending on what’s expected.

So my main point here is that different types of writing have different expectations with length, and it’s really important to follow those expectations. For students who are writing the TOEFL or the IELTS, you only can use a certain number of words, so this is very important for you to know and to really think about. How are you going to get your message across using the right amount of words? This is a key word we often talk about in good writing, and that’s “concise”.

So when you are concise, it means you say something with as few words as possible, but still getting the meaning across. So you are communicating your idea, but you’re doing it in a short way, as short as you can while still keeping the idea there. So, in different cultures you have different rules about this. In some cultures longer is better. In English-speaking cultures usually we really want to get to the point, so we want something to be… We want to communicate our idea, but we want it to be in a concise way, so using our words very carefully so we don’t use too many words.

So main point here: Know how long something you’re writing should be, and paying attention to this when you write. All right? Now let’s look at my next tip. Okay, so my third point might be one of the most important points in this lesson, and that is: When you write something, very important to plan or to think about what you will say before you write it. This is something a lot of people don’t do because they’re busy, they feel like they don’t have a lot of time, or you know, they just don’t have any ideas.

And the thing is, though, that this will really help improve your writing. Okay? And it doesn’t matter what you’re writing; planning out an email can be important, just like planning out an essay can be important. So let’s think about some ways we can plan out what we want to write. There are… There are different ways to do this. Some people like to make a plan by brainstorming. So, for example, imagine you were writing a paragraph about cats, so you might have your subject or your key idea here, and then you might think about: “Okay, what’s something about cats? Hmm. They make great pets”, and then you might write some stuff about that. Maybe they’re quiet, so they make a good pet. They’re cheap.

Okay? And so the thing is just getting out your ideas. Okay? And then you can organize your ideas better. Or maybe, you know, you’re thinking: “Okay, cats, they eat food. What kind of food do they eat?” So you can do the same thing with reports. You can think about: “Okay, what’s the main ideas that I need to talk about in this report?” You know, where you just kind of brainstorm in advance. I usually do that when I write reports, and I find it very helpful actually, just to get my ideas down on paper, and then I organize them. So, this is one method. Another thing you can do is you can just write down everything, just like this, with a dash. So, for example, if I was writing about cats in a paragraph, I might just start thinking…

Writing anything I think: “Quiet, cute, Grumpy Cat”, okay? And I might just write down all the ideas I have. Now, of course, you’re probably not writing an essay or a paragraph on cats; you’re probably writing something very different, but the idea is the same. Okay? The idea being it’s important to plan, and these are different, great ways to get out your ideas, and to think about them before you actually write. Sometimes if you’re writing an essay you might think in advance about your thesis or what your…

The main topic and the main argument of your essay is going to be. So, for example, cats are better than dogs. Maybe that’s something I want to argue in an essay. And then I might organize based on ideas, so I might write, you know, my first main idea: “They’re cleaner”, and then I might put some details about that. My second main idea is that they’re great for apartments, and then I might write some examples or some reasons why. So, my main point is all of these can work. Find what’s… What helps you in terms of planning. There’s many different ways to plan what you’re going to write, but the most important thing is to plan and to take some time to think about what you want to say in advance, because it will really help your writing. And it’s very obvious when somebody hasn’t planned what they’re going to write, because everything’s disorganized and it’s hard to follow. Planning makes it easier for the audience to understand you. Now let’s look at another tip for how to write better. Okay, so remember I said that it’s very important to think about the type of writing you’re doing, and your audience or who’s going to read it? One of the reasons why this is important is because depending on the type of writing, you’re going to write either in a formal way or an informal way.

Okay? And I’ll explain why this is important to know and how it affects your writing. So first let’s talk about what that means. Well, when you write something formally, this means that we choose certain words and certain types of sentences, and we write a certain way, and we write this way because our audience or the people who are going to read this are usually people from work so we want to be professional, so we write formally when we’re being professional. We might write this way to strangers or customers.

Okay? If we work somewhere and we need to write an email, we might use this type of language, formal language. And we also use formal language in high school, in university, in college when we’re writing for an assignment or for our homework, or something that our teacher or professor will read. Okay? So we use formal writing mainly in work settings and in academic or school settings. Now, this is different from informal writing. Informal writing is the type of writing you will be doing with your friends, so maybe for example a text message, that’s informal; you might use this type of writing when you’re talking to children or writing something for children; and also on social media, so if you write a tweet or a Facebook post, usually you’ll be using informal language; and also with your family, too, you usually use informal language.

So, I have here some examples of genres or types of writing that you might use the formal version or the informal version. So, under formal we have essays, if you do that at university or high school, it would be formal; a cover letter, if you want to get a job and you have to write a cover letter then this is going to be formal language you use; a report, if you work at a company and you have to write reports, you’ll be using formal language; or emails to customers you’ll be using formal language. And there’s a lot more; this is just some examples. For informal, if you write a postcard to your family you’ll be using informal language; a text message would be informal; an email to your friend you would use informal language; or maybe a birthday card.

Okay? So it’s important to think in advance what kind of language you’re going to use. Okay, so how can we make something formal or informal with our language? There’s a couple of ways to do this. The first thing you need to think about is the words you’re going to use or your vocabulary. So, different words either fit into the formal category or informal category. So, for example, if we were talking about a lot of something and we want to be informal, we might use the word “lots”. So this is an example of an informal word: “lots”; we’d use this with our friends. If we want to be a bit more formal, we’re writing, you know, at the university level, we might use the word “many”; this word is formal, whereas “lots” is more informal. Okay? Or same with if we’re writing an email and at the very end of the email we sign our name, we usually say something like “From”, but we don’t use the word “From”.

We can say “Cheers” if we’re writing an email, we can say, you know: “Cheers. Emma”, this would be informal. Or if, you know, we’re in a business and we need to be more serious and formal, we might say something like: “Regards” or “Kind regards”. Same with different words, like: “Sorry”. “Sorry” is a little bit more informal, whereas the word “apologize” is more formal. So, it’s very important when you’re choosing your words because a lot of words fit either into this category or this category, and some words fit into both. It’s good to know the level of formality for the words you’re using. Now, if you’re having a lot of trouble with this and you’re thinking: “How am I going to know if the word is formal or informal?” There’s a quick tip you can try; it doesn’t always work, but in general, longer words in English are often more formal.

So, the longer words are usually in this category. It’s not always the case, but just if you really don’t know, it’s a good way to guess. And they’re usually… They come from Latin. So, for anyone who’s watching who’s from France, from Spain, or South America, or Italy, or who speaks a Latin-based language, if you have a word that’s similar in your language, it probably is a formal word in English or it’s probably something you can use in a formal setting. Okay? So usually the shorter words are the more informal words. So now let’s look at some other ways we can look at formality; formal versus informal. Okay, so when we’re talking about formal and informal writing, another thing to think about is contractions. So, what’s a contraction? A contraction is a short form of a pronoun, like: “I”, “you”, “he”, “she”, “we”; and usually part of a verb, like: “am”, “would”, “will”. So, the short form is, in this example: “I am” becomes “I’m”. “I’m” is a contraction. Or: “you would” can become “you’d”, and that’s a contraction.

“We will” becomes “we’ll” for short, and that’s a contraction. So, contractions have an apostrophe here, and it’s where some of the parts of this word we just remove and so it becomes “will”. So, these contractions, and there’s many in English, we use them in informal writing. So if you’re texting someone, if you’re writing an email to a friend – this will make you sound more informal. Now, compare this to if you’re writing an essay or a thesis at university, or you’re writing a report – we don’t want to use contractions because these are informal. So, if we’re writing something formal, we would use something more like this; we do not use contractions for formal writing. Okay? So that’s another reason why we need to know what we’re writing in advance, because we want to decide if we’ll use contractions or not. My next point is about sentence types and sentence lengths. When we’re talking about formal versus informal, you’ll find things that are usually informal are short.

We usually use shorter sentences. And in formal writing, you’ll find sentences tends to be longer. Okay? So, we can call this… For informal we can talk about simple sentences, for example, a simple sentence: “Students are stressed.” It’s a short sentence that if you know about clauses, it only has one clause; if you don’t know about clauses, don’t worry. The point is it’s shorter. Now, compare this to something more complex. “When a student begins university, they often report feeling stressed.” This is more of a complex sentence, it’s longer, and you’ll notice there’s a comma in the middle of it breaking it up into two clauses; and again, if you don’t understand clauses, that’s okay. The main point here is this, complex or longer is usually in formal writing, whereas simple structures or simple sentences are more informal. And again, you know, it’s not always the case, but in general you’ll find longer sentences or more complex sentences are more formal.

You’ll also find informal writing we use relative clauses more. So, if you don’t know what a relative clause is, that’s okay. These are, for example, they use the word: “who”, “which”, “that”, “when” within the sentence. So, an example of a relative clause would be: “Jane Goodall, who works with chimpanzees, is a wonderful woman.” So, if you don’t know about relative clauses, I recommend looking this up. In this video we don’t have enough time to talk about them, but they can really help your writing, especially if you’re writing something in a formal situation. All right, now let’s look at some more tips on how to improve our writing. Okay, so the last thing I’m going to say about formal writing versus informal writing, and I’m talking a lot about this because it’s actually a very important part of writing, is I’m going to talk a little bit about slang, swear words, exaggeration words, and text words, and when to use them. So, slang, it’s words we use with our friends, words like: “cool”, I was going to say “groovy” but nobody says that anymore, so, you know, there’s all sorts of different types of slang.

It’s a word that’s very popular or an expression that’s popular, but it’s not a formal expression. So, “cool” is a really good one, or “awesome”: “That’s awesome”. So, slang we use informally. Same with swear words. Okay? So if you say a bad word, you know, sometimes you might say something to your friend, you might use different swear words when you talk to your friends, hopefully not with strangers, but with people you know well, but you would not use swear words in a formal writing situation. So maybe you might use it in a text, but you wouldn’t use it in a formal writing situation. Also exaggeration words.

What’s an exaggeration word? “Very” is a good example. “He is very funny”, “She is very pretty”, “He is really handsome”, “He’s totally hot”, okay? So these types of words: “very”, “really”, “totally”, we usually save these for informal writing. So if you’re in university and you want to say something is “very”, don’t use the word “very”; there are better words, like, you know… There are a lot of other words you can use as opposed to these ones. Another thing I wanted to say is there’s a lot of words we use now, they’re short forms of words, like, for example: “lol” for “laugh out loud”, “b4” for “before”, “LMAO” for “laugh my ass off”, these are words we use informally.

Okay? We do not use these in formal writing, so it’s important in formal writing to always spell out the word correctly, to use proper spelling, and to avoid some of these words you might be seeing a lot on the internet or in text messaging or on Facebook. Okay, so we’ve covered about formal and informal writing. My last tip for this video is about the importance of using variety in what you’re writing. So what do I mean by “variety”? Well, sometimes when people write, they have certain words that they use again and again and again, and so there’s not a lot of variety in their choice of words. Or you might have somebody else who uses the same sentence structure; maybe they learned the present perfect and they love the present perfect because it took them forever to learn it, so now they use the present perfect in each sentence. So this is not good because we really want variety in what we write, because we want it to be interesting. If you use something too much, it makes what you’re writing look boring.

So, let’s look at an example. I have here a sentence: “Sales have increased. They have increased for many reasons. The increase is because people increasingly like spending money.” Can you tell me: Which word did I use too much? If you said “increase”, you’re correct. I used it one, two, three, four. Okay, so that’s too much in a piece of writing. There are a lot of other words we could be using instead of “increase”. We could be using, you know: “go up”, “rise”. There are a lot of other words. And if you’re not sure of another word for “increase”, a good idea is to check a thesaurus. There are a lot of online thesauruses that can help you add variety to your word choice. So if you make this kind of mistake where you reuse the same word again and again and again, try to learn some other words that have the same meaning. This will really help your writing and make it more interesting. The other thing I wanted to say is that we just talked about how you want variety in words. You also want variety in sentence types. So you want to make sure that, you know, sometimes you use long sentences, and sometimes you use short sentence, sometimes you use, you know, maybe words like: “although”, “when”, “despite”, “in spite of”, and sometimes you might have something a bit simpler.

So instead of reusing the same sentence type and the same sentence structure, try to use different tenses and different structures in the sentences you write. Yeah, so different tenses and try to have different sentence lengths. That will make your writing more interesting. So, thank you for watching this video. I know we covered a lot today, and I have a lot more writing tips coming soon. So, we’ve covered a lot and there’s a lot of things you can practice, so I invite you to come visit our website at www.engvid.com, and there, you can practice what you’ve learned today.

I also invite you to subscribe to my channel; there, you will find a whole bunch of other resources on different grammar points, you know, especially if you’re interested in how to add variety, different videos on vocabulary, on writing, on pronunciation, and all sorts of other topics. So I invite you to check that out. Thank you for watching; and until next time, take care.. “}

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