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Shealso complains of watery diarrhea but no mucus or blood. Just because herbsare natural does not mean they are free from side effects. We believe that the current treatment climatein psychiatry could signifi cantly benefit from such anadjustment in emphasis. Rassweiler JJ, Gozen AS, Erdogru T, Sugiono M, Teber D.

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These women’s brains were heavierand contained more neurons, which were thought to pro-vide “reserve,” to help the women function despite theirpathology. Smith,2004, Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research,47, pp. Do not feel compelled to answer every questionin the ?rst meeting. The characteriza-tion and quantification of these latter biomarkers is known asmolecular dosimetry.

Piraud M, Boyer S, Mathieu M, Maire I (1993) Diagnosis of mucopolysaccharidoses in aclinically selected population by urinary glycosaminoglycan analysis: a study of 2,000 urinesamples. Takata M buy gabapentin online cheap Sasaki MS, Sonoda E, Morrison C, Hashimoto M, Utsumi H, Yamaguchi-Iwai Y,Shinohara A, Takeda S (1998) Homologous recombination and non-homologous end-joiningpathways of DNA double-strand break repair have overlapping roles in the maintenance ofchromosomal integrity in vertebrate cells. Substance use can affect the client’s healthand cause loss of function or impaired senses. The sufferer is not ‘disguising’ depression but is simply experiencing theirdistress in that way. De Clercq S et al (2010) Widespread overexpression of epitope-tagged Mdm4 does not accel-erate tumor formation in vivo. Because the opticdisc is devoid of photoreceptor cells, it is a blind spot in the visual field.From the center ofthe optic nerve (clinically called the optic cup), centralretinal vessels emerge.The artery divides into upper and lower branches,each of which further divides into nasal and temporal branches (note thenasal and temporal directions on the image)

Because the opticdisc is devoid of photoreceptor cells, it is a blind spot in the visual field.From the center ofthe optic nerve (clinically called the optic cup), centralretinal vessels emerge.The artery divides into upper and lower branches,each of which further divides into nasal and temporal branches (note thenasal and temporal directions on the image). I tried to limit thedosage of Dapsone I took and only increased it when a rasherupted. Does the racial-ethnic variation in pros-tate cancer have a hormonal basis? Cancer buy gabapentin online cheap 75(S7), 1778–1782. Typical ultrasonic inserts used are small and probe like.

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Most human cancers surface in the fifth,sixth, and seventh decade of life. Since IL-15 is a gamma-chain lymphokine, itoperates through CD122 (IL-2/15R?) receptor.

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{“en”:”Welcome to EnglishClass101.comu2019s u201cEnglish in Three Minutesu201d. The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn English. Hey everyone, Alisha here! In this series, weu2019re going to learn some easy ways to ask and answer common questions in English. Itu2019s really useful, and it only takes three minutes! In this lesson, youu2019re going to learn how to ask what someoneu2019s hobbies are – without using the word u201chobbiesu201d! Youu2019ve probably seen the question, u201cDo you have any hobbies?u201d, or u201cWhat are your hobbies?u201d in an English textbook before.

However, native English speakers almost never use the word u201chobbiesu201d when asking about them! A much more natural way to ask the same question is: u201cWhat do you do for fun?u201d Letu2019s practice this question. u201cWhat do you do for fun?u201d u201cWhat do you do for fun?u201d You can also ask: u201cWhat do you do in your free time?u201d u201cWhat do you do in your free time?u201d So how would you answer this question? Letu2019s look at how native speakers would do it! The easiest way is to say: u201cI like to…u201d or just u201cI like…u201d followed by what you like to do. For example, if you like watching movies, you could say: u201cI like to watch movies.u201d or u201cI like watching movies.u201d u201cI like to watch movies.u201d or u201cI like watching movies.u201d And if you like golf, you could say: u201cI like to play golfu201d or u201cI like playing golfu201d.

u201cI like to play golfu201d or u201cI like playing golf.u201d You can emphasize how much you like your hobby by adding a word like u201creallyu201d in front of u201clikeu201d. For example: u201cI really like watching movies.u201d On the other hand, if you want to play down how much you like something, you can say u201ckind ofu201d. For example: u201cI kind of like playing tennis.u201d Now itu2019s time for Alishau2019s Advice! If you donu2019t have any special hobbies, or donu2019t want to be specific, a good way to reply is: u201cI like hanging out with my friends, and stuff like that.u201d u201cI like hanging out with my friends, and stuff like that.u201d Just use u201cI like…u201d and add u201changing out with my friendsu201d, and then add: u201cand stuff like that.u201d How do you answer the question: Where you from? It doesnu2019t even have a verb! Weu2019ll cover this and more in the next English in 3 minutes lesson. See you next time!. “}

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{“en”:”Hi. James, from EngVid. I was just about to plan my vacation. I’m going to take a long flight to Europe. I’m trying to remember luggage and baggage things, you know? It’s kind of hard to do. But this is a lesson for you if you’ve been working a lot, you need some time off. Now, there’s a video I would like you to go check out. That’s on time off. It goes with this one. You might want to go away somewhere and not just stay home, right? So this video is for you. This is basic vocabulary on vacation. When you leave and maybe you go to an English speaking country and you want to practice your English, this stuff will be good for you to enjoy your time there, also to make it easy for you when you arrive. Are you ready? Let’s go to the board. Mr. E, Mr. E! It’s a mystery where he is. It’s no mystery. And you thought I forgot. Mr. E has been on vacation with me, and he’s enjoying this particular attraction.

So let’s go to the board. Now, if you’re going to go on vacation, one of the first things you will have to do if you’re leaving your country is you’re going to need some travel documents. What are those? Documents. A “document” is a paper or something with information that tells you something is okay or outlines it for you. For example, your passport is a document given by the government with your picture on it that says you are a citizen of this country, and you are legal. You are a good person. Okay? Now, when you’re leaving for a flight, or you want to go to another country, you’re going to need travel documents first.

Trust me; show up at the airport and go, “I leave now. I go to Canada.” They will go, “And the car is that way. Go home, crazy man. Okay?” So we need travel documents. So what are “travel documents”? Well, “travel documents” would be your passport, government identification, usually needed at most places the travel. Inside of a country, not necessary for most places. But leaving the country, you have to have it. Okay? So if you’re in the European Union, no problem.

If you’re in Canada and the United States, you don’t need one. But as soon as you leave these countries, you need a passport. What’s another thing you need? Well, you need what’s called a “boarding pass”. If you play soccer, you kick the ball; the other guy, he catches it; you “pass” right? The ball goes from one player to another. A “boarding pass” is what allows you to go from one country to another country. You show the person on the airplane this piece of paper with your passport, and they say, “You know what? You can come on the plane and fly, like the pass.” Kick, catch, other country. Cool? All right. So these are your travel documents. You need those. Now, I should have started with you need to make a plan because you want to go visit some place. You want to go on vacation, right? And if you want to go on vacation, well, going to have to — I said “vacation”. A “vacation” is a holiday, another word for saying “time off from work”. All right? So you want to go on vacation. Sometimes, we say, “We’re going to vacation in Italy.” Or “on my vacation, I want to visit Italy.” Or “I’m taking a holiday in Italy.” Okay? So all these words, when people say, “Well, what are you doing on your time off?” You might go, “I’m going on vacation.” Then they know you’re leaving.

If you just say, “I’m taking time off from work”, you could be home cleaning. But no. You’re saying, “I’m going on vacation.” They’re going to go, “Where are you going to visit? Italy, perhaps? Sicily? Is it going to be a good holiday?” And you go, “Yes. I earned my time.” “Earned” means to work for something. “I earned my time off. I’m going on vacation.” You need a boarding pass, and you need a passport. You know where you’re going. What else is important for a vacation? Usually, you need money.

But when you ask for the money in a different country, we don’t say, “Money. Do you have money?” They will say, “Yes.” And they will say, “Do you have money?” And you will say, “Yes.” But it means nothing. What you need to say is, “What currency do you use?” “Currency” is a very fancy word for “money”. But it means money in a certain country. In Canada, we use dollars. That’s the currency.

In America, they use dollars. But it’s different currency because American and Canadian money are not the same. It’s true. They used to use pesos in Spain. And they also use pesos in Mexico. But the currency was different, meaning the money was different. So you don’t want to say, “What money do I use?” You say, “What currency do I need?” If you go to Europe, you need the euro. If you go to America — United States of America for those people who are very, very special — you use the American dollar, which is not to be confused with the Australian dollar. Careful, right? Not every country has it. I mean, I went to one place — I went to Florence.

I was thinking, “Florence. Do I go to a florist and buy a flower and exchange it?” No that was their currency. All right? Now, when you want to take your money and give it to somebody else and say, “I want your money. What do I need to do?” They will say, “Okay. To get this — oh, sorry. To get this money — Canadian money. See? It’s red and white like our flag — you need two of your poor dollars!” So when you do an exchange rate, it tells you how much of your money do you need to get someone else’s money, or how much of your currency do you need to get someone else’s currency.

I know it seems a little confusing, but trust me. Once you leave your country, these things are going to be things you’re going to go, “I wish somebody told me.” And I’ll say, “I did tell you. You just weren’t listening.” Okay? You need currency to go to different countries. So a good thing to do before you get your flight is to say, “What currency do they use in that country?” Believe me, you don’t want to find out by accident you don’t have the right currency.

It happened to me. Okay. So we’ve got currency; we’ve got our documents; we have to, what we call, “book our flight” or “book our trip” or “our travel arrangements”. Okay? Because you’ve got — you know where you want to go. You’ve got this stuff all going. You need to get your flight. So the flight — they’ll give you the time, the airport — the place where the airplane will be and will land, okay? — and your return. You might have a return ticket or a one-way.

Didn’t talk about that? You should ask this. “Return” means you can come home, all right? You can come home. If you get one-way — [singing] “I’m on a highway to hell!” You ain’t coming back, son! And people ask questions when you buy a one-way ticket. They go, “And when do you plan on coming back, hmm?” Okay? So when you make your travel arrangements or you flight or your trip, okay, this is when you’ll get your boarding pass, right? You’ll do that; they will print up your travel document. It’s called your “itinerary”. An “itinerary” tells me what time the plane will arrive, what time I must be at the airport — not the same. Three hours for international; two hours for domestic. “Domestic” means in the country, okay? All of this will be in your itinerary. Itinerary. I’m going to do that later — no. I’ll do it now. “Itinerary.” I-tin — like a can — er-ary. Okay? Itinerary. It’s one word. And what this means is your arrangements or organization of your travel. And airports will give you an itinerary when you book a flight.

See we have the word here? You book a flight or book your trip, which means you call them and say, “I want to go here at this time.” When you’re ready and you pay your money, they will give you an itinerary which will tell you when you’re flying, when you’re leaving, what airport, how much. And it also, when you’re finished, says you have paid, so you can get your boarding pass and get on the plane. So you’ve got your itinerary. We’re ready to go. What’s next? Well, you’re going to go to the airport. And when you go there, I want you to be aware of something.

It’s called your “luggage” or “baggage”. Depending on what was on your itinerary, it might say how many bags you can take. That’s another thing on your itinerary. There are two types. There are “baggage” and “carry-on”. It’s not exactly the same, and you have to be very careful when you go on vacation. “Carry-on” means you, on your body, can walk on the airplane, and then sit down, put it on the overhead, okay? “Carry-on” is on you. You keep it with you, with your passport. Go on the plane. And then you can put it above. This is not the same as your “luggage” or “baggage” that is — you come with. This is what you’re allowed to.

Sometimes, you’re allowed one. Sometimes, you’re allowed two. You better check because it will really make your vacation very expensive. And I’ll tell you why in a second. If you have luggage, usually, you take it to the airport. You give it to someone. It disappears. And you don’t see it again until you get to the new country. They say, “Carry-on? Do you have anything for carry-on?” You say, “Yes. This bag.” And you walk, and they go, “Okay.” Then, the other one, they take away and say, “Bye-bye, bag! I’ll see you in the new country.” So you got on the carry-on. You’ve got your boarding pass. You walk up with passport. They let you in. Okay? You board. “Board” means you can go on the plane. When they say, “Geraldine Potter, boarding now. Flight 57 is boarding. Ready to leave, to depart.” That’s you. You get on the plane. Okay? So you board the plane, give them your documents. Finally, you’re on the plane. You’re relaxing. The plane comes. It arrives, and comes down.

What’s the first place you go to? Customs. Customs. You get off the plane. They announced you. You showed your passport one time. They’re going to say do you, “Do you have a passport, please, sir? Can we see your passport?” And you have to show the passport again before you can come in the new country. So once you get to Italy, you can’t just walk into Italy. You have to go to customs and show your passport. Then, you can enter, and we can finally begin our vacation. Well, what are you going to do on vacation? You didn’t just go there to go to a hotel. And a “hotel” is a place you pay to sleep at night. And you can buy some food, but you just sleep there. Okay? Or maybe, you have family there.

I didn’t draw a hotel because, well, you probably are going with family, and hotel — you probably know that before you go because you can’t just show up and kind of go, “Okay. I sleep where, now?” You get a hotel. So a hotel or motel are places that you go to. Motels are a little bit cheaper. And hotels are more expensive but can be nicer with bathtubs and everything.

Magnifique. Okay? But they’re places you pay to stay to sleep at night. Okay? There’s also something called “hostel”. Not “hostage”, okay? Not “hostage”. Let’s not go there. “Hostel”. A “hostel” is usually used by students or people who have backpacks that they carry, and they’re very, very cheap, but many people share rooms or showers. So you can spend more money and go to a hotel. Middle money — think “motel” is “middle money”. Not so nice, but you have your own bathroom and your own bed.

And “hostel”, well, everybody sleeps together. Well, no. They don’t. I’m just saying everybody sleeps in a similar room and has the same shower, okay? Those are your three things you can do. So after you get up from your hotel, motel, hostel, you might want to, well, go sightseeing. See the glasses? “Sightseeing” is when you go to places of interest in a country, usually places that are called “tourist attractions” — “attraction”, like a magnet, brings tourists. In Canada, we have the CN Tower. Or in Seattle, the Seattle Space Needle.

Or in Paris, the Arc De Triomphe. Okay? These are places where people go, “Did you go to see MoNA, the Museum of Natural –?” They ask you because you should go to these places in these countries, all right? So if you say to someone, “Hey. I want to go sightseeing. Do you know of any tourist attractions?” They’ll go, “Yes. My house at twelve o’clock. The freaks come out at night.” Joking. What they’ll say is, “Yeah. You should go to this place, Yonge Street. Or this place. And here are some things you’ll like when you get there.” Okay? Now, be careful. Although there are tourist attractions, there are also what we call “tourist traps”. These are places where you spend lots of money for nothing.

You will notice people in the country never go there because they go, “Oh, it’s too much money, and all the tourists are there.” Which means, it’s just made for tourists. It doesn’t mean it’s fantastic or great. It just means there are people there who know tourists are coming, who probably speak foreign languages, and they want to take most of your money. So make sure you make a difference or you ask a local in the country, “Hey. Is this a tourist attraction or a tourist trap?” And you’ll know that because especially if you want to practice your English, there will be more people speaking your language at tourist traps than at tourist attractions. Sometimes, there will be people to help you. But you know, be careful. Now, you’ve gone to attractions, you’ve gone sightseeing. You’ve missed the tourist traps. I’m sorry; your vacation is over. Almost like this lesson. That means you’ve got to go back home.

So you’re going to have to board the plane again, take your luggage, get your carry-on, make sure you have your travel documents — your boarding pass and your passport, okay? “Bye, Italy! It was a nice vacation. I’ll visit you again.” My holiday is over, so Mr. E and I, well, we’re going to take our flight back to our country. It’s going to be a long — see, a long flight is usually, like, hours. A short flight could be an hour. But we really enjoyed the trip. And we love traveling, okay? I’m going to tell my friends about this airline I use because they have a great itinerary.

When I come back to my country, oh, damn it! I have to go through customs again. When you come back, you have to go through with your stuff and show them. Go to customs. But finally, maybe I have some money left. I have their currency, not their money. So I’ll have to go and find out what the exchange rate is, change my money back to my real money, and my trip is over. I hope you enjoyed this little trip. Mr. E, of course, you did. I’ve got some pictures of you and me away, huh? Drinking some beer, yes? In some good countries! Anyway. It’s been a pleasure. And I need you to go somewhere — take a little trip. It’s not much of a flight. But it’s sort of like a vacation because you’re going to learn a different language — English. You don’t need any documents, and you don’t have to go to customs. I want you to go to www.engvid.com.

That’s right. I said it, people. “Eng” as in “English”, “vid” as in video”. That’s EngVid, where you can find myself and other teachers who will take you on a fabulous journey — that’s a word we didn’t use here, a “journey” to English. Don’t forget to watch out for tourist traps, okay? Don’t be a tourist. Come stay with us. We’ll educate you. Have a good one. E! Out!. “}

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{“en”:”Articles Learning article in short Hello And welcome to the next video Today I’m going to teach you about a very difficult confusing fun maybe grammar point called articles *wink* Oh, really ? Yeah Articles are confusing there are many many rules in english about articles I do not have the time the energy to teach you all of them but I’ll do my best Okay? And What are articles first of all ? Articles are A AN and THE Articles come before a noun A noun is : a person a place or a thing So I’m going to generalise here and say that before most nouns in english you have to use an article Of course there are millions of exceptions to what I’ve just said Sometimes we do not use an article with a noun That’s a whole other lesson Hold the time warp for your brain we’re gonna stick to these ones When to use A AN and THE before a noun in a proper english sentence We use these when we speak when we write and they’re very important in grammar So There’s no way to avoid these I’ll help you don’t worry The first one is AN AN’s easy It’s the easiest we’ll do this one first AN is a singular noun huh is used in the singular nouns it’s in article and we use it before the noun that starts with a vowel now the pronunciation of this word sounds like va-will the vowels in english we have five vowels in english they are A E I O and U now Everyone who speaks spanish portuguese italian any of our latin american friends or latin language speakers you’re gonna mix up these two vowels E and I Let me teach you one thing that will help you If you can remember that you have to dot your I you’re gonna get the pronunciation of this word so this word or this letter sorry When you write this letter You always have to put a *ping* a dot in the middle of the word so you’re going to remember that this I you can make a nice little EYE here to help you So, I When you write this word by itself you have to use a capital so this would only be in the middle of a word but the pronunciation is the same I So If you have a vowel A, E, I, O, U that begins the noun you have to use AN for example “eye” yey We have to say “an eye” because the word eye begins with a vowel If the word begins with this word with this letter I for example “ice cream” yey We have to say “I’d like AN ice cream” Do you like ice cream ? Or If the word begins with a vowel sound How can, what is a vowel sound Ronnie ? A vowel sound is usually always the letter H for example the word “hour” We do not even say the H word it sounds like we’re saying “our” So Because this word “hour” sounds like a vowel because the H is silent We have to say “an hour” Ok, you got it? You with me? “an hour” so AN We use before a vowel or before a vowel sound usually a noun that begins with an H The next one is A The very first letter of our alphabet A is a vowel Don’t let that confuse you A We use for again a singular noun All of these are going to be used with singular nouns If the noun is plural if the noun has an S Do not use an article So A We use for a singular noun in a general form You can think of this easier as using, replacing it with the word “any” So If you go to a coffee shop and they have five muffins and they’re all the same muffin You’re going to say to the person that works at the coffee shop “Hello” “I’d like A muffin” You do not get to choose or pick what muffin you get You can choose the flavor but you cannot specifically choose which muffin you would like It’s the same as saying “any” It’s like saying “I’d like any muffin” “Just get me a muffin” “I want a muffin” “I’d like anything” “Just give me something” Okay ? It’s used for when you don’t care which one it is You just want one of something A If my nose was stuffy and I had to blow my nose I would ask someone “Do you have A Kleenex ?” I don’t have to go through the box of Kleenexes “No, I don’t want that one” “No, yes, this, no” You’re just gonna get A Kleenex and you’re gonna blow your nose Okay ? So A and AN the only difference is AN you use before a vowel as an example You can say “I’d like a cookie” I was going to write coffee maybe I want a coffee right now but I would definitely rather have a cookie I don’t care which cookie you give me Just give me a cookie I’m the cookie monster Okay ? So “I’d like a cookie” I’d like any cookie The next is THE THE next is THE THE is opposite to A THE means something very very very specific general and specific are opposite this means you actually choose which one you are going to get Think about this when you go shopping You do not walk into a store and go “Hi, could I have a shirt ?” “I don’t care what it looks like I don’t care how much it is “Just gimme a shirt” This never happens Ladies When you go shopping for shoes You just don’t go into the shoe store and say “Just a pair of shoes please” “Just a pair of shoes” “Don’t care” “Size 8, fine, anything” No We want to go though all of the shoes We want to try them all on We want to get a handbag and match them with our shoes and choose the shoes of our dreams So you’re not going to say “A pair of shoes” You’re gonna say “THE” shoes Another very confusing thing about THE is the second time you talk about the same noun in a phrase you have to put the second noun with THE for example This is a little more difficult “I bought some fruit” Okay ? “Fruit” is an uncountable noun If the noun is uncountable we do not use an article “I bought some fruit” “THE fruit was bad” But Ronnie you just said if it’s an uncountable noun we don’t use an article What are you doing ? Have you lost your mind ? No This is a grammar rule The first time I talk about the fruit I use no article because it’s uncountable but the second time I’m talking about the same noun I have to I don’t know why I just have to it’s a rule So I have to say “THE fruit” “THE fruit was bad” The third point when we use the article THE the article THE I’m using articles all the time is when the speaker and the listener or the reader whatever, if you’re reading or listening know they both know which noun you are talking about for example If you and your friends go to the same school you have to say “THE school” If I were talking to my friend on the phone and I said “Hey, yeah, hum Oh, I left my book at the school” My friend and I both know what school I am talking about In my city there are 2,5 million schools There’s a lot of schools in Toronto There are 2,5 million people and a lot of people go to different schools but because my friend and I go to the same school I have to say “THE school” “I’m going to go to THE school tomorrow” You and I both know we’re talking about the same one Okay ? The next one is we use with countries but only 1% of the countries of the world So I ask you What country are you from ? I am from Canada We have listeners from all over the world I would guarantee that 99% of you would not use an article with your country name I come from Canada Below Canada there’s a country it’s a big country called anyone know? Below Canada ? Geography time The United States of America or, shorter the USA A lot of people, their ancestors in Canada came from a country a group of countries called the United Kingdom THE United Kingdom hum There’s a country in the middle east called the United Arab Emirates If anyone from there ? I went there once in an airplane It’s cool The United States The United Kingdom The United Arab Emirates All of these three countries we have to use THE because there is the word “united” in the title of the country I do not say “the” Canada I do not say “the” Japan If the word has “united” in it I say “the” The second one is if the country has more than two words in the name you’re gonna say “the” for example “New Zealand” New Zealand only has two words I do not say ‘the’ New Zealand If it has more than two words I have to put “the” in front of the country The last one is the most difficult If you are like me and did not do well in geography class this one’s hard we have to use THE if the country is comprised of tiny or small islands I do not expect everyone in the world to know which countries are made of small islands but to help you out off the top of my head the Philippines if you look at a map The Philippines has many tiny little islands that make one country another example would be The West Indies The Canary Islands these are all places that have small islands that form one country So If you look at Japan for example Japan has maybe five or more islands but there are quite large so we cannot use this as “the Japan” They have to be very small islands I hope you understand this If you have a question please leave me a comment if you need more help with this please ask me bye”}

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{“en”:”Hi, there. My name is Emma, and in today’s video I’m going to teach you something very important for if you’re taking any type of test that has a writing component. So, if you are taking the IELTS, the TOEFL, the CELPIP, even just a university test, it can be any type of test, but if you’re asked to write something like an essay or a paragraph, this video is for you. Okay? So I’m going to teach you a very important skill that will help improve your marks when it comes to writing on tests. So, let’s get started. So, I have here an essay question. This question is actually… I’ve seen it on the IELTS. You know, you have similar types of questions on the TOEFL, sometimes in university. The question is this: “Education is the single most important factor in the development of a country. Do you agree or disagree?” Or maybe: “To what extent do you agree or disagree?” So, this is an example of a question you might be asked. Now, a problem a lot of students have is in their answer to this question.

They see this, and they think: “Okay, education is the most important factor in the development of a country, yes, I agree.” So then they… Or: “I disagree”, and they start writing. And what do they write? Usually the very first thing students will write is this: “I agree that education is the single most important factor in the development of a country because…” So, what is the problem with this? Is there any problem to start off your essay with something like this, or to start off your answer? There’s a big problem. So I want you to take a moment and think: “What could be the problem with starting your essay off with this sentence?” Okay, well, if you noticed, you have here the word: “education, education, is, is, the single most important, most important factor”.

If you notice, these are the same. They’re the exact same, except for: “I agree that” and “because”. The student, here, has used the exact same wording that is in the question. So, if you do this on the IELTS-and many students do this, same with on the TOEFL-you actually will lose marks, and same with in university, because you’re not showing your abilities; you’re just copying what somebody else has said or what the essay question is. So, in this video, I’m going to show you first off… First off, I’m going to tell you: Don’t do this, don’t copy. And I’m going to teach you ways in order to improve yourself and your answer by changing this wording. How can you change your introduction so it’s different than what the question is? Okay? So, let’s look at how to make these changes.

Okay, so what we are going to do in order to change the question into a proper answer that doesn’t just copy the question, is we are going to paraphrase. So, the word here is: “paraphrase”. This might be a new word for you. What does it mean to paraphrase something? Well, when we paraphrase, it means we take a sentence that, you know… We take somebody else’s sentence and we change it into our own words. Okay? So, we change the words of a sentence, we also change maybe the sentence structure, but we keep all the same meaning. Okay? So, the meaning from the sentence you copy, it stays the same, same meaning, but different words and different sentence structure. Okay? So it’s in your words, but this other person’s meaning. So, we are going to paraphrase this example of a question into our own words. So, first we’re going to look at how to do that using vocabulary and synonyms. So, we have here the same question: “Education is the single most important factor in the development of a country.” How can we put this into new words or our own words that keep the same meaning? Well, we can use synonyms.

So, this might be a new word for you, too. A “synonym”. “Synonyms” are words that have the same meaning, but are different words. So, for example: “big” and “large”, they have the same meaning, just like: “huge”, “enormous”, these are synonyms of each other; same meaning, but they’re different words. So, you need to use different synonyms so you don’t just copy these words. You use synonyms to have words that have the same meaning, but are different words. So, let’s look at an example. Our first word, here, is: “education”. What’s another word we can use instead of…? Instead of “education”? Well, there’s different words we can use. Maybe one could be: “schooling”. Okay? So, we could change this word to “schooling”.

“Schooling is the single most important factor in the development of a country.” What’s another word we can change? Well, maybe “most important”. Instead of using the word “most important”, maybe we could use: “most significant” or “most essential”. Okay? So: “essential”, “significant”. There are many words you can use. But the point here is: Find a word that has the same meaning, but is a different word. Okay, here’s another word: “factor”. Can you think of another word for “factor”? Well, sometimes “factor”, it can be an “aspect” or an “element”.

Okay? You can even say sometimes: “a significant role”. Okay? Or: “a part”. So, there’s different words we can use that have similar meanings. In terms of the word “development”, we can change the word “development” to “advancement”, “progression”, “evolution”. Okay? And in terms of the word “country”, another word for “country” is “nation”. Okay? So, these are all synonyms, and this is what you want to do. When you look at the question, think about some new words you can use that have the same meaning. This is also important throughout your essay, because one problem a lot of students have is they keep using the same word again, and again, and again in every sentence. This does not help you with your marks. It’s better to use different words that have the same meaning. At the same time, you have to be careful, here, because some students, they find a new word, they think it’s a great word, but there is a little bit of a difference in meaning. So, you need to be really comfortable with the word you choose, and you need to know what it actually means so it doesn’t sound strange.

Okay, so if we wanted to change this now, instead of saying: “Education is the single most important factor in the development of a country”, our paraphrase… Our first step in our paraphrase could be changing these words to: “Schooling is the single most significant element in the advancement of a nation.” Okay? So that’s just one example. So, now, let’s look at another thing you can do in order to paraphrase the question on a test or exam.

Okay, another way we can paraphrase is by changing the structure of the sentence. So, for example, you might have a verb and, you know, which is an action, and you might change that into its noun form. So, for example, if your verb is “developing”, you might change that into “development”. You might change, similarly, a noun into a verb. Okay? So, for example, we just said “development” is the noun, it can turn into: “develop” or “developing”. You can also change things into adjectives. So, if, for example, you’re talking about “technology”, which is a noun, you can change this into the adjective form which is “technological”. So, changing the form of the word can help you with paraphrasing.

Also changing placement of the words can help you out. So, for example, in our original sentence or the question was: “Education is the single most important factor in the development of a country.” So, I’ve now changed some of the wording, as well as the order. Okay? So, here: “Education” is at the beginning. In my sentence: “The most essential element of a nation’s development is education.” I’ve changed the order of the sentence, so now “education” is at the end, instead of at the beginning. I’ve also started out with: “The most essential”, as my beginning; whereas here, it was in the middle. You’ll also notice we have, here: “in the development of a country”, I’ve changed this to: “nation’s development”.

I could also change this to: “country’s development”, instead of “the development of a country”. So, changing the order of the sentence and changing some of the structures can really help you in terms of paraphrasing. Now let’s learn one other way in which we can improve our marks by paraphrasing. Okay, so the last tip I have about paraphrasing a question is using concessions. So, what is a concession? Well, I want you to look at what the question actually says and my new answer to it. The question, again, same question as before: “Education is the single most important factor in the development of a country.” My answer… Okay, so I’ve changed some words and I’ve also changed the structure a bit, but there’s one other thing I’ve added. “Although many would argue that the economy is the most important factor in nation-building, I think education has a far greater impact.” So, what I’ve done here is I’ve added a concession.

A concession is where you say what the opposite opinion is, and then you say what your opinion is. So, you’re giving two opinions; you’re giving your opinion and also what other people might think. This is a great thing to do, especially in essays, and this is something you can do at the beginning of your answer. So, we use here the key word: “Although”. Okay? And you’ll notice that this has two clauses. I don’t want to get too technical with grammar on you today, but what I mean is: If you see, we have the red part: “Although many would argue that the economy is the most important factor in nation-building,” and then we have a second part. So, we have two parts to this sentence. “…I think education has a far greater impact.” So, the first part of the sentence is in red and it’s the “Although” part, and the second part of the sentence is in purple-okay?-and that’s: “I think education has a far greater impact.” And they’re separated by a comma.

So, a concession has two parts to it. You say what the other people think first, in this case: “Although many”, “many” meaning people, we could also say: “many people”. “Although many would argue that the economy is the most important factor in nation-building,” okay? So, this is what some people would say. Now I’m going to say what I think. “I think education has a far greater impact.” So, why is this a good idea? Well, one reason is because when you write a concession, when you’re showing what the opposite opinion of yours is, you’re showing that you’ve thought about the issue.

Okay? You’re looking at both sides. You’re not just looking at your opinion. You’re looking at both sides, and then you’re making a judgment. So this shows that you’re thinking about the question, and you’re really giving it some thought. And by representing both sides, you’re really showing critical thinking. So this is a very good idea to do. Okay, so the three things we’ve talked about today in terms of paraphrasing the question is: Changing the words using synonyms, we’ve talked about changing the sentence structure, and we’ve also talked about adding the other perspective using concessions. Okay? So, these are three things you can do in order to change the question so you’re not just copying what is on your test paper. Again, great thing to do if you’re writing a high school essay, university essay, TOEFL, IELTS, CELPIP, all of these things – this skill will really come in handy for you.

Now, you might be wondering: “Okay, this is great, but I don’t know any synonyms. Or I… You know, I don’t know much about this.” Well, what you can do is you can come check out our website at www.engvid.com. There, you can find a lot of other resources, including improving your vocabulary, we even have a video on how to make concessions, you know, we have videos on sentence structure, too. So, there’s a lot of videos you can check out and a lot of resources. You can also come visit our website where you will find a quiz, and by taking that quiz, you can actually practice your paraphrasing skills so you can see, you know: “Am I doing this right? Is this…? You know, is this the right way to do this?” and get more practice. So, I hope you’ve enjoyed this video. And until next time, take care.. “}

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{“en”:”Yeah, that was fun. I’m looking forward to hearing that from you later. Hi. James from engVid. In this video what I would like to do is help you work on vocabulary. I want to make it fun, because when things are fun, you work harder and you learn more. And today’s lesson, I’m going to teach you two ways to not only just remember vocabulary, but learn how to use vocabulary in a way that we use it, and you will really understand it, and… Heck, it’s fun. You’re just going to have fun doing it. I’m sure you will. All right? It’s a little bit creative. So, let’s go to the board. Simple lesson. Here we go. Two ways to have fun with language. Not just language, but vocabulary. Ways that you may not be studying in class, we’re going to do here today.

The first one I want to talk to you about is fill in the gap. Huh? “A gap” means a space, there’s a space between something. So, here’s my hands, in between my hands is a gap. Okay? You have a gap between your eyes. One eye, one eye, space. In this case, you see I’ve got this: “tree __________ chair”. Now, fill in the gap doesn’t mean just one word. It’s a couple of ways you can do this. In this particular game, we’re going to take two vocabulary words, “tree”, and take another one, “chair”, and they’re kind of a little obvious to make it easy for you, but what I want you to do is one of two things. The first thing we can do is use x words. What I mean by that is you could say: “I want to use five words, and I want to go from ‘tree’ to ‘chair’.” Or: “I want to use three words from ‘tree’ to ‘chair'” or two. Huh? Well, okay. How do I get from “tree”? Okay. “Tree”, “cut”. You cut the tree down, right? “Lumber”. Lumber you make into wood you can use.

Let’s see. “Carpenter”. Find a carpenter. “Craft”. “Craft” means make. You’re like: “What?” These… All these words… And then I can say: “Furniture”. Okay? Okay, furniture. “Chair”, so if I have a tree, I cut it down and make it into lumber, I take it to a carpenter, he crafts it into a chair. Five words from A to B. So, one game is tell yourself: “I want to go from five… One word to another word, and I want five words to get there.” And you can challenge yourself; maybe go from three words. Right? Or make 10 words. You can use it to describe something. How many words you can use to describe a certain thing. Right? “I have this word, and I want to go to this word. How many words does it take me to get there?” What this does is it teaches you relationship between words, and that also can teach you nouns and verbs, and how they function together.

Or, we say “syntax”, right? So, start at A, say: “I want to use five words to get there.” This is a great word to do with a friend. You can say: “Okay, we’re going to do ‘tree’ and ‘chair’, you need to do five words that make sense to go from ‘tree’ to ‘chair'”, and put a clock on for five minutes. You go, and she goes, you write together and see what words you get. Compare, check them out. “Why did you choose this, and why does this word…? What does this word mean?” Right? So, now, you’re not just writing words in a book and saying: “This word means this.” You’re: “What does it mean? How do I use it? How would other people use it? How would other people think?” Right? Yeah.

See? That’s fun by yourself or with a friend. Okay, listen, the second way to play this game is: How many words to the answer? What? Well, we can pick up two random words, two, like… I have “chair”… “Tree” and “chair”, we could have put “chair” and “moon”. Now the game gets a little bit more interesting. Right? “Chair” and “moon”.

How many words does it get me to go from “chair” to “moon”? Now, you might say: “That’s impossible. They have nothing to do with each other.” I could say, “Listen, the chair in my living room”-“living room” is a noun-“sits”-which is a verb -“close to the big bay window where I can see the moon at night.” How many words did it take me to get from “chair” to “moon”? So, it’s playing with words, being creative.

“Chair” and “moon” have nothing to do with each other, but I used nouns and verbs to go from this place to this place, and actually created a sentence as well. Now, you can, as I said, make it more of a challenge. Do the same thing with a friend. How many words, just random words, how many words does it take? And you can time each other to see who gets there first. And the sentence must make sense. Cool? All right? Once again, you’re going to learn syntax and meaning; you have to put the words in the right order, you can’t just throw words in there. And when I say “meaning”, it has to have sense that it goes from here to here that someone would understand it and, you know, agree with it.

That’s one game. The second game I like a lot, and I’m going to embarrass myself in about four minutes, two minutes, whatever. I hope you like this one, too. I like this one because what you do is if you’re studying particular vocabulary… We have in engVid, vocabulary about travel, the kitchen, the law, all sorts of ones you can go to. Go there, and there’s usually about 10 words. Take those 10 words. Okay? And then you’re going to write a poem. Poem. Well, poems are literary devices. They are types of… They’re forms of writing that don’t have to follow the normal ways of writing. In Japan, they have what’s called a Haiku. We have rhyming poetry, like… I can’t thinking anything off the right… Top of my head. Simple Simon metapimon. No, that’s not a rhyme. But rhyme, words that go together like “time”, “rhyme”, “bime”, you’d have to have all these words kind of go together. Okay? So, poetry could be to express a… Or express a thought or an idea, but it doesn’t have to be written as a specific paragraph. Right? It could be, as I said, a Haiku is in Japanese poetry, rhyming poetry, sometimes abstract poetry.

This is a fun one because in this one you’re going to write a poem, and you might not have done that in your current reading-… Writing assignments. You’re writing paragraphs for essays and things, but we want to show you the connection with words. So, what I want you to do is write a poem using five or maybe even 10 words. Try not to do more, because you’re learning how to write right now. Okay? Use on vocabulary… “One” vocabulary word, because “on” is a preposition.

One vocabulary word on each line, but have the poem’s lines be connected by the ideas in the words, which means you can’t just randomly write words and funny sentences; they’ve got to be connected. This shows your mastery of the language. And that’s why I said this is a good one. It’s fun and you’re showing your mastery. In this case, I’ve got: “rain”, “down”, “heaven”, “hard”, “thirst”. Random words. Right? Let me clear my throat. You didn’t know it, but it’s James’ Beatnik Poetry Cafu00e9. I’m about to give you some lines. Rain comes down hard from heaven, crashing into the ground, making the heart go soft, quenching the thirst of the earth, removing the dirt, revealing the hidden beauty. Thank you. Thank you, thank you, thank you. Okay, so I took these words, and if you noticed, there’s a very specific thing.

This poem I did the first line one word, on the second line I put two words, on the third line I put three words, on the fourth and fifth… You can see these numbers. These were the words I used. Each of them makes sense in the poem. When you hear it, you’re like: “Oh, yeah, that makes sense.” “Heaven” is above, “rain” comes down. Right? “Heaven”, above, yeah. “Hard”, well, when water hits the ground, the ground goes soft. And if you’re “thirsty”, it means you need a drink, if the dry is ground it’s thirsty, so it wants water to drink. Right? I’m showing you I understand the language enough to put these words together. Because I put one word, two words, three words, I also have to use other words I learned. So, you can take this from a particular lesson-right?-because “rain” would be “water” and “thirst”. Probably a lesson on water. Right? Yeah. You could do that for travelling. You know? Sky drawing me up… No, drawing me up into… See? I’m just making it up, but you get the point. You take them, you put them together. And even that last sentence, I’m like: “That wasn’t cool.

I have to… Don’t want to look like a fool, so I’ll have to retool.” Right? So, if you’re smiling, having fun, saying: “Wow. I’m, like, playing with the language.” You’ll show that you understand it, you’ll have a beautiful product that you can show another person, saying: “Look at my English.” And they may be impressed when you explain the rules you were following, like: one words, two words, three words, and how you learned to express yourself and have a deep understanding.

Right? So, look, I hope you’ve enjoyed these two lessons. You can see I did, because I did a little poem for you, using this exact lesson. E’s smiling, because he’s like: “Wow, this is fun.” I’m sure this was fun for you. Give it a try. Get out your vocabulary words, or go watch another engVid lesson. Right? And then take out some vocabulary words, because they do go together, and use them. Make a couple poems, have some fun with it. All right? Anyway, where are you going to find these words? Well, I want you to go to www.eng as in English, vid as in video.com (www.engvid.com), where you can play, have fun, and experiment.

All right? That’s what it’s about, and that’s how you learn best. Anyway, once again, I just wanted to say thank you guys for watching the channel, look forward to all your comments, and the fact that you go do those quizzes. And before I go, I really want you to subscribe, so somewhere around here, or even down here, there’s a subscribe button. Okay? Subscribe, and you’ll get the newest stuff from myself and engVid. Right? Have a good one. See ya later. Remember: Rain comes down hard.. “}

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Hi. I’m Rebecca from engVid. If you need to do the IELTS general exam, I’m sure it’s for a very important reason. Perhaps you’re trying to immigrate to another country, or get admission to a college program, or join a professional training program. Whatever your reason, I know you want to get the highest marks possible. Right? Of course. So I’m going to help you to do exactly that in one particular area of the exam, and that’s in your writing section. Now, in the writing section there are two parts, one is a letter and one is an essay. In this lesson we will focus on how you can get the highest marks possible in the letter-writing section.

Okay? The 14 tips that I’m going to give you I promise you, if you apply each one of these things, step by step you’re going to get more and more marks. Okay? So stick with me and we will go through them. Let’s get started. So, the first thing you have to identify when you read the letter-writing task is: What type of letter am I being asked to write? Is it a formal letter, is it a semi-formal letter, or is it an informal letter? Well, how do you know that? Well, you can know it in a few ways and I’m going to explain them, but one of the ways that you can know it is to look at the second point that you need to understand, is to identify the purpose of the letter because some purposes are more formal than other purposes. All right? For example, some formal letters might ask you to request information; or apply for a job; or complain about a product or a service, maybe to an airline, maybe to a store, something like that; or to make a suggestion or a recommendation.

All right? To a shopping mall, to a restaurant, something like that. These are more formal situations. These are when we are writing to people or companies that we don’t know. All right? That’s the clue: You don’t have anybody’s name, you just have the name of the company. All right. Semi-formal letters might include things like this: Complaining to a landlord; or explaining something, a problem or a situation to a neighbour; or asking a professor for permission to miss an exam or to submit your assignment late. Whatever it is. Okay? The details vary. Doesn’t matter. And here, what’s…? What identifies the semi-formal? The semi-formal we know it’s still a kind of a formal situation, but here we usually do know somebody’s name.

You would know the name of your landlord, or your professor, or your neighbour, for example. Right? So that means something in terms of the way that you write the letter, the language, the tone, the style. All of this is affected by whether it’s formal, semi-formal, or informal. And I’ll explain more to you as we go along. Now, examples of informal letters might be where you’re being asked to invite a friend, or thank a friend, or apologize to a friend, or ask for advice from someone that you know. Okay? Here what’s important is that you really know this person well and you’re probably going to call them by first name. So I’m going to explain exactly how all of this translates into the next step, which is how you begin your letter. So the first step was to identify the type of letter. Second step, the purpose. Now the third step is to open and close the letter correctly.

Once you’ve done steps one and two, you will know how to do this step. Because if it’s a formal letter then you start with: “Dear Sir” or “Madam”, and you end with: “Yours faithfully”. Okay? That’s how it is. If it’s a semi-formal letter, you will start with something like: “Dear Mr. Brown” or “Dear Ms. Stone” or “Mrs. Stone”. “Ms.” Is when you don’t know if a woman is married or not, or if she’s just a modern woman. And you end the semi-formal letter with something like: “Yours sincerely”. Okay? What we’re trying to do is to match up the formality of the situation with these terms that we’re using. Okay? The opening and closing salutations they’re called, these are called. All right? Next is the informal one. So here, you know the person really well, it’s your friend or a family member, and so you know… You’re going to call them by first name.

Right? So you might say: “Dear John”, “Dear Susan”, and then because it’s a warm friendship or relationship, you can end in a warmer way by saying: “Best regards” or “Warm wishes”. Now, what makes it a little bit easier for you and this is a clue is that usually in your letter prompt, in the task that the IELTS exam gives you, they will give you the letter situation and then they’ll say: “Start your letter with ‘Dear Sir’ or ‘Madam’, or ‘Dear Mr. So-and-so’, or ‘Dear John’.” Now, that helps you a lot because now you know if it’s going to be a formal letter, a semi-formal letter, or an informal letter, and you will know how to end your letter and you’ll also know what to say in your letter and how to say it, which is what we’re going to look at next. Okay, number four: Start the letter appropriately. That means based on whether you decided it was a formal letter, semi-formal, or informal – you need to use appropriate language. Right? Let me give you an example. For formal or informal letters, we could start with something like this: “I am writing to inquire about…” Okay? “I’m writing to inform you that…” whatever the situation is.

Or: “I’m writing in connection with…” Okay? These are some of the standard expressions that we can use when we start formal or semi-formal letters. Look how different that is from the informal ones. Now, what happens in an informal situation? Here we know the people, so first we want to acknowledge the relationship. We don’t start talking about business. Here, these are strangers, we don’t want to waste their time, we don’t want to be friendly here, we just want to get down to business. But here you want to be warm, you want to be friendly because these are people you know.

So you might start with something like this: “I hope you and your family are all well.” Okay? That could be your first sentence. You know what? And in fact in your first paragraph you’re probably just going to talk about nice things, and only in your second paragraph are you going to get down to tell them exactly why you’re writing. Okay? But first you want to say… Tell them… Ask them how they are, and things like that. Another way you could start an informal letter is: “How have you been? It’s been too long since we were last in touch”, and so on.

Okay? This is just to give you some idea. I’m going to later tell you where you can go to refer to sample letters, model letters that you can read so that you really become familiar with the entire format. Okay? All right. Now, number five: Use standard written expressions. What does that mean? Look, the reason it takes you a longer time to write a letter than let’s say someone who has been speaking and writing English all their life is because we have picked up the standard expressions that are used when we write, and you need to try to do that. That will save you a lot of time and it’s very important, of course, on an exam to write as fast as possible.

It’s also important all your life to write email as fast as possible. So, by learning these standard written expressions you will be able to get higher marks and save time and effort. So what are some of these standard expressions? Well, let’s look at one example when we are asked to apologize about something. So if it’s a formal situation, you could say something like: “My sincere apologies for missing the meeting” or “missing the conference”, something like that. Okay? If it was an informal situation and you’re writing to a friend or something like that, you could say: “I’m very sorry for missing your wedding.” Okay? See, you’re still apologizing, but when it’s formal you use certain expressions, and when it’s informal you’re going to use other kinds of expressions.

But these are still expressions which you can learn. And again, you can download a list of these kind of expressions from the resource that I’m going to tell you about. Now, let’s say you are asking for something, you’re making a request, if it’s a formal situation you could say something like: “I’d be grateful” or “I would be grateful if you could please send me the information as soon as possible.” Okay? For example. And if it’s more informal you could say: “Could you please send me the book as fast as you can?” Okay? So you see that the tone varies based on whether it’s formal, informal, or semi-formal. Okay? Let’s look at some other points. Okay, number six: Use correct spelling. Now, you’re going to say to me: “Rebecca, I know that”, and I know you know that, but unfortunately sometimes even on the IELTS students are still making mistakes on words like these which you know you’re very likely to use so you want to make sure that you really know how to spell these words. Of course you can’t know every word you’re going to use, but there are some words you can definitely know will probably be there.

So, for example: “sincerely”, people forget the “e”; “faithfully”, people forget that there’s two l’s; and “connection”, people forget that there are two n’s, that kind of examples. Okay? So just read over… When you read over many sample or model letters you will see and you will find the words which appear very often, and make sure that you know how to spell those words so that you get higher and higher marks which is our goal. Okay, number seven: Divide the letter, your letter into paragraphs.

Now, I know you know that, but let’s just review it. So of course you will have an introduction and you will have a conclusion, and usually IELTS letters in the 20 minutes that you have and in the situation that they’ve asked you to write about, usually IELTS letters have about four paragraphs. Okay? So, introduction, then a second paragraph will be describing the problem or the situation, the third paragraph will move into the solution or what action you’re asking someone to take, and the last one is the conclusion, just the ending. Okay? So make sure you divide your paragraphs… Your letter into paragraphs. Now, when you do that there are two ways to do it. One way is to indent to show that you’re starting a new paragraph.

What does it mean to indent? To start a little bit from the left side. Okay? So don’t start here, start inside. Or you can start every paragraph from the left, what we call flush left, but then you have to leave a line in between to show that this is in fact a different paragraph. Otherwise they… The examiner will think that you’ve written one solid piece of writing in your letter instead of writing in paragraphs. Okay? So make sure you do that. Next: Use clear, legible handwriting. Now, on the IELTS in case you didn’t know, you have to actually write by hand. You can’t use a computer. So you have to make sure that your handwriting is clear and legible. “Legible” means that someone can read it. Don’t write like a doctor, even if you’re a doctor because then the examiner will not be able to understand and won’t be able to give you all the high marks that you want.

So, make sure… Also some people when they’re cursive… For example, when you write with cursive writing-okay?-handwriting which is joined. Right? Some people have difficulty with some of the letters, like “n” and “r”. For example, an “n” or an “r”, if you don’t make it properly it could look like another letter, and then to the examiner that could look like a spelling mistake and then you would lose marks. So make sure your handwriting is clear for this reason that you don’t want the examiner to consider it a spelling mistake, because then they have to reduce your marks.

Okay. Next, you are asked to write and you should write 150 words. How do you know what 150 words is? By practicing and checking lots of times, so practice writing letters. If I had an IELTS exam coming up, I would write a letter and an essay every single day so that I’d feel completely comfortable and confident, I know exactly what I’m going to do, and that’s what you go ahead and do.

And then you will have a feeling and a knowledge of what 150 words is. Okay? Make sure you know. Because if you write less than 150 words, you will lose marks. If you write more than 150 words, you will not lose marks. Okay? So make sure you write at least 150 words. But what’s also important, I said here that if you write more you’ll get… You’ll still be fine, you won’t lose any marks, but you don’t want to spend too much time because you need to finish in about 20 minutes. As I mentioned at the beginning, there are two tasks in your writing section, the letter plus the essay.

The essay is worth twice as many marks, so you want to make sure that you leave enough time, about 40 minutes for your essay. Right? This is also very important. All the marks count. They check… They give you marks separately for the letter and they give you marks separately for your essay, and then they give you a separate score for that, and finally they combine everything. So everything matters, but make sure you finish this part, the letter in 20 minutes. And again, the way to be able to do that is to practice. Practice and practice and practice. So you will write 150 words in 20 minutes and so on.

Okay? With the paragraphs and all the other rules that I told you about. Okay. Now, number 11 tells you to include all three bulleted points. What do I mean by that? If you have looked at some sample letter tasks that appear on the IELTS exam, they give you the situation and then they give you a second section which says: “Include this information in your letter”, and they tell you three points. They’re usually bulleted points. Okay? When they have a little dot like this it means it’s a bullet. And you must do those things. If you don’t do one of these you will definitely lose a lot of marks. So, for example, suppose it was a letter that you’re being asked to write to a landlord. It might say… Or, sorry. You want to write a letter, let’s suppose, to your landlord because the neighbour is making a lot of noise every night and you’re having a lot of problems. So they will say: “In your letter explain the situation”, so you have to make sure you do that. Next: “Describe why it bothers you.” Tell them you’re a student.

I mean, you need to make up a lot of information here. They don’t tell you exactly what to write. Everyone on that… In that examination hall is going to write a different letter, but you have to include certain points. And third, maybe suggest a solution. What are you going to do? So if you leave out one of these, you will lose marks. So don’t do that. Always make sure whatever they have asked you to include, you include, and then include whatever else you have time for that makes sense according to the task you have been given. Okay? And a few more important points which we will cover next. Okay, the last three points, which are also very important for you to get that really high score.

Here we go. We’re going to start from here and go upwards. Okay? There is a reason behind this. Okay, number 12: Understand the scoring criteria. What does that mean? You’re going to get your points, or mark, or grade based on certain things that the IELTS examiners want you to do in this task. So let’s understand what those four things are. Number one is task achievement. That’s a big word which simply means they want you to do everything you’re supposed to do in the letter. Do all. Give a full response. Remember those three points and everything? Make sure you include all the bulleted points, you do what they ask you to do. And that you should write at least 150 words. You will see that in their criteria a lot of the details of it is what I have covered also for you in these 14 points.

All right. Coherence and cohesion. “Coherence” means that you present your ideas logically, it makes sense, you used paragraphs that are structured. Okay? And “cohesion” means that it all goes together in a way that makes sense. For example, your ideas should make sense, they should sort of stick together. And you should use standard expressions that we talked about for apologizing, for thanking, for making a request and so on. Okay? The third point is Lexical resource they call it. What does that mean? That means they want to make sure that you’re using your vocabulary correctly, naturally, fluently. Okay? Lots of varied vocabulary. Not the same words again and again. The last one, they also want to make sure that you use correct spelling. They do minus marks if you get… Make spelling mistakes. Okay? So be careful of that. We’ve talked about it before. And the last one is grammar range and accuracy.

They want you to use varied grammar structures. All right? To write different kinds of sentences; simple sentences, complex sentences, compound sentences. All right? Don’t just write the same kind of sentences. And use correct punctuation and capitalization, which goes with proper English writing. Okay. Now, let’s go upwards. What’s the other really, really important thing that you need to do to get very high marks in this letter-writing section? Write a letter every day. Practice and practice this letter writing. But there’s a second part to that. Practice and get your letters or letter checked by an IELTS teacher. Ideally, an IELTS teacher. Not only an English teacher because not every English teacher has IELTS experience or understands this exam, or the demands of this exam. So the best… Always try to get the best teacher you can get who really knows what you need to do. So, try to get your letters checked by an IELTS teacher because if you keep practicing every day and nobody checks it, that’s tricky. Okay? There are two sections of this exam which you can really cannot prepare for by yourself according to me, and I’ve been teaching for a long time, so they are speaking and writing.

Somebody has to give you feedback. When you get that feedback you will know what you need to improve and correct to get that higher score and also to improve your English. So make sure you get some feedback somewhere along the way so that you know what’s strong and what’s weak. Okay? And last: Read model letters from reliable sources, but don’t memorize them.

Okay? Don’t memorize. Don’t try to memorize the entire letter because you don’t know exactly what you’re going to get. But it will help you a lot to read sample letters and only from reliable sources. For example, I wrote a website called www.goodluckielts.com and there, there are many sample letters, sample letter topics, and you can be sure that the English there is perfect. Unfortunately there are a lot of websites today, and not all of them have perfect English even in their so-called model essays or model letters.

Okay? So make sure whenever you go to a site that it is a site that you can be sure of so that you learn the right things and don’t do any of the wrong things. Okay? So, what do you do now? Well, I suggest these things: Go to our website at www.engvid.com. Why? Because there you can download for free a resource which will contain all 14 of these points-okay?-for you. So in case you didn’t write them down, don’t worry, I’ve written them all down for you clearly. Plus you will get those expressions, those standard expressions that I mentioned you need to use to make your letter writing easier. You also will get sample letter topics so that you get some idea of what is a formal question look like, a semi-formal, an informal. And also sample letters, which I’ve written for you. Okay? So please grab that resource. It’s free and it’s available for you, for anyone who wants to download it.

Okay? And while you’re there also check out our website because we have lots and lots of other resources which can help you, and lots of videos and lessons which can help you do better on your IELTS. And subscribe to my YouTube channel because that will really help you improve your grade in terms of very many aspects that go into making a really good English speaker and English writer. All right? I wish you all the best with your IELTS and with your English. Thanks very much for watching. I know you’re a serious student, and I’m sure you’re going to do well. All the best. Bye..

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IELTS Speaking Task 1 – How to get a high score

Hi, there. My name is Emma, and in today’s lesson, we will be looking at how to do well on the speaking part of the IELTS. So the speaking part of the IELTS is divided up into three sections. Today, we’re just going to be looking at section No. 1. So first of all, I will explain how to do well — oh, sorry. First, I’ll explain what happens in Part 1 of the IELTS. And from there, we’ll look at some things you should do to do well and some things you shouldn’t do, okay? So let’s get started. So what happens in Part 1 of the IELTS? Well, first of all, the speaking Part 1 of the IELTS is for both those taking the General IELTS exam and the Academic. So whether you’re taking the Academic or the General IELTS, it’s the same test with the same questions. Okay. It lasts between four to five minutes.

It’s made up of first an introduction. So the examiner is going to introduce himself or herself. Then, you will introduce yourself. So for example, “Hi. My name is Emma. Nice to meet you.” Okay, so there’s an introduction. And then, the examiner is going to ask you some questions about yourself. So these questions aren’t that difficult. Usually, they’re about where you’re from. So for example what city you were born in, where you grew up. They might be about work. They might be about what you study, about your friends, about your hobbies, food, sports, and another thing I don’t have up here, family. Family is also common on this part of the IELTS. Okay? So usually, the examiner, after introducing himself or herself, they will talk to you about two of these topics.

Okay?” Now, the way they mark this part of the IELTS is they’re looking specifically for pronunciation, okay? So can they understand what you’re saying? Do you pronounce things well? They’re going to be looking at fluency. So what’s “fluency”? Well, do you go, “Uh, um, uh, uh” a lot during the test? Or do you speak very clearly, in a very nice rhythmic way? Do you use organizers or transitions? “First of all, secondly, finally.” Do you use words like this? “Another reason.” Or do you have problems speaking at a normal rate? So they look at that in fluency.” Then, they mark you also on vocabulary. Do you use words like “good, bad” a lot? Those are very low-level words. Or do you use high level words that really show off your vocabulary?” The final thing you’re marked on is grammar and accuracy. So for example, do you only use the present test for the whole test or are you able to correctly use the present tense, the past tense, present perfect, future? How well is your grammar? Okay? So don’t panic.

Maybe you’re weak in grammar. Maybe you make some mistakes in grammar. But you’re marked equally on these four components, okay? So now, let’s look at some tips on how to do well on Part 1 of the speaking part of the IELTS. Okay. So what are some of the things we should do to get a good mark in Part 1 of the IELTS for speaking? Well, we have a list here of dos. Okay? So these are things you want to do. So the first thing that’s very important is when you first meet the examiner, okay? If you’re very nervous, and you don’t make eye-contact, and you look at the floor the whole time, you’re not going to do well on the IELTS even if your English is pretty good.

So it’s very important to present yourself with confidence, okay? You want to go into that test and know you’re going to do well. If you think you’re going to do well, you’re going to do a lot better. Okay? If you think you’re going to do badly, you’re probably going to do badly. So think you’re going to do well, and be confident. Okay? Another important thing is be friendly. Okay. You want to smile. Body language is actually very important in the IELTS. You want to make eye-contact, okay? So don’t look at your feet. Don’t look at your hands. Look at the examiner. But you don’t have to stare at them, okay? Just look at them when you talk. Another thing a lot of students forget is they don’t act excited when they’re answering questions. So what do I mean by this? Well, they talk with a monotone. So for example, “Do you like playing sports?” This is a common question on the IELTS.

A student might respond, “I really like playing basketball. Basketball is a good sport.” Okay. If the examiner hears that, you’re probably not going to get a good mark. You should act excited about what you’re saying. Okay? “Yes. I love sports. Basketball is my favorite. It’s, you know — I love watching basketball. It’s a lot of fun to play.” If you seem excited, you will do better. Okay. The next thing that’s very important is the vocabulary you use, okay? So remember, you’re getting marked on four different things. One of these things is vocabulary. So how do you improve your vocabulary mark? Well, don’t use simple, easy, boring, low-level words like, “I like basketball because it’s good. I don’t like soccer because it’s bad.” Okay? These words, “bad, good “, they’re too easy. You need to try to find vocabulary that is higher level and practice before you do the IELTS. So for example, a good thing to do is look at the list of topics you will probably be asked about.

Food is a very common thing they will ask you about. So try to come up with vocabulary in advance and practice this vocabulary about the different topics. So for example, I know they may ask me a question about food. So I might learn some words that have to do with food. Maybe I don’t know the word “cuisine”. Well, if they ask me a question about food, I can say, “My favorite type of food — I love Indian cuisine.” Okay? And there you go. They’ve just noticed you used a higher level word. Same with friends. A common word we use when we talk about friends, we talk about “acquaintances”. Okay? So this is another good word to use. So again, try to come up with vocabulary for each of the different topics, and practice. Okay.

Now, in this part of the IELTS, the examiner may ask you about what you like. “Do you like to play sports? What hobbies do you like? What are your favorite foods?” Now, one thing a lot of students do is they overuse “I like”. “I like this. I like that. I like this. I like that.” This is not going to help you with your vocabulary mark.

So instead of using “I like” a lot, try something different. “I enjoy playing basketball. I enjoy hanging out with my friends. I really love yoga. I really love bowling.” Okay? “I prefer playing sports to doing other activities.” So “I enjoy, I really love, I prefer” — I’m sure you can come up with more, but it’s good to practice these types of expressions before you do the IELTS, okay?” Another key tip: Expand your answers. So what does this mean? Well, maybe the examiner asked you a question, “What is your favorite food?” Or — sorry. Let me think of a good example. “Do you like to play sports?” Okay? The examiner might ask you that. Some students might just say, “No.” And that’s their answer. “Do you like to play sports? Do you like to cook?” “No.” Well, the examiner is not going to be able to judge your English if you answer questions yes or no.

You have to give bigger, longer answers. So this is what I mean by expand. Don’t just say “yes” or “no”. Even if you don’t know what to say, make something up. So for example, a common question they ask, “Where are you from?” Now, I could just say, “I’m from Toronto.” Or, “Toronto.” This isn’t going to help my IELTS mark. It’s better if I expand this answer. “I’m from Toronto. It’s actually the biggest city in Canada. It’s also considered one of the most multicultural cities in the world.” I don’t have to talk too long about Toronto. I don’t want to say the whole history of Toronto. I don’t want to keep talking and talking and talking. But I don’t want a very short answer. So you need to find an answer that is not too short and not too long. You want something in the middle. Okay? So that’s what I mean by “expand”.

One way to expand your answers is by giving examples. So I asked this question earlier. You know, “What’s your favorite food?” “Oh, I love Indian cuisine.” How can I add to this? I can give examples. “My favorite dish is palak paneer. It’s made from spinach, a type of cheese they use in India, spices. You know, we often eat it at my house.” So there. Instead of just saying, “I like Indian food”, I’ve given a lot of examples. And that’s what you want to do, okay? Finally, most importantly, practice. Okay? So you know the types of questions you’re going to get. A lot about what you do for work, what do you study, how many people are in your family — these types of questions. Now, it’s important to practice your answers. Okay? Practice with your friends. Practice with a mirror. Practice, practice, practice. It’s very important that you practice answering these types of questions before you do the IELTS. Okay, so now, let’s look at some of the “don’ts”, some things you shouldn’t do in the IELTS.

Okay. So what are things you shouldn’t do? Okay, now, we’re going to look at a list of what you shouldn’t do. So “don’ts”. Okay. Don’t do this. Don’t speak with a monotone. So I already mentioned this. Don’t speak where your voice flat, okay? Don’t speak like, “I have a mother and a father.” Don’t say things like that. Speak with enthusiasm, okay? Not monotone. Okay. Don’t give yes/no answers. “Do you have a family?” “Yes.” That’s a horrible answer.” Okay? It’s more — “Have you traveled to China?” “No.” Okay.

These types of answers are not the ones you want to give. Expand. Make your answer longer, even if you have to lie. It’s okay to lie on the IELTS as long as you speak. That’s the most important thing. Okay. Do not repeat the question. Okay. So if they say, “Do you like sports?” “Yes, I like sports.” You’re wasting a sentence. Instead of repeating the question back to them, find a better way to say it.

“Do you like sports in” “Yes. There are many sports that I find very fun and interesting.” Okay, so don’t repeat the question. “Do you have a family?” “Yes, I have a family.” It’s not a good thing to do.” Don’t go off topic. So sometimes, students — they’re really actually excited, and they want to talk. And they want to show off their language skills. And so they think, “Oh, yes. I need to expand my answers.” But instead of expanding, they go and they talk about so many different things that don’t have to do with the topic. So for example, if they ask me a question on my hometown, if I start talking about Toronto, and then I start talking about education, and then I start talking about technology, this is going off on too many different topics.

Stick to what they ask you. Okay? You can give examples, but they should be about — they should refer to the question they asked you. Okay. Don’t answer, “I don’t know.” So in the first part of the IELTS, this would actually be a difficult — I can’t imagine you actually using this answer because the point of Part 1 of the IELTS is to make you feel comfortable. So the examiner asks you questions about yourself. So you should know these answers. “What are your favorite hobbies? What types of foods do you like to eat? How many members are there in your family?” You shouldn’t answer, “I don’t know” to any of these questions.

They’re about you. And if — maybe you don’t know. Maybe you’ve never thought about what’s your favorite food. Just make it up. Okay? Even if you hate sushi, even if you hate West Indian food or Canadian food. That’s okay. Just make it up. “I love West Indian food. I love Canadian food.” If you don’t know, make up your answer. Don’t speak too quickly, and don’t speak too slowly. Okay? So this is a little bit about fluency.

What often happens with students is when they get nervous, they start to talk really, really, really fast, and they go a mile a minute. They just go so fast. So if you’re the type of person that does this, practice is speaking in environments where you get nervous. So this way, you can practice maybe ways to deal with stress, ways to deal with nervousness. Try not to speak too quickly. Also, don’t speak very slowly, okay? I’ve had some students who have used a lot of “uh’s” and “ah’s”, and this is a problem. So don’t speak too slowly. Okay? Another thing: Don’t speak quietly. Okay? A lot of students, they’re nervous, and they’re shy, so they talk like this. And the examiner has to really listen. They can’t hear what they’re saying, and so you’re not going to do as well if you talk quietly.

Talk with confidence. Talk loudly so they can hear what you’re saying. Okay. Finally, the most important point: Don’t worry about being perfect. You do not have to speak perfect English to do well on the IELTS. Even if you’re aiming for a mark of nine on the IELTS, a bandwidth of 9 — sorry. If you’re looking for the mark of nine, you do not need perfect English, okay? You can make mistakes. So if you make a mistake, that’s okay. If you can correct it easily, do so. If you try to correct it and you’re going to make more mistakes or you’re going to take a lot of time, it’s okay; just leave it. If you make a mistake, continue to talk. Move on. There’s a chance that the examiner didn’t even hear that mistake.

And they expect you to make mistakes. So if you make a mistake between using “a” or “the”, if you make a mistake in terms of grammar, it’s okay. Native speakers make mistakes, too. People are used to hearing native speakers, ESL students make mistakes. So you do not have to be perfect. I can’t say that enough. Don’t worry about being perfect. Okay? So if you’re wondering the types of questions you may see on the IELTS, and if you want to practice with a friend or even in front of the mirror, I strongly recommend you visit the website www.goodluckielts.com.

On this website, there are more tips, as well as practice questions for Part 1 of the IELTS. And information, too, on the writing section, listening section, and reading section, okay? So I also invite you to come and do our quiz at www.engvid.com where you can practice some of these tips that we’ve talked about today. So until next time, take care..

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10 Ways to Motivate Yourself When Learning English

Want to speak real English from your first lesson? Sign up for your free lifetime account at EnglishClass101.com. Hi, everybody, and welcome back to Top Words. My name is Alisha, and today we’re going to talk about 10 ways to motivate yourself when learning English. Let’s go! The first way to motivate yourself is to imagine that one day you will live in the United States. So to do this, imagine what is your day going to be like when you live in the US, where will you go, who will you meet, where will you shop, and so on.

Imagine your day in the United States. Ok, the second way to motivate yourself when you’re studying English is to study other aspects of the culture, too, which makes it more rewarding to study English. Ok, so this means, of course, studying English as a language but if there’s a specific country that you’d like to visit or a specific part of that country’s culture, try to learn about that too. If you like music, if you like the food, if you like the history; try to find something about a specific country or a specific part of that country’s culture that you enjoy in addition to studying the language. Ok! Way number 3 to motivate yourself is finding funny words in English. Ok, so finding a word that sounds funny or a word that you enjoy using, or a phrase that you enjoy using can really increase your motivation for using that word and for interacting with people.

So if you can find those phrases that you think are funny or are fun, they can be really really helpful for you as you learn your language. The next way to motivate yourself is to make friends with people who speak English. So of course, if you don’t have any friends who are English speakers, especially native English speakers, it’s a really good idea to make some friends. This way you can practice with them, you can learn from them, and you can just see maybe what their life is like and how their life is different from yours. So this is a great way to practice, a great way to learn, and a great way to think more internationally as well. The next way to motivate yourself is watching youtube videos of other people who have successfully learned English. So you can listen to people what worked for them, how did they study, where did they go, what materials did they use, what did they find not helpful.

So you can try to find a strategy that works well for you through using resources like YouTube, for example. It’s a great way to find people that maybe match with what you need. Ok, the next way to motivate yourself is by watching English movies and TV shows and enjoying the feeling when you can understand a word or a sentence. Yeah, I do this too. When you enjoy something, when you find entertainment value in something, like music, movies, TV, and you there’s that moment when you pick up, or when you understand what your favorite character said, or you understand that like a key point in the story, it’s a really really good feeling.

It makes you want to continue watching, I think. So that’s a really really nice feeling, I think, and you can do that by enjoying media so it’s a fun way to learn and it’s a fun feeling to experience. Ok, the next way to motivate yourself is by reading English news articles, blogs, and magazines to get a feel for formal and casual language. So the style that we use here, like EnglishClass101 and on the videos on this channel, is quite casual most of the time, or at least in these videos it’s very casual, but the way that I speak in the way a newspaper is written, the way a magazine is written, the way a newscaster presents the information, these are all different ways of communicating.

We’re using the same language, yes, but there are different styles, so it’s important to try to understand those differences and to become familiar with them. So try to find a few different things that you can enjoy. The next way to motivate yourself is after dinner you write about your day in a journal in English. Ok, this is an interesting idea. So just take a few minutes after dinner or before you go to bed to write something in English about what you did that day, or maybe so you have a chance to talk about future tense, or to use the future tense, you can use you can talk about your upcoming plans or the things you’re going to do the next day. So you can talk about past tense, what you did that day, maybe present tense, how you’re feeling as you’re writing your journal for the day, and future tense to talk about your upcoming plan.

So journaling can be a really effective exercise for motivating you. Okay, the next way to motivate yourself is by practicing with flashcards of useful words and phrases for 15 minutes every day on the train. I actually do do this, I use, but I use an application to study in Japanese to study Kanji, and 15 minutes every day adds up over the course of a week, you can learn a lot of information in a short period of time. And if you live in the country where your target language is spoken, then you might even find the word you studied on the train, you see it, like, after you leave the train you might see that word later on in your day.

So you can immediately feel like an extra sense of motivation by knowing that this thing you’re studying is applicable, it’s something you can use right away, it’s a really cool feeling. So this is a tip, I honestly, I use this. Last, I make sure to thank anyone and everyone who corrects my English. Yeah, I think this is really important because people are really nice, they don’t want to correct you when you make a mistake; but sometimes, people do, they’re really polite about it, and they tell you the more, tell you a more natural way, or they give you a suggestion for how to improve your English, make sure you say thank you. Like, repeat after them and then say thank you. So that’s, you know, it’s motivation for them to tell you again in the future, to help you again in the future.

So make sure to say thank you to anyone who helps you with your English. So that’s the end! So those are 10 ways that you can motivate yourself when you learn English. If you have a different strategy for how you like to motivate yourself to learn English, please let us know in the comments. Please be sure also to like this video and subscribe to our channel if you haven’t already. Thanks very much for watching I hope this video motivated you to keep studying, we’ll see you again soon with more fun stuff, bye!.

IELTS Success – Studying Academic English at a School

Hi, there. We get a lot of questions on the site about all the different exams you can do with English. So we’ve decided to come along to a very good English school this morning to ask Shirley, who’s in charge of exams and qualifications at the London School of English, about the different exams you can take, and Monica, who is a successful candidate of the IELTS exam.

So Shirley, there are so many different qualifications. Why is the IELTS, in particular, one that many people try and do? Because it’s the gateway to university. IELTS is the exam that you need to get into university and for further study. There are other exams that you can take, but IELTS is by far the most popular. And if you have a level of or 7, you can go on to do whatever it is you want to do in your life. So getting that exam can be very tricky. So I think probably one of the reasons you get so many questions is because people are constantly looking for ideas and help and tips on how to get the best out of their exam.

Sure. Monica, how did you find doing the IELTS? Did it take you a long time? Did you have to study very hard to do this exam? And how did you find it easier by coming here to the school? I study almost six months IELTS in Japan. But I couldn’t get my IELTS score in my country. So that’s why I decided to come here. And then — yes. I can say my English skill was improved a lot in this school. So — and then, this experience has contributed to getting into university. And did I get it right, Shirley, that there are two different kinds of IELTS? There’s academic and general. General, yes. By far, the most popular one is the academic one. But if you want to — if you need an exam for visa purposes or for immigration purposes, you can use a general IELTS, which is a slightly different exam.

Actually, the writing paper is different, and the reading paper is different. But the speaking and the listening are the same. On the general English exam, the writing is much more about the kind of writing that you would have to do if you were living in a country, so it’s letters. And the reading is more about understanding life around you. The type of IELTS that you probably get questions about is academic. And the writing is a sample of the kind of writing you can expect to produce in university and the same with the reading. It’s the kind of text that you will need to access. And they are very difficult. But they’re designed so that they can test every level from a beginner right through to advanced.

So you really need to understand how to tackle the text because there will always be a question — if you’re a level 6 or a level 7, there will always be a question that you can’t answer because only a level 9 can answer everything. And if you don’t know how to tackle these texts, it can really feel like an impossible task. But it’s not. You just need to know what you’re doing. It starts from — well, you’ve got — a level 1 would be a beginner. And a level 9 is native speaker competence, so somebody who’s completely comfortable with the language, and everywhere in between. So if you’re looking at what you want for university, it will generally start around a level 6.

And a level 6 will get you into a lot of universities. But you’ll find your course quite stressful because it’s pretty low. Actually, it will get you in the door, but if you want to really succeed, you need more than a 6. And I would say you aim for a or a 7 to feel really comfortable. And it’s not always IELTS that will get you there because often, you need more general English.

You need to understand more about English in general before you can understand the academic side. If you study purely IELTS, you’ll never get anywhere. You have to study IELTS and general English side by side. Yeah. So you’ve studied at this school for a while now. You’ve obviously become much better in your language skills. But are there other things that you’ve learned? Maybe you’ve learned thinking skills, analytical skills that have helped you? What I improved the most in this school and in London is the communication skills with people. So now, I have a much more confidence to communicate with native speakers because my English is not perfect. But I guess a lot of native speakers don’t expect to speak a perfect English. But I can communicate with people. And I enjoy my university a lot. Of course, it’s sometimes stressful, but it’s very, very good experience for me. I just passed the first year of master’s this June.

And we’re very proud. Thank you very much, Shirley and Monica. Thank you very much. I hope you found that useful about the IELTS examination. Now, I’m here with Rosie. And she is the university — what was the actual title? University relations manager. That’s right. Now, your role here is to help students — you have an actual course for people who are applying for universities in London and the UK, and you help them actually get into those courses if that’s suitable for them.

That’s right. Yeah. We’ve got a university preparation course called “English for University”, which is academic English. So we have a separate IELTS preparation course. That doesn’t cover the skills that you need for university, really, so extended essay writing skills, research skills, note taking in lectures, reading skills — extensive reading skills, things like that. It sounds like a really exciting course. The students actually go out into the university to see what they’re like because you do need to actually see a university before you know it’s the right place, don’t you? Yeah. Exactly. That’s part of every four-week course. We go to visit a university, a London one. And as part of that, they get a campus tour. They go to the student cafeteria. They’re often shown around by a student there. And they have a taste of a lecture. So they actually sit in a lecture. They listen to it. Whatever subject is on the course that month, they have a lecture associated with it. They take the notes and experience the real thing.

So I think it really helps to have a clear idea of what university is like. Do you think that it’s a good bridging process between someone living in, say, Japan, and then university life in England is going to be very different? Do you think this helps prepare them socially and in terms of what life living is going to be like in the UK as well? Yeah. It certainly helps. We actually developed the course with that in mind because we had students who were with us to do IELTS and then went straight to university.

And they came back and said, “This is so different from what we expected.” So — yeah. This is actually one of our main aims. I mean, it’s always going to be a shock to them when they actually start university in terms of the workload and the expectations of them because it’s often very different from their own country. But — yeah. Just constantly addressing all those issues. And like you said, social issues of being in university. How you address your tutor — you know, it’s not acceptable to be asking a million questions after every lecture. And the fact that they are, you know — they have to settle into accommodation, open bank accounts, and all the rest of it.

They have to be quite independent. And in terms of actually being accepted by a UK university, obviously the personal statement is very important on the UCAS application. How do you think this will help the students get the right message out there with that? Well, my role is — I go in, and I support the English university course very strongly. But my role is independent from that. So students come to see me at break times or at lunchtime with questions about their application. So it might be, “Where can I study this course?” Or it might be, “What qualifications do I need?” Or, “Are my qualifications sufficient?” It’s also very much, “Will you check my application.” And a big part of that is the personal statement. They often don’t realize just how important the personal statement is because if an admissions chief is looking at two very similar academic backgrounds, it will come down to the personal statement.

So it’s something that needs to be written and written again. Exactly. Yeah. It’s draft, re-draft. Draft, re-draft. So it is a backwards and forwards process, which I help them with as much as they need. And have you been getting some good feedback on your recent courses. Yes. We actually have an alumni group, which enables us to stay in touch with students who are studying in the UK, especially London. So we hear back from them regularly. And actually, we’ve started organizing reunions. So — yeah. We do hear back. We manage to keep in touch with the students. And the feedback we get is really positive. They do find it quite difficult to adapt to a university — or some do. But they’re always eternally grateful for the courses. They always say that without them, they wouldn’t have got into university or they wouldn’t have survived.

Great. And a little bird told me that there is a bit of a reunion party going on tonight. That’s right. Tonight’s the night. There’ll be good few of them coming back. Some of the teachers are coming along as well because it’s them that the students want to see. So — yeah. Cool. Should be good. See you at the party. [Crowd chatter] So I came down at the party, and I found a couple of guys. So we’ve got José here and Joe. José, where are you from? From Colombia. From Colombia. And we’ve also got Joe. And you’re from — I’m from Taiwan. Great. So I just met these guys. And these people were in the same class together.

Now, José, you’re now doing an M.A.; is that right? That’s right. And what’s the subject? The subject is record production. So it’s all the music part of the record production and how you create records and how you record. All the studio-related stuff. And your classmate Joe — it’s interesting because Joe is actually doing A levels now in quite scientific subjects. What subjects are you A levels again? I’m doing math – further math, physics, and chemistry. Cool. And is that someone near here in Central London? Yes. My college is near Fulham Broadway Tube station. Okay. And how are you finding being a student in the UK? Is it exciting? Scary? At first, I thought the subjects would be the same as Asian subjects. But actually, it’s not. Here, they demand you to think about more deeply, and you require lots of English. Sure. So you found it quite helpful studying here before you did — Yeah. Because I did academic English here, so I found this quite useful. Okay. And just because my students here are learning some English at the moment on the Internet, why would you encourage them to come to London or an English-speaking country and immerse themselves in the life and possibly a language skill? Why would you say it’s important? Well, I think London as a city — it’s a city that offers you everything you can find in the world.

So it’s like a melting pot of things and cultures. So as I said before, every neighborhood has its own characteristics and its own personality. So here, you’ll find everything. So you’ll find all the cultural differences you want to find. Lovely. I’m going to ask one last question to Joe. So just a little summary. What did you learn on your four-week course? You said it was academic English. It’s a really quite tough subject. So you need to write a lot of essays. Okay. So it’s essay writing as well. It’s like, for example, for chemistry and physics, they require you have, kind of, critical thinking. You need to write a little bit — very short essay — to express your thoughts. So you learned to have better written English. Yes. Great. Well, thank you so much for coming in and speaking. I don’t want to hold you any longer. So you know, enjoy the party. And thank you very much for watching this video.

Hope this helps..

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